Results 81 - 100 of 148.

Sport - Environment - 06.11.2017
A scientific view on football turf
A scientific view on football turf
What are the effects of LED lighting and the climate on different types of sports turf? At the greenhouse laboratory center Dürnast, this question is addressed by TUM researchers. Their findings serve as a basis for the development of new lighting systems for professional football. If, in the Bundesliga, a football match doesn't go too well, it is common to blame the lawn: "Der Rasen ist schuld!" - which shows how much importance the professionals attach to the turf.

Sport - Career - 03.11.2017
Retired professional footballers at higher risk of knee osteoarthritis
Retired professional footballers are far more prone to develop knee pain and osteoarthritis and face problems with their knees earlier in life than the average person, a study has revealed. The study reported that male ex-footballers were two to three times more likely to suffer from knee pain and knee osteoarthritis and require a total knee replacement, even after adjustment for other risk factors including significant knee injury.

Sport - 24.10.2017
Young children practise for the future
A University of Queensland study is helping parents and teachers understand the capacity of young children to learn independently, by providing insight into children's understanding of practice. The study, led by UQ School of Psychology PhD student Melissa Brinums, investigated the age at which children start to regulate their own learning to achieve their long-term goals.

Social Sciences - Sport - 18.10.2017
Gentle touch soothes the pain of social rejection
Gentle touch soothes the pain of social rejection
The gentle touch of another individual soothes the effects of social exclusion, one of the most emotionally painful human experiences, according to new UCL research. The study, published today in Scientific Reports and funded by the European Research Council, tested the impact of a slow, affectionate touch against a fast, neutral touch following social rejection and found a specific relationship between gentle touch and social bonding.

Sport - Psychology - 17.10.2017
How we determine who's to blame
How we determine who’s to blame
How do people assign a cause to events they witness' Some philosophers have suggested that people determine responsibility for a particular outcome by imagining what would have happened if a suspected cause had not intervened. This kind of reasoning, known as counterfactual simulation, is believed to occur in many situations.

Sport - Pharmacology - 27.09.2017
Computer scientists address gap in messaging privacy
Rugby players from Aviva Premiership Rugby and Greene King IPA Championship are to take part in a major study led by the University of Birmingham as part of its work to develop a ground-breaking pitch-side test to diagnose concussion and brain injury. The study, being carried out in collaboration with the Rugby Football Union (RFU), Premiership Rugby and the Rugby Players' Association, will run throughout the 2017/18 rugby season and is the biggest of its kind to take place in the history of UK sport.

Social Sciences - Sport - 26.09.2017
Understanding football violence could help the fight against terror
Football has long been tarnished by outbreaks of fan violence. Although media headlines often link the behaviour to 'hooliganism', the activity could stem from potentially more positive motivations, such as passionate commitment to the group and the desire to belong.  Understanding the root cause of football violence may therefore help in tackling the behaviour and channelling it into something more positive, Oxford University scientists suggest.

Social Sciences - Sport - 19.09.2017
Winner takes all: Success enhances taste for luxury goods, study suggests
Winner takes all: Success enhances taste for luxury goods, study suggests
Footballers in flashy cars, City workers in Armani suits, reality TV celebrities sipping expensive champagne while sitting in hot tubs: what drives people to purchase luxury goods' New research suggests that it may be a sense of being a 'winner' - but that contrary to expectations, it is not driven by testosterone.

Sport - Pedagogy - 14.09.2017
Kids Praised for Being Smart Are More Likely to Cheat
An international team of researchers reports that when children are praised for being smart not only are they quicker to give up in the face of obstacles they are also more likely to be dishonest and cheat. Kids as young as age 3 appear to behave differently when told "You are so smart" vs "You did very well this time." The study, published in Psychological Science , is co-authored by Gail Heyman of the University of California San Diego, Kang Lee of the University of Toronto, and Lulu Chen and Li Zhao of Hangzhou Normal University in China.

Politics - Sport - 31.08.2017
Political party identities stronger than race or religion
Stanford scholar Shanto Iyengar finds that the strength of people's attachment to their political parties surpasses affiliations with their own race, religion and other social categories. The self-defining characteristics that Americans hold dear include their racial and cultural heritage, the language they speak and their choice of worship.

