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Health - Administration - 23.03.2010
Improving health and lives for people with learning disabilities
Improving health and lives for people with learning disabilities
It is well known that people with learning disabilities have poorer health and die younger than other people. An investigation into the standards of care for people with learning disabilities was announced today [Tuesday 23 March] by the Department of Health .  The Confidential Inquiry will find out what can be changed to improve the health of people with learning disabilities to enable them to live longer.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.03.2010
New cancer biomarker may herald personalised medicine
New cancer biomarker may herald personalised medicine
Scientists at Oxford University have led a study that shows how simple diagnostic tests to identify which patients will respond to which cancer drugs can be developed, potentially ushering in a new era of personalised cancer medicine. The Oxford researchers, with colleagues at the MD Anderson Cancer Center at the University of Texas, Houston, confirm their approach works in results published in the journal PNAS.

Health - Chemistry - 22.03.2010
Washington Post editor David E. Hoffman talks about new book, The Dead Hand
LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, March 22, 2010—David E. Hoffman will present his new book, The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy , during a talk at 5:15 p.m. March 25 at the Bradbury Science Museum in downtown Los Alamos. Following his talk, "Gorbachev and Reagan: New Evidence on the End of the Cold War, Strategic Defense and Biological Weapons," Hoffman, a contributing editor to the Washington Post and formerly the paper's Moscow bureau chief, will sign copies of the book in the Otowi Station Bookstore and Science Museum Shop.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 22.03.2010
A sweet problem: Princeton researchers find that high-fructose corn syrup prompts considerably more weight gain
A sweet problem: Princeton researchers find that high-fructose corn syrup prompts considerably more weight gain
A Princeton University research team has demonstrated that all sweeteners are not equal when it comes to weight gain: Rats with access to high-fructose corn syrup gained significantly more weight than those with access to table sugar, even when their overall caloric intake was the same.  In addition to causing significant weight gain in lab animals, long-term consumption of high-fructose corn syrup also led to abnormal increases in body fat, especially in the abdomen, and a rise in circulating blood fats called triglycerides.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.03.2010
Sex on the brain: gene key to fruit fly gender
Sex on the brain: gene key to fruit fly gender
Researchers from Oxford University and the University of Glasgow have shown that a gene known as ' doublesex ' ( dsx ) plays a role in determining different brain circuitry in male and female fruit flies, resulting in gender-specific behaviours. The courtship behaviour of the fruit fly has long been used to study the relationship between genes and behaviour.

Health - Physics - 20.03.2010
Caltech-led Team Provides Proof in Humans of RNA Interference Using Targeted Nanoparticles
Caltech-led Team Provides Proof in Humans of RNA Interference Using Targeted Nanoparticles
PASADENA, Calif.—A California Institute of Technology (Caltech)-led team of researchers and clinicians has published the first proof that a targeted nanoparticle—used as an experimental therapeutic and injected directly into a patient's bloodstream—can traffic into tumors, deliver double-stranded small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), and turn off an important cancer gene using a mechanism known as RNA interference (RNAi).

Health - 19.03.2010
Radiotherapy can cause lasting vascular disease
For an as yet unknown reason, cancer radiotherapy can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life, a problem that is growing as more and more people survive their cancer diagnosis. New research from Karolinska Institutet now suggests that sustained inflammation induced by post-radiotherapy changes in the gene expression in the arteries could be the cause.

Health - Social Sciences - 18.03.2010
Call for European Cystic Fibrosis healthcare gap to be closed
Call for European Cystic Fibrosis healthcare gap to be closed
A healthcare gap amounting to a ?death sentence? for Cystic Fibrosis (CF) children born in Eastern Europe must be closed say researchers from the EuroCareCF Coordination Action for Cystic Fibrosis. A new study led by the University of Dundee and published today in The Lancet, has found that CF patients in Eastern European countries die far younger than in other, wealthier, EU countries.

