Agronomy/Food Science

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Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.02.2010
Operation of heartburn provides little protection against esophageal cancer
Severe heartburn is the most important risk factor for suffering from glandular cell carcinoma (adenocarcinoma) in the esophagus. Scientists have therefore hoped that surgery for heartburn should have a protective effect against this aggressive cancer. However, a large Swedish study, published in the scientific journal Gastroenterology, show that patients who undergo surgery for heartburn still are in high risk of having esophageal cancer a long time after they have had surgery.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.01.2010
Study shows weight loss breakthrough for overweight children
Study shows weight loss breakthrough for overweight children
Professor Atul Singhal of the UCL Institute of Child Health led the study, published in the journal Obesity , which showed that participants in the MEND (Mind, Exercise, Nutrition? Do It!) programme lost weight, lowered their body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference, and improved their self esteem and physical activity levels.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 27.01.2010
New method improves eating skills of dementia patients
A pioneering international study involving academics from the University of Sheffield has shown for the first time that it is possible to improve the eating skills and nutritional status of older people with dementia. The study, which was published in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and funded by the National Health Research Institutes of Taiwan, tested two separate intervention methods to assess the eating patterns of dementia patients in Taiwan.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.01.2010
Link Between Obesity and Enhanced Cancer Risk Elucidated
Epidemiological studies indicate that being overweight or obese is associated with increased cancer risk.  The most dramatic effect of obesity on cancer risk has been noted for a common form of liver cancer called hepatocellular carcinoma or HCC.  Modeling the effect of obesity in mice, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have conclusively demonstrated that obesity is tumor-promoting and have obtained evidence that this effect depends on induction of low-grade, chronic inflammation.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.12.2009
Risk with obesity may be greater than previously thought
Risk with obesity may be greater than previously thought
The link between obesity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, diabetes and certain forms of cancer may be substantially underestimated, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. The study, which is published in the scientific journal BMJ, also suggests that some of the adverse consequences of being underweight may be overstated.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.12.2009
Weight-loss proves effective cure for sleep apnoea
Weight-loss proves effective cure for sleep apnoea
For obese men, a dramatic weight loss can be an effective way to improve moderate to severe sleep apnoea, scientists at Karolinska Institutet report. Those with severe sleep apnoea when the study began benefited most from weight loss. "Our findings suggest that weight loss may be an effective treatment strategy for sleep apnoea in obese men," says Kari Johansson, one of the researchers involved in the study.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.10.2009
Mental disorders and increased risk of obesity: possible link
People with common mental disorders are at increased risk of becoming obese, according to new UCL research. Professor Mika Kivimäki of UCL Epidemiology & Public Health led research published today on the website of the British Medical Journal that shows that individuals with chronic or repeat episodes of common mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety, are particularly at risk of becoming obese.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.09.2009
A new molecule to combat diabetes and obesity
A new molecule to combat diabetes and obesity
Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes, is increasing at an alarming state with more than 180 million people affected worldwide.

Agronomy / Food Science - Administration - 21.08.2009
Daylight could help control our weight
Daylight could help control our weight
PA 220/09 Exciting research into Brown adipose tissue (BAT) — brown fat, which is found in abundance in hibernating animals and newborn babies — could lead to new ways of preventing obesity. Studies have already shown that BAT activity in adults is reduced with obesity. Therefore, promoting BAT function could prevent or reduce obesity in some people.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.04.2009
Social deprivation increases risks of death after heart surgery
A major study of more than 40,000 patients has shown that social deprivation significantly reduces patients' chances of survival after heart surgery. Research from the University of Birmingham and University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust has shown that patients from more socially deprived backgrounds had poorer survival rates after cardiac surgery both immediately after the operation (in hospital) and over five years of follow up.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 17.03.2009
Moderate obesity takes years off life expectancy
A new analysis of almost one million people from around the world has shown that obesity can trim years off life expectancy. The Oxford University research found that moderate obesity, which is now common, reduces life expectancy by about 3 years, and that severe obesity, which is still uncommon, can shorten a person's life by 10 years.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 25.02.2009
Teenage obesity just as risky as being a smoker
Obese adolescents have the same risk of premature death in adulthood as people who smoke more than 10 cigarettes a day, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. What most interests the researchers is that the combination of overweight and smoking did not act synergistically as mortality risk factors.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 04.02.2009
Volunteers needed to test weighty matters
Scientists from the University of Birmingham's medical school are looking for volunteers to take part in major study investigating the underlying causes of obesity and diabetes. The study will look at the specific role naturally occurring enzymes in the liver may play in raising the risk of developing obesity or Type 2 Diabetes.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 12.01.2009
Mice without key enzyme eat without becoming obese, new study finds
BERKELEY — Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have identified a new enzyme that plays a far more important role than expected in controlling the breakdown of fat. In a new study to be published Jan. 11 in the journal Nature Medicine, researchers report that mice that have had this enzyme disabled remained lean despite eating a high-fat diet and losing a hormone that suppresses appetite.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.01.2009
Scientists unlock secret to overeating
A collaboration of scientists led by Professor Jane Wardle (Director of Cancer Research UK's Health Behaviour Research Centre in UCL Epidemiology & Public Health) have published today in the 'International Journal of Obesity' new evidence that the tendency to overeat could be genetic. UCL researchers, who were funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, created a new experiment to see if eating when full was linked to a gene called FTO**.

Agronomy / Food Science - 07.01.2009
Control of blood vessels a possible weapon against obesity
Mice exposed to low temperatures develop more blood vessels in their adipose tissue and metabolise body fat more quickly, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. Scientists now hope to learn how to control blood vessel development in humans in order to combat obesity and diabetes. The growth of fat cells and their metabolism depend on oxygen and blood-borne nutrients.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 06.11.2008
A new weapon against obesity
A synthetic new chemical entity protects against diet-induced obesity, improves glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity and enhances exercise endurance by enhancing fat utilization in certain target tissues.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 28.10.2008
Regulateur de poids contre l'obésité
Regulateur de poids contre l’obésité
Augmentation pathologique de la masse graisseuse, l'obésité se caractérise par un surpoids qui engendre d'autres complications.
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