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Health - Life Sciences - 09.06.2010
Study Finds Bone Marrow Stem Cells Accelerate Atherosclerosis
In atherosclerosis, however, too many stem cells are a bad thing, according to a new study from researchers at Columbia University Medical Center and published online in Science. In their study, excess numbers of stems cells in the bone marrow of mice accelerated the disease's progression. The researchers found that large number of bone marrow stem cells create excessive numbers of white blood cells, which flock to cholesterol deposits on the artery wall, enlarging and inflaming them.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.06.2010
New discovery could aid development of elusive bovine mastitis vaccine
New discovery could aid development of elusive bovine mastitis vaccine
PA 131/10 Researchers at The University of Nottingham have discovered components of the bovine mastitis-causing bacterium, Streptococcus uberis that play a key role in the disease. This discovery could lead the way to finally developing a vaccine for this endemic disease, which costs UK farmers alone nearly £200M per year, requires the large scale use of antibiotics, causes pain to cows and dramatically reduces milk yield.

Health - 07.06.2010
New research highlights emergency care practices
Two studies from the University of Sheffield, focusing on the treatment and processes in US and UK Emergency Departments, have uncovered new information about the way in which they operate. One study discovered patients who attend Emergency Departments operating a prioritising system, based on their condition, are likely to wait too long for treatment.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.06.2010
Parkinson's drug offers insight into helping cocaine users kick habit
Parkinson’s drug offers insight into helping cocaine users kick habit
Medication that increases levels of the brain chemical dopamine could open up new ways for helping some heavy users of cocaine and amphetamines kick the habit, researchers from Cambridge have found. They also found for the first time that how compulsively a person uses stimulants provides an important clue about whether a particular drug user would benefit from this kind of medication.

Health - Psychology - 06.06.2010
Link found between passive smoking and poorer mental health
Link found between passive smoking and poorer mental health
Second-hand smoke exposure is associated with psychological distress and risk of future psychiatric illness, according to new UCL research that suggests the harmful affects of passive smoking go beyond physical health. The new research, published today in the Archives of General Psychiatry , examined the associations between mental health and second hand smoke (SHS) exposure ? known as passive smoking ? by measuring the circulating biochemical marker cotinine, which is found in saliva and can be used to measure levels of exposure to tobacco smoke.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.06.2010
Autism finding could lead to simple urine test for the condition
Autism finding could lead to simple urine test for the condition
Study suggests that children with autism have a different chemical fingerprint in their urine - News Release For immediate release Thursday 3 June 2010 Children with autism have a different chemical fingerprint in their urine than non-autistic children, according to new research published tomorrow in the print edition of the Journal of Proteome Research .

Health - Life Sciences - 02.06.2010
Caltech Biologists Provide Molecular Explanation for the Evolution of Tamiflu Resistance
PASADENA, Calif.—Biologists at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have pinpointed molecular changes that helped allow the global spread of resistance to the antiviral medication Tamiflu (oseltamivir) among strains of the seasonal H1N1 flu virus. The study—led by David Baltimore, Caltech's Robert Andrews Millikan Professor of Biology and recipient of the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, and postdoctoral scholar Jesse D. Bloom—appears in the June 4 issue of the journal Science .

Health - Life Sciences - 02.06.2010
Too many weight in pregnancy may lead to future heart risks
Too many weight in pregnancy may lead to future heart risks
The new research from the University of Bristol's Children of the 90s project, shows that women who put on more weight during pregnancy than recommended by the 2009 Institute of Medicine's guidelines had children who at the age of nine: Antenatal records were used to collect detailed information about mothers? weight gain during pregnancy.

Health - 02.06.2010
Coffee consumption unrelated to alertness
Coffee consumption unrelated to alertness
The stimulatory effects of caffeine may be nothing more than an illusion according to new research, which shows there is no real benefit to be gained from the habitual morning cup of coffee. Tests on 379 individuals who abstained from caffeine for 16 hours before being given either caffeine or a placebo and then tested for a range of responses showed little variance in levels of alertness.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.06.2010
Meditation reduces the emotional impact of pain
Scientists from The University of Manchester recruited individuals into the study who had a diverse range of experience with meditation, spanning anything from months to decades. It was only the more advanced meditators whose anticipation and experience of pain differed from non-meditators.

