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Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 31.01.2013
Low-energy liquid diet offers effective weight-loss for severely obese people
A new weight-loss programme available on the NHS for severely-obese individuals offers a safer, more cost-effective remedy than gastric surgery, according to a new study. Researchers at the University of Glasgow evaluated the success and costs of the Counterweight Plus weight-loss programme which is aimed at people with a BMI greater than 40 and available through GP and Primary Care facilities.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.01.2013
Outdoor fast food ads could promote obesity, study finds
Past studies have suggested a relationship between neighborhood characteristics and obesity, as well as a connection between obesity and advertisements on television and in magazines. Now, new research from UCLA has identified a possible link between outdoor food ads and a tendency to pack on pounds.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.01.2013
Changes in epigenome control tomato ripening
Changes in epigenome control tomato ripening
Everyone loves a juicy, perfectly ripened tomato, and scientists have long sought ways to control the ripening process to improve fruit quality and prevent spoilage. A new study by researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research (BTI) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service (ARS), both on the Cornell campus, reveals that epigenetics, a set of chemical changes to a plant's DNA, plays a pivotal role in tomato ripening, signaling to the fruit when the time is right to redden.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 15.01.2013
Extreme weight more common in developing world
Obese and overweight people are gaining weight rapidly in low-and middle-income countries while those who are severely undernourished are not experiencing similar weight gains, says a study by the University of Toronto and the Harvard School of Public Health.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.01.2013
Diet may not impact certain health outcomes in older persons
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Eating diets high in sugar and fat may not affect the health outcomes of older adults ages 75 and up, suggesting that placing people of such advanced age on overly restrictive diets to treat their excess weight or other conditions may have little benefit, according to researchers at Penn State and Geisinger Healthcare System.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 14.01.2013
Growing evidence of global warming threat to future food supplies
Increasingly hot summer weather could cause a fall in crop yields over the next two decades unless farming techniques are improved more quickly, scientists at the University have found. High temperatures are having an increasingly damaging effect on maize (sweetcorn) in France – the largest supplier of the crop to the UK – which may explain a recent slowdown in the trend towards higher yields, according to researchers at the Universities of Leeds, Reading and Exeter.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.01.2013
Childhood obesity linked to more immediate health problems than previously thought
Childhood obesity linked to more immediate health problems than previously thought
While a great deal of research on childhood obesity has spotlighted the long-term health problems that emerge in adulthood, a new UCLA study focuses on the condition's immediate consequences and shows that obese youngsters are at far greater risk than had been supposed. Compared to kids who are not overweight, obese children are at nearly twice the risk of having three or more reported medical, mental or developmental conditions, the UCLA researchers found.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.01.2013
Medical Center Research May Explain Why Obese People Have Higher Rates of Asthma
Findings suggest that therapies that increase leptin-signaling may relieve asthma in obese people New York, NY - A new study led by Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) researchers has found that leptin, a hormone that plays a key role in energy metabolism, fertility, and bone mass, also regulates airway diameter.

Agronomy / Food Science - 08.01.2013
Body weight and gender influence judgment in the courtroom
Body weight and gender influence judgment in the courtroom
In a study that offers insight into the depth of stigmatization of overweight and obese people, researchers at the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity found that weight stigma extends to the courtroom. Published online in the International Journal of Obesity, the study shows that a defendant's body weight and gender impact jurors' perceptions of guilt and responsibility.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.12.2012
Could normal water prevent diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease?