Physics - Sport - 04.08.2017
When it comes to sport, boys ’play like a girl’
New research from the Faculty of Health Sciences finds that girls in primary school are just as physically capable as their male classmates. Girls in primary school are just as physically capable as their male classmates, according to  our research , taking the sting out of the insult "you play like a girl".

Sport - Life Sciences - 04.07.2017
Who'll win at Wimbledon? Just listen to the pitch of the grunts
Who’ll win at Wimbledon? Just listen to the pitch of the grunts
Who'll win at Wimbledon' Just listen to the pitch of the grunts Never mind counting aces and killer shots. If you want to predict the outcome of a tennis match, pay attention to the players' grunts. As Wimbledon prepares for another year of the on-court cacophony from the likes of Rafael Nadal and Victoria Azarenka, a new study has revealed that grunts produced by players during tennis matches they lost were higher in voice pitch than during the matches they won.

Life Sciences - Sport - 04.07.2017
Scientists to embark on groundbreaking concussion study
Scientists to embark on groundbreaking concussion study
A groundbreaking study into concussion has been launched by scientists at The University of Queensland - and you could possibly play a part. The first of its kind, the study at UQ's Queensland Brain Institute (QBI) aims to recruit healthy athletes for brain scans, with follow-up at regular intervals if they experience concussion.

Sport - Life Sciences - 02.07.2017
'Brain training' app found to improve memory in people with mild cognitive impairment
‘Brain training’ app found to improve memory in people with mild cognitive impairment
A 'brain training' game developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge could help improve the memory of patients in the very earliest stages of dementia, suggests a study published today in The International . There's increasing evidence that brain training can be beneficial for boosting cognition and brain health, but it needs to be based on sound research Barbara Sahakian Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) has been described as the transitional stage between 'healthy ageing' and dementia.

Life Sciences - Sport - 21.06.2017
Neuroscientist offers game plan to better understand sports concussions
Neuroscientist offers game plan to better understand sports concussions
Hospital emergency rooms treat more than 170,000 children each year for sports-related traumatic brain injuries, including concussions, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. What do parents and coaches need to know about sports concussions in order to protect their kids and players' A commentary by Dr. Christopher Giza , director of the UCLA Steve Tisch BrainSPORT program , about sports, concussions and neuroscience appears in the June 21 online edition of Neuron.

Psychology - Sport - 01.06.2017
Stanford psychologists examine how culture can guide giving
New research by Stanford psychologists analyzes cultural effects on giving. They find that people are willing to offer more money to others who display similar emotional expressions and that those expressions are even more powerful factors than race or sex. How can culture influence giving? Some scholars have argued that people are more likely to share with others who are similar in terms of race or sex, but the evidence for this is mixed.

Sport - Psychology - 24.05.2017
Building Mental Toughness Off the Field
A new study reveals that mindfulness training, but not relaxation training, benefits college athletes' attention. Practice engagement and program adherence are key. It's no secret that performance excellence in sports requires dedicated practice and physical training. Much less is known about mental training to deal with the psychological pressures of competitive athletics, the mental game .

Sport - Health - 18.05.2017
Targeted exercise programme can dramatically cut injuries in youth rugby
Targeted exercise programme can dramatically cut injuries in youth rugby
Getting young rugby players to complete new balance, strength and movement exercises before matches and in training can reduce injuries by over 70%, according to a benchmark study released today (Thursday 18 May 2017). Published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine , the findings of the School Injury Prevention Study - which was led by the University's Department for Health and the Rugby Football Union (RFU) from 2013-16 - show the dramatic effect of a newly-devised exercise programme in reducing overall injuries for youth rugby.

Sport - Social Sciences - 17.05.2017
Building a better 'bot': artificial intelligence helps human groups
Building a better ‘bot’: artificial intelligence helps human groups
Artificial intelligence doesn't have to be super-sophisticated to make a difference in people's lives, according to a new Yale University study. Even 'dumb AI' can help human groups. In a series of experiments using teams of human players and robotic AI players, the inclusion of 'bots' boosted the performance of human groups and the individual players, researchers found.

Sport - Life Sciences - 28.04.2017
Brain tissue structure could explain link between fitness and memory
Brain tissue structure could explain link between fitness and memory
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Studies have suggested a link between fitness and memory, but researchers have struggled to find the mechanism that links them. A new study by University of Illinois researchers found that the key may lie in the microstructure of the hippocampus, a region in the middle of the brain involved in memory processes.