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Life Sciences - Health - 30.08.2011
Scientists uncover gene network responsible for repair of the central nervous system of the fruit fly
Glia that enwrap axons in the Drosophila larval ventral nerve cord. Credit: Kentaro Kato, University of Birmingham A gene network that controls repair to the central nervous system (CNS) after injury has been discovered in the fruit fly, Drosophila, by scientists at the University of Birmingham. This breakthrough may help to aid understanding of cell manipulation techniques necessary to repair damage to the human CNS, according to research published today (30 August) in the journal PLoS Biology.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.08.2011
Combating fungal diseases
Combating fungal diseases
Scientists have discovered a potential new approach for inhibiting the growth of pathogenic fungi. Ultimately, immunocompromised patients with fungal infections, in particular, could benefit from this work. As temperatures soar and more and more people cool off at outdoor pools, the incidence of so called swimmer's ear - an infection of the ear canal - also rises.

Health - History / Archeology - 30.08.2011
Lack of comparative research into acne treatments could limit their effectiveness
Acne is a chronic disease which can be painful and disfiguring. Many treatments are publicised as cures for acne, often at considerable expense to the sufferer and the healthcare system. A new clinical review by experts at The University of Nottingham says there is very little research evidence to show which treatments work best and whether expensive treatments are any better than traditional ones.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.08.2011
Why Influenza B Virus Exclusively Infects Humans Opens Door For Drugs To Fight Seasonal Epidemics Caused By Virus
The three-dimensional structure of a site on an influenza B virus protein that suppresses human defenses to infection has been determined by researchers at Rutgers University and The University of Texas at Austin. Three-dimensional structure of a complex between influenza B virus protein, NS1B, represented as the solid form, and the human protein that fights infections, ISG15, represented as pink and magenta ribbons and strands.

Health - Administration - 25.08.2011
Results of medication studies may be misleading to readers
Results of medication studies may be misleading to readers
Studies about medications published in the most influential medical journals are frequently designed in a way that yields misleading or confusing results, new research suggests. Investigators from the medical schools at UCLA and Harvard analyzed all the randomized medication trials published in the six highest-impact general medicine journals between June 1, 2008, and Sept.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.08.2011
Breakthrough: Researchers find wide gap in immune responses of people who did or didn’t get the flu after exposure
Aug. Breakthrough: Researchers find wide gap in immune responses of people who did or didn't get the flu after exposure ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Why do some folks who take every precaution still get the flu, while others never even get the sniffles? It comes down to a person's immune system response to the flu virus, says Alfred Hero, professor at the University of Michigan College of Engineering.

Health - 24.08.2011
University research shapes new NICE guidelines on blood pressure
High blood pressure should be diagnosed using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (repeated measurements throughout a 24-hour period)), which is not only more clinically accurate than clinic-based measurements but is better value for money, according to University of Birmingham research published online today in the Lancet .

Health - Life Sciences - 24.08.2011
Breastfeeding and eczema research
A worldwide study led by King's researchers has found no clear evidence that exclusive breastfeeding for four months or longer protects against childhood eczema. The findings, published today in the British Journal of Dermatology , have prompted the researchers to call for a review of the current UK breastfeeding guidelines with regards to eczema.

Physics - Health - 23.08.2011
New research offers breakthrough in nanotechnology
New research offers breakthrough in nanotechnology
New research offers breakthrough in nanotechnology Experts from the University of Sheffield have shed new light on the application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) on a nano scale, paving the way for improved medical imaging techniques, computing, tele, data storage and photovoltaics.

Health - Psychology - 23.08.2011
Extreme morning sickness could lead to lifelong emotional, behavioral disorders in kids
Extreme morning sickness could lead to lifelong emotional, behavioral disorders in kids
An extreme form of pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting known as hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) takes a heavy toll on thousands of women each year and can lead to hospitalization and pregnancy termination. But new research suggests pregnant women are not the only victims. A joint study by UCLA and the University of Southern California has found that children whose mothers suffered from HG while carrying them were 3.6 times more likely to suffer from anxiety, bipolar disorder and depression in adulthood than individuals whose mothers did not have the condition.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.08.2011
Gene controls common pathways in cancer progression
Gene controls common pathways in cancer progression
Mutations to a gene called p53 have been linked to half of all cancers, leading to tumor growth and the spread of cancerous cells. Now, a Cornell-led study identifies for the first time the mechanisms by which p53 controls cell movement and invasion into other areas of the body. Using cultures of ovarian surface epithelium cells, where ovarian cancer originates, the researchers found that when they inactivated the p53 gene, the cells began to move and invade the underlying gelatinous protein mixture used in the lab that resembles an extracellular tissue environment.