Health - Economics / Business - 18.03.2010
Colon cancer treatment for older patients often less aggressive than recommended, study finds
New results from a major initiative on the quality of cancer care in the United States show that patients with a common type of colon cancer, especially older patients, often do not receive the aggressive treatment with chemotherapy that research shows is associated with better survival. Led by researchers from UCLA and the RAND Corp., a nonprofit research organization, the study is among the first to track how findings from specialty research trials are applied in diverse practices in the community, where a wider variety of patients are treated.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.03.2010
Study Finds Bacteria Divide Like Clockwork
A team of researchers from UC San Diego and MIT has shown how cell division in a type of bacteria known as cyanobacteria is controlled by the same kind of circadian rhythms that govern human sleep patterns. The scientists? findings are detailed in paper in the March 19 issue of the journal Science. Previous studies have shown that even though cyanobacteria do not 'sleep' in the same way that humans do, they cycle through active and resting periods on a 24-hour schedule.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.03.2010
New statistical method for genetic studies could cut computation time from years to hours
In the ongoing quest to identify the genetic factors involved in disease, scientists have increasingly turned to genome-wide association studies, or GWAS, which enable the scanning of up to a million genetic markers in thousands of individuals. These studies generally compare the frequency of genetic variants between two groups — those with a particular disease and healthy individuals.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.03.2010
Researchers ID brain abnormalities in children exposed to methamphetamine in utero
It has long been known that alcohol exposure is toxic to the developing fetus and can result in lifelong brain, cognitive and behavioral problems. Now, a new report out of UCLA shows that the effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure — or worse, a combination of methamphetamine and alcohol — may be even more damaging.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.03.2010
Milk drinking: in our genes?
Milk drinking: in our genes?
The ability to digest the milk sugar lactose ? also known as lactase persistence ? is a selectively advantageous and recent evolutionary genetic trait, which emerged about 7,500 years ago in Europe and probably later in other parts of the world. This means that, once weaned, people in most parts of the world (large parts of Africa, most of Asia, and Oceania) cannot digest milk for the rest of their life.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2010
Caltech and UCSD Scientists Establish Leech as Model for Study of Reproductive Behavior
PASADENA, Calif.—Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) have discovered that injecting a simple hormone into leeches creates a novel way to study how hormones and the nervous system work together to produce species-specific reproductive behavior.

Health - Economics / Business - 15.03.2010
Recent Cigarette Marketing Campaign Targeted Teen Girls, Study Reveals
The 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) prohibits tobacco industry advertising practices that encourage underage teenagers to smoke, yet new research out of the Moores Cancer Center at the University of California, San Diego has found that a 2007 marketing campaign for Camel brand cigarettes was effective in encouraging young girls to start smoking.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2010
Genes involved in ulcerative colitis identified
[NEWS, 15 March 2010] An international team of researchers has identified as many as 30 human genes which contribute to ulcerative colitis susceptibility. The results, which are presented in the scientific , provide a significant improvement of our understanding of the genetic contribution to chronic intestinal inflammation, and give hope for more precise diagnostics and tailor-made treatment strategies in the future.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.03.2010
How muscle cells control fatty acid uptake
[Press Relese 2010-03-15] A new study from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet shows that the blood vessels and muscles of the heart can regulate the uptake of fatty acids that we ingest through meat, milk products and other food. The researchers behind the study have also identified the way in which regulation is governed by the muscles themselves.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.03.2010
Changing lifestyle remains first option for preventing diabetes
Changing lifestyle remains first option for preventing diabetes
The findings of the study, jointly led by Oxford University and Duke University Medical Center, have been published in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with a presentation at the American College of Cardiology annual conference. The research team found that a drug used for treating high blood pressure modestly reduced progression to diabetes in these patients but had no effect on cardiovascular health, while a drug for controlling blood sugar levels had no effect on either the development of diabetes or heart problems.

Health - 11.03.2010
Variability as well as high blood pressure holds high risk of stroke
Variability as well as high blood pressure holds high risk of stroke
Three papers published at the same time in The Lancet, and a further study in The Lancet Neurology, show that it is variability in patients' blood pressure that predicts the risk of a stroke most powerfully and not a high average or usual blood pressure level. The results of the studies, led by Professor Peter Rothwell and colleagues at the University of Oxford, have major implications for the diagnosis and treatment of high blood pressure in prevention of stroke and heart disease.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.03.2010
Obesity like alcohol increases the risk of liver disease
Obesity like alcohol increases the risk of liver disease
Obesity and alcohol both increase the risk of liver disease, researchers from the Universities of Oxford and Glasgow show in two separate studies published in the British Medical Journal. While alcohol is well known as a major cause of liver cirrhosis, recent evidence suggests that excess body weight may also play a role.