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Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.07.2024
Predicting a crop field’s weather
As the world tries to adapt to climate change, a major challenge is accurately predicting local-level meteorological conditions, such as those found in agricultural landscapes. INRAE researchers recently made a significant step forward: using a supercomputer, they simulated a forest plot's micrometeorological conditions in the early morning.

Environment - 18.07.2024
Antibiotic Resistance Genes a Proposed Factor of Global Change
Antibiotic Resistance Genes a Proposed Factor of Global Change
International research team led by scientist from Freie Universität Berlin proposes that elevated levels of antibiotic resistance genes be considered a new factor of global change Human-caused global change is a complex phenomenon comprising many factors such as climate change, environmental contamination with chemicals, microplastics, light pollution, and invasive plants.

Environment - Computer Science - 18.07.2024
Predicting the toxicity of chemicals with AI
Predicting the toxicity of chemicals with AI
Researchers at Eawag and the Swiss Data Science Center have trained AI algorithms with a comprehensive ecotoxicological dataset. Now their machine learning models can predict how toxic chemicals are to fish. Chemicals play an important role in our everyday lives, for example in the production of food, medicines and various everyday goods.

Environment - 18.07.2024
Reef pest feasts on 'sea sawdust'
Reef pest feasts on ’sea sawdust’
Researchers have uncovered an under the sea phenomenon where coral-destroying crown-of-thorns starfish larvae have been feasting on blue-green algae bacteria known as 'sea sawdust'. The team of marine scientists from The University of Queensland and Southern Cross University found crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS) larvae grow and thrive when raised on an exclusive diet of Trichodesmium - a bacteria that often floats on the ocean's surface in large slicks.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 18.07.2024
Better dams offer major benefits to farmers and livestock
Better dams offer major benefits to farmers and livestock
Managing the water quality  of farm dams is critical to the health of livestock as well as boosting crop production, according to new research from the Sustainable Farms group at The Australian National University (ANU). According to the ANU researchers, "enhancing" dams by erecting fencing would help mitigate the impacts of livestock and significantly improve water quality, while also allowing vegetation to flourish, which is good for biodiversity.

Environment - Materials Science - 18.07.2024
Bridging the 'Valley of Death' in carbon capture
Bridging the ’Valley of Death’ in carbon capture
Developed at EPFL, Heriot-Watt University, and ETH Zurich, PrISMa is a new platform that uses advanced simulations and machine learning to streamline carbon capture technologies, by taking into account the perspectives of diverse stakeholders early in the research process. Mitigating the effects of climate change has become a major focus worldwide, with countries and international organizations developing various strategies to address the problem.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.07.2024
China-based emissions of three potent climate-warming greenhouse gases spiked in past decade
Two studies pinpoint their likely industrial sources and mitigation opportunities. When it comes to heating up the planet, not all greenhouse gases are created equal. They vary widely in their global warming potential (GWP), a measure of how much infrared thermal radiation a greenhouse gas would absorb over a given time frame once it enters the atmosphere.

Environment - Campus - 18.07.2024
Negative sentiment in environmental advocacy emails boosts engagement
Study: Go Negative for Clicks: Negative Sentiment in Environmental Advocacy Emails Is Associated with Increased Public Engagement People find it hard to resist negative messages. A recent University of Michigan study reveals that recipients are more likely to engage with emails containing negative sentiment sent by the Environmental Defense Fund, a U.S. based nonprofit organization.

Environment - 17.07.2024
Restoring eroded peatlands reduces flood risk for communities downstream
Scientists from The University of Manchester, The University of Aberdeen and Newcastle University have found that the restoration of upland peatlands is a highly effective strategy for reducing downstream flooding.

