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Administration - Health - 10.02.2011
Extra testosterone reduces your empathy
Extra testosterone reduces your empathy
A new study from Utrecht and Cambridge Universities has for the first time found that an administration of testosterone under the tongue in volunteers negatively affects a person's ability to 'mind read', an indication of empathy. In addition, the effects of testosterone administration are predicted by a fetal marker of prenatal testosterone, the 2D:4D ratio.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.02.2011
Look at your body to reduce pain
Look at your body to reduce pain
Simply looking at your body reduces pain, according to new research by scientists from UCL (University College London) and the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy. Published in the journal Psychological Science, the research shows that viewing your hand reduces the pain experienced when a hot object touches the skin.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.02.2011
Study suggests why HIV-uninfected babies born to mothers with HIV might be more vulnerable to infections
Study suggests why HIV-uninfected babies born to mothers with HIV might be more vulnerable to infections
Study suggests why HIV-uninfected babies born to mothers with HIV might be more vulnerable to infections Imperial research published in JAMA finds that babies of mothers with HIV have lower levels of several specific antibodies. Babies whose mothers have HIV, but who are not HIV-infected themselves, are born with lower levels of specific proteins in their blood called antibodies, which fight infection, compared with babies not exposed to HIV, a new study has found.

Health - Economics / Business - 09.02.2011
Huge decline in HIV rates in Zimbabwe driven by fear of infection, says study
Huge decline in HIV rates in Zimbabwe driven by fear of infection, says study
Huge decline in HIV rates in Zimbabwe driven by fear of infection, says study The big drop in the numbers of people infected with HIV in Zimbabwe is because of mass social change, driven by fear of infection, according to an international study reported in PLoS Medicine. The big drop in the numbers of people infected with HIV in Zimbabwe is because of mass social change, driven by fear of infection, according to an international study reported today in the journal PLoS Medicine.

Health - 09.02.2011
Early substance misuse continues into middle age
Early substance misuse continues into middle age
Adolescents who misuse alcohol and drugs are at increased risk of continued misuse well into middle age. They are also at increased risk of experiencing mental health problems, accidents, physical health problems, premature death, financial problems, and suicide attempts. These are the results of a doctoral thesis presented by Yasmina Molero Samuelson at the Center for Psychiatric Research (CPF), Karolinska Institutet.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.02.2011
Immune interaction optimises foetal nourishment during pregnancy
Immune interaction optimises foetal nourishment during pregnancy
Paternal genes advise maternal immune cells on how to build the best womb for developing foetuses. Researchers at the University of Cambridge and the Babraham Institute have identified a mechanism by which specific combinations of genes can lead to miscarriage and other complications in pregnancies.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.02.2011
Math may help calculate way to find new drugs for HIV and other diseases
Math may help calculate way to find new drugs for HIV and other diseases
Using mathematical concepts, Princeton researchers have developed a method of discovering new drugs for a range of diseases by calculating which physical properties of biological molecules may predict their effectiveness as medicines. The technique already has identified several potential new drugs that were shown to be effective for fighting strains of HIV by researchers at Johns Hopkins University.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.02.2011
DNA mandalas
DNA mandalas
Mandalas are symbolic illustrations in Hinduism and Buddhism that have been created for religious purposes for many thousands of years.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.02.2011
Pair of genes makes plant pest double trouble
Pair of genes makes plant pest double trouble
Pair of genes makes plant pest double trouble Research at Imperial could help scientists control one of the world's most important crop diseases, Pseudomonas Syringae - News Monday 7 February 2011 Adapted from a news release issued by the Biotechnology and Biological Science Research Council (BBSRC).

