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Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 05.10.2011
What are you feeding your horse this autumn?
A research team is appealing for horse riders and owners to come forward to take part in a unique new study into equine nutritional supplements. The research will focus on nutritional supplements for horses competing in dressage and eventing and will aim to discover what supplements are currently used, what riders and owners would like to see available and the best ways of passing on information about them.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.10.2011
Sixteen regions of the genetic code newly discovered to influence lung function
Scientists have discovered sixteen novel sections of the human genome that influence lung health in people. These findings in the genetic code open up the future possibility for better prevention as well as treatment for lung disorders. An international consortium of 175 scientists from 126 centers in the United States, Europe, and Australia identified sixteen common genetic variants associated with the function of the human lung.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.10.2011
Hormonal contraception use doubles HIV risk
A study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases shows a troubling link between hormonal contraception and HIV. The study is getting widespread press coverage because of the popularity of injectable birth control like Depo-Provera in parts of Africa hardest hit by the AIDS epidemic. The observational study of nearly 3,800 couples in Africa finds that women using hormonal contraception -such as a birth control pill or a shot like Depo-Provera - are at double the risk of acquiring HIV.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.10.2011
Clinical trial uncovers potential ’functional cure’ for HIV/AIDS
Data from a clinical trial involving UCLA researchers suggest that a new therapy may potentially serve as a "functional cure" for HIV/AIDS. The therapy, called SB-728-T, involves the modification of both copies of a patient's CCR5 gene, which encodes the major co-receptor used by HIV to infect immune system cells.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.10.2011
How the brain makes memories: rhythmically!
How the brain makes memories: rhythmically!
Now, in a discovery that challenges conventional wisdom on the brain mechanisms of learning, UCLA neuro-physicists have found there is an optimal brain "rhythm," or frequency, for changing synaptic strength. And further, like stations on a radio dial, each synapse is tuned to a different optimal frequency for learning.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.10.2011
A step closer to safe nano-electrodes in the brain
The biological safety of nanotechnology, i.e. how the body reacts to nanoparticles, is a hot topic. Researchers at Lund University have now, for the first time, conducted successful trials of injected 'nanowires'. In the future, it is expected that it will become possible to implant electrodes built on the nanoscale in order to study learning and memory and to treat patients who are suffering from chronic pain, depression and diseases such as Parkinson's.

Health - 02.10.2011
Men develop diabetes at lower BMIs than women
Men develop type 2 diabetes at a lower Body Mass Index (BMI) than women, according to new research by clinical academics at the University of Glasgow. The research, carried out with colleagues from the Scottish Diabetes Research Network , helps explain why men have higher rates of diabetes in many parts of the world.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.09.2011
New inherited neurometabolic disorder discovered
New inherited neurometabolic disorder discovered
Researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have discovered a new inherited disorder that causes severe mental retardation and liver dysfunction. The disease, adenosine kinase deficiency, is caused by mutations in the ADK gene, which codes for the enzyme adenosine kinase. The findings, which are presented in the American Journal of Human Genetics, were made possible through the detailed biochemical examination of a Swedish family in which two children suffered from progressive brain damage and abnormal liver function that could not be traced to known mechanisms.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.09.2011
UCLA geneticists develop promising mouse model for testing new autism therapies
UCLA geneticists develop promising mouse model for testing new autism therapies
The researchers found that autistic mice share similar symptoms and behaviors with people on the autism spectrum, suggesting that mouse brains and human brains are wired surprisingly alike. If so, the model offers a promising way to test new therapies that may one day help people with autism. "Though many genes have been linked to autism, it remains unclear what goes awry to increase a person's susceptibility to the disorder.

Health - Computer Science - 29.09.2011
MIT: Computer science gives a boost to heart health
A new study shows that using computer science techniques to help determine risk of death in heart attack sufferers yields more accurate results. CAMBRIDGE, Mass. Researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), the University of Michigan, Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston and Harvard Medical School have developed a new tool that can more accurately determine risk of death in patients who have suffered a heart attack.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.09.2011
Genome map of advanced, lethal prostate cancers reveals 'hypermutations'
Genome map of advanced, lethal prostate cancers reveals ’hypermutations’
A team of researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the UW has conducted the first comprehensive assessment of every gene in the genome of advanced, lethal prostate cancer. Until now, the genetic composition of such tumors had been poorly defined. In the process, they have discovered a number of potential key drivers – recurrent genetic mistakes – common to advanced prostate cancer that may contribute to disease progression.

