Results 21 - 40 of 20102.

Health - Psychology - 10.05.2024
Talk therapy can improve quality of life for people with MND
Psychological therapy can significantly improve quality of life for people living with motor neuron disease (MND) when delivered alongside usual care, finds a study led by UCL and University of Sheffield researchers. The largest-ever trial of a psychological intervention for patients with the debilitating neurological condition, published in The Lancet, found that Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) improves overall quality of life, when integrated alongside existing care.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.05.2024
Analysis reveals new insights into global surge of Strep A infections
New analysis has revealed more about the origins of the main bacterial strain involved in an increase in lethal cases. Strep A (Group A Streptococcus) is a common type of bacteria that typically causes throat infections and scarlet fever. While most infections are mild, in rare cases Strep A can cause invasive infections which can be fatal.

Pharmacology - Health - 09.05.2024
New drug for sepsis
A new drug could prevent sepsis-related organ failure and death by restoring the health of a patient's blood vessels. Researchers from The University of Queensland and the Queensland Children's Hospital (QCH) have successfully tested the first-in-class drug in mice. Dr Mark Coulthard from UQ and the QCH 's Paediatric Intensive Care Unit said results from pre-clinical testing using human blood samples were also promising.

Health - Psychology - 09.05.2024
Children sleep problems associated with psychosis in young adults
Children who experience chronic lack of sleep from infancy may be at increased risk of developing psychosis in early adulthood, new research shows. Researchers at the University of Birmingham examined information on nighttime sleep duration from a large cohort study of children aged between 6 months and 7 years old.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.05.2024
New treatment could reverse hair loss caused by an autoimmune skin disease
New treatment could reverse hair loss caused by an autoimmune skin disease
A microneedle patch that delivers immune-regulating molecules can teach T cells not to attack hair follicles, helping hair to regrow. Researchers at MIT, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School have developed a potential new treatment for alopecia areata, an autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss and affects people of all'ages, including children.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.05.2024
’Wraparound’ implants represent new approach to treating spinal cord injuries
A tiny, flexible electronic device that wraps around the spinal cord could represent a new approach to the treatment of spinal injuries, which can cause profound disability and paralysis. Because of recent advances in both engineering and neurosurgery, the planets have aligned and we've made major progress in this important area George Malliaras A team of engineers, neuroscientists and surgeons from the University of Cambridge developed the devices and used them to record the nerve signals going back and forth between the brain and the spinal cord.

Health - 08.05.2024
Frequent salting of food increases the risk of stomach cancer
In Asian countries, where high-salt foods are popular, the link between high salt consumption and stomach cancer has already been proven. A long-term study by MedUni Vienna has now shown for the first time that this risk is also reflected in the cancer statistics in Europe. As the analysis recently published in the specialist journal "Gastric Cancer" shows, people who frequently add salt to their food are around 40 per cent more likely to develop stomach cancer than those who do not use the salt shaker at the table.

Health - Psychology - 08.05.2024
How infections influence our social empathy
Researchers at the University Alliance Ruhr have discovered new insights into how acute illness affects empathy. Their study confirms complex relationships between physical well-being and empathy. When people are ill, they feel less empathy for others than when they are healthy. This has been confirmed by a study conducted by Ruhr University Bochum and the University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.05.2024
A third Covid vaccine dose improves defence for some clinically extremely vulnerable patients
A major clinical trial has found that an additional COVID 19 vaccine dose led to the majority of clinically extremely vulnerable people mounting defensive antibodies against Covid-19. New research published in The Lancet Rheumatology from the OCTAVE DUO research trial co-led by the University of Birmingham and University of Glasgow found that vaccine boosters led to improved antibody responses among many groups of immunocompromised and immunosuppressed patients.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.05.2024
ER screening tool can help identify youth at risk of experiencing firearm violence
Study: Association Between the SaFETy Score and Self-reported Firearm Violence Among Young Adults Presenting to Emergency Departments in Three Cities: A Cross-Sectional Study (DOI: 10.7326/M24-0026) Doctors may be better able to identify young adults and youth at risk of firearm violence by implementing a new screening questionnaire, according to a study published by researchers at the University of Michigan.

