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Life Sciences - Health - 27.04.2010
Chimps carry mummified infants
Chimps carry mummified infants
New observations of wild chimpanzees in Bossou, Guinea, have given insights into the behaviour of chimp mothers who carry the mummified remains of their dead infants with them. An international team report in Current Biology that, in late 2003, an outbreak of respiratory disease in Bossou killed five chimps, including two infants.

Health - 26.04.2010
Stem cells from surgery leftovers could repair damaged hearts
Stem cells from surgery leftovers could repair damaged hearts
Scientists have for the first time succeeded in extracting vital stem cells from sections of vein removed for heart bypass surgery. Researchers funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) found that these stem cells can stimulate new blood vessels to grow, which could potentially help repair damaged heart muscle after a heart attack.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.04.2010
Scientists discover traitor human DNA helps viruses cause cancer
Scientists discover traitor human DNA helps viruses cause cancer
UCL scientists have discovered that stretches of human DNA act as a traitor to the body's defences by helping viruses infect people and trigger cancer-causing diseases. The research, which was undertaken at the UCL Cancer Institute and funded by Cancer Research UK, and published in Nature Cell Biology today, revealed that viruses can exploit the body's DNA ' dampening its antiviral immune response and allowing infection to take hold more easily.

Health - 23.04.2010
Warfarin: patient knows best
Warfarin: patient knows best
An Oxford-led review published last week in the Cochrane Library - that gold-standard source for the best evidence-based medical care - showed how empowering people at risk of blood clots to determine their own dose of anti-clotting drugs leads to a large drop in adverse events and deaths. Carl Heneghan from the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine [ CEBM ] at the University of Oxford and colleagues found a 50 per cent drop in the number of blood clots and a 36 per cent reduction in deaths among those patients who were able to monitor their own anti-clotting therapy.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.04.2010
Body builders - the worms that point the way to understanding tissue regeneration
Body builders - the worms that point the way to understanding tissue regeneration
University of Nottingham News Press releases 2010 April Body builders - the worms that point the way to understanding tissue regeneration PA 93/10 Scientists at The University of Nottingham have discovered the gene that enables an extraordinary worm to regenerate its own body parts after amputation — including a whole head and brain.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.04.2010
Gut Microbial Equilibrium linked to Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Gut Microbial Equilibrium linked to Inflammatory Bowel Disease
PASADENA, Calif.—We are not alone—even in our own bodies. The human gut is home to 100 trillion bacteria, which, for millions of years, have co-evolved along with our digestive and immune systems. Most people view bacteria as harmful pathogens that cause infections and disease. Other, more agreeable, microbes (known as symbionts) have taken a different evolutionary path, and have established beneficial relationships with their hosts.

Health - Environment - 22.04.2010
Proof that airports are air polluters
Proof that airports are air polluters
Scientists in the Environmental Research Group (ERG) at King's have undertaken research into the effects of the closure of UK airspace on air quality surrounding major airports after the Icelandic volcano eruption, following a number of enquiries from the public. In response the ERG analysed the concentrations of NOX (the generic term for oxides of nitrogen combined) and NO2 (nitrogen dioxide) surrounding Gatwick and Heathrow airports during the first three days of closure, Thursday 15 to Saturday 17 April 2010.

Economics / Business - Health - 22.04.2010
Sports stars are no role models, say scientists
The loutish and drunken behaviour of some of our sporting heroes – routinely reported in the media – has little or no effect on the drinking habits of young people, new research has found. Researchers at the Universities of Manchester, UK, and Western Sydney, Australia, say their findings – published in Drug and Alcohol Review – rubbish the idea that sports stars act as role models for those who follow sport.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 22.04.2010
Extreme obesity holds greater risks for pregnant women
Extreme obesity holds greater risks for pregnant women
One in every 1,100 pregnant women in the UK is extremely obese, a nationwide study by Oxford University researchers has shown. The researchers found that extremely obese women with a body mass index (BMI) of 50 or higher experience greatly increased risks of complications during pregnancy and that basic equipment for their care was not universally available.

