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Environment - Transport - 20.06.2019
Record efficiency for a gas engine
Record efficiency for a gas engine
At the end of May, the final meeting of the "Horizon 2020" project "GasOn" with the EU Commission took place in Brussels. The aim of this EU project was the further development of gas engines for cars and vans. Around 20 partners participated, including ETH Zurich and Empa as well as four European automobile manufacturers and well-known suppliers.

Transport - 24.05.2019
Waze users’ accident reports could cut emergency response time in half
FINDINGS Waze, the crowdsourced traffic application, could potentially help first responders reach a car crash in half the time it currently takes. A study by UCLA and UC Irvine researchers found that crash-related reports from Waze users came an average of two minutes and 41 seconds earlier than reports received by California Highway Patrol emergency personnel.

Health - Transport - 16.05.2019
Particles from aircraft engines affect airways
Particles from aircraft engines affect airways
In a unique experimental setup, Swiss researchers have investigated the effect of exhaust particles from aircraft turbine engines on human lung cells. The cells reacted most strongly to particles emitted during ground idling. The study also showed that the cytotoxic effect is only to some extent comparable to that of particles from gasoline and diesel engines.

Environment - Transport - 28.01.2019
Emissions targets for transport sector can’t be met using natural gas alone
Using natural gas fuel with other methods could help road freight and shipping industries meet targets, says new Imperial College London white paper. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) - the United Nations' organisation for shipping - seeks to at least halve greenhouse gas emissions from ships by 2050 compared to 2008 levels.

Materials Science - Transport - 24.01.2019
Nanotechnology enables engineers to weld previously un-weldable aluminum alloy
Nanotechnology enables engineers to weld previously un-weldable aluminum alloy
Super-strong but lightweight, AA 7075 now could be more widely used in automobiles and other manufacturing thanks to UCLA research Matthew Chin An aluminum alloy developed in the 1940s has long held promise for use in automobile manufacturing, except for one key obstacle. Although it's nearly as strong as steel and just one-third the weight, it is almost impossible to weld together using the technique commonly used to assemble body panels or engine parts.

Transport - Environment - 17.01.2019
Advanced modelling techniques could improve how cities deal with floods
Advanced modelling techniques could improve how cities deal with floods
A city's ability to safeguard the public in the event of a flood could be greatly improved by using scientific practices for emergency plans and involving decision-makers in the process. This is the key finding from a new study that is the first to look at the impact of flood preparedness from multiple perspectives, including pedestrian safety, accessibility to hospitals and fire stations, and the hazards posed by travel routes and parked vehicles.

Physics - Transport - 13.12.2018
Invention promises airport security screening without queues
Invention promises airport security screening without queues
A research team led by The Australian National University (ANU) has invented a device that could be developed into ultra-sensitive cameras for security screening which would not require people to queue at airports. Other applications could include smaller and safer sensors for driverless vehicles. Lead researcher Dr Mingkai Liu said the research had already led to a proof-of-concept prototype device and provisional patent.

Innovation / Technology - Transport - 04.12.2018
New passenger scanner uses space technology to speed up airport security
A super-sensitive passenger scanner that reveals hidden security threats is being trialled at Cardiff Airport in the UK. The walk-through scanner, which uses space technology to image human body heat, is the result of a collaboration between Sequestim Ltd. and Cardiff University scientists. Computer learning allows the scanner to distinguish between threats and non-threats but without the need for passengers to keep still or remove outer clothing.

Computer Science / Telecom - Transport - 28.10.2018
Machine Learning to Help Optimize Traffic and Reduce Pollution
Machine Learning to Help Optimize Traffic and Reduce Pollution
Applying artificial intelligence to self-driving cars to smooth traffic, reduce fuel consumption, and improve air quality predictions may sound like the stuff of science fiction, but researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have launched two research projects to do just that.

Transport - Computer Science / Telecom - 25.10.2018
A fine-tuned laser welds more effectively
Using laser technology Empa scientists optimized a technique to weld the electronics of implantable pacemakers and defibrillators into a titanium case. The medtech company Medtronic is now using the method worldwide to produce these devices. In Tolochenaz (Canton of Vaud) the US medtech company Medtronic produces one out of five heart pacemakers available on the global market and one out of four defibrillators.

