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Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.01.2012
Heart attack deaths have halved
The death rate from heart attacks in England has halved in the last decade, according to Oxford University research. The study published in the British Medical Journal found that there were fewer heart attacks in the last decade - and fewer of these were fatal - compared with earlier years. 'These are big success stories for public health and for the NHS,' says Kate Smolina, first author on the study.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 23.01.2012
Straight from the horse’s mouth -- study reveals owners supplement choices
PA 22/12 Horse owners are most likely to use their vet to guide the choice of nutritional supplements they feed their animal, but also rely heavily on recommendations from other riders, a unique study has revealed. Early findings from the research, being led by the School of Veterinary Sciences at The University of Nottingham, also found that joint and mobility and behaviour problems topped the list of owners concerns when seeking supplements for their horse.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.01.2012
Sleep Problems Increase Risk for Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Obesity, Penn Study Shows
People who suffer from sleep disturbances are at major risk for obesity, diabetes, and coronary artery disease, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. For the first time in such a large and diverse sample, analyzing the data of over 130,000 people, the new research also indicates that general sleep disturbance (difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, and/or sleeping too much) may play a role in the development of cardiovascular and metabolic disorders.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.01.2012
Tuna-eating teenagers less likely to suffer depression
Tuna-eating teenagers less likely to suffer depression
New research from the Children of the 90s study at the University of Bristol, which has been charting the health of 14,500 children since their birth in the early 1990s, shows that the link between low levels of vitamin D and depression is established in childhood and that ensuring children have a good intake of vitamin D could help reduce depression in adolescence and adulthood.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.01.2012
Maize gene could lead to bumper harvest
Maize gene could lead to bumper harvest
The discovery of a new 'provisioning' gene in maize plants that regulates the transfer of nutrients from the plant to the seed could lead to increased crop yields and improve food security. Scientists from Oxford University and the University of Warwick, in collaboration with agricultural biotech research company Biogemma-Limagrain, have identified the gene, called Meg 1.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.01.2012
Discovery of plant ‘nourishing gene’ brings hope for increased crop seed yield and food security
University of Warwick scientists have discovered a "nourishing gene" which controls the transfer of nutrients from plant to seed - a significant step which could help increase global food production. The research, led by the University of Warwick in collaboration with the University of Oxford and agricultural biotech research company Biogemma, has identified for the first time a gene, named Meg1, which regulates the optimum amount of nutrients flowing from mother to offspring in maize plants.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 12.01.2012
Wasp rediscovered in upstate New York after 100 years
Wasp rediscovered in upstate New York after 100 years
Two entomologists in search of one insect have discovered two others: a tiny wasp that hadn't been seen in North America in nearly 100 years, and one that has never been recorded here. First found in Ithaca, N.Y., in 1915 by Cornell researchers M.D. Leonard and C.R. Crosby, the fairyfly Gonatocerus ovicenatus has not been collected on the continent since then, prompting some European entomologists to question whether it truly was established in North America.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.01.2012
Gut microbe networks differ from norm in obese people, systems biology approach reveals
Gut microbe networks differ from norm in obese people, systems biology approach reveals
For the first time, researchers have analyzed the multitude of microorganisms residing in the human gut as a complex, integrated biological system, rather than a set of separate species. Their approach has revealed patterns that correspond with excess body weight. Elhanan Borenstein A community-level metabolic network of the gut microbiome.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 26.12.2011
Evidence found for brain injury in diet-induced obesity
The first evidence, reported today, of structural changes in the brains of rodents and humans with diet-induced obesity may help explain one of the most vexing problems of body weight control. Michael W. Schwartz, professor of medicine at the University of Washington, is the senior author of the study.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 21.12.2011
Supersized market economy, supersized belly: Wealthier nations have more fast food and more obesity
ANN ARBOR, Mich.-New research from the University of Michigan suggests obesity can be seen as one of the unintended side effects of free market policies. A study of 26 wealthy nations shows that countries with a higher density of fast food restaurants per capita had much higher obesity rates compared to countries with a lower density of fast food restaurants per capita.

