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Astronomy / Space Science - 23.04.2021
Black holes to dark matter – an evolving universe
Black holes to dark matter – an evolving universe
From supermassive black holes to the hunt for dark matter, Durham's scientists are at the forefront of investigations into the evolution of the universe. Our astronomers and cosmologists are world-leaders working with fellow researchers across the planet to further our understanding of the cosmos and our place in it.

Astronomy / Space Science - 23.04.2021
Scientists retrace asteroid's long one-way trip to Earth
Scientists retrace asteroid’s long one-way trip to Earth
An international team of scientists has reconstructed the 22-million-year journey of an asteroid through the Solar System to its impact on Earth.    The research on the flight path of the asteroid, which landed in the Kalahari Desert in Botswana on 2 June 2018, is the first time that scientists have precisely mapped a meteorite's voyage to Earth.   The breakthrough offers new insights into the Solar System's ancient past, including a better unde

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 20.04.2021
From extravagant to achievable - pushing the boundaries of research to find life beyond Earth
From extravagant to achievable - pushing the boundaries of research to find life beyond Earth
The University of Cambridge is creating a new research initiative, bringing together physicists, chemists, biologists, mathematicians, and earth scientists to answer fundamental questions on the origin and nature of life in the Universe.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 19.04.2021
Durham among first to use Hubble successor
Durham among first to use Hubble successor
Durham's astronomers are playing a key role in the biggest scientific programme to be carried out on the new successor to the Hubble Space Telescope. Our scientists will use NASA's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) to hunt for dark matter and investigate early galaxy formation. The JWST is the largest, most powerful space telescope ever built and is scheduled for launch in October 2021 before beginning operations in 2022.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 19.04.2021
New Exoplanet discovered orbiting young Sun-like star
New Exoplanet discovered orbiting young Sun-like star
Astronomers from the Netherlands, Belgium, Chile, the USA and Germany have imaged the newly discovered exoplanet "YSES 2b" right next to its host star An international research team with the participation of Dr Markus Mugrauer from the Astrophysical Institute of Friedrich Schiller University Jena has succeeded in the direct imaging of a young exoplanet.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 15.04.2021
IceCube Neutrino Observatory Detects New High-Energy Particle
San Diego Supercomputer Center Among Resources Used to Prove 60-Year-Old Theory In December 2016, a high-energy particle called an electron antineutrino hurtled to Earth from outer space at close to the speed of light. Deep inside the ice sheet at the South Pole, it smashed into an electron and produced a particle, called W − boson, that quickly decayed into a shower of secondary particles.

