Agronomy/Food Science

Results 21 - 40 of 936.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.04.2024
Emotion can also cause chickens to get red in the face
How can we know what chickens are feeling? An INRAE research team were able to uncover various degrees of redness on chickens' faces depending on their emotional state, while, at the same time, demonstrating that the skin of chickens that were used to humans stayed lighter in colour, thereby indicating a calmer state when humans were nearby.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.04.2024
The consumption of certain food additive emulsifiers could be associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Emulsifiers are among the additives most widely used by the food industry, helping to improve the texture of food products and extend their shelf life. Researchers from Inserm, INRAE, UniversitÚ Sorbonne Paris Nord, UniversitÚ Paris CitÚ and Cnam, as part of the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (CRESS-EREN), studied the possible links between the dietary intake of food additive emulsifiers and the onset of type 2 diabetes between 2009 and 2023.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 18.04.2024
Displaying the Nutri-Score in advertisements would lead to healthier food choices
Displaying the Nutri-Score in advertisements would lead to healthier food choices
For the first time, a study by a multi-disciplinary team of researchers from Aix-Marseille UniversitÚ and Sorbonne Paris Nord University, including specialists in the fields of communication, nutrition, epidemiology and public health, has shown that displaying the Nutri-Score on food products in advertisements would lead consumers to choose healthier foods.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.04.2024
Wind turbines: a smaller footprint than you might think
Wind turbines: a smaller footprint than you might think
Wind power is an affordable and renewable energy source. Yet decision-makers are reluctant to invest in this sector because they generally believe that wind farms require more land than fossil fuel power plants. A McGill University study assessing the extent of land occupied by nearly 320 wind farms in the USA - the largest study of its kind - paints a very different picture.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 11.04.2024
Food security in developed countries shows resilience to climate change
Food security in developed countries shows resilience to climate change
A study by the University of Southampton has found that market forces have provided good food price stability over the past half century, despite extreme weather conditions. Research into US wheat commodities by economists at Southampton, in collaboration with UCL, also suggests high uncertainty about the state of future harvests hasn't destabilised the market.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.04.2024
Pork labelling schemes ’not helpful’ in making informed buying choices, say researchers
Farmers don't have to choose between lowering environmental impact and improving welfare for their pigs, a new study has found: it is possible to do both. But this is not reflected in the current food labelling schemes relied on by consumers. The way we classify farm types and label pork isn't helpful for making informed decisions when it comes to buying more sustainable meat.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 05.04.2024
Away with industrial agriculture
Global study: Diversified agriculture strengthens food security and biodiversity . Mixing livestock farming and arable farming, integrating flower strips and trees, water and soil protection and much more: a comprehensive global study led by the Universities of Copenhagen and Hohenheim and with the participation of the University of G÷ttingen has investigated the effects of diversified agriculture.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 02.04.2024
Corn reduces arsenic toxicity in soil
Corn reduces arsenic toxicity in soil
When crops grow in arsenic-contaminated soil, this toxic element accumulates in the food chain. A study involving the University of Basel has now discovered a mechanism used by corn plants to reduce arsenic uptake: the key factor is a special substance released into the soil by the roots. Arsenic is a toxic metalloid of natural origin.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.03.2024
Sweet Success: Researchers Crack Sugarcane’s Complex Genetic Code
Key Takeaways Until now, sugarcane's complicated genetics made it the last major crop without a complete and highly accurate genome. Researchers combined multiple techniques to successfully map out sugarcane's DNA and identify key areas - including several related to sugar production and transport as well as disease resistance to brown rust.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.03.2024
A global map of how climate change is changing winegrowing regions
INRAE, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, CNRS, UniversitÚ de Bordeaux and UniversitÚ de Bourgogne have analysed trends to come in current and developing winegrowing regions around the world to adapt wine production to climate change. The results of the study, published in Nature Reviews Earth and Environment, show that some 90% of coastal and low-altitude regions in southern Europe and California may no longer be able produce good wine in economically sustainable conditions by the end of the century if global warming exceeds +2░C.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 15.03.2024
Lands used for grazing can worsen or help climate change
Too much livestock on a given amount of land can lead to carbon losses, but appropriate numbers can actually help sequester the carbon. When it comes to global climate change, livestock grazing can be either a blessing or a curse, according to a new study, which offers clues on how to tell the difference.

Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.03.2024
Shopping study in a virtual supermarket
A study by the University of Bonn shows: Banners with information on animal welfare have no influence on purchasing behavior How can we encourage consumers to pay more attention to animal welfare aspects when they purchase meat? It now appears that this cannot be achieved solely by making the animal husbandry labels more visible.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.03.2024
Replacing some refined sugar with maple syrup would reduce metabolic harm
Replacing some refined sugar with maple syrup would reduce metabolic harm
In mice, partial substitution reduces refined sugar digestion, intestinal glucose absorption and lipid accumulation in the liver Replacing some of the refined sugar we consume every day with maple syrup could alleviate some of the negative effects of a diet rich in fats and sugars. At least, that's what a study published by a Laval University team in the American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism suggests.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.02.2024
Birds, collateral victims of agricultural intensification in Europe
Birds, collateral victims of agricultural intensification in Europe
The scientific community has been sounding the alarm over the effects of pesticide use on human health and the disappearance of numerous species in agricultural environments for half a century. As early as 1962, Rachel Carson's pioneering work predicted "silent springs" caused by the decline of birds, the collateral victims of pesticides via the poisoning of environments and the disappearance of insects.

Agronomy / Food Science - 21.02.2024
Breastfed babies less likely to be given treats and sweetened drinks before 12 months
Babies who are breastfed, or partially breastfed, for more than six months are less likely to be given sugar-sweetened drinks and sweet or salty snacks before they are 12 months-old, according to new research. The latest study, led by the University of Glasgow and published in the Maternal and Child Nutrition journal, looked at the links between breastfeeding and complementary feeding, otherwise known as the weaning process, where babies receive only part of their nutrients from milk and need to consume an increasingly varied diet.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.02.2024
Impacts of the European Green Deal on the agrifood sector
Researchers at INRAE analysed the market and non-market impacts of the European Green Deal on the European agrifood system. Substantial positive impacts on the climate, the environment and public health require simultaneous action on agricultural production, food losses and waste, and eating patterns.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 19.02.2024
Potassium depletion in soil threatens global crop yields
Potassium depletion in soil threatens global crop yields
Potassium deficiency in agricultural soils is a largely unrecognised but potentially significant threat to global food security if left unaddressed, finds new research involving researchers at UCL, University of Edinburgh and the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. The study, published in Nature Food, found that more potassium is being removed from agricultural soils than is being added, throughout many regions of the world.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 15.02.2024
First Swiss Field Trial with CRISPR/Cas9-Modified Barley
First Swiss Field Trial with CRISPR/Cas9-Modified Barley
Agroscope has been granted approval by the Federal Office for the Environment for a field trial with spring barley. The focus is on a barley gene that has been disabled by new breeding techniques. The trial, which will be launched in spring 2024 on the Protected Site in Zurich-Reckenholz and will run for three years, aims to determine whether yields can be increased in this manner.

Agronomy / Food Science - Computer Science - 15.02.2024
Researchers remotely map crops, field by field
Researchers remotely map crops, field by field
The team used machine learning to analyze satellite and roadside images of areas where small farms predominate and agricultural data are sparse. Crop maps help scientists and policymakers track global food supplies and estimate how they might shift with climate change and growing populations. But getting accurate maps of the types of crops that are grown from farm to farm often requires on-the-ground surveys that only a handful of countries have the resources to maintain.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.02.2024
Ultra-processed foods score worse on food package labelling
Ultra-processed foods (UPFs) contain more calories, fat, saturated fat, sugar and salt than minimally-processed foods - but not all'UPFs are unhealthy, according to new research from UCL. For the study, published in The British Journal of Nutrition , scientists wanted to investigate whether food processing information could be a useful indicator of what is healthy to eat.