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Life Sciences - Health - 16.09.2014
Stanford scholar named MacArthur fellow
Brian Wandell and his group looked at 24 brain regions to see how the composition changed from age 7 to 83. The regions in red changed the most, regions in blue changed the least. (Photo: Wandell Lab) Stanford scientists have shown how the brain changes throughout life, and created a standard curve that can be used to assess whether patients are maturing and aging normally.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.09.2014
Study offers clues to how breast implants may cause lymphoma
Researchers at the University of Cambridge, together with colleagues specialising in plastic surgery or histopathology in Austria, Australia, Liverpool and Swansea, have identified clues to explain how breast implants may, on very rare occasions, contribute to the development of lymphoma. It's becoming clear that implant-related ALCL is a distinct clinical entity in itself.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.09.2014
New method to increase chance of survival for some cancer patients
16 Sep 2014 Scientists from The University of Manchester have found that offering radiotherapy to patients with small cell lung cancer in addition to chemotherapy improves their chances of survival two years after treatment. The researchers are now recommending that patients with extensive disease small cell lung cancer are given thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) to treat part of the chest after completing chemotherapy to help extend their lives.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.09.2014
What lies behind the death of stem cells
What lies behind the death of stem cells
Researchers have identified key processes that control stem cell survival, providing insights that could improve their use in medicine. The study, recently published in Genes and Development , revealed that small molecules called microRNAs play a key role in controlling the death and survival of pluripotent stem cells.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.09.2014
New genetic identification techniques shed light on causes of developmental delay and autism
In an international study published researchers have used a new gene discovery approach to identify genes causing developmental delay and autism, which could lead to finding new targeted therapies for these conditions. Co-author of the study researcher Professor Ingrid Scheffer based at the University of Melbourne, The Florey Institute of Neuroscience & Mental Health and Austin Hospital said the findings would contribute significantly to developing new targeted therapies for autism spectrum disorders, intellectual disability and developmental delay.

Health - Psychology - 15.09.2014
Treating insomnia in elderly reduces inflammation, lowers risk for chronic diseases
Lack of sleep can make you sick. And while everybody has the occasional restless night, for those who suffer from chronic insomnia — some 15 percent of older adults in the United States — that sleep loss can increase the risk for cardiovascular disease, hypertension, weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and even lead to an earlier death.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.09.2014
3D model shows survival strategies of bacteria
3D model shows survival strategies of bacteria
Bacteria are particularly ingenious when it comes to survival strategies. They often create a biofilm to protect themselves from a hostile environment, for example during treatment with antibiotics, and scientists have unravelled the secrets of how they do this with a new 3D model. A biofilm is a bacterial community that is surrounded by a protective slime capsule consisting of sugar chains and "curli".

Health - 15.09.2014
One care lapse can be fatal for heart attack patients
University of Leeds research has revealed that heart attack patients have a 46% increased chance of death within a month of discharge if they miss any one of nine types of care. There is also a 74% increased chance of dying within one year if any one component of care is missed.

Health - 15.09.2014
A positive boost to the immune system
A positive attitude can improve your immune system and may help you live longer, according to a University of Queensland study. The research, published in Psychology and Aging has found that older people who focused on positive information were more likely to have stronger immune systems. Lead researcher Dr Elise Kalokerinos, from UQ's School of Psychology , said a positive attitude played an important role in healthy ageing.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.09.2014
Neural compensation in people with Alzheimer's-related protein
Neural compensation in people with Alzheimer’s-related protein
Shown are fMRI scans across all subjects in the study. The yellow and red areas in Section A represent parts of the brain that are activated while subjects are forming "gist memories" of pictures viewed. Section B represents areas of increased activation, shown in yellow and red, as detailed memories are being formed.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.09.2014
Infant's mysterious death leads to discovery of a family disease
Infant’s mysterious death leads to discovery of a family disease
Shortly after the death of his newborn son, 43-year-old Erik Drewniak was hospitalized with some of the same symptoms that killed the infant - high fever, severe respiratory distress, and hemorrhaging in the lungs, intestines, and brain. Infectious agents had been ruled out in both cases. Doctors at Yale-New Haven Hospital asked: Could the Fairfield man's condition be related to the mysterious illness that took his 23-day-old son? Researchers at the Yale School of Medicine have provided a definitive answer to the mystery.