Health - Life Sciences - 07.02.2011
New insights into vision loss
New insights into vision loss
A trigger for the most common form of vision loss and blindness in Australia has been discovered thanks to research conducted with help from Australian eye donors. Researchers from the United States, United Kingdom and Australia, including The Australian National University's Vision Centre, found that patients suffering from the most common form of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) lack a critical enzyme - DICER-1.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.02.2011
29 new gene variants linked to ulcerative colitis
29 new gene variants linked to ulcerative colitis
An international team of scientists, including researchers from Karolinska Institutet, have found 29 new regions in the genome that predispose to ulcerative colitis. The study identifies many candidate genes providing important insights into disease pathogenesis, and brings the tally of inflammatory bowel disease risk genes to 99.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.02.2011
Obesity has doubled since 1980, major global analysis of risk factors reveals
Obesity has doubled since 1980, major global analysis of risk factors reveals
Obesity has doubled since 1980, major global analysis of risk factors reveals Study shows western high-income countries have achieved impressive progress in lowering hypertension and cholesterol The worldwide prevalence of obesity has nearly doubled since 1980, according to a major study on how three important heart disease risk factors have changed across the world over the last three decades.

Health - 04.02.2011
Physical activity protects against colds
[NEWS, 4 February 2011] A new doctoral thesis from Karolinska Institutet shows that people with a high level of physical activity reported 18 percent fewer colds than those with a low activity level. The findings are based on data from 1509 Swedish men and women, who were followed for fifteen weeks concerning physical exercise and general health.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.02.2011
Researchers Identify New Gene Causing Blindness
Researchers Identify New Gene Causing Blindness
— Miami — Researchers led by geneticists at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine have identified a new gene that causes retinitis pigmentosa, a form of blindness, ending one South Florida family's nearly 20-year search for what caused three of their four children to lose their sight.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.02.2011
Scientists discover mechanism involved in breast cancer's spread to bone
Scientists discover mechanism involved in breast cancer's spread to bone
In a discovery that may lead to a new treatment for breast cancer that has spread to the bone, a Princeton University research team has unraveled a mystery about how these tumors take root. Cancer cells often travel throughout the body and cause new tumors in individuals with advanced breast cancer - a process called metastasis - commonly resulting in malignant bone tumors.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.02.2011
Blood-clotting agent can diagnose fatal genetic diseases, finds study
University of Manchester scientists have shown that a protein involved in blood clotting can be used to diagnose and subsequently monitor the treatment of a group of childhood genetic diseases. In the study, published in the Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease , the researchers were able to show that the clotting agent, heparan cofactor II/Thrombin (HCII/T) complex, could be used as a 'biomarker', or biological tell, in individuals with mucopolysaccharide (MPS) diseases.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.02.2011
Neuroscience research in The Lancet
Neuroscience research in The Lancet
Links: Parkinson's research paper in The Lancet vCJD research paper in The Lancet UCL Institute of Neurology UCL Neuroscience Two high profile research papers from UCL Institute of Neurology scientists have been published this week. Professor Alan Thompson, Director of the UCL Institute of Neurology and Interim Head of UCL Neuroscience domain, said: "These two important studies, both published in The Lancet this week, are a testament to the breadth and significance of neuroscience research at UCL.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.02.2011
Talking the language of genes
Talking the language of genes
Health Jonathan Wood | 02 Feb 11 The majority of hospital cases of Clostridium difficile at the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford are not caused by transmission of the bug within the hospital, so early results of a new project suggest. It was one example used by Professor Peter Donnelly last night, in giving the first Oxford London Lecture at Church House in Westminster, to illustrate how the modern revolution in genetics is already beginning to affect healthcare for us all.

Economics / Business - Health - 02.02.2011
Retirement funds affected by depression and mental illness
Conditions such as depression and mental illness have a significant financial impact on people who retire early due to these conditions, a study led by the University of Sydney has revealed. Professor of Health Economics, Deborah Schofield , from the NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre and Sydney School of Public Health , led a team of researchers from the University of Sydney and University of Canberra which investigated the cost of lost savings and wealth to Australians who retire early because of depression or other mental illness.

Health - Chemistry - 02.02.2011
Nitrate improves mitochondrial function
Nitrate improves mitochondrial function
The spinach-eating cartoon character Popeye has much to teach us, new research from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet shows. The muscles' cellular power plants - the mitochondria - are boosted by nitrate, a substance found in abundance in vegetables such as lettuce, spinach and beetroot.