Agronomy/Food Science

Results 661 - 680 of 791.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 22.05.2012
Study suggests one-third of US homeless are obese
Study suggests one-third of US homeless are obese
A new study dispels the myth that in general the homeless are starving and underweight. New research by Oxford University and Harvard Medical School has found that obesity is just as common among the homeless as it is among the general non-homeless population. The study, to be published in a forthcoming issue of the Journal of Urban Health , suggests this could be because cheap foods that are instantly satisfying often contain high leveld of fats and sugars.

Agronomy / Food Science - 20.05.2012
'Confused' crops could pose complications for future of farming, say scientists
The agriculture industry could be forced to undergo sweeping changes because warmer winters could be confusing their crops, scientists have warned. It follows a detailed study showing hundreds of plant species, that appear to not be affected by warmer Spring temperatures, are in fact responding as much to warmer winters and getting ‘messed up’ in the process.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.05.2012
Wasted milk is a drain on resources
Milk poured down Britain's kitchen sinks each year creates a carbon footprint equivalent to that of thousands of cars, research shows. University scientists say the 360,000 tonnes of milk wasted in the UK each year creates greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to 100,000 tonnes of CO2. This is the same as is emitted by about 20,000 cars annually.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 07.05.2012
Immune cells found to counter obesity-related diabetes
Immune cells found to counter obesity-related diabetes
For years, researchers have known that obesity, type 2 diabetes and low-level inflammation are linked, but how they are connected has not been well understood. A recent Cornell-led study has found that a type of immune cells - called natural killer'T (NKT) cells - is an important part of the puzzle.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 04.05.2012
Low testosterone levels linked to diabetes
Low levels of testosterone in men could increase their risk of developing diabetes. University scientists have found that low testosterone levels are linked to a resistance to insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar levels. Low testosterone We know that men with low testosterone levels are more likely to become obese, and as a develop diabetes.

Agronomy / Food Science - 30.04.2012
Obesity affects job prospects for women, study finds
Obese women are more likely to be discriminated against when applying for jobs and receive lower starting salaries than their non-overweight colleagues, a new study has found. The study, led by The University of Manchester and Monash University, Melbourne, and published in the International Journal of Obesity , examined whether a recently developed measure of anti-fat prejudice, the universal measure of bias (UMB), predicted actual obesity job discrimination.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.04.2012
Seed Size Is Controlled by Maternally Produced Small RNAs, Scientists Find
Seed Size Is Controlled by Maternally Produced Small RNAs, Scientists Find
AUSTIN, Texas — Seed size is controlled by small RNA molecules inherited from a plant's mother, a discovery from scientists at The University of Texas at Austin that has implications for agriculture and understanding plant evolution. "Crop seeds provide nearly 70 to 80 percent of calories and 60 to 70 percent of all proteins consumed by the human population," said Z. Jeff Chen , the D.J. Sibley Centennial Professor in Plant Molecular Genetics at The University of Texas at Austin.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.04.2012
Soy foods can help reduce hot flashes, University of Minnesota study finds
MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (04/09/2012) —Menopausal women can find relief from hot flashes by taking soy isoflavone supplements, a new study from the University of Minnesota and other research institutions has found. Past studies have yielded similar results but individual studies were considered inconclusive.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 04.04.2012
Obesity accounts for 21 percent of U.S. health care costs
Obesity accounts for 21 percent of U.S. health care costs
Obesity now accounts for almost 21 percent of U.S. health care costs - more than twice the previous estimates, reports a new Cornell study. The research, which is the first to show the causal effect of obesity on medical care costs, uses new methods and makes a stronger case for government intervention to prevent obesity, the authors say.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.04.2012
Caloric moderation can reverse link between low birth weight and obesity, study finds
Babies who are born small have a tendency to put on weight during childhood and adolescence if allowed free access to calories. However, a new animal model study at UCLA found when small babies were placed on a diet of moderately regulated calories during infancy, the propensity of becoming obese decreased.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.04.2012
Babies’ brains are programmed by what mums eat
Women who fall pregnant while dieting are more likely to have a child that could become obese or diabetic in later life, new research suggests. While the study was carried out in sheep, University of Manchester scientists suspect the findings may hold true for humans as well. The research, carried out with colleagues in New Zealand and Canada, may also have found a reason why human twins are more likely to develop type-2 diabetes in adulthood after the team studied twin lambs.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 26.03.2012
Analyzing food quality with an artificial intestine
Analyzing food quality with an artificial intestine
Researchers have developed a miniature on-chip gastrointestinal tract in order to observe the effects of various nutrients on health. The "NutriChip" project's in vitro tests have already begun, on dairy products. What happens in our bodies when we have eaten something? Are "healthy" food products actually good for us, once they have been digested and absorbed? Supported by Nano-Tera and Nestlé, the NutriChip project developed by Martin Gijs's team at the Laboratory of Microsystems at EPFL provides new insights to these questions.

