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Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2021
Research briefs: Heartbeats to music, motivation and stress, and COVID-19 vaccines
Health Rhythms of music and heartbeats When you listen to or perform music, you may notice that you move your body in time with the music. You may also synchronise to music in ways that you may not be aware of, such as your heartbeats. Scientists from McGill, led by Caroline Palmer , the Canada Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience of Performance, investigated how musicians' heart rhythms change when they perform familiar and unfamiliar piano melodies at different times of day.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.10.2021
New test improves diagnosis of rare liver disease
New test improves diagnosis of rare liver disease
Polyreactive antibodies as markers for autoimmune hepatitis Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic liver inflammation that is triggered by an immunological malfunction. In this case, the immune system falsely recognises the patient's own liver cells as "foreign to the body". The symptoms of this rare liver disease are unspecific, and the exact cause is not yet known.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.10.2021
Tackling the collateral damage from antibiotics
Tackling the collateral damage from antibiotics
Antibiotics help us to treat bacterial infections and save millions of lives each year. But they can also harm the helpful microbes residing in our gut, weakening one of our body's first lines of defence against pathogens and compromising the multiple beneficial effects our microbiota has for our health.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.10.2021
Study challenges popular jaw surgery technique
Study challenges popular jaw surgery technique
The study set out to investigate the best way of repairing the most common subtype of lower jaw fracture - angle fractures - as unsuccessful jaw trauma and repair can result in serious short and long-term problems for the patient and are a major cause of morbidity, costing millions in hospitalisation annually.

Health - Psychology - 12.10.2021
Ground-breaking trial prevents loneliness among older people during COVID
A simple form of talking therapy, delivered by trained support workers over the telephone, reduced loneliness in older people left isolated during the pandemic, the initial results of a new study has revealed. People were contacted weekly and were encouraged to maintain their social contacts and to stick to a daily schedule, which included both routine and enjoyable activities.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.10.2021
Highly potent antibody against SARS-CoV-2
Highly potent antibody against SARS-CoV-2
Scientists at Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV) and EPFL have discovered a highly potent monoclonal antibody that targets the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and is effective at neutralizing all variants of concern identified to date, including the delta variant. Their findings are published in the prestigious journal Cell Reports.

Social Sciences - Health - 12.10.2021
Older adults across the globe are more willing to help others, but mostly those in the same country
Older adults around the world are more willing to donate to charity than younger people, but will prioritise charitable organisations operating within their own country, new research finds. Older adults also had stronger self-reported preferences for their 'in-group' - people in the same country. They were more likely to report identifying with their country and agreed more strongly with statements such as "My country deserves special treatment".

Health - Campus - 12.10.2021
Older adults are more willing to help others, but mostly those in the same country
Older adults are more willing to help others compared to younger adults but will prioritize those within their own country - particularly when it comes to donating to charity. This group was also more compliant with public health guidelines for physical distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a team of international researchers.

Health - 12.10.2021
Using electronic health records to predict physician departure
Physician turnover is disruptive and costly. It affects patients' continuity of care, strains healthcare organizations, and can take a toll on physicians and their families. By some estimates, each departure can also cost a healthcare facility up to $1 million. A new Yale study published Oct. 12 in JAMA Network Open examined whether electronic health records (EHRs), which aim to improve efficiency in healthcare but also have been associated with physician burnout, can be used to identify physicians at risk of leaving.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.10.2021
A cryptography game-changer for biomedical research at scale
Personalized medicine is set to revolutionize healthcare, yet large-scale research studies towards better diagnoses and targeted therapies are currently hampered by data privacy and security concerns. New global collaborative research has developed a solution to these challenges, described. Predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory medicine, known as P4, is the healthcare of the future.

Health - Economics / Business - 11.10.2021
Federal unemployment money during pandemic boosted health care spending
Emergency federal dollars given to the unemployed during the COVID-19 pandemic bolstered health care spending as jobless rates skyrocketed, a new University of Michigan study found. But the negative consequences of unemployment and moderating effects of federal income support were greatest in states that did not adopt Medicaid expansion.

Health - 11.10.2021
Detecting retinal diseases with advanced AI technology
An international group of researchers has successfully applied AI technology to real-world retinal imagery to detect possible diseases more accurately and on a larger scale. Retinal examinations can detect a number of diseases that affect the eye. Fundus photography is a process of taking photographs of the interior of the eye through the pupil and is a way to screen and monitor such retinal diseases.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.10.2021
Vaccines effective against most SARS-CoV-2 variants
Two of the commonly used coronavirus vaccines provide protection against multiple variants of the virus that causes COVID-19, including the highly infectious Delta variant, a new Yale study has found. The findings, published Oct. 11 , also show that those infected with the virus prior to vaccination exhibit a more robust immune response to all variants than those who were uninfected and fully vaccinated.

Health - 11.10.2021
Moderate carbohydrate intake a cardiovascular benefit for women
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in women. Poor diet is recognised as both an independent CVD risk factor and a contributor to other CVD risk factors, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, and dyslipidaemia. The research found that in middle-aged Australian women, increasing the percentage of carbohydrate intake was significantly associated with reduced odds of CVD, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity.

Health - 09.10.2021
Pandemic linked to rising rates of depressive and anxiety disorders
Pandemic linked to rising rates of depressive and anxiety disorders
Cases of major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders have increased by more than 25 per cent worldwide, according to a world-first study of the impact of COVID-19 on mental health. The research, led by researchers from The University of Queensland's School of Public Health , Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (University of Washington) estimated people living in countries severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic have been most affected, especially women and younger people.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.10.2021
Alzheimer’s and Covid-19 share a genetic risk factor
A gene that impacts the risk of both Alzheimer's disease and severe Covid-19 has been identified by a UCL-led research team. The researchers estimate that one genetic variant of the OAS1 gene increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease by about 3-6% in the population as a whole, while related variants on the same gene increase the likelihood of severe Covid-19 outcomes.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.10.2021
Promising Results for Parkinson’s Disease Treatment
Carnegie Mellon University New protocols extend therapeutic benefits of deep brain stimulation Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University have found a way to make deep brain stimulation (DBS) more precise, resulting in therapeutic effects that outlast what is currently available. The work, led by Aryn Gittis and colleagues in CMU's Gittis Lab , will significantly advance the study of Parkinson's disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.10.2021
Potential benefits of peanut consumption in young and healthy people
Potential benefits of peanut consumption in young and healthy people
A study published in the journal Clinical Nutrition provides new knowledge on the health effects of a diet rich in nuts. According to the study, focused on the consumption of peanuts, the daily intake of products from this nut could have beneficial effects on the cognitive function and stress response in young and healthy individuals.

Health - Environment - 07.10.2021
First Link between Stillbirths, Birth Complications and Excessive Heat in Lower-income Countries
Researchers call for improvements in early-warning systems Scientists at UC San Diego and colleagues have found links between extreme heat and a heightened incidence of stillbirths and preterm births in relatively poor countries. The study , published Oct. 6 in the journal Environment International , is believed to be the first to link the two phenomena in a global context.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.10.2021
Small molecules with a dual function
Small molecules with a dual function
How a small RNA and a small protein regulate the metabolism of cholera bacteria and the production of the cholera toxin The human gut is a multi-species habitat that can control our health and well-being. Bacteria, viruses and microbial fungi are part of this complex microbial community and help us with our digestion and immune defense.