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Health - 25.01.2024
New report reveals impact of social sciences and humanities research
How do you assess the real-world impact of the social sciences and humanities? A team of researchers at the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science (LCDS) delved into around 4,000 Research Excellence Framework 2021 (REF) Impact Case Studies to reveal the impact of social sciences and humanities research.

Health - Pharmacology - 25.01.2024
Digital pathology cleared for use in cancer screening programmes
New research funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) has led to the UK government approving the use of digital pathology to help speed up analysis of cancer screening samples. This allows the benefits offered by digital pathology to be used to improve cancer screening particularly in bowel, breast, lung and cervical cancers.

Health - 25.01.2024
Bystander support is crucial for tackling anti-social behaviour
Bystander support is crucial for tackling anti-social behaviour
Confronting poor behaviour cannot be left to a single voice to be effective, shows new research highlighting the importance of bystander intervention. Published on Thursday 25 January 2024 Last updated on Thursday 25 January 2024 Witnesses to anti-social behaviour must speak up to support the lone voices of people who confront it to reduce the risk of such behaviour becoming tolerated in society, according to research from the Universities of Bath, Groningen and Western Australia.

Health - Environment - 25.01.2024
Heavy metals are toxic to ovaries, may lead to earlier menopause
Study: Heavy Metals and Trajectories of Anti-Müllerian Hormone During the Menopausal Transition Middle-aged women with elevated levels of heavy metals are more likely to have depleted ovarian function and egg reserves, which may lead to earlier arrival of menopause and its negative health effects, a new University of Michigan study shows.

Health - Economics - 25.01.2024
Medicaid benefits for pregnant immigrants surpass costs
Study: Covering Undocumented Immigrants: The Effects of a Large Scale Prenatal Care Intervention Providing Medicaid to pregnant undocumented immigrants more than makes up for the initial costs, according to new University of Michigan research. Providing public health insurance coverage to undocumented immigrant women during pregnancy leads to better health care access, improved infant outcomes at birth, and downstream gains in education and economic well-being for those children later in life-all while recouping the initial investments of providing Medicaid coverage, the study shows.

Health - 24.01.2024
Prematurity may later impact cardiovascular and muscular health
A new study suggests being born very preterm may have a significant - but potentially reversible - impact on an adult's health. Adults born very preterm have poorer cardiorespiratory health than those born at term, suggests a new study led by Université de Montréal professors Thuy Mai Luu and Anne-Monique Nuyt, researchers at CHU Sainte-Justine.

Pharmacology - Health - 24.01.2024
Innovative dengue vaccine successfully tested
Innovative dengue vaccine successfully tested
Unisanté (University of Lausanne) has conducted a clinical study on a new type of vaccine that induces cellular immunity to combat dengue fever. The results have just been published in The Lancet eBioMedicine. They are positive and encourage further investigation. This approach is also promising for other diseases.

Health - Computer Science - 24.01.2024
Using AI to empower art therapy patients
DeepThInk tool helps patients express themselves using "AI Brush" Researchers have created a new AI-assisted digital art tool designed to help art therapy patients better express themselves while maintaining the efficacy of the process. The tool, dubbed DeepThInk, was designed by computer science researchers at the University of Waterloo and the Southern University of Science and Technology in collaboration with art therapists.

Health - 24.01.2024
Veterinary researchers develop new method to combat malaria
Veterinary researchers develop new method to combat malaria
Malaria continues to infect more than 200 million people a year, of which a part of them, mostly children, die from the disease. Over the years, methods have been developed against this disease, from simple but efficient mosquito nets to promising vaccines, however, a definitive solution has not yet been found, so research is still necessary.

Health - Materials Science - 24.01.2024
New Wearable Sensor Accurately Tracks Tiny Changes in the Breath Process
"Our sensor is like a highly accurate microphone for your breath. It can pick up on the tiniest changes in airflow, providing valuable physiological information on an individual, for example related to their cardiac, neurological and pulmonary conditions as well as certain types of illness. " Manchester scientists have developed a new type of wearable sensor that can precisely track your breath, even the slightest changes in the exhaling and inhaling processes.

