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Life Sciences - Health - 11.07.2024
New discovery hope for people with neurodevelopment disorders
A global collaboration involving University of Manchester scientists has discovered the gene whose variants potentially causing neurodevelopmental disorders in hundreds of thousands of people across the world. The findings of the University of Oxford led study, published in Nature , are an exciting first step towards the development of future treatments for the disorders which have devastating impacts on learning, behaviour, speech, and movement.

Health - Innovation - 11.07.2024
Advanced technology could give us ’personalised’ hip replacements
'Personalised' hip replacement surgery might be just what the doctor ordered for people with hip arthritis - according to new research. Using advanced technology from other industries such as automotive and manufacturing, researchers are driving medical advancement. The result is tailored hip replacements, as each person moves their hips in slightly different ways.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.07.2024
Discovery of a mechanism for bacterial adaptation to certain antibiotics
Discovery of a mechanism for bacterial adaptation to certain antibiotics
Researchers from the Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla- IBiS, the University of Seville and the Virgen Macarena University Hospital publish a study that explores in depth the mechanisms that block the development of resistance in bacteria.

Health - Physics - 11.07.2024
Unique scanner developed for planning proton therapy against cancer
A collaboration led by Enrique Nácher, from the Institute of Corpuscular Physics (IFIC), has developed the first fully Spanish proton tomography scanner. The device reuses prototypes from other nuclear physics projects and has been tested at a proton therapy centre in Poland. The first results of this project, developed in collaboration with the Institute of Structure of Matter (IEM-CSIC) and the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), have been published in The European Physical Journal Plus.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.07.2024
’ChatGPT’ for biomedical simulations
The artificial intelligence (AI) model GPT-4, known from its application in ChatGPT, shows impressive capabilities in biomedical research and can be used in many ways for simulations. A simulator developed at MedUni Vienna and based on GPT-4 shows increased accuracy in classifying the importance of genes in cancer cells, as well as in the prognosis of cancer patients.

Health - Computer Science - 11.07.2024
COVID-19 phone apps shown to provide real-time information on the spread of infectious diseases
Researchers analysing data from mobile phone apps used during the COVID-19 pandemic found that digital contact tracing provides rich insights into epidemic dynamics with unprecedented resolution and speed, revealing how transmission varied by day of the week, gatherings during the 2021 Christmas period, and the UEFA Euro football tournament in July 2021.

Health - Economics - 11.07.2024
Better food policies needed to combat obesity and overnutrition in South Asia
New research highlights an urgent need for more effective food policies to address rising levels of obesity in South Asia. Better food labelling, healthier school meals, and taxes on unhealthy foods are needed to address the rising health impacts of 'overnutrition' in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, according to a new comparative analysis led by Imperial College Business School.

Computer Science - Health - 11.07.2024
When to trust an AI model
More accurate uncertainty estimates could help users decide about how and when to use machine-learning models in the real world. Because machine-learning models can give false predictions, researchers often equip them with the ability to tell a user how confident they are about a certain decision. This is especially important in high-stake settings, such as when models are used to help identify disease in medical images or filter job applications.

Environment - Health - 11.07.2024
Health risks in switching ships from diesel to ammonia fuel
Ammonia could be a nearly carbon-free maritime fuel, but without new emissions regulations, its impact on air quality could significantly impact human health. As container ships the size of city blocks cross the oceans to deliver cargo, their huge diesel engines emit large quantities of air pollutants that drive climate change and have human health impacts.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.07.2024
Cancer experts outline critical challenges facing the new UK Government
Leading doctors and researchers have warned critical challenges in cancer care in the UK need to be urgently addressed by policymakers. In a review published in The Lancet Oncology , a team of UK cancer care professionals has outlined ten time-critical issues impacting the delivery of cancer care services by the NHS.