Transport - Career - 12.10.2018
Could parcel lockers in transit stations reduce traffic congestion in Seattle?
Could parcel lockers in transit stations reduce traffic congestion in Seattle?
Administrative affairs Arts and entertainment Buildings and grounds For UW employees Health and medicine Honors and awards Official notices Politics and government UW and the community Seattle is one of the most congested cities in America. Delivery trucks take up space on already crowded roads and idle in parking spots and loading bays.

Transport - Earth Sciences - 24.09.2018
A facade that is a power plant and a guarantee of wellbeing
A facade that is a power plant and a guarantee of wellbeing
Anyone who spends most of their day indoors knows the importance of a comfortable atmosphere to work and live in. Researchers from EPFL's Solar Energy and Building Physics Laboratory are searching for ways to maximize the energy gain from a building's envelope while also optimizing interior comfort in an environmentally friendly way.

Transport - 24.07.2018
Researchers Predict Morning Traffic By Plugging Into Household Energy Use
To predict when morning traffic is likely to grind to a halt, it may be more effective to examine how electricity is used in the middle of the night instead of travel-time data. By analyzing household electricity use in Austin, Texas, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University were able to predict when morning traffic would jam some segments of Austin's highways.

Transport - Innovation / Technology - 12.07.2018
Tailor-made asphalt
Tailor-made asphalt
The one ideal asphalt for all conditions does not exist: climatic conditions, traffic frequencies and loads place different demands on the pavement. Another challenge: preparing old asphalt so that it can be used for new pavements. Thanks to Empa researchers, the design of the ideal asphalt for every type of road has finally become easier.

Innovation / Technology - Transport - 02.07.2018
The Future of Gigs and Big Rigs
Advancements in artificial intelligence and mobile connectivity are disrupting transportation industries in ways that were unthinkable a decade ago. Autonomous vehicles are on the road, picking up passengers from the Las Vegas Strip to Pittsburgh's Strip District. And ride-sharing services such as Lyft and Uber are connecting vehicle owners with pedestrians who need a lift in the time it takes to click a few buttons on an iPhone.

Health - Transport - 05.06.2018
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Researchers compared the geographical distribution of nearly 3,700 Lausanne residents suffering from daytime sleepiness with the noise caused by road and railway traffic in those parts of the city at night. They found a clear correlation between the amount of sleepiness reported by residents and the level of nighttime noise in their neighborhoods.

Transport - Administration - 31.05.2018
How Imperial’s findings on post-Brexit borders caught the eyes of politicians
Dr Ke Han has reflected on his work to predict post-Brexit traffic conditions on the M20/A20 motorway in Kent. Imperial College London's Dr Han has warned of ‘paralysis' on the M20/A20 motorways if we don't avoid customs delays after the UK leaves the European Union (EU). Commissioned by the BBC , his team created simulations of how motorway queues could stack up after longer border checks per vehicle at the ferry port in Dover , and at the Eurotunnel port in Folkestone, both in Kent.

Transport - Administration - 31.05.2018
How Imperial’s findings on post-Brexit border issues caught politicians’ eyes
Dr Ke Han has reflected on his work to predict post-Brexit traffic conditions on the M20/A20 motorway in Kent. Imperial College London's Dr Han has warned of ‘paralysis' on the M20/A20 motorways if we don't avoid customs delays after the UK leaves the European Union (EU). Commissioned by the BBC , his team created simulations of how motorway queues could stack up after longer border checks per vehicle at the ferry port in Dover , and at the Eurotunnel port in Folkestone, both in Kent.

Transport - Mathematics - 23.05.2018
How many taxis does a city need?
How many taxis does a city need?
The rise of self-driving cars is set to dramatically alter the way we move around cities in the future. In particular, private car ownership is expected to shift toward shared mobility services, with vehicle fleet operators offering on-demand transportation. This should help to reduce traffic in urban areas and cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Transport - 04.10.2017
Two intelligent vehicles are better than one
Two intelligent vehicles are better than one
When EPFL researchers fused the data from two intelligent vehicles, the result was a wider field of view, extended situational awareness and greater safety. Intelligent vehicles get their intelligence from cameras, Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) sensors, and navigation and mapping systems. But there are ways to make them even smarter.