Researchers at Lund University, Sweden, are studying whether it is possible to prevent obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease by reducing levels of the hormone vasopressin in the blood. "If you dilute the blood by drinking water, the body releases less of the hormone vasopressin, which can potentially lead to diabetes", says Sofia Enhörning, a doctor who has recently completed her PhD at Lund University.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 19.12.2012
Public obsession with obesity may be more dangerous than obesity itself, UCLA author says
Public obsession with obesity may be more dangerous than obesity itself, UCLA author says
Much has been made about who or what is to blame for the "obesity epidemic" and what can or should be done to stem the tide of rising body mass among the U.S. population. A new book by a UCLA sociologist turns these concerns on their head by asking two questions. First, how and why has fatness been medicalized as "obesity" in the first place? Second, what are the social costs of this particular way of discussing body size? In " What's Wrong With Fat? ", to be published Jan.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 07.12.2012
Research proves low fat diet is key to a slimmer figure
Research proves low fat diet is key to a slimmer figure
Cutting down on fat, without dieting, will result in a slimmer figure - according to new research co-authored by Durham University Findings published today in the British Medical Journal show that exchanging fatty foods for lower fat alternatives will help people shift around three-and-a-half pounds - without dieting.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.11.2012
Research indicates risks of consuming high fructose corn syrup
Research indicates risks of consuming high fructose corn syrup
A new study indicates that large amounts of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), a sweetener found in national food supplies across the world, may be a contributory factor to the rising global epidemic of type 2 diabetes. The study by researchers from the University of Oxford and the University of Southern California reports that countries that use HFCS in their food supply had a 20 per cent higher prevalence of diabetes than countries that did not use HFCS.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 28.11.2012
Risk of childhood obesity can be predicted at birth
Risk of childhood obesity can be predicted at birth
A simple formula can predict at birth a baby's likelihood of becoming obese in childhood, according to a study published today in the open access journal PLOS ONE . The formula, which is available as an online calculator , estimates the child's obesity risk based on its birth weight, the body mass index of the parents, the number of people in the household, the mother's professional status and whether she smoked during pregnancy.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.11.2012
Physical activity key to healthy kids
Physical activity key to healthy kids
Physical activity rather than food has the biggest impact on children's weight according to new data from the Lifestyle of our Kids (LOOK) longitudinal study. Lead researcher Richard Telford from the ANU College of Medicine, Biology and Environment and the Clinical Trials Unit at The Canberra Hospital said the new aspect of the LOOK study provides some of the strongest evidence to date in the important debate around how best to tackle childhood obesity.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 16.11.2012
Breastfeeding and childhood obesity
Breastfeeding can help reduce a child's risk for obesity, says a new international study led by researchers at the University of Toronto. "The benefits of breast milk are well known. However, what is new is to find that breastfeeding can have a significant impact on children who have a genetic predisposition to obesity," said Laurent Briollais , assistant professor with the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto and senior investigator with Mount Sinai's Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 12.11.2012
It's Not Just What You Eat, But When You Eat It: Penn Study Shows Link Between Fat Cell and Brain Molecules
It's Not Just What You Eat, But When You Eat It: Penn Study Shows Link Between Fat Cell and Brain Molecules
Fat cells store excess energy and signal these levels to the brain. In a new study this week , Georgios Paschos PhD , a research associate in the lab of Garret FitzGerald, MD , FRS director of the Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics , Perelman School of Medicine , University of Pennsylvania , shows that deletion of the clock gene Arntl, also known as Bmal1 , in fat cells, causes mice to become obese, with a shift in the timing of when this nocturnal species normally eats.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 09.11.2012
Study supports ’obesity paradox’
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta studied the records of nearly 1,000 patients admitted to hospital with pneumonia and found that those who were obese had a higher likelihood of surviving than who were of normal weight. For their study, the team examined the records of 907 patients with pneumonia who were admitted to six Edmonton hospitals and also had their body mass index recorded.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 31.10.2012
Obese dogs at risk of same health condition experienced by humans
Obese dogs at risk of same health condition experienced by humans
University Home Obese dogs at risk of same health condition experienced by humans Veterinary scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that, like humans, obese dogs can experience metabolic syndrome, a condition that describes multiple health issues that occur in the body at the same time.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 30.10.2012
Children with obesity must be treated in time
Children with obesity must be treated in time
A new study from Karolinska Institutet shows that behavioural treatment for inducing weight-loss can be very effective for severely obese children. However, the treatment to change dietary and exercise habits must be given in time, as it showed to have little effect on adolescents with the same problem.