Social Sciences

Results 41 - 60 of 2225.

Social Sciences - 05.04.2023
Math can help people identify the bonds of friendship
April 5, 2023 Research is the first to test how people predict social connections using only statistical information New research reveals that math can help people identify the bonds of friendship. The work from the University of Waterloo found that people use statistical information to determine bonds between people.

Social Sciences - Health - 04.04.2023
Tired of being alone: How social isolation affects our energy levels
Tired of being alone: How social isolation affects our energy levels
Eight hours without socializing can result in a similar drop in energy as eight hours without eating In a study conducted both in the laboratory and during COVID-19 lockdowns, subjects reported higher levels of fatigue after eight hours of social isolation. The results suggest that low energy may be a basic human response to a lack of social contact.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 31.03.2023
Harsh discipline increases risk of children developing lasting mental health problems
Parents who frequently exercise harsh discipline with young children are putting them at significantly greater risk of developing lasting mental health problems, new evidence shows.

Social Sciences - 31.03.2023
Study links hard-right social media with incidents of civil unrest
Study links hard-right social media with incidents of civil unrest
A new Yale-led study finds evidence that social media activity on hard-right platforms contributes to political unrest offline. An increase in social media activity on -hard-right- platforms - those that purport to represent viewpoints not welcome on -mainstream- platforms - contributes to rightwing civil unrest in the United States, according to a new study led by Yale sociologist Daniel Karell.

Health - Social Sciences - 30.03.2023
School closures may reduce COVID-19 transmission, but may also harm children’s education and wellbeing
Researchers at the University of Oxford have conducted a systematic overview of reviews to assess the impact of school closures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Findings showed that while school closures may reduce COVID-19 transmission, they were also associated with negative impacts on children's education, health, and wellbeing including increased anxiety, reduced learning, and increased obesity.

Health - Social Sciences - 29.03.2023
Social media usage linked to eating disorders in young people
Social media usage linked to eating disorders in young people
People aged between 10-24 who use social media sites may potentially be at risk of developing image concerns, eating disorders and poor mental health, suggests a new scoping review by UCL researchers. The study, published in PLOS Global Public Health , examined evidence from 50 studies in 17 countries and found that social media creates risks of social comparison and promotes the idea that it is vital to be thin or fit.

Social Sciences - Politics - 29.03.2023
Does immigration really increase crime?
Study shows that migrants don't cause crime rates to increase but false perceptions endure Many people who oppose immigration say that it increases crime. But does immigration really affect crime? Studying a country whose proportion of migrants has tripled in less than ten years, researchers find immigration significantly impacts people's perceptions of crime but has no effect on actual crime.

Sport - Social Sciences - 29.03.2023
University of Toronto study explores the experiences of girls who play on mixed sports teams
University of Toronto study explores the experiences of girls who play on mixed sports teams
Young people who compete in sports are often organized into single-sex teams that compete separately. But what happens when youth have the opportunity to compete together? A group of researchers from the University of Toronto's Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education (KPE) set out to find out whether mixed teams provide girls with more opportunities to advance and compete in sports - and if they help dispel stereotypes and contribute to mutually respectful relationships.

Health - Social Sciences - 27.03.2023
Legal cannabis markets linked to increased motor vehicle deaths
A new study from the University of Illinois Chicago used death certificate data to compare mortality rates in states that legalized recreational cannabis dispensaries with states that only provided access to medical cannabis. The UIC researchers found that there was a substantial increase in crash fatalities in four of the seven states used in the study with legalized recreational markets and that, on average, recreational markets were associated with a 10% increase in motor vehicle accident deaths.

