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Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 22.01.2024
How the brain responds to reward is linked to socioeconomic background
How the brain responds to reward is linked to socioeconomic background
An MIT study finds the brains of children who grow up in less affluent households are less responsive to rewarding experiences. MIT neuroscientists have found that the brain's sensitivity to rewarding experiences - a critical factor in motivation and attention - can be shaped by socioeconomic conditions.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 19.01.2024
How Does Materialism in Social Media Trigger Stress and Unhappiness?
How Does Materialism in Social Media Trigger Stress and Unhappiness?
You won't find another place that makes it as easy to compare yourself with others as social media. That's not good for you. Clothes, cars, travel, followers: People with a materialistic mindset always want more and, above all, more than others. Social media provides them with ideal opportunities to compare themselves with others, which makes them susceptible to passive and addictive user behavior.

Social Sciences - Economics - 17.01.2024
SDG-washing found among Canada's top companies
SDG-washing found among Canada’s top companies
Canadian corporations that commit their operations and financial capital to SDG's found to have decreased their community investment Canada's biggest companies often speak of their plans to be more sustainable, but a new study found corporations aren't fully backing up those commitments. A team of University of Waterloo researchers concluded that corporate investing in communities fell despite an increase in companies committing to the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) over the last decade.

Social Sciences - Environment - 16.01.2024
How to conduct scientific research with Indigenous Peoples and Lands in a good way
In the name of "research," science has often harmed Indigenous Peoples around the world.

Health - Social Sciences - 15.01.2024
Future benefits of water fluoridation not guaranteed
Existing drinking water fluoridation programmes in England still provide marginal savings for the NHS, but there is no guarantee new schemes would continue to do so, a new study led by University of Manchester researchers finds. It is the largest ever study of the effects of water fluoridation on the dental health of adults.

Social Sciences - 10.01.2024
How accommodation in host families works
How accommodation in host families works
People in Switzerland have generously offered private accommodation for refugees from Ukraine as a result of the Russian war of aggression. The host families provide important support for the refugees' arrival and promote integration, provided the conditions for successful integration are met. These are the findings of a new study by Bern University of Applied Sciences (BFH), Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts (HSLU) and Swiss Refugee Council (SFH).

Social Sciences - 03.01.2024
Women from low socio-economic backgrounds see themselves as less talented
Women from low socio-economic backgrounds see themselves as less talented
How distorted self-images carry a negative impact on chances of success Women from low socio-economic backgrounds consider themselves to be less talented than all other groups - even if they show the same performance levels. This is shown by a new study led by Christina Bauer at the University of Vienna.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 03.01.2024
Even the first primates probably lived in pairs
Primates exhibit more flexible forms of cohabitation than previously assumed. The first primates probably lived in pairs - only around 15 percent were solitary, as a study led by UZH shows . Primates, to which we humans belong, are considered to be highly social animals. Monkeys and apes often live in groups.

Environment - Social Sciences - 03.01.2024
How traditional cultures use their environment to navigate
How traditional cultures use their environment to navigate
Traditional navigation techniques from across the world, some of which have been in use for thousands of years, can inform western science, according to research from UCL and the University of York. The new review paper, published in Trends in Cognitive Sciences , sheds new light on remarkable feats of navigation from cultures ranging from sailors in the Marshall Islands using wave patterns to navigate the vast Pacific Ocean, to indigenous communities in Alaska using stars to find their way across the Yukon.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 03.01.2024
Genetic variants underlying male bisexual behavior, risk-taking linked to more children
Genetic variants underlying male bisexual behavior, risk-taking linked to more children, study shows Because same-sex sexual behavior does not result in offspring, evolutionary biologists have long wondered how the genes associated with this behavior have persisted in the human genome, and whether they will remain in the future.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 21.12.2023
Non-abusive 'red flags' that predict intimate partner violence
Non-abusive ’red flags’ that predict intimate partner violence
Researchers from Western say it's rare for someone to go on a first date and experience intimate partner violence immediately. It takes time and during that time, people become more committed to their partner. As the relationship progresses, tangible and intangible elements of a relationship like moving in together, getting married or falling in love can make it more difficult to leave.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 19.12.2023
Offenders: age counts in the rehabilitation process
Offenders: age counts in the rehabilitation process
Researchers show that it's hard for young men who have been in prison to give up crime The younger an offender is when released from prison, the greater the likelihood that he or she will return to prison, according to a recent study. The criminal justice system treats everyone equally from the age of 18, yet "age matters" in the process of social reintegration, show researchers from Laval University and the International Centre for Comparative Criminology.

