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Life Sciences - Health - 14.06.2024
The genetic 'switches' of bone growth
The genetic ’switches’ of bone growth
Scientists at the University of Geneva have identified the genetic sequences that regulate the activity of the genes responsible for bone growth. In mammals, only 3% of the genome consists of coding genes which, when transcribed into proteins, ensure the biological functions of the organism and the in-utero development of future individuals.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.06.2024
A study determines the most effective treatment for retinopathy of prematurity
The University of Valencia, together with the INCLIVA Health Research Institute of the Hospital Clínic Universitari de València, has led a study involving the Hospital La Fe de València and Oftalvist and with the collaboration of the Universitat Politècnica de València to analyse the most effective doses of anti-VEGF to treat the retinopathy of prematurity and to avoid adverse effects.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.06.2024
Gaining a better understanding of brittle bone disease - without animal experiments
Gaining a better understanding of brittle bone disease - without animal experiments
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a cell-based bone model to help investigate the cause of this genetic condition. For someone suffering from brittle bone disease, life is fraught with complications. The slightest misstep, a seemingly harmless fall or even one false move can be all'it takes to leave them with a broken arm or leg.

Pharmacology - Health - 13.06.2024
High out-of-pocket costs may be barrier to filling naloxone prescriptions
High out-of-pocket costs may be barrier to filling naloxone prescriptions, study shows Study: Association Between Cost Sharing and Naloxone Prescription Dispensing (DOI: 10.1001/jama. Patients are less likely to fill prescriptions for naloxone when they face increases in out-of-pocket costs, according to research by the University of Michigan.

Health - History / Archeology - 12.06.2024
Origin and spread of malaria
Origin and spread of malaria
Scientists reconstruct ancient genomes of the two most deadly malaria parasites, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum In a new study, an international team of researchers led by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, reconstructed the evolutionary history and global spread of malaria over the past 5,500 years, identifying trade , warfare, and colonialism as major catalysts for its dispersal.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.06.2024
New research centre aims to improve heart disease treatment
A new research collaboration is setting out to develop computational tools to improve treatments for one of the world's most common causes of death. The University of Glasgow will lead the newly-established EPSRC Centre for Future PCI Planning, which aims to improve outcomes from a frequently-performed treatment for heart artery disease.

Health - 12.06.2024
New anaesthetic technique proves safe in children
New anaesthetic technique proves safe in children
A new high-flow oxygen technique is as safe as standard anaesthetic methods during tubeless upper airway surgery in children, according to University of Queensland research. Associate Professor Susan Humphreys from UQ's Child Health Research Centre led a randomised controlled trial which compared the standard delivery of oxygen during anaesthesia with a technique which delivers oxygen at much higher rates via small nasal prongs.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.06.2024
Breakthrough Approach Enables Bidirectional BCI Functionality
Brain-computer interfaces, or BCIs, hold immense potential for individuals with a wide range of neurological conditions, but the road to implementation is long and nuanced for both the invasive and noninvasive versions of the technology. Bin He of Carnegie Mellon University is highly driven to improve noninvasive BCIs, and his lab uses an innovative electroencephalogram (EEG) wearable to push the boundaries of what's possible.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.06.2024
Plant-based UPFs linked with higher risk of cardiovascular disease
Heavily processed plant-based foods may be worse for heart health than non-processed foods. New analysis of the health impacts of plant-based ultra-processed foods (UPFs) has found they may pose a higher risk for cardiovascular diseases compared to less-processed plant-based foods. The research , led by the University of São Paulo and involving Imperial College London, used data from more than 118,000 people.