Social Sciences - Health - 27.03.2023
CDC report: Autism rate rises among 8-year-olds
Prevalence of autism among 8-year-olds rises to new high, CDC report shows Data from 11 U.S. sites, including one at Johns Hopkins, shows overall prevalence at 1 in 36 in 2020, up from 1 in 44 two years earlier Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health contributed to a new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that found a continued rise in the overall prevalence of autism among 8-year-olds in 2020, the year the data was collected, as well as notable sex and racial/ethnic trends.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 23.03.2023
What’s your sound barrier? New study finds nearly one in five people in the UK find everyday sounds intolerable
Researchers from King's College London and University of Oxford have shown that 18.4 per cent of the general UK population report that certain sounds, such as loud chewing, and repetitive sniffing, cause a significant problem in their lives. The condition is known as misophonia. Misophonia is a strong negative reaction to common sounds, which are usually made by other people, and include breathing, yawning, or chewing.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2023
Viewing self-harm images online and in social media usually causes harm
Clinical researchers from Oxford University's Department of Psychiatry and Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust have reviewed the international research evidence regarding the impact of viewing images of self-harm on the internet and in social media. This indicates that viewing such images usually causes harm, though the findings also highlighted the complexity of the issue.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2023
The key role of partners and children in pandemic prevention
The key role of partners and children in pandemic prevention
During the COVID-19 pandemic, people with partners and children were more likely to adopt precautions and to get vaccinated Having a partner and, to a lesser extent, having children, leads people aged 50+ to take greater precautions against COVID-19, starting with the choice to get vaccinated. In a study published in PNAS, University of Florence social-statistician Bruno Arpino in collaboration with Valeria Bordone (University of Vienna) and Giorgio Di Gessa (University College London) found that social control and support within the family leads to the adoption of healthy behaviours.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2023
Vaping increasing among young Aussies, as risks confirmed
Vaping increasing among young Aussies, as risks confirmed
E-cigarette use among young Australians has increased "alarmingly" in recent years, as a major peer-reviewed study led by The Australian National University (ANU) confirms the risks to health vaping poses. Published in the Medical Journal of Australia , the study builds on a 2022 ANU report on e-cigarettes , with additional peer-review and evidence from more than 400 studies and reports.

Environment - Social Sciences - 20.03.2023
Forces that shape biodiversity
Forces that shape biodiversity
"If you pick a spot in, say, a rainforest, and count the number of different species of lizards within 15 metres and you come up with a number," says  Luke Mahler , "What determines that number?" Mahler is an assistant professor in the University of Toronto's department of ecology and evolutionary biology in the Faculty of Arts & Science.

Social Sciences - 16.03.2023
Digital well-being through social media
Smartphones and social media are part of our lives, raising understandable concerns, especially when younger people use them. However, online experiences can be as negative as they are positive. The way to the psychological well-being of adults and adolescents is through the conscious use of such technologies, not their avoidance.

Health - Social Sciences - 16.03.2023
Cancer care and lessons learned from the pandemic
Without a vital support person, patients find cancer care "a lonely journey" Experts say we need to plan for the next pandemic to ensure informal carers are not left out in the cold, after strict rules prevented good care. A new study by The University of Sydney and Duke University in the United States has found that people living with cancer suffered considerable stress during the pandemic due to strict rules preventing a family member, support person or 'informal caregiver' from attending appointments and treatments.

Social Sciences - Health - 16.03.2023
How we can help children with autism socialize using their natural rhythmic abilities
Imagine children on a playground tossing a ball back and forth, playing hand clapping games, sharing game pieces,and chasing each other in a game of tag. Now take a closer look and notice how each child moves at their own pace and has coordinated movements to effortlessly engage with other children. On the same playground, now notice children with autism who appear clumsy and not interacting with others.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.03.2023
Preventing type 2 diabetes in young people is possible without medication
Preventing type 2 diabetes in young people is possible without medication
All it takes is some physical activity every day and less time spent in front of a screen, Canadian researchers find.

Social Sciences - 09.03.2023
Superb fairy-wrens picky when helping others in distress
Superb fairy-wrens picky when helping others in distress
Superb fairy-wrens are more likely to take risks to help members of their close social circle, according to an international team of researchers including scientists from Monash University and The Australian National University (ANU). The authors found that wild superb fairy-wrens use similar rules to human hunter-gatherers when deciding how much help to offer another in need.  "Both species live in multilevel societies, starting with a core group of just a few closely connected individuals," lead author and PhD candidate at Monash University Ettore Camerlenghi said.