Campus - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.04.2021
Fast radio bursts shown to include lower frequency radio waves than previously detected
Since fast radio bursts (FRBs) were first discovered over a decade ago, scientists have puzzled over what could be generating these intense flashes of radio waves from outside of our galaxy. In a gradual process of elimination, the field of possible explanations has narrowed as new pieces of information are gathered about FRBs - how long they last, the frequencies of the radio waves detected, and so on.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 14.04.2021
Telescopes unite in unprecedented observations of famous black hole
In April 2019, scientists released the first image of a black hole in the galaxy M87 using the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT). However, that remarkable achievement was just the beginning of the science story to be told. McGill University astronomers were part of this global effort. Data from 19 observatories are now being released that promise to give unparalleled insight into this black hole and the system it powers, and to improve tests of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 08.04.2021
Particle’s ’wobble’ hints at new physics
The "wobble", or rate of precession, of the muon particle in a magnetic field is different from what our best theoretical model of the subatomic world would predict, according to an experiment involving UCL researchers that strengthens evidence for new, unknown physics. The Muon g-2 experiment, carried out at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in the United States, measured with unprecedented precision the rate at which the muon "wobbled" (precessed) as it circulated a 15-metre magnetic ring at nearly the speed of light.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 08.04.2021
More than 5,000 tons of extraterrestrial dust fall to Earth each year
More than 5,000 tons of extraterrestrial dust fall to Earth each year
Every year, our planet encounters dust from comets 1 and asteroid 2 . These interplanetary dust particles pass through our atmosphere and give rise to shooting stars. Some of them reach the ground in the form of micrometeorites. An international program 3 conducted for nearly 20 years by scientists from the CNRS, the Université Paris-Saclay and the National museum of natural history 4 with the support of the French polar institute, has determined that 5,200 tons per year of these micrometeorites reach the ground.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 07.04.2021
Dark Energy Survey physicists open new window into dark energy
For the first time, DES scientists can combine measurements of the distribution of matter, galaxies, and galaxy clusters to advance our understanding of dark energy. The universe is expanding at an ever-increasing rate, and while no one is sure why, researchers with the Dark Energy Survey (DES) at least had a strategy for figuring it out: They would combine measurements of the distribution of matter, galaxies and galaxy clusters to better understand what's going on.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 07.04.2021
Seeing Quadruple
Machine-learning methods lead to discovery of rare "quadruply imaged quasars" that can help solve cosmological puzzles With the help of machine-learning techniques, a team of astronomers has discovered a dozen quasars that have been warped by a naturally occurring cosmic "lens" and split into four similar images.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 05.04.2021
Earth’s building blocks formed during the solar system’s first million years
Tracing path of carbon, scientists rewrite picture of early planet formation When people think about the most important ingredient for life on other planets, they usually talk about water. But there's another element that makes our existence possible.  "We're carbon-based life forms," said University of Chicago geophysical scientist Fred Ciesla, "and carbon is an important part of keeping a mild climate."  It can also be used as forensic tool to piece together how the earth and solar system must have formed.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 02.04.2021
From stardust to pale blue dot: Carbon’s interstellar journey to Earth
We are made of stardust, the saying goes, and a pair of studies including University of Michigan research finds that may be more true than we previously thought. The first study, led by U-M researcher Jie (Jackie) Li and published in Science Advances, finds that most of the carbon on Earth was likely delivered from the interstellar medium, the material that exists in space between stars in a galaxy.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 01.04.2021
Distant stars spiralling towards a collision give clues to the forces that bind sub-atomic particles
Bath space scientists have found a new way to probe the internal structure of neutron stars, giving clues about the makeup of matter at an atomic level. Last updated on Tuesday 27 April 2021 Space scientists at the University of Bath and Texas A&M University-Commerce have found a new way to probe the internal structure of neutron stars, giving nuclear physicists a novel tool for studying the structures that make up matter at an atomic level.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 31.03.2021
Two strange planets
Two strange planets
Uranus and Neptune both have a completely skewed magnetic field, perhaps due to the planets- special inner structures. But new experiments by ETH researchers now show that the mystery remains unsolved. The two large gas planets Uranus and Neptune have strange magnetic fields. These are each strongly tilted relative to the planet's rotation axes and are significantly offset from the physical centre of the planet.

Astronomy / Space Science - 30.03.2021
First interstellar comet to be the most pristine ever found
New observations carried out with the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (ESO's VLT) indicate that the rogue comet 2I/Borisov, which is the second and most recently detected interstellar visitor to our Solar System, is one of the most pristine comets ever observed. Astronomers suspect that the most likely thing to have happened is for the comet to never passed close to a star, making it an unaltered relic of the cloud of gas and dust where it was created.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 25.03.2021
First images of magnetic fields at the edge of black hole in M87 Galaxy
The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) collaboration, which includes researchers from McGill University, who produced the first ever image of a black hole, has revealed today a new view of the massive object at the centre of the M87 galaxy: how it looks in polarized light. This is the first time astronomers have been able to measure polarization, a signature of magnetic fields, this close to the edge of a black hole.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 24.03.2021
Astronomers Image Magnetic Fields at the Edge of M87's Black Hole
Astronomers Image Magnetic Fields at the Edge of M87’s Black Hole
A + A Within the EHT collaboration, the CNRS and IRAM participated in the creation of a new image of the black hole in the M87 galaxy. Produced in so-called "polarized" light, this image makes it possible to observe the magnetic field and to better understand the physics around black holes. The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) collaboration, who produced the first ever image of a black hole , has revealed today a new view of the massive object at the centre of the M87 galaxy: how it looks in polarised light.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 24.03.2021
The very first structures in the Universe
The very first structures in the Universe
Astrophysicists at the Universities of Göttingen and Auckland simulate microscopic clusters from the Big Bang The very first moments of the Universe can be reconstructed mathematically even though they cannot be observed directly. Physicists from the Universities of Göttingen and Auckland (New Zealand) have greatly improved the ability of complex computer simulations to describe this early epoch.