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.07.2024
Logged forests can still have ecological value - if not pushed too far
Logged forests can still have ecological value - if not pushed too far
Researchers have analysed data from 127 studies to reveal 'thresholds' for when logged rainforests lose the ability to sustain themselves. The results could widen the scope of which forests are considered 'worth' conserving, but also show how much logging degrades forests beyond the point of no return.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.07.2024
Researchers predict fewer, pricier strawberries as temperatures warm
Researchers predict fewer, pricier strawberries as temperatures warm
Study examined effect of rising temperatures on California's crop  Strawberries could be fewer and more expensive because of higher temperatures caused by climate change, according to research from the University of Waterloo. Using a new method of analysis, the researchers found that a rise in temperature of 3 degrees Fahrenheit could reduce strawberry yields by up to 40 per cent.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 17.07.2024
Sea ice’s cooling power is waning faster than its area of extent
A shift in Antarctica's melting trends and slushy Arctic ice pushes warming from changing sea ice toward the upper limits of climate model estimates Study: Earth's Sea Ice Radiative Effect from 1980 to 2023 (DOI: 10.1029/2024GL109608) As sea ice disappears and grows less reflective, the Arctic has lost around a quarter of its cooling power since 1980, and the world has lost up to 15%, according to new research led by University of Michigan scientists.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 16.07.2024
The dawn of the Antarctic ice sheets
The dawn of the Antarctic ice sheets
For the first time, the recovery of unique geological samples combined with sophisticated modelling provides surprising insights into when and where today's Antarctic ice sheet formed. In recent years global warming has left its mark on the Antarctic ice sheets. The "eternal" ice in Antarctica is melting faster than previously assumed, particularly in West Antarctica more than East Antarctica.

History / Archeology - Environment - 16.07.2024
Water scarcity drove steam power adoption during Industrial Revolution
Water scarcity drove steam power adoption during Industrial Revolution, new research suggests A groundbreaking new reconstruction of 19th-century Britain's water resources has revealed how limited access to waterpower during the Industrial Revolution helped drive the adoption of steam engines in Greater Manchester's Cottonopolis.

Environment - 16.07.2024
How AI can help identify bees exposed to pesticides
Researchers at INRAE and the National Autonomous University of Mexico have combined flight activity data for honey bees with AI modelling to create a high performing toxicovigilance tool. The results of their study, published in Ecological Informatics, confirm that the tool can alert users to risks to honey bee populations caused by exposure to neurotoxic pesticides.

Environment - Innovation - 16.07.2024
New CMU Tool Monitors Wildlife Conservation in Low-Resource Languages
Activists on the front lines of wildlife conservation routinely monitor news articles for information about infrastructure projects that could threaten at-risk animals. But that monitoring required more staff time than organizations on the ground could spare. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University helped ease this burden by working with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) for Nature to develop a tool that monitors and identifies media articles related to environmental conservation.

Life Sciences - Environment - 16.07.2024
Insight into one of life's earliest ancestors revealed in new study
Insight into one of life’s earliest ancestors revealed in new study
The Last Common Universal Ancestor (LUCA), from which life evolved into bacteria, plants and animals, was older and more complex than previously thought. An international team of researchers, including Dr James Clark from the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath, has shed light on Earth's earliest ecosystem, showing that within a few hundred million years of planetary formation, life on Earth was already flourishing.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 15.07.2024
How climate change is altering the Earth’s rotation
When the Earth's ice masses melt, the way the planet rotates also changes. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now been able to show how climate change is altering the Earth's axis of rotation and the length of the day. The speed of rotation, which was hitherto mainly influenced by the moon, will now also depend much more on the climate.

Environment - Social Sciences - 15.07.2024
Land protection initiatives reduced Amazon deforestation by up to 83%
A new analysis shows that land protection initiatives in the Brazilian Legal Amazon (BLA) reduced deforestation by up to 83% between 2000 and 2010. Such impressive results highlight the vital role of land protection policies in achieving ambitious goals, including the UN biodiversity target to protect 30% of the planet's surface by 2030 .

Environment - 15.07.2024
The stirring of the deep waters of Lake Geneva revealed
The stirring of the deep waters of Lake Geneva revealed
Researchers discovered that deepwater renewal in Lake Geneva in wintertime is not only due to vertical mixing. Instead, strong currents coming from the lake's Petit Lac basin and nearshore zones of the Grand Lac play a vital role. In temperate lakes, deep vertical mixing, known as turnover, happens during winter.
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