Health - Electroengineering - 12.09.2014
Penn Medicine: Zebrafish Model of a Learning and Memory Disorder Shows Better Way to Target Treatment
One in six cancer patients enroll in hospice only during their last three days of life, according to a new study from a team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Their findings, published online last month in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) also reveal a profile of patients who may be most at risk of these late admissions.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.09.2014
Grey matter matters when measuring our tolerance of risk
Grey matter matters when measuring our tolerance of risk 12 September 2014 There is a link between our brain structure and our tolerance of risk, new research suggests. Dr Agnieszka Tymul a, an economist at the University of Sydney, is one of the lead authors of a new study that identifies what might be considered the first stable 'biomarker' for financial risk-attitudes.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.09.2014
Yogic breathing shows promise in reducing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder
One of the greatest casualties of war is its lasting effect on the minds of soldiers. This presents a daunting public health problem: More than 20 percent of veterans returning from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have post-traumatic stress disorder, according to a 2012 report by RAND Corp. A new study from the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at the Waisman Center of the University of Wisconsin-Madison offers hope for those suffering from the disorder.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.09.2014
Smokers with high salt intake are at ’double the risk’ of rheumatoid arthritis
Smokers who also have a high sodium intake may be at double the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a new study published in the journal Rheumatology. "Our findings suggest that more than half (54 percent) of the increased risk from smoking in the development of rheumatoid arthritis is due to interaction with sodium intake," says Björn Sundström from department of public health and clinical medicine at Umeå University, Sweden.

Health - Economics - 11.09.2014
Deconstructing the placebo response: Why does it work in treating depression?
Deconstructing the placebo response: Why does it work in treating depression?
In the past three decades, the power of placebos has gone through the roof in treating major depressive disorder. In clinical trials for treating depression over that period of time, researchers have reported significant increases in patient's response rates to placebos — the simple sugar pills given to patients who think that it may be actual medication.

Health - Psychology - 10.09.2014
Talking therapy hope for people with a recent Bipolar Disorder diagnosis
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy could give people with a recent Bipolar Disorder diagnosis a better chance of recovery, a new study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry suggests. New research compared a group of people with a recent bipolar diagnosis who had an average of 14 hours Cognitive Behavioural Therapy alongside 'treatment as usual' which includes medication and support from community mental health teams, psychiatry or a GP.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.09.2014
Study provides more evidence that sleep apnea is hurting your brain
Study provides more evidence that sleep apnea is hurting your brain
Researchers at the UCLA School of Nursing have found that people suffering from sleep apnea have weaker brain blood flow Laura Perry Employing a measure rarely used in sleep apnea studies, researchers at the UCLA School of Nursing have uncovered evidence of what may be damaging the brain in people with the sleep disorder — weaker brain blood flow.

Health - Social Sciences - 10.09.2014
Report finds scale and cost of dementia escalates
Dementia UK: The Second Edition , prepared by King's College London and the London School of Economics for the Alzheimer's Society, finds that the cost of dementia to the UK has hit £26 billion a year and that people with dementia, their carers and families shoulder two-thirds of the cost themselves.

Health - Environment - 09.09.2014
More health symptoms reported near 'fracking' natural gas extraction
More health symptoms reported near ’fracking’ natural gas extraction
A Yale-led study has found a greater prevalence of health symptoms reported among residents living close to natural gas wells, including those drilled by hydraulic fracturing. The study appears online Sept. 10 in Environmental Health Perspectives, a journal of the National Institutes of Health. Little is known about the environmental and public health impact of certain natural gas extraction techniques - including hydraulic fracturing, also known as "fracking" - that occur near residential areas.