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Environment - 30.06.2022
New report examines people's attitudes to climate change and how this translates into action
New report examines people’s attitudes to climate change and how this translates into action
A new report has taken an in-depth look at the UK public's attitudes to climate change - and how this might translate into action. The Net Zero Living report , led by the Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations (CAST), based at Cardiff University, and Ipsos, is launched today at a public webinar.

Environment - 30.06.2022
Unprecedented change in Europe's fire regime
Unprecedented change in Europe’s fire regime
A study reveals an unprecedented change in the fire regime in Europe which is related to climate change. The affected areas are in Southern, Central and Northern Europe but this historical change in Europe's fire regime is more intense in the Mediterranean area. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports , is led by Jofre Carnicer, lecturer of Ecology at the Faculty of Biology, and member of the Biodiversity Research Institute (IRBio) of the University of Barcelona and the Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF).

Environment - Administration - 30.06.2022
Animation highlights importance of microplastics research in driving water company investigations
A new animation has highlighted how The University of Manchester's research on microplastic pollution in rivers has helped to drive investigations into the behaviour of water companies, and the roles of regulators in tacking illegal activity.

Environment - 29.06.2022
The structure of UvA’s CO2 footprint
Sustainability is an important theme for the UvA. In addition to conducting research and teaching about sustainability, we work on a daily basis to make the university itself more sustainable. Our goal is to reduce our environmental impact by 25% over the next five years, and we wish to have achieved the goals of the Paris Agreement by 2040.

Environment - Life Sciences - 28.06.2022
Colonising sea urchins can withstand hot, acidic seas
Marine biologists have found that black sea urchins in the Mediterranean Sea are remarkably tolerant of warm, acidic water. As a colonising species, the urchins' adaptability could lead to an ecological disaster in our climate change-impacted seas. In bubbling vents off the coast of Ischia, a volcanic island in the Gulf of Naples, lives a curious population of black sea urchins.

Environment - Computer Science - 28.06.2022
Is AI good or bad for the climate? It's complicated
Is AI good or bad for the climate? It’s complicated
As the world fights climate change, will the increasingly widespread use of artificial intelligence (AI) be a help or a hindrance? In a paper published this week in Nature Climate Change , a team of experts in AI, climate change, and public policy present a framework for understanding the complex and multifaceted relationship of AI with greenhouse gas emissions, and suggest ways to better align AI with climate change goals.

Environment - 28.06.2022
Simultaneous extreme weather created dangerous conditions in U.S
The dangerous extremes are expected to topple records as the effects of climate change continue to shift weather patterns Intense heat in the southwestern United States broke records last summer partly because it hit in tandem with an unusually severe drought, a new Johns Hopkins study shows. The study measured for the first time how the two extreme weather events dangerously interacted in real time.

Environment - Innovation - 27.06.2022
Biodiversity risks to persist well beyond future global temperature peak
Biodiversity risks to persist well beyond future global temperature peak
Even if global temperatures begin to decline after peaking this century because of climate change, the risks to biodiversity could persist for decades after, finds a new study by UCL and University of Cape Town researchers. The paper, published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , models the potential impacts on global biodiversity if temperatures increase by more than 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels, before beginning to decline again.

Chemistry - Environment - 27.06.2022
New PET-like plastic made directly from waste biomass
New PET-like plastic made directly from waste biomass
Scientists have developed a new, PET-like plastic that is easily made from the non-edible parts of plants. The plastic is tough, heat-resistant, and a good barrier to gases like oxygen, making it a promising candidate for food packaging. Due to its structure, the new plastic can also be chemically recycled and degrade back to harmless sugars in the environment.

Environment - Materials Science - 27.06.2022
Green electronics project sets out to create compostable crop sensors
An international research collaboration is setting out to find new ways of monitoring grop growth with biodegradable sensors which can be composted at the end of their lifespan. The Ł1.8m CHIST-ERA project, called Transient Electronics for Sustainable ICT in Digital Agriculture, is led by researchers from the University of Glasgow and supported by colleagues in Canada, Finland, Poland and Switzerland.

