Social Sciences

Results 61 - 80 of 2134.

Mathematics - Social Sciences - 27.10.2022
A new method enables the determination of the dimensionality of complex networks through hyperbolic geometry
A new method enables the determination of the dimensionality of complex networks through hyperbolic geometry
Reducing redundant information to find simplifying patterns in data sets and complex networks is a scientific challenge in many knowledge fields. Moreover, detecting the dimensionality of the data is still a hard-to-solve problem. An article published in the journal Nature Communications presents a method to infer the dimensionality of complex networks through the application of hyperbolic geometrics, which capture the complexity of relational structures of the real world in many diverse domains.

Social Sciences - 27.10.2022
Perceived corruption causes distrust and selfish behavior
Perceived corruption causes distrust and selfish behavior
Dishonesty and corrupt behavior by institutional representatives undermines trust and cooperation among people who have witnessed this kind of violation of norms. This is the conclusion of social psychologists Giuliana Spadaro and Paul van Lange (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) in collaboration with the University of Turin.

Social Sciences - 25.10.2022
Majority of public don’t want use of their personal data to result in harm or corporate profit
Clear communication about how people's data is used won't necessarily alleviate their concerns about it, new research from the University of Sheffield has found.

Health - Social Sciences - 25.10.2022
Study to look at impact of bushfires and COVID on families
A new study from The Australian National University (ANU) will shed light on the full impact of the 2019/20 bushfires and outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic on young families. The study follows the ANU research team's 2020 Mother and Child survey (MC2020) but will focus on the partners of women who were pregnant or gave birth between November 2019 and December 2020.

Social Sciences - Health - 24.10.2022
Likelihood of receiving an autism diagnosis may depend on where you live
New autism diagnoses tend to be clustered within specific NHS service regions, suggesting that where an individual lives may influence whether they receive an autism diagnosis and access to special education needs support.

Social Sciences - 21.10.2022
Disadvantaged children missing out on meals in childcare
Researchers at The University of Queensland have found children in disadvantaged communities often go hungry when they attend early education and childcare centres. UQ Laureate Fellow Professor Karen Thorpe from the Queensland Brain Institute led a study of more than 900 childcare centres across Queensland that showed those in disadvantaged communities, where food insecurity was highest, were less likely to provide meals to children than those in more affluent areas.

Social Sciences - 20.10.2022
Scientific evidence on migrant integration closer to practitioners
Scientific evidence on migrant integration closer to practitioners
Recently, a new one-stop point for information on migrant integration in Europe is launched. The  SprINg evidence repository  helps policymakers, service providers and advocates work with migrants to make their policies and practices more evidence-based. The repository is created under the leadership of Peter Scholten , dr. Asya Pisarevskaya and Alex Webb from the Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR).

Social Sciences - 20.10.2022
Dark personality traits make susceptible to fake news
People who deny the existence of facts believe in fake news more often. Particularly often affected are people with dark personality traits - those who always put their own benefit first. These are the findings of a new study at the Institute for Human-Computer Media at the University of Würzburg. Some people believe fake news even when the scientific facts clearly speak against it," says psychologist Jan Philipp Rudloff.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 19.10.2022
Meet the first Neandertal family
Meet the first Neandertal family
Ancient genomes of thirteen Neandertals provide a rare snapshot of their community and social organization For the first time, an international team led by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology have managed to sequence multiple individuals from a remote Neandertal community in Siberia.

Social Sciences - 19.10.2022
Income, segregated schools drive Black-white education gaps
Given the same levels of family, school and neighborhood hardship, Black students would be more likely than their white classmates to complete high school and attend college-reversing current disparities, according to new research from the University of Michigan and Cornell University.

Law - Social Sciences - 18.10.2022
New report uncovers ’institutional racism’ in the justice system
A new report by experts from The University of Manchester and barrister Keir Monteith KC has raised urgent questions about racial attitudes and practices in the justice system in England and Wales. Although the judiciary wields enormous power over individuals, its operations are alarmingly underscrutinised, and one area that has remained largely beyond examination is judicial racial bias.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 17.10.2022
Community service or prison sentence; which punishment prevents youngsters from relapsing into crime?
In the Netherlands, community service was introduced in the Criminal Code in 1989 as an alternative to imprisonment. In the juvenile justice system, community service is the most imposed punishment for perpetrators. Even though community service is most often imposed in the juvenile justice system, few large-scale, reliable studies have been conducted on its effectiveness since the 1990s.

Health - Social Sciences - 17.10.2022
Some screen time better than none during children’s concussion recovery
Arts & Humanities Erik Rolfsen (Dr. Noah Silverberg) Too much screen time can slow children's recovery from concussions, but new research from UBC and the University of Calgary suggests that banning screen time is not the answer. The researchers looked for links between the self-reported screen time of more than 700 children aged 8-16 in the first 7-10 days following an injury, and symptoms reported by them and their caregivers over the following six months.

Social Sciences - 17.10.2022
University of Toronto researcher sheds new light on accusations against medieval poet Chaucer: New York Times
Long-held assumption about 14 -century English poet Geoffrey Chaucer are being challenged by new research co-led by the University of Toronto's Sebastian Sobecki and covered by The New York Times .

Earth Sciences - Social Sciences - 17.10.2022
New analysis of obsidian blades reveals dynamic Neolithic social networks
New analysis of obsidian blades reveals dynamic Neolithic social networks
An analysis of obsidian artifacts excavated during the 1960s at two prominent archaeological sites in southwestern Iran suggests that the networks Neolithic people formed in the region as they developed agriculture are larger and more complex than previously believed, according to a new study by Yale researchers.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.10.2022
Study suggests ADHD diagnosis in childhood hasn’t improved quality of life for teens
An Australian study examining the quality of life in relation to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnoses suggests a diagnosis in childhood is currently not associated with improved quality of life for Australian teens. The researchers call for a cautious approach to diagnosis by clinicians, particularly for children with mild or borderline hyperactive and inattentive behaviours.

Career - Social Sciences - 14.10.2022
Workplace supports needed to help victim-survivors of domestic and family violence
Workplace sabotage: New study reveals the workplace supports needed to help victim-survivors of domestic and family violence A shift in thinking is urgently required across Australian workplaces to better recognise the impacts of domestic and family violence (DFV) in the workplace, according to a new study from Monash University.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 13.10.2022
CityAccessMap: Addressing urban inequalities with open-source data
People in deprived city areas tend to have less services available than inhabitants in wealthier parts. They have less access to urban infrastructure such as pharmacies, libraries, sports clubs and even public transport in their neighbourhood. Reversing this tendency is a priority for today's policy-makers.

Social Sciences - 13.10.2022
Children of mothers who were imprisoned benefit from Better Start intervention
Mothers who served a prison sentence can help prevent their children from becoming delinquents by taking part in Better Start. This parent intervention aims to prevent that children of these mothers go on to exhibit antisocial behaviour, such as committing offences. Ankie Menting , developmental psychologist at Utrecht University, and Bram Orobio de Castro, Professor of Child and Youth Care Sciences at the University of Amsterdam, have researched the long-term effects of the intervention.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 12.10.2022
Assessments of thinking skills may misrepresent poor, inner-city children in the US
Assessments of thinking skills may misrepresent poor, inner-city children in the US
Some of the assessment tools which measure children's thinking skills in the US may have provided inaccurate information about poor, urban students because they are modelled on wealthier - mostly white - populations. There is a big question around how we measure executive functions: are we actually using the right tools?