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Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.04.2012
Seed Size Is Controlled by Maternally Produced Small RNAs, Scientists Find
Seed Size Is Controlled by Maternally Produced Small RNAs, Scientists Find
AUSTIN, Texas — Seed size is controlled by small RNA molecules inherited from a plant's mother, a discovery from scientists at The University of Texas at Austin that has implications for agriculture and understanding plant evolution. "Crop seeds provide nearly 70 to 80 percent of calories and 60 to 70 percent of all proteins consumed by the human population," said Z. Jeff Chen , the D.J. Sibley Centennial Professor in Plant Molecular Genetics at The University of Texas at Austin.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.04.2012
Soy foods can help reduce hot flashes, University of Minnesota study finds
MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (04/09/2012) —Menopausal women can find relief from hot flashes by taking soy isoflavone supplements, a new study from the University of Minnesota and other research institutions has found. Past studies have yielded similar results but individual studies were considered inconclusive.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 04.04.2012
Obesity accounts for 21 percent of U.S. health care costs
Obesity accounts for 21 percent of U.S. health care costs
Obesity now accounts for almost 21 percent of U.S. health care costs - more than twice the previous estimates, reports a new Cornell study. The research, which is the first to show the causal effect of obesity on medical care costs, uses new methods and makes a stronger case for government intervention to prevent obesity, the authors say.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.04.2012
Caloric moderation can reverse link between low birth weight and obesity, study finds
Babies who are born small have a tendency to put on weight during childhood and adolescence if allowed free access to calories. However, a new animal model study at UCLA found when small babies were placed on a diet of moderately regulated calories during infancy, the propensity of becoming obese decreased.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.04.2012
Babies’ brains are programmed by what mums eat
Women who fall pregnant while dieting are more likely to have a child that could become obese or diabetic in later life, new research suggests. While the study was carried out in sheep, University of Manchester scientists suspect the findings may hold true for humans as well. The research, carried out with colleagues in New Zealand and Canada, may also have found a reason why human twins are more likely to develop type-2 diabetes in adulthood after the team studied twin lambs.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 26.03.2012
Analyzing food quality with an artificial intestine
Analyzing food quality with an artificial intestine
Researchers have developed a miniature on-chip gastrointestinal tract in order to observe the effects of various nutrients on health. The "NutriChip" project's in vitro tests have already begun, on dairy products. What happens in our bodies when we have eaten something? Are "healthy" food products actually good for us, once they have been digested and absorbed? Supported by Nano-Tera and Nestlé, the NutriChip project developed by Martin Gijs's team at the Laboratory of Microsystems at EPFL provides new insights to these questions.

Agronomy / Food Science - Architecture - 23.03.2012
From foraging to farming: the 10,000-year revolution
From foraging to farming: the 10,000-year revolution
Excavation of 19,000-year-old hunter-gatherer remains, including a vast camp site, is fuelling a reinterpretation of the greatest fundamental shift in human civilisation - the origins of agriculture.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.03.2012
New and much cheaper genomics technique takes off
New and much cheaper genomics technique takes off
Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), a powerful new technique developed at Cornell, is leveling the playing field in genomics research. Less than a year after publication, it is being applied to answer questions about diverse species, including hops, fox, turf grass, maize, cow, tomato and raspberry. The GBS protocol, published in May 2011 in the journal PLoS One, allows researchers to generate huge amounts of genetic information.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 14.03.2012
How to Best Help Your Child Lose Weight: Lose Weight Yourself
A study by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and The University of Minnesota indicates that a parent's weight change is a key contributor to the success of a child's weight loss in family-based treatment of childhood obesity. "We looked at things such as parenting skills and styles, or changing the home food environment, and how they impacted a child's weight," said Kerri N. Boutelle, PhD, associate professor of pediatrics and psychiatry at UC San Diego and Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 12.03.2012
The number of foods in a meal determines how much you'll eat
The number of foods in a meal determines how much you’ll eat
The wider the variety of foods served at a meal, the more a person will eat, new Cornell research shows. Conversely, having a "one-pot" dish, such as a soup, pasta, stew or stir-fry, will cut down on the amount of food and calories consumed. The study, which is the first to show these links, provides additional evidence in a growing body of research that indicates the environment plays a powerful role in determining how much we eat, the authors say.