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics / Business - 15.12.2011
Cereals advertised heavily to children bought most often by ethnic minority households
In the first study to examine cereal-buying patterns in homes in the United States, researchers at the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity found that African-American and Hispanic families are most likely to buy cereals that are advertised directly to children, which are also the least nutritious cereals.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 23.11.2011
Obesity as a Vicious Circle
Berkeley, CA, Nov. 23, 2011 -America's waistline has been expanding at an accelerating rate, prompting both concern about the nation's health and puzzlement over the cause. Now a researcher at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has come up with some intriguing new data and a provocative hypothesis: that obesity itself makes people much more susceptible to risk factors that promote weight gain in the first place.

Social Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 18.11.2011
Size matters?
If you like tofu, tempeh, edamame or miso soup, you're a fan of soybeans. But the significance of this legume goes far beyond a few culinary treats - soybeans rank seventh among world crops for tonnage harvested. Now, a new study led by researchers at the University of Toronto Mississauga and the University of Oregon gets at the root of soybean domestication in Asia, and challenges many of the long-held beliefs about when and where humans first began to domesticate this plant — and specifically, increase its seed size.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.10.2011
Tiny teeth in tatters
27 October 2011 The tiny teeth of some of our toddlers are rotting and dental researchers at the University of Sydney are poised to start the second phase of a long-term study to find out why. Led by Amit Arora from the University's Faculty of Dentistry , the two-year project, which will get under way next year thanks to government funding announced last week, will investigate the relationship between breastfeeding, bottle feeding, food and beverage intake, dental health and obesity, revealing a wider understanding of kids' overall health.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.10.2011
Moving poor women to lower-poverty neighborhoods improves their health
Low-income women with children who move from high-poverty to lower-poverty neighborhoods experience notable long-term improvements in some aspects of their health, namely reductions in diabetes and extreme obesity, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Chicago and partner institutions.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 18.10.2011
Protein key to curbing overeating and preventing obesity
18 October 2011 Including enough protein in our diets, rather than simply cutting calories, is the key to curbing appetites and preventing excessive consumption of fats and carbohydrates, a new study from the University of Sydney has found. A multi-disciplinary team of researchers has shown that people on a 10 percent protein diet will eat more snacks between meals and consume significantly more calories in total compared with people on a 15 percent protein diet.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 05.10.2011
What are you feeding your horse this autumn?
A research team is appealing for horse riders and owners to come forward to take part in a unique new study into equine nutritional supplements. The research will focus on nutritional supplements for horses competing in dressage and eventing and will aim to discover what supplements are currently used, what riders and owners would like to see available and the best ways of passing on information about them.

Economics / Business - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.10.2011
Research uncovers what increases chicken wellbeing
Research uncovers what increases chicken wellbeing
Researchers from the University of Bristol's School of Veterinary Sciences have concluded that the wellbeing of barn chickens is increased if they have activity objects, perches and other stimulation. Around 75 per cent of barn chickens reared for UK households are in barns which don't have natural daylight or activity objects such as pecking blocks.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.09.2011
Cell dysfunction linked to obesity and metabolic disorders
Cell dysfunction linked to obesity and metabolic disorders
By measuring the radioactive isotope carbon-14, scientists at Karolinska Institutet have revealed an association between lipid cell dysfunction and diseases such as obesity, diabetes and blood lipid disorders. The study, which is presented , can lead to new approaches to combating metabolic diseases.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.09.2011
‘Gene overdose’ causes extreme thinness
‘Gene overdose’ causes extreme thinness
Scientists have discovered a genetic cause of extreme thinness for the first time. The research shows that people with extra copies of certain genes are much more likely to be very skinny. In one in 2000 people, part of chromosome 16 is duplicated, making men 23 times and women five times more likely to be underweight.