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Art and Design - Life Sciences - 15.06.2021
Computers Predict People’s Tastes in Art
Do you like the thick brush strokes and soft color palettes of an impressionist painting such as those by Claude Monet? Or do you prefer the bold colors and abstract shapes of a Rothko? Individual art tastes have a certain mystique to them, but now a new Caltech study shows that a simple computer program can accurately predict which paintings a person will like.

Health - Art and Design - 07.06.2021
Science and performing arts against stereotypes
Science and performing arts against stereotypes
Stereotypes are knowledge structures integrated in our world representation, which have an influence on our decisions and which are hard to change. A team from the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), in collaboration with the ╚pica Foundation - La Fura dels Baus analysed how a performing experience could have a positive impact in reducing the population's bias against physical illnesses.

Art and Design - 15.04.2021
Leonardo da Vinci definitely did not sculpt the Flora bust
Leonardo da Vinci definitely did not sculpt the Flora bust
" It is machination, it is deception ," said the Director General of the Berlin Royal Museums in his defence when criticized for buying a fake. Wilhelm Bode did not budge an inch: the sculpture he acquired in 1909 was an as yet unknown production of the great Renaissance master, Leonardo da Vinci. After one hundred years and numerous controversies, a group of scientists led by a CNRS researcher 1 has just proven him wrong once and for all.

Life Sciences - Art and Design - 05.04.2021
An artful study of cellular development in leaves
Virginia Lopez-Anido: Drawing series: Nature of scientific inquiry. Untitled, pencil on paper, 8.5 x 11.7 in, 2021. In theme with the drawing series, a new paper by Camila Lopez-Anido, Dominique Bergmann and their colleagues serves as another layer of our understanding of how molecular principles define cell fate decisions and enable integration of environmental cues.

Microtechnics - Art and Design - 26.03.2021
Contemplate the nature of robotics at EPFL Pavilions
Contemplate the nature of robotics at EPFL Pavilions
EPFL Pavilions re-opens its exhibition Nature of Robotics which offers perspective on robotics in a human and organic environment. At the entrance of Nature of Robotics a couple of robotic snails slither around the floor, leaving behind slimy trails. Two visitors, young boys, enter the exhibit and squat next to the slimy creatures, trying to follow both of them at once.

Art and Design - Computer Science - 25.03.2021
Artist’s intent: AI recognizes emotions in visual art
A team of AI researchers has trained its algorithms to see the emotional intent behind great works of art, possibly leading to computers that see much deeper than current technologies. Researchers have built an algorithm that can capture the emotions that an image evokes. Experts in artificial intelligence have gotten quite good at creating computers that can "see" the world around them - recognizing objects, animals, and activities within their purview.

Art and Design - 01.03.2021
AI Identifies Social Bias Trends in Bollywood, Hollywood Movies
New method can analyze decades of films in a few days Babies whose births were depicted in Bollywood films from the 1950s and 60s were more often than not boys; in today's films, boy and girl newborns are about evenly split. In the 50s and 60s, dowries were socially acceptable; today, not so much. And Bollywood's conception of beauty has remained consistent through the years: beautiful women have fair skin.

Art and Design - 04.02.2020
New algorithm helps uncover forgotten figures beneath Da Vinci painting
New algorithm helps uncover forgotten figures beneath Da Vinci painting
Imperial and National Gallery researchers have used a new algorithm to help visualise hidden drawings beneath Leonardo Da Vinci's Virgin of the Rocks. Imperial College London's Professor Pier Luigi Dragotti and National Gallery 's Dr Catherine Higgitt used the new algorithm combined with a technique called macro X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) scanning, which maps chemical elements within paintings.

Art and Design - 20.11.2019
Beauty in the biased eye of the beholder
Beauty in the biased eye of the beholder
When we pass through an art gallery, what determines our idea of beauty? A University of Sydney study of how people rate the aesthetics of each artwork shows part of our aesthetic assessment is due to the painting you saw a few moments before.á The research, led by PhD student Ms Sujin Kim in the School of Psychology , is published in theá Journal of Vision .á It shows that we don't appreciate every painting in isolation.

Art and Design - 09.10.2019
Engineers put Leonardo da Vinci's bridge design to the test
Engineers put Leonardo da Vinci’s bridge design to the test
Proposed bridge would have been the world's longest at the time; new analysis shows it would have worked. MIT researchers developed a 3-D model of a bridge designed by Leonardo da Vinci and found that "not only did it work, but it would have also revolutionized bridge design five centuries ago," reports Andrew Liszewski for Gizmodo .