Environment - Campus - 27.06.2022
Researchers study plants sprouting from century-old seeds uncovered during Toronto Port Lands excavation
Researchers study plants sprouting from century-old seeds uncovered during Toronto Port Lands excavation
At a Toronto Port Lands construction site on the city's waterfront, keen-eyed workers recently spotted plants that had sprouted from soil recently exposed by the removal of tonnes of earth. The plants were hard stem bulrush and cattails, which are commonly found in freshwater marshes. Because the plants grew from a patch of ground that had been seven metres below the surface for a century, conservationists concluded that they had grown from seeds buried when Ashbridges Bay Marsh at the mouth of the Don River was covered with landfill in the early 1900s.

Environment - History / Archeology - 27.06.2022
Ancient world adapted to climate change
A new study shows how the ancient world adapted to climate change A new study of the ancient world of Anatolia - now Turkey - shows how they adapted to climate change but offers a warning for today's climate emergency. The efforts of ancient populations to minimise the impacts of climate change were undermined during longer climate shifts when it is combined with other events such as pandemics, earthquakes and wars - findings the lead author says offer scary parallels to the modern day.

Environment - Life Sciences - 27.06.2022
Top predators could ’trap’ themselves trying to adapt to climate change
As climate change alters environments across the globe, scientists have discovered that in response, many species are shifting the timing of major life events, such as reproduction. With an earlier spring thaw, for example, some flowers bloom sooner. But scientists don't know whether making these significant changes in life history will ultimately help a species survive or lead to bigger problems.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 25.06.2022
Climate damage caused by growing space tourism needs urgent mitigation
Climate damage caused by growing space tourism needs urgent mitigation
A formidable space tourism industry may have a greater climate effect than the aviation industry and undo repair to the protective ozone layer if left unregulated, according to a new study led by UCL. Published today in the journal  Earth's Future , researchers from UCL, the University of Cambridge and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) used a 3D model to explore the impact of rocket launches and re-entry in 2019, and the impact of projected space tourism scenarios based on the recent billionaire space race.

Environment - Architecture - 24.06.2022
New Research Centre for Sustainable Construction
New Research Centre for Sustainable Construction
The Graz Center of Sustainable Construction was officially opened yesterday at TU Graz. Its goals are to rethink construction in its entirety, reduce environmental impacts and make the built environment climate neutral.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 24.06.2022
Climate warming causes new rivers to form on the surface of the Greenland ice sheet
Climate warming causes new rivers to form on the surface of the Greenland ice sheet
Using more than 25'000 satellite images, Andrew Tedstone and Horst Machguth, two researchers from the University of Freiburg, have observed that the runoff of water from the melting of the Greenland ice sheet has increased significantly in recent years. This phenomenon, caused by global warming, contributes to a 1 mm rise in sea level each year .

Environment - Economics / Business - 23.06.2022
Default options facilitate faster carbon offsetting in air travel
Study with participation of University of Cologne economist finds that many air travellers more readily choose faster, but more expensive carbon offsetting options online if selecting a slower option requires action. However, the readiness to do so decreases the greater the gap between the most and the least expensive option gets / publication in 'Nature Human Behaviour' The defaults on a carbon offsetting website can cause a large percentage of customers to select faster CO2 compensation, even if this entails higher costs.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.06.2022
Research with a bite
Research with a bite
Scientists at the University of Bonn present a sensor system that can measure the bite force of insects How hard can insects bite? Having a strong chewing apparatus makes it easier to crush harder food and to succeed in fights with enemies. Biologists at the University of Bonn now present a mobile system (forceX) for measuring the bite forces of small animals, along with the software forceR to evaluate the data.

Health - Environment - 22.06.2022
Even at Low Doses, Exposure to the Endocrine Disruptor DEHP Impairs Tooth Development
Even at Low Doses, Exposure to the Endocrine Disruptor DEHP Impairs Tooth Development
Some endocrine disruptors have already been associated with an impaired quality of tooth enamel. After demonstrating the harmful effects of bisphenol A on tooth development, a team of researchers from Inserm, Université Paris Cité and Sorbonne Université, at the Cordeliers Research Center in Paris, in collaboration with CNRS went on to look at the effects of DEHP, an endocrine disruptor in the phthalate family, on dental development.

Materials Science - Environment - 22.06.2022
New research partnership to address corrosion under insulation
PETRONAS Research Sdn Bhd (PRSB) and Curtin University have entered into a research partnership to jointly address one of the costliest forms of corrosion in the oil, gas and petrochemical industries. In line with both parties' sustainability goals, the collaboration strives to discover innovative solutions for corrosion mitigation to reduce carbon footprint and operational expenditure.
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