Health - Computer Science - 11.06.2024
AI system learns to speak the language of cancer to enable improved diagnosis
A computer system which harnesses the power of AI to learn the language of cancer is capable of spotting the signs of the disease in biological samples with remarkable accuracy, its developers say. An international team of AI specialists and cancer scientists are behind the breakthrough development, which can also provide reliable predictions of patient outcomes.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.06.2024
New insights on polymicrobial infections in chronic lung diseases
Chronic lung diseases are often accelerated and exacerbated by polymicrobial infections. An international study team led by MedUni Vienna has identified two types of these so-called dysbioses in cystic fibrosis. They display distinct ecology and are also likely to respond differently to treatment. The study was published in the renowned journal Nature Communications.

Health - Chemistry - 11.06.2024
Surprisingly high levels of toxic gas found in Louisiana
Surprisingly high levels of toxic gas found in Louisiana
Soaring ethylene oxide level detected, threatening children's health, according to research led by Johns Hopkins environmental engineers The toxic gas ethylene oxide, at levels a thousand times higher than what is considered safe, was detected across parts of Louisiana with a cutting-edge mobile air-testing lab.

Health - 11.06.2024
Are waterbirths safe?
New research confirms that for women with an uncomplicated pregnancy, having a waterbirth is as safe as leaving the water before birth. Researchers looked at the birth experiences of over 87,000 women with an uncomplicated pregnancy who used water immersion during labour for comfort and pain relief.

Astronomy / Space - Health - 11.06.2024
Would astronauts' kidneys survive a roundtrip to Mars?
Would astronauts’ kidneys survive a roundtrip to Mars?
The structure and function of the kidneys is altered by space flight, with galactic radiation causing permanent damage that would jeopardise any mission to Mars, according to a new study led by researchers from UCL. The study, published in Nature Communications , is the largest analysis of kidney health in space flight to date and includes the first health dataset for commercial astronauts.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.06.2024
Lung organoids unveil secret: How pathogens infect human lung tissue
Lung organoids unveil secret: How pathogens infect human lung tissue
How do pathogens invade the lungs? Using human lung microtissues, a team at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel has uncovered the strategy used by a dangerous pathogen. The bacterium targets specific lung cells and has developed a sophisticated strategy to break through the lungs' line of defense.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.06.2024
How Human Derived RNA Fragments Help the Hepatitis E Virus
How Human Derived RNA Fragments Help the Hepatitis E Virus
If the virus incorporates host genetic segments into its genome, the infection may become chronic. Why does Hepatitis E become chronic in some patients, and why do medications not work? To find out, an international research team led by scientists from Bochum observed a patient with chronic Hepatitis E infection over a year.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.06.2024
No long-term impact of anaesthetics on children
A University of Queensland-led study has found multiple doses of anaesthetics do not compromise brain function in young children. Professor Claire Wainwright from UQ's Child Health Research Centre said the result should reassure medical practitioners and parents with children needing repeated anaesthetics.

Health - 10.06.2024
Children’s brain tumours could be diagnosed with 10 min scan, based on metabolic signature
New research suggests that MRI scanning could be used to determine which of four types of medulloblastoma present - which could cut wait for treatment by weeks. Children with the most common malignant form of brain cancer could see diagnostic wait times reduced thanks to new research that trialled a new, quicker and less invasive way of determining which type of tumour they have.

Pharmacology - Health - 07.06.2024
Study claiming antidepressant withdrawal is uncommon fails to account for long term users
Study claiming antidepressant withdrawal is uncommon fails to account for long term users
Comment: Study claiming antidepressant withdrawal is uncommon fails to account for long term users Writing in The Conversation, Professor Joanna Moncrieff and Dr Mark Horowitz (both UCL Psychiatry) respond to new research that antidepressant withdrawal is less common than previously thought by highlighting the risks among long-term users.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.06.2024
Major cause of inflammatory bowel disease discovered
UK researchers have discovered a new biological pathway which drives inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and could be targeted with existing drugs. The work, carried out by researchers at the Francis Crick Institute, working with UCL and Imperial College London, uncovered a region of DNA which effectively dials up the activity of specific white blood cells, driving inflammation and increasing IBD risk.
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