Agronomy / Food Science - Architecture - 23.03.2012
From foraging to farming: the 10,000-year revolution
From foraging to farming: the 10,000-year revolution
Excavation of 19,000-year-old hunter-gatherer remains, including a vast camp site, is fuelling a reinterpretation of the greatest fundamental shift in human civilisation - the origins of agriculture.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.03.2012
New and much cheaper genomics technique takes off
New and much cheaper genomics technique takes off
Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), a powerful new technique developed at Cornell, is leveling the playing field in genomics research. Less than a year after publication, it is being applied to answer questions about diverse species, including hops, fox, turf grass, maize, cow, tomato and raspberry. The GBS protocol, published in May 2011 in the journal PLoS One, allows researchers to generate huge amounts of genetic information.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 14.03.2012
How to Best Help Your Child Lose Weight: Lose Weight Yourself
A study by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and The University of Minnesota indicates that a parent's weight change is a key contributor to the success of a child's weight loss in family-based treatment of childhood obesity. "We looked at things such as parenting skills and styles, or changing the home food environment, and how they impacted a child's weight," said Kerri N. Boutelle, PhD, associate professor of pediatrics and psychiatry at UC San Diego and Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 12.03.2012
The number of foods in a meal determines how much you'll eat
The number of foods in a meal determines how much you’ll eat
The wider the variety of foods served at a meal, the more a person will eat, new Cornell research shows. Conversely, having a "one-pot" dish, such as a soup, pasta, stew or stir-fry, will cut down on the amount of food and calories consumed. The study, which is the first to show these links, provides additional evidence in a growing body of research that indicates the environment plays a powerful role in determining how much we eat, the authors say.

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics / Business - 29.02.2012
Scientific research to sports supplement in time to boost training
PA 70/12 When new evidence published last year in the Journal of Physiology revealed the dramatic benefits of taking L-carnitine and carbohydrate in combination with exercise, researchers at The University of Nottingham did not stop there. They created a supplement for elite athletes, a nimble spin-out company to arrange manufacture and marketing, and began talking to UK Sport, the English Institute of Sport, and leading coaches and sports nutritionists to make it available to start contributing to athletes' training and performance.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 22.02.2012
Exposure to micronutrients prior to pregnancy has been associated with gene modifications in offspring
Exposure to micronutrients prior to pregnancy has been associated with gene modifications in offspring
Scientists find that micronutrients affect methylation, which has been associated with changes in the immune system.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 20.02.2012
Faulty fat sensor implicated in obesity and liver disease
Imperial College London Media Release Defects in a protein led by researchers at Imperial College London. The findings highlight a promising target for new drugs to treat obesity and metabolic disorders. The protein GPR120 is found on the surface of cells in the gut, liver and fat tissue and allows cells to detect and respond to unsaturated fatty acids from the diet, especially the omega-3 fatty acids which are believed to have a beneficial impact on health.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 15.02.2012
Owning a dog encourages exercise in pregnant women
  Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that women who own dogs are more physically active during pregnancy than those who don't. The study of more than 11,000 pregnant women, in partnership with Mars Petcare, showed that those who owned dogs were approximately 50% more likely to achieve the recommended 30 minutes of exercise a day through high levels of brisk walking than those without dogs.