Health - 24.01.2024
Ultrasounds can help predict the risk of preterm births, new research shows 
Researchers have developed a way to use ultrasound to predict whether a pregnant person is at risk of delivering a baby prematurely, which occurs in upward of 10% of pregnancies in the U.S. The new method - the result of more than 20 years of collaboration between researchers in nursing and engineering at University of Illinois Chicago and University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign - measures microstructural changes in a woman's cervix using quantitative ultrasound.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.01.2024
Bacteria in the syphilis family were present in America at least a thousand years before the arrival of Christopher Columbus
Bacteria in the syphilis family were present in America at least a thousand years before the arrival of Christopher Columbus
A new study reveals that bacteria in the syphilis family were present in America at least a thousand years before the arrival of Christopher Columbus One of the greatest mysteries in the history of epidemics is whether or not syphilis was introduced into Europe after Columbus- first voyage to the Americas.

Health - 24.01.2024
Warning label on unhealthy food drives up price
As of January 1, 2024, the Nutri-Score has been introduced in the Netherlands as the official food choice logo. Consumers can thus see how (un)healthy a product is. Marketing researcher Max Pachali did research on the prices of unhealthy products with a warning label and saw that most products with such a warning became more expensive.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.01.2024
Tiny hitchhikers: scientists uncover new ’mini-satellites’ in sea bacteria
In an unseen process playing out in the deep, miniature elements of DNA are quietly outsmarting viruses. Microbiologists led by Université de Montréal biologist Frédérique Le Roux have made an underwater breakthrough, discovering what they're calling "mini satellites" in sea bacteria. These tiny genetic elements, known as phage-inducible chromosomal minimalist islands (PICMIs), are changing the way scientists think about life in the ocean.

Health - History / Archeology - 24.01.2024
Syphilis-like diseases were already widespread in America before the arrival of Columbus
Syphilis-like diseases were already widespread in America before the arrival of Columbus
Researchers at the Universities of Basel and Zurich have discovered the genetic material of the pathogen Treponema pallidum in the bones of people who died in Brazil 2,000 years ago. This is the oldest verified discovery of this pathogen thus far, and it proves that humans were suffering from diseases akin to syphilis - known as treponematoses - long before Columbus's discovery of America.

Health - Veterinary - 24.01.2024
New research highlights surprisingly good health characteristics in Shih Tzu dogs in the UK
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has found the most common conditions diagnosed in Shih Tzu dogs in the UK are periodontal disease (inflammation of the gums and tissue around the teeth), anal sac impaction and ear disorders. While the findings suggest that the breed is predisposed to a number of conditions, the overall disorder profile of the Shih Tzu is surprisingly different and better than many other common flat-faced breeds.

Health - Chemistry - 23.01.2024
How the coronavirus defends itself against our immune system
How the coronavirus defends itself against our immune system
Research team identifies protective switch in SARS-CoV-2 virus protein . With over 700 million people infected and almost seven million dead, the global spread of Covid-19 has been the most devastating pandemic of the 21st century to date. Vaccines and medication against the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus have been able to mitigate the course of the disease in many people and contain the pandemic.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.01.2024
Mutating Hepatitis Viruses Make Drug Treatment More Difficult
Mutating Hepatitis Viruses Make Drug Treatment More Difficult
A combination therapy with multiple drugs is more effective than just one active compound. To begin with, at least. Hepatitis E affects over 20 million people worldwide. It clears up without any consequences in most cases, but it can pose a risk to pregnant women and immunocompromised patients. There are no specific active substances against the virus.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.01.2024
New therapeutic approach for the treatment of sarcoidosis
A research team led by Georg Stary (Medical University of Vienna and CeMM) has identified a new approach to treating the inflammatory disease sarcoidosis. In a clinical study, the inhibition of a specific signaling pathway showed clear success in the treatment of granulomas in the skin. This opens up new therapeutic paths for sarcoidosis and similar inflammatory diseases.

Health - 23.01.2024
New website helps make eHealth tools usable for all
EHealth tools can offer a solution to the glaring shortage of healthcare personnel. But not everyone has the technical skills to get started with these tools. That is why PhD candidates Jasper Faber and Isra Al-Dhahir have developed a website for eHealth tool developers to get practical information on building such a tool, with the aim of closing the growing health gap.
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