Health - Social Sciences - 08.05.2024
Researchers hope new report fuels reproductive health care research involving minors
Related story: Abortion policy is changing every day. Minors are the most vulnerableand the least understood A new report from Youth Reproductive Equity, a national collaborative of researchers and clinicians, outlines a research agenda to examine the impact of the Dobbs decision on minors. The lead author of the report, " Adolescence Post-Dobbs: A Policy-Driven Research Agenda for Minor Adolescents and Abortion - is Julie Maslowsky , associate professor at the University of Michigan School of Nursing and an affiliate of the Population Studies Center at the Institute for Social Research.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.05.2024
Getting to know the enzymes behind cell communication - and tumor growth
In the body, certain enzymes are key to cell communication and their dysfunction can lead to cancer. A new study begins to uncover how they signal and when. In the human body, molecules known as kinases propagate signals within and between cells, relaying signals that allow cells to respond to changes in the environment.

Health - Innovation - 07.05.2024
Research meets sightseeing: reviewing thousands of papers in Utrecht’s historical gems
More than 25 researchers from ten different European countries will join Utrecht's first Screenathon, taking place from May 14 to May 17 . At several beautiful, historical sites in Utrecht's city centre, the researchers together will screen more than 10,000 publications to get insights into research activities from all'over the world relevant to the IMPROVE project.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.05.2024
When the cerebellum becomes active
When the cerebellum becomes active
A new study shows that the cerebellum is involved in processing emotions. This is important to know when caring for people with ataxia. For a long time, the fact that the cerebellum also plays an important role in regulating our emotions - such as when processing fear - has been ignored. Professor Melanie Mark from Ruhr-University Bochum and Professor Dagmar Timmann from the University of Duisburg-Essen are two of the first researchers to provide experimental evidence that the cerebellum contributes towards both the learning and the extinction of conditioned fear responses.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.05.2024
Vulnerability of the placenta to air pollution: what effects on the unborn child’s development?
How does exposure to air pollution affect the proper course of pregnancy and the development of the unborn child' A research team from Inserm and Université Grenoble Alpes investigated the potential effects on placental DNA of exposure to three major airborne pollutants. When comparing the data obtained from around 1 500 pregnant women, it observed that exposure to these pollutants during pregnancy was associated with epigenetic changes liable to alter the development of the foetus, particularly at the metabolic, immune and neurological levels.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.05.2024
Study underscores new strategies to fight drug-resistant bacteria
The team, including McGill Professor Jesse Shapiro, conducted one of the largest genetic studies to analyze the dynamic relationship between cholera bacteria, their bacteriophages and antibiotics Several billion years ago, a genetic arms race began between bacteria and their viral killers. This seemingly eternal struggle continues today, with implications for diseases killing tens of thousands of people around the world each year.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.05.2024
Placental vulnerability to air pollution: what effects on the development of the unborn child?
Placental vulnerability to air pollution: what effects on the development of the unborn child?
How does exposure to air pollution during pregnancy affect the pregnancy and the development of the unborn child? A research team from Inserm and Grenoble Alpes University has investigated how placental DNA is modified by exposure to three major air pollutants. By comparing data obtained from almost 1,500 pregnant women, they were able to observe that exposure to these pollutants during pregnancy was associated with epigenetic modifications likely to alter fetal development, particularly at the metabolic, immune and neurological levels.

Health - 07.05.2024
Health risks of using cannabis are higher in adolescents than in adults - new study finds
Health risks of using cannabis are higher in adolescents than in adults - new study finds
Adolescents appear to be more vulnerable to cannabis use disorder than adults, and it's not because they smoke more or stronger weed. Using cannabis on a regular basis may be significantly more dangerous for adolescents than adults, with adolescents showing higher levels of cannabis use disorder and reporting greater negative impacts on daily functioning than adults, in a new study led by the University of Bath.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.05.2024
Microscopic heart vessels imaged in super-resolution for first time at Imperial
A new imaging technique tested on patients could improve the evaluation of cardiac conditions and undiagnosed chest pain. Researchers from Imperial College London's Department of Bioengineering and Faculty of Medicine worked alongside academics from UCL to produce sub-millimetre resolution images of cardiac micro-vessels.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.05.2024
New vaccine effective against coronaviruses that haven’t even emerged yet
Researchers have developed a new vaccine technology that has been shown in mice to provide protection against a broad range of coronaviruses with potential for future disease outbreaks - including ones we don't even know about Our focus is to create a vaccine that will protect us against the next coronavirus pandemic, and have it ready before the pandemic has even started.