Health - Social Sciences - 15.12.2023
Early-life diseases linked to lifelong childlessness
A ground-breaking study, published in Nature Human Behaviour , reveals a significant association between 74 early-life diseases and the likelihood of remaining childless throughout one's life, with 33 of these diseases prevalent in both women and men. Led by Aoxing Liu and senior authors Melinda Mills , Andrea Ganna and an international team, the study examined the link between 414 early-life diseases and lifetime childlessness in over 2.5 million individuals born in Finland and Sweden.

Career - Social Sciences - 15.12.2023
Less social media makes you happier and more efficient at work
Less social media makes you happier and more efficient at work
Are you feeling permanently stressed and overworked? It could be due to your social media consumption. Reducing it by as little as 30 minutes a day makes a difference. If you feel overworked and stressed, you'll be less committed to your job and perform less well. Many companies are aware of this problem and, therefore, spend money on professionals to look after the mental health of their employees.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.12.2023
Study explores accuracy of computerised ADHD test
A new study cautions against using the QbTest as a standalone diagnostic or screening tool for ADHD. Rather, the study authors highlight the intended use of the QbTest as a component of a full clinical assessment, since it could help clinicians reach faster diagnostic decisions and reduce waiting lists.

Politics - Social Sciences - 13.12.2023
New tool helps gauge trust in government
New tool helps gauge trust in government
Trust in Government Measure also aims to help inform better public health policies. People are less likely to adopt new health policies if they don't have faith in their government, and a new tool from University of Waterloo researchers aims to fix that. The tool - designed by a team based in Waterloo's School of Public Health Sciences - aids lawmakers in how trustworthy they may appear to the public and could help improve the uptake of public health policies by informing their design and communication.

Health - Social Sciences - 13.12.2023
Multiple periods of loneliness may add up to higher mortality risk
Study: Association of cumulative loneliness with all-cause mortality among middle-aged and older adults in the United States, 1996 to 2019 Working from well-established research on the detrimental health effects of loneliness, University of Michigan researchers set out to study whether feeling lonely at multiple times through the years leads to more serious illness and higher mortality risk in mid to later life.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 13.12.2023
Babies' brains prioritize human voices
Babies’ brains prioritize human voices
The voice is the most important sound for human beings, providing information about the identity, gender, age and emotional state of the speaker, as well as being the basis of our communication through language and other non-linguistic cues. Adults have a specific brain area that responds preferentially to voice among all other sounds.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 13.12.2023
Complex picture emerges around disproportionate use of Taser in some communities
The potential causes of racial and ethnic disparities in the use of Taser by police officers in England and Wales have been analysed by researchers from UCL, Keele University, the University of Exeter and Staffordshire University. The independent report , published today, suggests that a complex interplay of factors increases the likelihood of Taser being deployed against people from Black and other ethnic minority communities.

Health - Social Sciences - 12.12.2023
More Americans than Canadians use alcohol to dull their pain
More Americans than Canadians use alcohol to dull their pain
New research explores pain management strategies including the use of prescription medications and alcohol From exercise and over-the-counter medications to alcohol use and prescription drugs, North Americans report using a number of different strategies to manage and prevent day-to-day pain. Some of these strategies are useful to mitigate pain, and others, like alcohol, are actually counterproductive and can make pain worse.