Health - 02.06.2010
Coffee consumption unrelated to alertness
Coffee consumption unrelated to alertness
The stimulatory effects of caffeine may be nothing more than an illusion according to new research, which shows there is no real benefit to be gained from the habitual morning cup of coffee. Tests on 379 individuals who abstained from caffeine for 16 hours before being given either caffeine or a placebo and then tested for a range of responses showed little variance in levels of alertness.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.06.2010
Gaining too much weight in pregnancy may lead to future heart risks
Gaining too much weight in pregnancy may lead to future heart risks
The new research from the University of Bristol's Children of the 90s project, shows that women who put on more weight during pregnancy than recommended by the 2009 Institute of Medicine's guidelines had children who at the age of nine: Antenatal records were used to collect detailed information about mothers? weight gain during pregnancy.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.06.2010
Lifestyle doesn t affect genetic risk of breast cancer
Lifestyle doesn t affect genetic risk of breast cancer
The increased risk of breast cancer associated with a range of common genes is not affected by lifestyle factors - including use of hormone replacement therapy, age at birth of first child, obesity, and alcohol consumption - an Oxford-led study has found. Recent studies have identified several genetic variations found commonly among the population that carry a small but increased risk of breast cancer.

Health - Law - 02.06.2010
Third party litigation funding has not helped ordinary consumers
Third party litigation funding has not helped ordinary consumers
The first academic study on whether third party litigation could give people with limited means greater access to the justice system has revealed its initial findings. The research team from Oxford and Lincoln universities says preliminary findings show that although litigation funding has increased access to justice for companies, individuals do not benefit from the funding models currently available.

Health - 01.06.2010
When do people seek help for hearing difficulties?
When do people seek help for hearing difficulties?
New research, the first of its kind, has studied illness perceptions in medically unexplained hearing difficulties.  Medically unexplained hearing difficulties are common and account for at least ten per cent of audiology outpatient presentations.

Life Sciences - Health - 31.05.2010
Breakthrough in stem cell culturing
Breakthrough in stem cell culturing
For the first time, human embryonic stem cells have been cultured under chemically controlled conditions without the use of animal substances, which is essential for future clinical uses. The method has been developed by researchers at Karolinska Institutet and is presented . Embryonic stem cells can be turned into any other type of cell in the body and have potential uses in treatments where sick cells need to be replaced.

Health - Chemistry - 31.05.2010
New mechanism of pancreatic cancer discovered
A new study from Karolinska Institutet shows how two types of cell change interact in the development of cancer. The results can improve the chances of early discovery of cancer - including pancreatic cancer, one of the deadliest forms of the disease. Cancer of the pancreas is a form of cancer that has few treatment options and a poor prognosis.

Health - 28.05.2010
Young children respond well to recommended swine flu vaccine
Children responded well to the two swine flu vaccines used in the UK during last year's pandemic, a UK-wide study led by Oxford University has found. The study results, published in the British Medical Journal today, helped inform decisions made by the UK Department of Health on vaccination strategies for protecting children against swine flu.

Health - History / Archeology - 28.05.2010
Infrequent toothbrushing linked to heart disease
Infrequent toothbrushing linked to heart disease
People with poor oral hygiene have an increased risk of heart disease compared to those who brush their teeth twice a day, according to UCL research published today on BMJ.com. In the last 20 years there has been increased interest in links between heart problems and gum disease.

Health - Chemistry - 27.05.2010
New bacterial signaling molecule could lead to improved vaccines
University of California, Berkeley, scientists have found that the molecular pumps in Listeria bacteria, and perhaps in other pathogens, also expel small signaling molecules that stimulate a strong immune response in the cells they infect. A robust immune response, involving mobilization of killer cells and a host of other defenses, is needed to kill bad microbes before they can do damage The surprising find that bacteria pump out a totally new and highly immunogenic molecule suggests that it may be possible to improve vaccines that use live or disabled bacteria to activate the immune system.