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Life Sciences - Health - 07.02.2011
Pair of genes makes plant pest double trouble
Pair of genes makes plant pest double trouble
Pair of genes makes plant pest double trouble Research at Imperial could help scientists control one of the world's most important crop diseases, Pseudomonas Syringae - News Monday 7 February 2011 Adapted from a news release issued by the Biotechnology and Biological Science Research Council (BBSRC).

Health - Life Sciences - 07.02.2011
New insights into vision loss
New insights into vision loss
A trigger for the most common form of vision loss and blindness in Australia has been discovered thanks to research conducted with help from Australian eye donors. Researchers from the United States, United Kingdom and Australia, including The Australian National University's Vision Centre, found that patients suffering from the most common form of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) lack a critical enzyme - DICER-1.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.02.2011
29 new gene variants linked to ulcerative colitis
29 new gene variants linked to ulcerative colitis
An international team of scientists, including researchers from Karolinska Institutet, have found 29 new regions in the genome that predispose to ulcerative colitis. The study identifies many candidate genes providing important insights into disease pathogenesis, and brings the tally of inflammatory bowel disease risk genes to 99.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.02.2011
Obesity has doubled since 1980, major global analysis of risk factors reveals
Obesity has doubled since 1980, major global analysis of risk factors reveals
Obesity has doubled since 1980, major global analysis of risk factors reveals Study shows western high-income countries have achieved impressive progress in lowering hypertension and cholesterol The worldwide prevalence of obesity has nearly doubled since 1980, according to a major study on how three important heart disease risk factors have changed across the world over the last three decades.

Health - 04.02.2011
Physical activity protects against colds
[NEWS, 4 February 2011] A new doctoral thesis from Karolinska Institutet shows that people with a high level of physical activity reported 18 percent fewer colds than those with a low activity level. The findings are based on data from 1509 Swedish men and women, who were followed for fifteen weeks concerning physical exercise and general health.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.02.2011
Researchers Identify New Gene Causing Blindness
Researchers Identify New Gene Causing Blindness
— Miami — Researchers led by geneticists at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine have identified a new gene that causes retinitis pigmentosa, a form of blindness, ending one South Florida family's nearly 20-year search for what caused three of their four children to lose their sight.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.02.2011
Scientists discover mechanism involved in breast cancer's spread to bone
Scientists discover mechanism involved in breast cancer's spread to bone
In a discovery that may lead to a new treatment for breast cancer that has spread to the bone, a Princeton University research team has unraveled a mystery about how these tumors take root. Cancer cells often travel throughout the body and cause new tumors in individuals with advanced breast cancer - a process called metastasis - commonly resulting in malignant bone tumors.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.02.2011
Blood-clotting agent can diagnose fatal genetic diseases, finds study
University of Manchester scientists have shown that a protein involved in blood clotting can be used to diagnose and subsequently monitor the treatment of a group of childhood genetic diseases. In the study, published in the Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease , the researchers were able to show that the clotting agent, heparan cofactor II/Thrombin (HCII/T) complex, could be used as a 'biomarker', or biological tell, in individuals with mucopolysaccharide (MPS) diseases.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.02.2011
Neuroscience research in The Lancet
Neuroscience research in The Lancet
Links: Parkinson's research paper in The Lancet vCJD research paper in The Lancet UCL Institute of Neurology UCL Neuroscience Two high profile research papers from UCL Institute of Neurology scientists have been published this week. Professor Alan Thompson, Director of the UCL Institute of Neurology and Interim Head of UCL Neuroscience domain, said: "These two important studies, both published in The Lancet this week, are a testament to the breadth and significance of neuroscience research at UCL.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.02.2011
Talking the language of genes
Talking the language of genes
Health Jonathan Wood | 02 Feb 11 The majority of hospital cases of Clostridium difficile at the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford are not caused by transmission of the bug within the hospital, so early results of a new project suggest. It was one example used by Professor Peter Donnelly last night, in giving the first Oxford London Lecture at Church House in Westminster, to illustrate how the modern revolution in genetics is already beginning to affect healthcare for us all.