Computer Science - Health - 28.09.2011
Study to investigate new treatment for lazy eye
Researchers are seeking children with amblyopia — also known as lazy eye — for a study investigating potential new treatments for the condition. The team from University of Notingham is looking for children (age 5-12 yrs), for research exploring whether computer-based visual tasks can help to improve vision in the weak eye.

Health - Administration - 28.09.2011
Abortions in Africa increase despite Republican policy to curb payment for procedures
Abortions in Africa increase despite Republican policy to curb payment for procedures
In the first study to examine American foreign aid restrictions for abortion services, Stanford researchers Eran Bendavid and Grant Miller find that restricting funding for family planning organizations that support abortions actually increased abortions in Africa. Two days after taking office as president, George W. Bush did what was widely expected: He adopted a Reagan-era policy that cut cash to all nongovernmental organizations operating abroad that provided or counseled women on abortion.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.09.2011
Vital protein complex and therapeutic possibilities revealed
Trio of papers describe in unprecedented detail a major molecular target for drugs Three international teams of scientists, led by researchers at the University of Michigan, University of California San Diego, and Stanford University, have published a trio of papers describing in unprecedented detail the structure and workings of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), a large family of human proteins that are the target of one-third to one-half of modern drugs.

Health - 27.09.2011
How premature birth affects lungs
The negative effects of premature birth could be as severe in the lungs of moderately premature babies as those born extremely prematurely - but may be reversed in their teenage years. The finding is the result of Cardiff-led research presented at the European Respiratory Society Annual Congress in Amsterdam.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.09.2011
Immunity genes that give frogs resistance to deadly fungus
Immunity genes that give frogs resistance to deadly fungus
For several decades, the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has been decimating frogs, yet some populations and species have been able to resist the fatal disease, called chytridiomycosis. Now, for the first time, researchers have identified a genetic mechanism in lowland leopard frogs that makes some frogs resistant to Bd.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.09.2011
UC San Diego Biologists Discover Genes That Repair Nerves After Injury
UC San Diego Biologists Discover Genes That Repair Nerves After Injury September 21, 2011 By Kim McDonald Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have identified more than 70 genes that play a role in regenerating nerves after injury, providing biomedical researchers with a valuable set of genetic leads for use in developing therapies to repair spinal cord injuries and other common kinds of nerve damage such as stroke.

Health - Environment - 26.09.2011
Mom’s lead exposure linked to higher blood pressure in their daughters
Sept. Mom's lead exposure linked to higher blood pressure in their daughters ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Prenatal lead exposure is linked to a greater risk of high blood pressure in teen girls, but not in boys, a new study from the University of Michigan shows. "This study suggests that a common chemical pollutant—lead—can build up in mom's bones and then increase their daughter's risk of developing hypertension, the most important risk factor for stroke and heart disease," said Howard Hu, professor at the U-M School of Public Health and lead study author.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.09.2011
Returning genetic results to study participants will be addressed nationally
Returning genetic results to study participants will be addressed nationally
Holly K. Tabor bio National Human Genome Research Institute Treuman Katz Center for Pediatric Bioethics , Seattle Chldren's UW Institute for Public Health Genetics UW Center for Genomics and Healhcare Equality UW Institute of Translational Health Sciences The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) today, Monday, Sept.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.09.2011
Engineering researchers help develop complete map of mouse genetic variation
Engineering researchers help develop complete map of mouse genetic variation
For decades, laboratory mice have been widely used in research aimed at understanding which genes are involved in various illnesses. But actual variations in past gene sequences of mice were unknown. While researchers were able to determine that a variant affecting disease was in a certain region, they couldn't pinpoint the exact set of variants in that region.