Health - 10.07.2024
Loneliness increases risk of age-related memory loss
Loneliness increases risk of age-related memory loss
About a third of Canadians feel lonely, and a study from the University of Waterloo shows it has a greater negative impact on memory than even social isolation, though both present a significant risk to the aging population. Loneliness is a subjective emotion that people might feel even while engaging in social activities.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.07.2024
Discovery of a new defence mechanism in bacteria
Discovery of a new defence mechanism in bacteria
When confronted with an antibiotic, toxic substance, or other source of considerable stress, bacteria are able to activate a defence mechanism using cell-to-cell communication to 'warn' unaffected bacteria, which can then anticipate, shield themselves and spread the warning signal. This mechanism 1 has just been described for the first time by a team of scientists 2 from CNRS and Université de Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.07.2024
Why aortic aneurysms occur at the vascular arch or in the abdominal section
Why aortic aneurysms occur at the vascular arch or in the abdominal section
The usual sites where vascular bulges form are predestined for this from the outset, even in healthy people. This is shown by a study conducted by the Bochum and Bonn medical departments. If a vascular aneurysm bursts in the aorta, it poses an acute danger to life. These so-called aortic aneurysms typically form in the same places on the large blood vessel: either on the upper arch or in the abdominal cavity.

Health - 10.07.2024
Coronary bypass grafts fail more frequently in women than in men
An international study in which MedUni Vienna played a key role has shown that women are more likely to experience bypass graft failure after coronary bypass surgery than men, which increases their risk of heart attack. The research recently published in the prestigious "Journal of the American College of Cardiology" is the most comprehensive scientific evaluation of bypass graft failure in women to date and emphasises the need for sex-specific treatment measures.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.07.2024
A valve made from human collagen opens up new avenues for the treatment of a paediatric heart disease
MRI image showing the reconstructed pulmonary valve (circled in red) that is closing perfectly 7 days after implantation. Fabien Kawecki/Inserm Researchers from Inserm have developed a pulmonary valve using human collagen. A device that could ultimately be a game-changer in the treatment of paediatric heart diseases, such as tetralogy of Fallot.

Health - Campus - 10.07.2024
Systemic sclerosis is on the rise in Quebec, especially in children
McGill Alert . The downtown campus will partially reopen on Thursday, July 11. https://www.mcgill.ca/campussafety/emergency-management/updates Alerte de McGill . Le campus du centre-ville rouvrira partiellement le jeudi 11 juillet.

Health - 10.07.2024
Early detection of vision loss in age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
Early detection of vision loss in age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
New research by the University Hospital Bonn (UKB) in cooperation with the University of Bonn has shown for the first time that certain early changes in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) can lead to a measurable local loss of vision. This discovery could help to improve the treatment and monitoring of this eye disease in older patients, which otherwise slowly leads to central blindness, and to test new therapies.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.07.2024
Exercise brain boost can last for years
Exercise brain boost can last for years
A longitudinal study by University of Queensland researchers has found high-intensity interval exercise improves brain function in older adults for up to 5 years. Emeritus Professor Perry Bartlett Dr Daniel Blackmore from UQ's Queensland Brain Institute led the study in which volunteers did physical exercise and had brain scans.

Health - 10.07.2024
Second-hand vaping exposure very low compared to second-hand smoking
Second-hand vaping exposure very low compared to second-hand smoking
Children exposed to vaping indoors absorb less than one seventh the amount of nicotine as children who are exposed to indoor smoking, but more than those exposed to neither, according to a new study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in JAMA Network Open and funded by Cancer Research UK, looked at blood tests and survey data for 1,777 children aged three to 11 in the United States.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.07.2024
Researchers study differences in attitudes toward Covid-19 vaccines between women and men in Africa
While women and men self-reported similar vaccination rates, unvaccinated women had less intention to get vaccinated than men. While many studies over the past several years have examined people's access to and attitudes toward Covid-19 vaccines, few studies in sub-Saharan Africa have looked at whether there were differences in vaccination rates and intention between men and women.