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Health - 19.05.2010
New technique enables drugs tests via exhaled breath
A new study from Karolinska Institutet presents a new technique that makes drug testing possible through exhaled air for the first time. By examining people who had received emergency care for an amphetamine overdose, the researchers found that in all cases there were traces of amphetamine and metamphetamine in the exhaled breath.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.05.2010
Antibiotics have significant resistance effects on individual patients in primary care
Antibiotics have significant resistance effects on individual patients in primary care
Antibiotics prescribed in primary care make a considerable contribution to the problem of antimicrobial resistance, both in individual patients and the population as a whole, according to research from the University of Bristol published in this week's BMJ. Globally, primary care is responsible for the majority of human antibiotic use.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.05.2010
Birds and mammals share a common brain circuit for learning
Birds and mammals share a common brain circuit for learning
Stanford team wins $200,000 MIT Clean Energy Prize with revolutionary electrode design to improve solar panel performance CAMBRIDGE, Mass. Bird song learning is a model system for studying the general principles of learning, but attempts to draw parallels between learning in birds and mammals have been difficult because of anatomical brain differences between the two species.

Health - Psychology - 18.05.2010
Creativity linked to mental health
Creativity linked to mental health
New research shows a possible explanation for the link between mental health and creativity. By studying receptors in the brain, researchers at Karolinska Institutet have managed to show that the dopamine system in healthy, highly creative people is similar in some respects to that seen in people with schizophrenia.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.05.2010
Genetics of children's brain tumour unlocked
Genetics of children’s brain tumour unlocked
PA111/10 Researchers have identified an important cancer gene that could lead to more effective drugs being developed to fight paediatric high grade glioma, a disease which currently has a poor prognosis. The discovery, published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology , was one of a number of significant genetic differences found between the adult and youth form of the disease.

Health - 17.05.2010
Drug test offers hope for Hep C patients
Scientists at the University have developed a laboratory technique that allows hepatitis C drugs to be tested for effectiveness on a particular individual before they are prescribed. It will also help to monitor whether and when the virus becomes resistant to drugs and provide the means to evaluate the effectiveness of switching to other antiviral medicines.

Health - Chemistry - 13.05.2010
Tissue engineers create a new way to assemble artificial tissues
Tissue engineers create a new way to assemble artificial tissues
Stanford team wins $200,000 MIT Clean Energy Prize with revolutionary electrode design to improve solar panel performance Researchers at the MIT-Harvard Division of Health Sciences and Technology built this tubular tissue by encasing cells in polymer "bricks" and attaching them to a tube-shaped template.

Health - 13.05.2010
Virtual reality illusions: the medical and scientific benefits
Virtual reality illusions: the medical and scientific benefits
Is it possible to have the illusion that your body has changed radically, or that a different body is your body? Mel Slater, Professor of Virtual Environments at UCL Computer Science, describes the findings and scientific applications of research he has conducted into the phenomenon of 'body transfer' in virtual reality, published today in PLoS ONE .

Health - 12.05.2010
UCL study: Overtime 'bad for your heart'
UCL study: Overtime ’bad for your heart’
Working overtime is bad for the heart according to the results from a long-running UCL-led study of more than 10,000 civil servants in London. The research, published online today in the European Heart Journal , found that, compared with people who did not work overtime, people who worked three or more hours longer than a normal, seven-hour day had a 60% higher risk of heart-related problems such as death due to heart disease, non-fatal heart attacks and angina.

Health - Chemistry - 12.05.2010
UCL team finds new ways to improve cervical cancer screening
UCL team finds new ways to improve cervical cancer screening
The research, led by Dr Daniel Ndisang (UCL Institute of Child Health) and made possible by funding from the Association for International Research (AICR), could significantly reduce the death rate from the devastating disease. Cervical cancer accounts for about one in 10 female cancer deaths worldwide each year.