Economics / Business - Health - 02.02.2011
Retirement funds affected by depression and mental illness
Conditions such as depression and mental illness have a significant financial impact on people who retire early due to these conditions, a study led by the University of Sydney has revealed. Professor of Health Economics, Deborah Schofield , from the NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre and Sydney School of Public Health , led a team of researchers from the University of Sydney and University of Canberra which investigated the cost of lost savings and wealth to Australians who retire early because of depression or other mental illness.

Health - Chemistry - 02.02.2011
Nitrate improves mitochondrial function
Nitrate improves mitochondrial function
The spinach-eating cartoon character Popeye has much to teach us, new research from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet shows. The muscles' cellular power plants - the mitochondria - are boosted by nitrate, a substance found in abundance in vegetables such as lettuce, spinach and beetroot.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.02.2011
Making cells turn cartwheels
Making cells turn cartwheels
Science Jonathan Wood | 01 Feb 11 Centrioles are barrel-shaped connection hubs that, like key Meccano parts, hold together the microtubule connection rods that form the structural framework of the cells in our bodies. As cells grow and divide, they replicate their DNA before splitting into two daughter cells.

Health - 01.02.2011
Major trial suggests common treatments for treating children with HIV equally effective
Major trial suggests common treatments for treating children with HIV equally effective
Major trial suggests common treatments for treating children with HIV equally effective New trial addresses questions about best practice for treating HIV in children - News Tuesday 1 February 2011 by Sam Wong A major trial comparing the effectiveness of two classes of drugs commonly used to treat HIV in children has found that both are equally effective as an initial treatment.

Health - Mathematics - 01.02.2011
Boys will infect boys, swine flu study shows
Boys will infect boys, swine flu study shows
Boys will infect boys, swine flu study shows Study will help researchers model how epidemics spread and how interventions such as school closures can contain outbreaks Boys predominantly pass on flu to other boys and girls to girls, according to a new study of how swine flu spread in a primary school during the 2009 pandemic, published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.02.2011
Schizophrenia Gene Mutation Found; Target for New Drugs
In a major advance for schizophrenia research, an international team of scientists, led by Jonathan Sebat, PhD, assistant professor of psychiatry and cellular and molecular medicine at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, has identified a gene mutation strongly linked to the brain disorder - and a signaling pathway that may be treatable with existing compounds.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.02.2011
Learning Causes Structural Changes In Affected Neurons
When a laboratory rat learns how to reach for and grab a food pellet - a pretty complex and unnatural act for a rodent - the acquired knowledge significantly alters the structure of the specific brain cells involved, which sprout a whopping 22 percent more dendritic spines connecting them to other motor neurons.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.02.2011
Bacteria in the gut may influence brain development
Bacteria in the gut may influence brain development
A team of scientists from across the globe have found that gut bacteria may influence mammalian brain development and adult behavior. The study is published in the scientific journal PNAS, and is the result of an ongoing collaboration between scientists at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and the Genome Institute of Singapore.

Health - 31.01.2011
Timing of hormone therapy influences breast cancer risk
Timing of hormone therapy influences breast cancer risk
Health 31 Jan 11 Women starting hormone therapy at the time of menopause have a greater risk of breast cancer than those starting therapy later, an Oxford University study has found. The results, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute , add to our picture of how the balance of risks and benefits of hormone therapy vary for individual women.

Health - Economics / Business - 31.01.2011
Morning after pill linked to increase in STIs, study shows
Morning after pill linked to increase in STIs, study shows
PA 33/11 Offering the morning after pill free over the counter has not reduced the number of teenage pregnancies and may be associated with a rise in sexually-transmitted diseases (STIs), according to a report by experts at The University of Nottingham. Professors David Paton and Sourafel Girma used local health authority data to study the impact that the introduction of Government-backed schemes to offer emergency birth control at pharmacies and without prescription have had on conception rates and the diagnosis of STIs among under-18s.