Social Sciences

Results 61 - 80 of 2340.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.08.2023
Children receiving care and support in Wales more likely to be immunised
Children receiving care and support in Wales more likely to be immunised
Children receiving services under a care and support plan had higher overall vaccination rates and were more up to date with immunisations than the general population of children in Wales, finds a new study involving UCL researchers. The research, published in Frontiers in Public Health , is the first data linkage study to explore vaccination coverage in children under social care services in Wales.

Health - Social Sciences - 23.08.2023
Student-led dental clinic improves oral health of rural Indigenous community
Student-led dental clinic improves oral health of rural Indigenous community
A University of Queensland study has found a student-led dental clinic in rural Queensland improved the oral health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples by providing access to culturally appropriate and timely care. The clinic at Dalby in south-west Queensland, opened in 2013 as a partnership between UQ's School of Dentistry and Aboriginal community controlled health service, Goondir Health Services.

Health - Social Sciences - 22.08.2023
Why men, wealthy people and maritime residents are more likely to develop skin cancer  
Study compares UV exposure and behaviours among different groups in with the goal of improving public health efforts aimed at reducing melanoma rates A new study led by McGill University examines why people living in Atlantic regions are more at-risk for developing melanoma than other Canadians, providing lessons on skin cancer prevention for the whole country.

Health - Social Sciences - 17.08.2023
FGM identified as a leading cause of death in African countries
FGM identified as a leading cause of death in African countries
Female Genital Mutilation is causing thousands of unnecessary deaths every year - researchers are calling for extra effort to stop the practice. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a leading cause of death in the countries where it is practised, with over 44,000 additional women and young girls dying each year, a new study reveals.

Social Sciences - 16.08.2023
The evolution of complex grammars
The evolution of complex grammars
A new study shows that changes in grammatical complexity are not shaped by social environments Many linguists have proposed that languages spoken by numerous non-native speakers tend to have simpler grammars. A new study led by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig challenges this claim.

Social Sciences - Health - 10.08.2023
Tackling loneliness requires a new approach which addresses societal inequalities
A review into loneliness inequalities conducted by some of the UK's leading scholars in the field has highlighted key social and societal factors that lead to loneliness inequalities. Significantly, this departure from viewing loneliness as an individual problem to be treated by interventions such as befriending services or behavioural therapy suggests that loneliness could be improved by policy changes that reduce inequalities.

Health - Social Sciences - 08.08.2023
Helping the community or protecting oneself? Volunteering during the pandemic
There was a lot of solidarity among people during the coronavirus pandemic - especially at the beginning. Researchers at the University of Basel recently studied how case and fatality numbers influenced volunteer work. Their findings have important implications for governmental authorities about how to manage future crises.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 08.08.2023
Understanding Human Behaviour with AI
By Birgit Baustädter Elisabeth Lex's research combines computer science methods with social science approaches, searching for clues to understand framing, polarisation and opinion clusters. More and more often, people are getting the feeling that society is increasingly polarised - regarding measures introduced during the Covid-19 pandemic, the question of vaccinations, elections, or environmental protection.

Social Sciences - 08.08.2023
Building reliable AI models requires understanding the people behind the datasets
Study: When do annotator demographics matter? Measuring the influence of annotator demographics with the POPQUORN dataset Social media companies are increasingly using complex algorithms and artificial intelligence to detect offensive behavior online. These algorithms and AI systems all rely on data to learn what is offensive.

Media - Social Sciences - 07.08.2023
Using social media to raise awareness of women’s resources
An experiment in Egypt suggests ways to spread information for women facing domestic violence. The Covid-19 pandemic created a global increase in domestic violence against women. Now, an MIT-led experiment designed with that fact in mind shows that some forms of social media can increase awareness among women about where to find resources and support for addressing domestic violence.