Art and Design - 11.09.2019
Measuring speed of mental replay of movies reveals new insights into how we access memories
Researchers have discovered that 'fully detailed' memories are stored in the brain, but people access this information at different speeds and levels of detail, with people accessing memories 'forward' that is recalling older information first. They quickly skip episodic blocks of information when recalling events in summary - for example, telling a friend about the plot of a movie they have seen, but can also delve into greater levels of detail at a slower speed when asked about a particular movie scene.

Health - Art and Design - 24.01.2019
Increasing murder rate is erasing gains in life expectancy among Mexican men, UCLA research reports
Increasing murder rate is erasing gains in life expectancy among Mexican men, UCLA research reports
The murder rate in Mexico increased so dramatically between 2005 and 2015 that it partially offset expected gains in life expectancy among men there, according to a new study by a UCLA public health researcher. "It's common to see news reports about the toll that drugand gang-related murders are taking in Mexico," said Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, co-author of the study and associate professor of community health sciences at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.

Electroengineering - Art and Design - 08.08.2018
Introducing the latest in textiles: Soft hardware
Introducing the latest in textiles: Soft hardware
Researchers incorporate optoelectronic diodes into fibers and weave them into washable fabrics. cloth that has electronic devices built right into it. Researchers at MIT have now embedded high speed optoelectronic semiconductor devices, including light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and diode photodetectors, within fibers that were then woven at Inman Mills, in South Carolina, into soft, washable fabrics and made into communication systems.

History / Archeology - Art and Design - 05.07.2018
The Visible Invisible: Q&A with Stephanie Syjuco
The Visible Invisible: Q&A with Stephanie Syjuco
Why is UC Berkeley Assistant Professor Stephanie Syjuco sewing American historical garments - all of them bright green - at her Richmond Field Station art studio while researching Hollywood Civil War movies? She's preparing an eye-catching, thought-provoking exhibit that opens in November at the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, D.C. Berkeley News recently visited with Syjuco, who is internationally known for her large-scale sculptures and installations that combine handcrafting methods with digital technologies and social engagement.

Art and Design - Career - 25.06.2018
How music lessons can improve language skills
How music lessons can improve language skills
Many studies have shown that musical training can enhance language skills. However, it was unknown whether music lessons improve general cognitive ability, leading to better language proficiency, or if the effect of music is more specific to language processing. A new study from MIT has found that piano lessons have a very specific effect on kindergartners' ability to distinguish different pitches, which translates into an improvement in discriminating between spoken words.

Life Sciences - Art and Design - 07.05.2018
Stomata - the plant pores that give us life - arise thanks to a gene called MUTE, scientists report
Stomata - the plant pores that give us life - arise thanks to a gene called MUTE, scientists report
Plants know how to do a neat trick. Through photosynthesis, they use sunlight and carbon dioxide to make food, belching out the oxygen that we breathe as a byproduct. This evolutionary innovation is so central to plant identity that nearly all land plants use the same pores - called stomata - to take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen.

Art and Design - Economics / Business - 02.05.2018
Provenance Research: Online Portal on Rudolf Mosse Collection / Acquisitions for Staatliche Museen zu Berlin from the collection
In a database released today, the MARI online portal, research findings are collected and made accessible for researchers, museums, and the public. No 086/2018 from May 02, 2018 The estate of German publisher, arts patron, and philanthropist Rudolf Mosse (1843-1920) included thousands of paintings, sculptures, craft objects, books, and antiques.

Computer Science - Art and Design - 20.04.2018
Connecting music and big data
ANN ARBOR-From digital analysis of Bach sonatas to mining data from crowdsourced compositions, researchers at the University of Michigan are using modern big data techniques to transform how we understand, create and interact with music. Four U-M research teams will receive support for projects that apply data science tools like machine learning and data mining to the study of music theory, performance, social media-based music making, and the connection between words and music.

Art and Design - Physics - 11.04.2018
World first study tunes in on singing twins
Are golden tonsils born or made? A major international twin study hopes to investigate the relative roles of genetic and environmental influences on singing ability. A 2013 University of Melbourne pilot of 108 sets of identical and fraternal twins, plus 77 twins whose co-twin didn't participate, found identical pairs were more likely to share singing skill levels - suggesting the ability to hold a tune has a genetic component.

Life Sciences - Art and Design - 03.04.2018
Bowhead whales, the 'jazz musicians' of the Arctic, sing many different songs
Bowhead whales, the ’jazz musicians’ of the Arctic, sing many different songs
Spring is the time of year when birds are singing throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Far to the north, beneath the ice, another lesser-known concert season in the natural world is just coming to an end. A University of Washington study has published the largest set of recordings for bowhead whales, to discover that these marine mammals have a surprisingly diverse, constantly shifting vocal repertoire.
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