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Health - Social Sciences - 15.09.2011
Surprising find in anti-viral fight
Surprising find in anti-viral fight
A molecule which helps restrain the body's immune response is also capable of stimulating defences against virus infection by promoting the survival of immune cells known as Natural Killer (NK) cells, new University research has uncovered. Ian Humphreys, School of Medicine, and a Wellcome Trust Career Development Fellow believes that the findings will have important implications for the design of vaccines to combat viral pathogens.

Health - 15.09.2011
Urine test for cancer
Scientists have developed a ground-breaking technique that uses a urine test to help to diagnose adrenal cancer. The test, which enables endocrinologists to distinguish between harmless and cancerous tumours, uses a biomarker tool to measure excreted levels of steroid hormones which are produced by the adrenal glands.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.09.2011
Cancer stem cell discovery
A Cardiff team has identified a weakness in breast cancer stem cells which could help prevent the disease from spreading. The team has found a laboratory method to switch off breast cancer stem cells' resistance to a particular drug. The breakthrough offers the long-term possibility of blocking the cells from creating new tumours in patients.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.09.2011
Drug delivery to the brain
Drug delivery to the brain
Finding may permit drug delivery to the brain - for Alzheimer's, multiple sclerosis and brain cancers. Researchers may have solved a 100-year puzzle: How to safely open and close the blood-brain barrier so that therapies to treat Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis and cancers of the central nervous system might effectively be delivered.

Health - 14.09.2011
Camera reveals blood circulation
Camera reveals blood circulation
A device shows how blood is circulating in the skin. It already facilitates the work of burn specialists and plastic and reconstructive surgeons.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.09.2011
Discovery of blood pressure genes could help prevent heart disease
Discovery of blood pressure genes could help prevent heart disease
by Sam Wong Monday 12 September 2011 Two major studies published this week in Nature and Nature Genetics have identified a total of 23 gene regions associated with measures of blood pressure. The findings, from the International Consortium for Blood Pressure Genome-Wide Association Studies, represent a major advance in our understanding of the inherited influences on blood pressure and offer new potential therapeutic targets for prevention of heart disease and stroke - the biggest cause of death worldwide.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.09.2011
Findings on blood pressure and heart disease genetic risk
Findings on blood pressure and heart disease genetic risk
Major advances on the genetics of blood pressure and cardiovascular disease will be reported Sunday, Sept. The International Consortium for Blood Pressure Genome-Wide Association Studies has identified common genetic variants associated with blood pressure in 28 regions on the human genome. Six of these locations contain genes already suspected to influence blood pressure.

Health - 12.09.2011
New method could help prevent osteoarthritis
A new method is set to help doctors diagnose osteoarthritis at such an early stage that it will be possible to delay the progression of the disease by many years, or maybe even stop it entirely. The joint disease osteoarthritis is one of our most common chronic diseases and one of the primary causes of disability for people around the world.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.09.2011
Babies distinguish pain from touch at 35-37 weeks
Babies distinguish pain from touch at 35-37 weeks
Babies can distinguish painful stimuli as different from general touch from around 35-37 weeks gestation - just before an infant would normally be born - according to new research. In a study published online in the journal Current Biology, scientists show that neural activity in the brain gradually changes from an immature state to a more adult-like state from 35 weeks of development.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.09.2011
Bacteria shed light on new drug targets for inherited cancers
Scientists have succeeded in purifying a protein found in bacteria that could reveal new drug targets for inherited breast and ovarian cancers as well as other cancers linked to DNA repair faults. The study is published . The team, based at The University of Manchester's Paterson Institute for Cancer Research and the Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, are the first to decipher the structure of a protein called PARG – which plays an important role in DNA repair and acts in the same pathway as PARP.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.09.2011
Caltech Group Applies New Techniques and Sees Surprises in Cell Division
Caltech Group Applies New Techniques and Sees Surprises in Cell Division
Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have obtained the first high-resolution, three-dimensional images of a cell with a nucleus undergoing cell division. The observations, made using a powerful imaging technique in combination with a new method for slicing cell samples, indicate that one of the characteristic steps of mitosis is significantly different in some cells.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.09.2011
New drugs hope for dangerous yeast infections
New drugs hope for dangerous yeast infections
Researchers are a step closer towards creating a new class of medicines and vaccines to combat drug-resistant and deadly strains of fungal infections, following a new study published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . Yeast infections are the fourth most common cause of infection acquired by people in hospitals, although in healthy people they are most usually associated with vaginal or oral yeast infections known as thrush.

Health - 06.09.2011
Ultrasound improves stem cell transplants
Transplantation of haematopoietic stem cells is an effective treatment for patients with malignant blood diseases. The composition and quality of the transplanted cells are crucial to the outcome. Researchers from Lund University, Sweden, have now developed a method to improve the quality of the transplanted cells using ultrasound for cell separation.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.09.2011
11 million working days lost from stomach upset
Nearly 17 million people suffer from stomach upsets in the UK every year, leading to around 11 million lost working days, new research by The University of Manchester has found. The study, published today by the Food Standards Agency (FSA), is the biggest of its kind for more than 10 years and looked at the impact of all cases of infectious intestinal disease (IID), not just those linked to food, on the UK population.

Economics / Business - Health - 06.09.2011
New research sheds light on teenage friendship networks
New research sheds light on teenage friendship networks
Making friends is a key part of school life, often shaping our futures and helping us develop as individuals. With youngsters across the country returning to school this week, new research has identified the factors which influence these relationships, with academic achievement, mother's education and personality found to be essential in the friendship formation process.

Health - 05.09.2011
Motives matter: Why we volunteer has an impact on our health
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—People who give, live longer, studies have shown. Now, a new study shows that why people volunteer—not whether they volunteer—is what really counts. People who volunteer because they want to help others, live longer than people who don't volunteer at all, University of Michigan researchers found.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.09.2011
Breakthrough in protecting global crops from disease
A new form of resistance to fungal disease has been discovered in oilseed rape, one of the world's most important crops, which could hold the key to developing disease resistant crops. Oilseed rape (Brassica napus) is attacked by the Light Leaf Spot fungus (Pyrenopeziza brassicae), which can reduce yields by a third.

Health - Administration - 05.09.2011
Translators needed in UK GP surgeries say researchers
Professional interpreters are under-used in the NHS according to new research from the University of Birmingham. The researchers identify language barriers as an increasing obstacle to the provision of healthcare in a paper published in the journal PLoS ONE . Effective communication is instrumental in the delivery of healthcare support and a cross-sectional study of 41 general practices in the UK highlights language disparities between patients and healthcare professionals.

Health - Chemistry - 01.09.2011
Profiler at the cellular level
Researchers have successfully incorporated a diagnostic biological "computer" network in human cells. This network recognizes certain cancer cells using logic combinations of five cancer-specific molecular factors, triggering cancer cells destruction. Yaakov (Kobi) Benenson, from ETH Zurich, has spent a large part of his career developing biological computers that operate in living cells.

Health - Life Sciences - 31.08.2011
Playing video games helps adults with lazy eye
Playing video games helps adults with lazy eye
Here are some words that few would have thought to put together: video game therapy. Yet, a pilot study has found that playing video games can help improve the vision of adults with amblyopia, or lazy eye. The study found that participants experienced marked improvement in visual acuity and 3-D depth perception after spending just 40 hours playing off-the-shelf video games.