Health - Computer Science - 21.04.2010
Health impacts of mobile phone use to be explored in huge new study
Health impacts of mobile phone use to be explored in huge new study
A new decades-long study launches today to investigate whether there is a link between the use of mobile phones and long-term health problems such as cancer. The cohort study on mobile communications (COSMOS) forms part of the Mobile Telecommunications and Health Research (MTHR) Programme. The international study will run for 20-30 years and will follow the health of at least 250,000 participants aged 18-69 in five European countries.

Health - Chemistry - 20.04.2010
New test for early diagnosis of osteoarthritis
New test for early diagnosis of osteoarthritis
Researchers at King's College London's Twin Research Unit have discovered new ways of measuring metabolites in the blood which could be used to diagnose osteoarthritis earlier. Their new biochemical test called metabolomics allows the scientists to test for 163 chemical signals at the same time from a single blood sample.

Health - 20.04.2010
Severe asphyxia linked to substandard care during labour
Severe asphyxia linked to substandard care during labour
Asphyxia results from an inadequate supply of oxygen to the fetus during labour and delivery. Although rare, it can lead to perinatal brain injury and perinatal death. Now, a new study from Karolinska Institutet shows that infants of women who received substandard care during labour had a three-fold increased risk of asphyxia at birth.

Health - 19.04.2010
Gender gap found in kissing disease
Researchers at the University found that on average female patients with the infection missed 16 hours of classes compared to three hours for infected male students. The results also show that students with glandular fever - also known as kissing disease - slept for three hours longer each day than healthy students.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.04.2010
Team to study health effects of botanical estrogens
Team to study health effects of botanical estrogens
Wild yam is among the many plants and plant extracts sold as "natural" treatments for the relief of menopausal symptoms. Creative commons photo by Marco Schmidt CHAMPAIGN, lll.- An ongoing research initiative into the health effects of botanical estrogens will get an $8 million boost from the National Institutes of Health.

Health - Computer Science - 16.04.2010
Robotic therapy helps stroke patients regain function
Robotic therapy helps stroke patients regain function
A patient uses a robotic therapy device invented at MIT. The robotic joystick guides the patient's arm as he tries to move the robot handle toward a moving or stationary target shown on the computer monitor. If the person starts moving in the wrong direction or does not move, the robotic arm gently nudges his arm in the right direction.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.04.2010
Switch that enables Salmonella to sabotage host cells revealed in new study
Switch that enables Salmonella to sabotage host cells revealed in new study
New finding could ultimately lead to drugs that interfere with the switch in order to combat Salmonella and possibly other bacterial infections - News Release Under strict embargo for 14.00 Eastern Time / 19.00 London Time Thursday 15 April 2010 A new switch that enables Salmonella bacteria to sabotage host cells is revealed in a study published today in the journal Science .

Health - Life Sciences - 15.04.2010
UCL study reveals potential diagnosis for disruptive children
UCL study reveals potential diagnosis for disruptive children
In a study published earlier this month in The British Journal of Psychiatry , researchers from the UCL Institute of Child Health (ICH) have demonstrated that up to one-third of children who are at risk of being excluded from school for disruptive behaviour could have undiagnosed social communication problems of an autistic type.

Health - Economics / Business - 15.04.2010
Happiness hinges on the lives of others
Happiness hinges on the lives of others
People's happiness is significantly bound up with that of their "significant others", a new study into men and women's differing attitudes to well-being has found. Sociologists at the University of Cambridge found that although men and women give different answers when asked about what affects their quality of life, many in fact associate personal happiness with the welfare of families and loved ones at a deeper level.

Health - 15.04.2010
Trying to eradicate a disease is a waste of money: researcher
Eradicating smallpox was one of the greatest human accomplishments of the 20th century, but new research shows initiatives of this kind are not as good a use of health dollars as people might think. McGill University Biologist Dr. Jonathan Davies explains that reducing the prevalence of diseases in areas most affected by them is a far more effective and efficient strategy than trying to eradicate them altogether, which is extremely difficult and costs billions of dollars.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.04.2010
Gene links neurodegeneration and cancer
Gene links neurodegeneration and cancer
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. ? In work that could lead to new insights into how neurons protect against neurodegeneration, researchers at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory report that a gene family known for its role in controlling cell proliferation and suppressing tumors is also essential in the brain to regulate neuronal structure and function.