Agronomy/Food Science

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Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.05.2010
Climate study backs plants
Results from the study contrast with previous scientific research that had suggested that plants were responsible for producing large amounts of the greenhouse gas. To reach their conclusions, scientists created artificial leaves made from plant pectin and measured the methane produced when the leaves were exposed to sunlight.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 28.04.2010
Smoking during pregnancy may be linked to teenage obesity
Smoking during pregnancy may be linked to teenage obesity
PA 103/10 Smoking during pregnancy is a known risk factor for a variety of health problems for the baby, including low birth weight, respiratory issues and even sudden infant death syndrome. Now a new study suggests exposure to cigarette smoke in the womb may also contribute to another problem — abdominal obesity in late adolescence.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 22.04.2010
Extreme obesity holds greater risks for pregnant women
Extreme obesity holds greater risks for pregnant women
One in every 1,100 pregnant women in the UK is extremely obese, a nationwide study by Oxford University researchers has shown. The researchers found that extremely obese women with a body mass index (BMI) of 50 or higher experience greatly increased risks of complications during pregnancy and that basic equipment for their care was not universally available.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 31.03.2010
Diet to reduce cardiovascular disease risk
Diet to reduce cardiovascular disease risk
Academics at King's will be undertaking a study on changing diet on risk of cardiovascular disease funded by the Food Standards Agency. The study will test the extent to which a cardioprotective dietary pattern lowers risk in middle-age and older people. The project leader Professor Tom Sanders, Head of the Nutritional Sciences Division at King's comments: 'Dietary patterns are linked to risk of heart disease and stroke.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.03.2010
New test assesses impact of gas drilling, pipeline construction on soil health
The construction necessary to extract natural gas from the Marcellus Shale in southern New York could affect the soil around drilling sites and pipeline right-of-ways, says a Cornell soil expert who has helped develop a new soil health test to assess such impacts. "Soil is sensitive to heavy construction, and while there are a lot of construction standards and practices, there isn't really a standardized way to measure construction impacts on soil behavior," said Robert Schindelbeck, a Cornell extension associate in crop and soil sciences and member of the Cornell Soil Health Team.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 25.03.2010
Inflammation in body fat is not only pernicious
It has been a common opinion that inflammation in adipose tissue may cause insulin resistance, and thereby type 2 diabetes. However, recent research from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, question the theory that inflammation in the body fat is only pernicious.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 22.03.2010
A sweet problem: Princeton researchers find that high-fructose corn syrup prompts considerably more weight gain
A sweet problem: Princeton researchers find that high-fructose corn syrup prompts considerably more weight gain
A Princeton University research team has demonstrated that all sweeteners are not equal when it comes to weight gain: Rats with access to high-fructose corn syrup gained significantly more weight than those with access to table sugar, even when their overall caloric intake was the same.  In addition to causing significant weight gain in lab animals, long-term consumption of high-fructose corn syrup also led to abnormal increases in body fat, especially in the abdomen, and a rise in circulating blood fats called triglycerides.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.03.2010
Obesity like alcohol increases the risk of liver disease
Obesity like alcohol increases the risk of liver disease
Obesity and alcohol both increase the risk of liver disease, researchers from the Universities of Oxford and Glasgow show in two separate studies published in the British Medical Journal. While alcohol is well known as a major cause of liver cirrhosis, recent evidence suggests that excess body weight may also play a role.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.02.2010
Operation of heartburn provides little protection against esophageal cancer
Severe heartburn is the most important risk factor for suffering from glandular cell carcinoma (adenocarcinoma) in the esophagus. Scientists have therefore hoped that surgery for heartburn should have a protective effect against this aggressive cancer. However, a large Swedish study, published in the scientific journal Gastroenterology, show that patients who undergo surgery for heartburn still are in high risk of having esophageal cancer a long time after they have had surgery.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.01.2010
Study shows weight loss breakthrough for overweight children
Study shows weight loss breakthrough for overweight children
Professor Atul Singhal of the UCL Institute of Child Health led the study, published in the journal Obesity , which showed that participants in the MEND (Mind, Exercise, Nutrition? Do It!) programme lost weight, lowered their body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference, and improved their self esteem and physical activity levels.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 27.01.2010
New method improves eating skills of dementia patients
A pioneering international study involving academics from the University of Sheffield has shown for the first time that it is possible to improve the eating skills and nutritional status of older people with dementia. The study, which was published in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and funded by the National Health Research Institutes of Taiwan, tested two separate intervention methods to assess the eating patterns of dementia patients in Taiwan.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.01.2010
Link Between Obesity and Enhanced Cancer Risk Elucidated
Epidemiological studies indicate that being overweight or obese is associated with increased cancer risk.  The most dramatic effect of obesity on cancer risk has been noted for a common form of liver cancer called hepatocellular carcinoma or HCC.  Modeling the effect of obesity in mice, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have conclusively demonstrated that obesity is tumor-promoting and have obtained evidence that this effect depends on induction of low-grade, chronic inflammation.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.12.2009
Risk with obesity may be greater than previously thought
Risk with obesity may be greater than previously thought
The link between obesity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, diabetes and certain forms of cancer may be substantially underestimated, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. The study, which is published in the scientific journal BMJ, also suggests that some of the adverse consequences of being underweight may be overstated.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.12.2009
Weight-loss proves effective cure for sleep apnoea
Weight-loss proves effective cure for sleep apnoea
For obese men, a dramatic weight loss can be an effective way to improve moderate to severe sleep apnoea, scientists at Karolinska Institutet report. Those with severe sleep apnoea when the study began benefited most from weight loss. "Our findings suggest that weight loss may be an effective treatment strategy for sleep apnoea in obese men," says Kari Johansson, one of the researchers involved in the study.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.10.2009
Mental disorders and increased risk of obesity: possible link
People with common mental disorders are at increased risk of becoming obese, according to new UCL research. Professor Mika Kivimäki of UCL Epidemiology & Public Health led research published today on the website of the British Medical Journal that shows that individuals with chronic or repeat episodes of common mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety, are particularly at risk of becoming obese.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.09.2009
A new molecule to combat diabetes and obesity
A new molecule to combat diabetes and obesity
Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes, is increasing at an alarming state with more than 180 million people affected worldwide.

Agronomy / Food Science - Administration - 21.08.2009
Daylight could help control our weight
Daylight could help control our weight
PA 220/09 Exciting research into Brown adipose tissue (BAT) — brown fat, which is found in abundance in hibernating animals and newborn babies — could lead to new ways of preventing obesity. Studies have already shown that BAT activity in adults is reduced with obesity. Therefore, promoting BAT function could prevent or reduce obesity in some people.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.04.2009
Social deprivation increases risks of death after heart surgery
A major study of more than 40,000 patients has shown that social deprivation significantly reduces patients' chances of survival after heart surgery. Research from the University of Birmingham and University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust has shown that patients from more socially deprived backgrounds had poorer survival rates after cardiac surgery both immediately after the operation (in hospital) and over five years of follow up.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 17.03.2009
Moderate obesity takes years off life expectancy
A new analysis of almost one million people from around the world has shown that obesity can trim years off life expectancy. The Oxford University research found that moderate obesity, which is now common, reduces life expectancy by about 3 years, and that severe obesity, which is still uncommon, can shorten a person's life by 10 years.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 25.02.2009
Teenage obesity just as risky as being a smoker
Obese adolescents have the same risk of premature death in adulthood as people who smoke more than 10 cigarettes a day, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. What most interests the researchers is that the combination of overweight and smoking did not act synergistically as mortality risk factors.
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