Social Sciences - Health - 04.08.2023
Childhood trauma linked to pregnancy complications
A study led by University of Queensland researchers has found women who have experienced maltreatment, domestic violence or household substance abuse as children have a higher risk of complications during pregnancy. Associate Professor Abdullah Mamun from UQ's Poche Centre for Indigenous Health led a project which analysed 21 existing studies on the impact of childhood trauma, to understand a possible link to complications during pregnancy.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 03.08.2023
NWO Veni grants for research into frontline workers, social media and more
The Dutch Research Council (NWO) has awarded a Veni grant to ten young researchers at Radboud University. With this grant of up to 280.000 euro they can further elaborate their own ideas during a period of three years. Veni is aimed at excellent researchers who have recently obtained their PhDs.

Social Sciences - 03.08.2023
It's 2023, and coming out is, well, complicated
It’s 2023, and coming out is, well, complicated
In an era of unprecedented LGBTQ2+ visibility coupled with incredible backlash, coming out as a sexual minority can be a deeply ambivalent experience, according to new research. In a study published in Theory and Society , sociologists Dr. Amin Ghaziani and Andy Holmes conducted in-depth interviews with 52 adult Vancouverites about their experiences coming out over the last five years.

Social Sciences - 03.08.2023
Search-and-rescue operations do not seem to have an influence on the crossing attempts of migrants in the central Mediterranean Sea
Search-and-rescue operations do not seem to have an influence on the crossing attempts of migrants in the central Mediterranean Sea
The search for and rescue of boats transporting migrants across the central Mediterranean Sea does not seem to have any influence on the number of people starting the risky journey. This is the conclusion of a research team led by Potsdam social scientist Alejandra Rodríguez Sánchez, who analyzed data on attempted crossings between 2011 and 2020.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 03.08.2023
Researchers partner on interdisciplinary salmon conservation
Reversing a 40-year decline in Pacific salmon populations requires a collaborative approach that combines traditional Indigenous knowledge with archaeology and genomics. A new project, funded by Genome BC, involves a team of researchers from the Tsleil-Waututh Nation, Simon Fraser University's Department of Archaeology and the University of British Columbia's Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries.

Health - Social Sciences - 02.08.2023
The socioeconomic gap in behaviours that contribute to diseases is widening
New research shows increasing levels of inequality in risk factors that causes higher levels of health conditions such as obesity, heart disease and diabetes. Findings published in the BMC Public Health have shown an increasing divide across England - with those in lower socioeconomic positions (SEPs) recording more behaviours that put them at increased risk of diseases including cancer, diabetes, heart attacks and strokes.

Social Sciences - 01.08.2023
Personality traits and the likelihood of childbearing
Personality traits and the likelihood of childbearing
The decline in birth rates in many industrialized countries since the mid-1950s is partly due to a change in values. People decide more individually whether they want to have children or not. Steffen Peters of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research has investigated the role played by personality traits such as empathy or extroversion.

Health - Social Sciences - 01.08.2023
Gypsy Traveller group faced a higher risk during the COVID-19 pandemic
New research shows, for the first time, a higher risk of COVID-19 hospitalisation or death for the White Gypsy/Traveller ethnic minority group New research shows, for the first time, a higher risk of COVID-19 hospitalisation or death for the White Gypsy/Traveller ethnic minority group. The research, which looked at over 4.3m people in Scotland, was led by the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit at the University of Glasgow and published in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Health - Social Sciences - 01.08.2023
Indigenous health study rolls out across Queensland
A landmark research project will place health workers in Indigenous communities across Queensland to study the long-term wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families. Researchers from The University of Queensland and Mater Research Institute will identify 400 Indigenous families during pregnancy, and monitor the health and wellbeing of participating mothers, fathers and babies over five years.

Social Sciences - 01.08.2023
Teens engaged in activism become better critical thinkers, U-M study finds
Study: Charting the longitudinal trajectories and interplay of critical consciousness among youth activists Youth involved in community-based activism over time become better critical thinkers and more politically active, according to a new University of Michigan study. The study , recently published in Child Development, highlights the importance of community engagement in supporting and developing critical consciousness and social action among adolescents.