Health - 12.05.2010
Study shows dental link with diabetes
Researchers have found that reducing inflammation of the gums in people with diabetes can help lower the risk of serious complications associated with the condition, such as eye problems and heart disease. The study - led by the University - analysed the findings of previous research into the link between diabetes and serious gum disease - known as periodontal disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.05.2010
New hope for better treatment for a rising cancer
New hope for better treatment for a rising cancer
PA 109/10 Poor diet, too much alcohol, smoking and increasing obesity could be leading to an epidemic of oesophageal and upper stomach cancer, according to a leading UK team of specialists at The University of Nottingham and Nottingham University Hospitals. The Nottingham Gastro-Oesophageal Cancer Research Group has been carrying out intensive research over the past five years to try to improve the treatment of this cancer.

Health - Psychology - 11.05.2010
Words to the Wise: Experts Define Wisdom
Survey identifies central, unifying characteristics - and how wisdom differs from other traits May 07, 2010 By Scott LaFee Knowledge. Compassion. Forgiveness. Empathy. These words would seem to describe at least some of the universal traits attributed to wisdom, each of them broadly recognized and valued.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.05.2010
Gates foundation awards $100,000 grants for novel global health research
BERKELEY — Two University of California, Berkeley, scientists each will receive a $100,000 Grand Challenges Explorations grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to explore innovative research that could impact global health.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.05.2010
New understanding of dengue fever could help with vaccine
New understanding of dengue fever could help with vaccine
Study shows that some of the human immune system's defences against the virus that causes dengue fever actually help the virus to infect more cells - News Release Under STRICT EMBARGO for 14. U.S. Eastern Time / 19. UK Time Thursday 6 May 2010 Some of the human immune system's defences against the virus that causes dengue fever actually help the virus to infect more cells, according to new research published today in the journal Science .

Life Sciences - Health - 06.05.2010
Biologists discover extra layer of protection for bacterial spores
Biologists discover extra layer of protection for bacterial spores
A spore from the bacterium Bacillus subtilis reveals bands, or protective coats, surrounding the spore's center. The outermost dark layer is a previously undetected extra coating of protection, which biologists have labeled the "spore crust." The discovery of this additional veneer offers insights into the resistance of bacterial spores.

Health - Social Sciences - 06.05.2010
Violent teenage girls fail to spot anger or disgust in others' faces
Violent teenage girls fail to spot anger or disgust in others’ faces
Girls appear to be "protected" from showing antisocial behaviour until their teenage years, new research from the University of Cambridge has found. The study sheds new light on antisocial behaviour in girls compared with boys and suggests that rather than violence or antisocial behaviour simply reflecting bad choices, the brains of people with antisocial behaviour may work differently from those who behave normally.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 05.05.2010
Obesity epidemic may be flattening out - but no time for complacency say experts
Obesity epidemic may be flattening out - but no time for complacency say experts
The prevalence of childhood obesity might be stabilising in developed countries, but there is still much to be done to combat this major threat to health, according to a Seminar published on Online First and in an upcoming issue of The Lancet. In 2010, more than 40 per cent of children in the North American and eastern Mediterranean World Health Organisation (WHO) regions, 38 per cent in Europe, 27 per cent in the western Pacific and 22 per cent in southeast Asia are predicted to be overweight or obese.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.05.2010
Bone marrow stem cells in MS show promise
Bone marrow stem cells in MS show promise
A groundbreaking trial to test bone marrow stem cell therapy with a small group of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has been shown to have possible benefits for the treatment of the disease. Bone marrow stem cells have been shown in several experimental studies to have beneficial effects in disease models of MS.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.05.2010
New insights into the mystery of natural HIV immunity
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. When people become infected by HIV, it's usually only a matter of time, barring drug intervention, until they develop full-blown AIDS. However, a small number of people exposed to the virus progress very slowly to AIDS ' and some never develop the disease at all. In the late 1990s, researchers showed that a very high percentage of those naturally HIV-immune people, who represent about one in 200 infected individuals, carry a gene called HLA B57.