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Environment - 07.06.2021
Experiment evaluates the effect of human decisions on climate reconstructions
Experiment evaluates the effect of human decisions on climate reconstructions
The first double-blind experiment analysing the role of human decision-making in climate reconstructions has found that it can lead to substantially different results. Scientists aren't robots, and we don't want them to be, but it's important to learn where the decisions are made and how they affect the outcome Ulf Büntgen The experiment, designed and run by researchers from the University of Cambridge, had multiple research groups from around the world use the same raw tree-ring data to reconstruct temperature changes over the past 2,000 years.

Environment - Life Sciences - 07.06.2021
Forest use changes life cycles of wildflowers
Forest use changes life cycles of wildflowers
One of the most striking features of global warming is that the life rhythms of plants are changing all over the world. A study at the University of Tübingen has found that human land use can also significantly influence the pace of plant life cycles. In a comparative study, a research team from the Plant Evolutionary Ecology group surveyed one hundred forest sites of different management intensities.

Environment - 07.06.2021
Researchers as bridge builders in water policy
Researchers as bridge builders in water policy
From flood protection and drinking water supply to the revitalisation of water bodies and hydropower production - water policy in Switzerland takes place in a wide variety of sectors. However, the exchange of information between politically divided players is often difficult. Science plays an important role as a bridge builder between the camps.

Life Sciences - Environment - 07.06.2021
ALPALGA: the search for mountain snow microalgae
ALPALGA: the search for mountain snow microalgae
High elevation snow is home to previously unknown species of microalgae. Scientists have created the ALPALGA consortium to study this ecosystem, which is threatened by climate change. According to their initial results, these microalgae are tiered to elevation, just like herbaceous plants and trees.

Environment - Health - 04.06.2021
More than a Third of Heat Deaths Are Linked to Climate Change
More than a Third of Heat Deaths Are Linked to Climate Change
Between 1991 and 2018, more than a third of all deaths in which heat played a role were attributable to human-induced global warming, according to a new study in the Nature Climate Change journal. The study, the largest of its kind, was led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the University of Bern with partners including Swiss TPH.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 04.06.2021
Arctic sea ice thinning faster than expected
Sea ice in the coastal regions of the Arctic may be thinning up to twice as fast as previously thought, according to a new modelling study led by UCL researchers. Sea ice thickness is inferred by measuring the height of the ice above the water, and this measurement is distorted by snow weighing the ice floe down.

Media - Environment - 03.06.2021
News diversity in Flanders has decreased due to media concentration
News diversity in Flanders has decreased due to media concentration
Research results show that news diversity in Flanders is decreasing. The cause, according to his research, is the concentration of media organisations in the Flemish news landscape.

Environment - Transport - 03.06.2021
Coastal flooding increases Bay Area traffic delays and accidents
Latest Stanford Health Alerts on COVID-19 COVID-19 Info for Stanford Earth Traffic on the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge. (Photo credit; Joshua Sortino / Unsplash) Disruptions from sea level rise and coastal flooding events have significant indirect impacts on urban traffic networks and road safety.

Environment - 03.06.2021
Antarctica: how have temperatures varied since the last glacial period?
Antarctica: how have temperatures varied since the last glacial period?
Scientists have established the most reliable estimates to date of past temperature variations in Antarctic They highlight significant differences in behaviour between West and East Antarctica. This study makes it possible to test and consolidate future climate projections. Antarctica has experienced significant temperature changes, especially since the last glacial period.

Environment - 03.06.2021
South Pole and East Antarctica warmer than previously thought during last ice age, two studies show
South Pole and East Antarctica warmer than previously thought during last ice age, two studies show
The South Pole and the rest of East Antarctica is cold now and was even more frigid during the most recent ice age around 20,000 years ago - but not quite as cold as previously believed. University of Washington glaciologists are co-authors on two papers that analyzed Antarctic ice cores to understand the continent's air temperatures during the most recent glacial period.

Environment - 02.06.2021
Plastic waste in the sea mainly drifts near the coast
Plastic waste in the sea mainly drifts near the coast
A study conducted at the Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of Bern provides new insights into the pollution of the world's oceans with plastic waste. The modelling shows that most of the plastic does not end up in the open ocean, but beaches or drifts in the water near the coast.

Life Sciences - Environment - 02.06.2021
Microbial biodiversity has a new dimension
Microbial biodiversity has a new dimension
Microbes self-organise to grow into fascinating and complex patterns. The diversity of these patterns depends on a previously unknown factor, as researchers at Eawag have discovered. This might re-define how we view the concept of microbial biodiversity. The microbes in our gut help us digest food, and help us to defend against pathogens.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.06.2021
The waters of the Zambezi: time to act
The waters of the Zambezi: time to act
The Zambezi River Basin in southern Africa is a high-quality waterscape. But current rapid development threatens the waters of the Zambezi, particularly its tributaries. The challenge will be to ensure that mitigation measures keep up with population and economic growth to avoid degradation of water quality degradation.

Health - Environment - 01.06.2021
Analysis reveals global ’hot spots’ where new coronaviruses may emerge
Cows rest near a cave in Yunnan, China, where horseshoe bats were found carrying a virus that closely resembles SAR-CoV-2. A new analysis finds that the expansion of concentrated livestock production in China may be creating favorable conditions for coronaviruses to jump from horseshoe bats to domesticated animals before infecting humans.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 31.05.2021
Extreme CO2 greenhouse effect heated up the young Earth
Although sun radiation was relatively low, the temperature on the young Earth was warm. An international team of geoscientists has found important clues that high levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere were responsible for these high temperatures. It only got cooler with the beginning of plate tectonics, as the CO2 was gradually captured and stored on the emerging continents.

Environment - Life Sciences - 31.05.2021
Newly discovered African ’climate seesaw’ drove human evolution
Ancient El Niño-like weather patterns were the primary drivers of environmental change in sub-Saharan Africa when humans were evolving, according to research involving UCL. Scientists have shown that over the last 620,000 years these alternately wet and dry patterns had more profound impacts in sub-Saharan Africa than  the great ice age cycles, which until now have been more commonly linked to human evolution.

Environment - Campus - 31.05.2021
The secret lives of Canada lynx
Using a Fitbit and a spy mic, scientists have discovered new insight into the behaviour of the elusive Canada lynx. A new study by researchers from McGill University, University of Alberta, and Trent University provides a first look at how miniaturized technology can open the door to remote wildlife monitoring.

Environment - Life Sciences - 28.05.2021
Online biomonitoring of WWTP wastewater
Online biomonitoring of WWTP wastewater
Treated wastewater can be continuously monitored online with the use of organisms. This gives operators of wastewater treatment plants and discharging industrial companies the ability to respond to acute pollution quickly. The Swiss Waters Protection Ordinance stipulates that substances that pollute water bodies as a result of human activity may not have any deleterious effects on the plants, animals and microorganisms living there or on how the water bodies are used.

Environment - 27.05.2021
Surge in noise complaints in London during the first lockdown
Noise complaints in London increased by nearly 50% during the first lockdown in Spring 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, finds a report by UCL researchers. Complaints about neighbourhood noise - mainly from residents - and construction increased the most, at 36% and 50% respectively. Areas with higher unemployment rates, more residents with no qualifications and lower house prices saw the biggest rise in complaints.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 27.05.2021
Revenge of the seabed burrowers
Revenge of the seabed burrowers
The ancient burrowers of the seafloor have been getting a bum rap for years. These prehistoric dirt churners - a wide assortment of worms, trilobites, and other animals that lived in Earth's oceans hundreds of millions of years ago - are thought to have played a key role in creating the conditions needed for marine life to flourish.