Health - 22.08.2011
Research set to improve processes for NHS drug approvals
Research set to improve processes for NHS drug approvals Researchers from the University of Sheffield and the University of Liverpool have identified ways in which the process of approving drugs for use on the NHS can be improved. The study, entitled The NICE Single Technology Appraisal Process: Lessons from the first four years , was co-authored by Eva Kaltenthaler and Diana Papaioannou from the University of Sheffield and Angela Boland and Rumona Dickson of the University of Liverpool.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.08.2011
Study identifies new way to treat common hospital-acquired infection
Study identifies new way to treat common hospital-acquired infection
Researchers at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have discovered a molecular process by which the body can defend against the effects of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), pointing the way to a promising new approach for treating an intestinal disease that has become more common, more severe and harder to cure in recent years.

Health - 19.08.2011
Mother’s BMI linked to fatter babies
Mother’s BMI linked to fatter babies
Babies of mothers with a higher pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) are fatter and have more fat in their liver, a study published in September's issue of the journal Pediatric Research has found. The researchers from Imperial College London say that the effect of a mother's BMI on her child's development in the womb might put them on a trajectory towards lifelong metabolic health problems.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.08.2011
Revealed: How sticky egg captures sperm
Revealed: How sticky egg captures sperm
Researchers have uncovered exactly how a human egg captures an incoming sperm to begin the fertilisation process, in a new study published this week in the journal Science . The research identifies the sugar molecule that makes the outer coat of the egg 'sticky', which is vital for enabling the sperm and egg to bind together.

Health - 19.08.2011
Modified Ectsasy holds promise as potent blood cancer treatment
Modified Ectsasy holds promise as potent blood cancer treatment
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have discovered a modified form of the drug MDMA - commonly known as Ecstasy - which has 100 times more cancer-busting properties than the popular recreational drug itself and which they hope may be able to be produced in a safe form to treat patients. Research results published online today (18 August 2011) in the journal Investigational New Drugs show significant success in 'redesigning the designer drug' for potential use as a cancer-killing agent in the treatment of leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.08.2011
A new function for vitamin C in Alzheimer´s
A new function for vitamin C in Alzheimer´s
Researchers at Lund University have discovered a new function for vitamin C. Treatment with vitamin C can dissolve the toxic protein aggregates that build up in the brain in Alzheimer's disease. The research findings are now being presented in the Journal of Biological Chemistry. The brains of people with Alzheimer's disease contain lumps of so-called amyloid plaques which consist of misfolded protein aggregates.

Health - 16.08.2011
Want to keep your exercise resolutions? New research offers pointers
New research reveals factors that helped some commit to a yearlong exercise program. Photo by Edward McCauley CHAMPAIGN, lll. Sticking with an exercise routine means being able to overcome the obstacles that invariably arise. A key to success is having the confidence that you can do it, researchers report.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.08.2011
Study sheds light on late phase of asthma attacks
Study sheds light on late phase of asthma attacks
New research led by scientists from Imperial College London explains why around half of people with asthma experience a 'late phase' of symptoms several hours after exposure to allergens. The findings, published in the journal Thorax , could lead to better treatments for the disease. An estimated 300 million people suffer from asthma, and the prevalence is rising.

Health - History / Archeology - 15.08.2011
Childhood maltreatment & depression
People who have experienced maltreatment as children are twice as likely to develop both multiple and long-lasting depressive episodes as those without a history of childhood maltreatment, according to a new study. The research, led by a team at King's College London Institute of Psychiatry, also found that maltreated individuals are more likely to respond poorly to pharmacological and psychological treatment for depression.