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Health - Physics - 07.10.2021
Smart slides help detect cancer
Smart slides help detect cancer
Australian researchers have created 'smart' microscope slides that can detect breast cancer cells. The innovative tech, NanoMSlide modifies microscope slides at the nanoscale and has been developed by researchers at La Trobe University. Now the team and their partners, including researchers from ANU, have proved it works, with their new study showing how the slides use striking colour contrasts to instantly detect disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.10.2021
Signs of Alzheimer’s disease may be detectable before significant symptoms are obvious
Healthy people with a higher genetic risk of Alzheimer's disease may show differences in brain structure and in cognitive test scores relating to reasoning and attention, according to a new study. The University of Glasgow research - published today - suggests that, although the association between these differences in people with a higher genetic risk of Alzheimer's disease were small, the link suggests signs of the devastating disease may be detectable before significant symptoms are obvious.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.10.2021
Financial rewards lead to higher vaccination uptake
Modest financial rewards can help increase COVID-19 vaccination rates. This is the conclusion of an international study co-lead by Swiss universities, based on data from Sweden. Despite countless appeals from politicians and scientists, stagnating vaccination rates hamper the containment of coronavirus.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.10.2021
Potential cognitive benefits of major Alzheimer's risk gene
Potential cognitive benefits of major Alzheimer’s risk gene
A well-known gene that increases Alzheimer's risk, called APOE4, has now been linked with better visual working memory in older adults, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. Joint senior author Professor Jonathan Schott (Dementia Research Centre, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology) said: "We have long known that possession of an APOE4 risk gene increases risk for Alzheimer's disease, but the exact mechanism by which it does so remains uncertain.

Health - Social Sciences - 06.10.2021
Simple, low cost tests could help China’s battle to identify COPD sufferers
Researchers working with primary care patients in China have discovered that a simple questionnaire and airflow measurement test could identify adults suffering with undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a new study funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) reveals.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.10.2021
Implantable tech could be a game-changer for heart patients
Implantable heart technology is being used in Manchester to assess when a patient is at high risk of dying, thanks to University of Manchester and Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust -led research. The implantable pacemakers and defibrillators contain multiple sensors that allow continuous monitoring of a patient's heart health, 24 hours a day.

Social Sciences - Health - 06.10.2021
Mindfulness meditation helps preterm-born adolescents
Mindfulness meditation helps preterm-born adolescents
The practice of mindfulness shows a positive impact of the intervention on the adolescents' everyday life and on their ability to react to new events. Adolescents born prematurely present a high risk of developing executive, behavioural and socio-emotional difficulties. Now, researchers from Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) and the University of Geneva have revealed that practicing mindfulness may help improve these various skills.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.10.2021
Study maps major circuit in the mouse brain
A UCLA study using mice reveals new insights into the wiring of a major circuit in the brain that is attacked by Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases. The findings could hone scientists' understanding of how diseases arise in the human brain and pinpoint new targets for treatment. Published today in Nature, the research is part of a package of 17 articles by the BRAIN Initiative Cell Census Network.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.10.2021
Cell 'Fingerprinting' Could Yield Long-Awaited Alzheimer's Disease Diagnostic
Cell ’Fingerprinting’ Could Yield Long-Awaited Alzheimer’s Disease Diagnostic
New process combining infrared light and machine learning shows potential to break barriers in disease detection A  technology developed by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ÜBerkeley Lab) shows great promise for diagnosing Alzheimer's disease before symptoms arise, potentially changing the course of research and treatment for this condition, which affects millions of people worldwide and is estimated to be the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.10.2021
KU Leuven develops very potent antiviral against dengue
KU Leuven develops very potent antiviral against dengue
Researchers at the KU Leuven Rega Institute and CD3 have developed an ultrapotent inhibitor of the dengue virus, which causes the tropical disease known as dengue.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.10.2021
War in the gut: How human microbiota resist the cholera bacterium
War in the gut: How human microbiota resist the cholera bacterium
Bacteria in the human gut go to war in order to protect themselves against attacks of the "spear-wielding" cholera bacterium Vibrio cholerae or other pathogens, an EPFL study has found. Image: V. cholerae's growth and competition on natural surfaces (left). The framed area is zoomed-in on the right and shows the killing of a bacterium (indicated by the red arrow) by the two V. cholerae cells.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.10.2021
Video games can have similar health benefits to jogging
Video games can have similar health benefits to jogging
Active video games could be a motivating way for Type 1 diabetics to keep active and help manage their condition. Last updated on Wednesday 6 October 2021 Active video games have similar positive health effects on the body as traditional exercises, such as jogging on a treadmill, according to a new study.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.10.2021
Neuroscientists roll out first comprehensive atlas of brain cells
Brain slice from a transgenic mouse, in which genetically defined neurons in the cerebral cortex are labeled with a red fluorescent reporter gene. (Image by Tanya Daigle, courtesy of the Allen Institute) When you clicked to read this story, a band of cells across the top of your brain sent signals down your spine and out to your hand to tell the muscles in your index finger to press down with just the right amount of pressure to activate your mouse or track pad.