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics / Business - 29.02.2012
Scientific research to sports supplement in time to boost training
PA 70/12 When new evidence published last year in the Journal of Physiology revealed the dramatic benefits of taking L-carnitine and carbohydrate in combination with exercise, researchers at The University of Nottingham did not stop there. They created a supplement for elite athletes, a nimble spin-out company to arrange manufacture and marketing, and began talking to UK Sport, the English Institute of Sport, and leading coaches and sports nutritionists to make it available to start contributing to athletes' training and performance.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 22.02.2012
Exposure to micronutrients prior to pregnancy has been associated with gene modifications in offspring
Exposure to micronutrients prior to pregnancy has been associated with gene modifications in offspring
Scientists find that micronutrients affect methylation, which has been associated with changes in the immune system.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 20.02.2012
Faulty fat sensor implicated in obesity and liver disease
Imperial College London Media Release Defects in a protein led by researchers at Imperial College London. The findings highlight a promising target for new drugs to treat obesity and metabolic disorders. The protein GPR120 is found on the surface of cells in the gut, liver and fat tissue and allows cells to detect and respond to unsaturated fatty acids from the diet, especially the omega-3 fatty acids which are believed to have a beneficial impact on health.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 15.02.2012
Owning a dog encourages exercise in pregnant women
  Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that women who own dogs are more physically active during pregnancy than those who don't. The study of more than 11,000 pregnant women, in partnership with Mars Petcare, showed that those who owned dogs were approximately 50% more likely to achieve the recommended 30 minutes of exercise a day through high levels of brisk walking than those without dogs.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 15.02.2012
Owning a dog encourages exercise in pregnant women
Owning a dog encourages exercise in pregnant women
A study of more than 11,000 pregnant women in Children of the 90s at the University of Bristol shows that those who owned dogs were approximately 50 per cent more likely than those who didn't to achieve the recommended 30 minutes of exercise a day through high levels of brisk walking.  Scientists suggest that, as walking is a low-risk exercise, walking a dog could form part of a broader strategy to improve the health of pregnant women.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 15.02.2012
Parent-training intervention curbs pediatric obesity rates, study shows
Researchers found that after one year, there was a 9 percent reduction in overweight and obese children in the parent-training intervention group, while a control group that did not receive the parent training had a 16 percent increase in overweight and obese children.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.02.2012
Sri Lanka diabetes warning
Sri Lanka diabetes warning
Scientists at King's College London and the National Diabetes Centre (Sri Lanka) have found evidence of a high number of risk factors for type 2 diabetes among the young urban population in Sri Lanka. The study is the first large-scale investigation into diabetes risk among children and young people in South Asia, and provides further evidence that the region is rapidly becoming a hotspot in the growing international diabetes epidemic.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 07.02.2012
Baby-led weaning promotes healthy food preferences
A new study by psychologists at The University of Nottingham has shown that babies who are weaned using solid finger food are more likely to develop healthier food preferences and are less likely to become overweight as children than those who are spoon-fed pureed food. The research just published by BMJ Open set out to examine the impact of weaning style on food preferences and Body Mass Index in early childhood in a sample of 155 children.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.02.2012
Higher intake of processed meat linked to greater type 2 diabetes risk in population with high diabetes rates
Diabetes risk is increased in men and women who eat a diet that is high in processed meats, according to a study published online this week in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition . Processed meats include hot dogs, lunch meat, sausages and canned meats. The link to type 2 diabetes was even greater for those who regularly ate canned meat.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 30.01.2012
Kids under chronic stress more likely to become obese
The more ongoing stress children are exposed to, the greater the odds they will become obese by adolescence, reports Cornell environmental psychologist Gary Evans in the journal Pediatrics (129:1). Nine-year-old children who were chronically exposed to such stressors as poverty, crowded housing and family turmoil gain more weight and were significantly heavier by age 13 than they would have been otherwise, the study found.