Health - 05.10.2021
One in seven patients miss cancer surgery during COVID lockdowns - study
One in seven patients miss cancer surgery during COVID lockdowns - study
One in seven cancer patients around the world have missed out on potentially life-saving operations during COVID-19 lockdowns, a new study reveals. Planned cancer surgery was affected by lockdowns regardless of the local COVID-19 rates at that time, with patients in lower income countries at highest risk of missing their surgery.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.10.2021
Campaign could reduce risk of UK opioid ’epidemic’
A campaign that urged GPs to 'think-twice' before putting a patient on opioid medicines is effective in reducing opioid prescribing in primary care, according to the findings of a major study by researchers from the University of Leeds, the University of Manchester and NHS Bradford Districts Clinical Commissioning Group, West Yorkshire.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.10.2021
Simultaneous optical and electrical tracking of heart activity
Simultaneous optical and electrical tracking of heart activity
It is still elusive to what extent interactions between different cell types of the heart influence the normal heart rhythm and possibly trigger life-threatening arrhythmias. A new measurement method developed at the University of Bern combines for the first time optical and electrical recording of cardiac ventricular activation which, in conjunction with optogenetics, will permit finding comprehensive answers to these questions.

Health - Physics - 05.10.2021
Next-generation camera can better locate tumors
Next-generation camera can better locate tumors
Scientists at EPFL and Dartmouth College in the US have developed a system that can, for the first time, both pinpoint the exact location of a tumor and measure its depth. Their technology employs a high-tech camera developed at EPFL's Advanced Quantum Architecture Laboratory. A few years ago, Edoardo Charbon, an EPFL professor and head of the Advanced Quantum Architecture Laboratory, unveiled a new, ultra-high-power camera called SwissSPAD2.

Health - Pharmacology - 05.10.2021
'Mother of all cannabinoids': anti-seizure compounds found in cannabis
’Mother of all cannabinoids’: anti-seizure compounds found in cannabis
The team at the Lambert Initiative for Cannabinoid Therapeutics is focused on developing a better cannabis-based treatment for Dravet syndrome, an intractable form of childhood epilepsy. Research from pharmacologists at the University of Sydney provides new insights into how cannabis extracts may work to treat epilepsy.

Health - Pharmacology - 05.10.2021
MRNA COVID vaccines highly effective at preventing symptomatic infection in health workers
COVID-19 are highly effective in preventing symptomatic illness among health care workers in real-world settings. The study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that health care personnel who received a two-dose regimen of Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine had an 89% lower risk for symptomatic illness than those who were unvaccinated.

Health - 05.10.2021
Worm mothers provide milk for their young
As worm mothers age, they secrete a milk-like fluid through their vulva that is consumed by their offspring and supports their growth, according to a new study led by UCL researchers. Scientists say the discovery, published , shows both a selfless and sacrificial act, and helps to explain a number of mysteries about the biology of ageing in the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans , widely studied to understand how organisms age.