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Life Sciences - Health - 31.05.2024
Clone of Comment: The long history of weaponising law against Jews
Clone of Comment: The long history of weaponising law against Jews
Dr Eleftheria Kodosaki (UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology) examines new evidence in The Conversation that suggests brain clearance is actually lower during sleep, contrary to the belief that the brain gets rid of more toxic waste when we're asleep than when we're awake. There's no doubt sleep is good for the brain.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.05.2024
Too much or too little: the impact of protein dosage on development
Too much or too little: the impact of protein dosage on development
A recent study carried out at the University of Lausanne reveals that both excess and deficiency of the same protein can lead to severe intellectual impairment. The discovery opens up vital prospects for the early diagnosis of a rare developmental disorder. A team of scientists led by Alexandre Reymond, an expert in human genetics at the Centre intégratif de génomique (CIG) and Professor at the Faculty of Biology and Medicine (FBM) at the University of Lausanne (UNIL), has produced a major breakthrough in the detection of a rare genetic disease.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.05.2024
New immunotherapy could treat cancer in the bone
A new type of immunotherapy, developed by UCL researchers, has shown promising preclinical results against a bone cancer called osteosarcoma, as part of a study in mice. Osteosarcoma is the most common bone cancer in teenagers but is still relatively rare, with around 160 new cases each year in the UK.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.05.2024
Stem cells boosted with glucose to combat osteoarthritis
Scientists from the University of Geneva have discovered how to increase the lifespan of stem cells injected into cartilage to facilitate the regeneration of tissue damaged by osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative disease of the cartilage that affects the majority of the elderly population, seriously compromises patients' quality of life.

Health - Computer Science - 30.05.2024
Fake tumors, real results
Fake tumors, real results
Johns Hopkins researchers create artificial tumors to help AI detect early-stage cancer The Hopkins-led team demonstrated that an AI model trained solely on synthetic tumor data works as well as models trained on real tumors A Johns Hopkins University-led research team has designed a method to generate enormous datasets of artificial, automatically annotated liver tumors on CT scans, enabling artificial intelligence models to be trained to accurately identify real tumors without human help.

Health - 30.05.2024
Pill-sized imaging capsule could help catch esophageal cancer sooner
Pill-sized imaging capsule could help catch esophageal cancer sooner
Johns Hopkins researchers develop a "one-stop shop" capsule for diagnosing and treating Barrett's esophagus, a condition known to be a precursor to esophageal cancer A Johns Hopkins University-led research team has developed a pill-sized capsule that, when swallowed by a patient, can diagnose, monitor, and treat gastrointestinal diseases including Barrett's esophagus, a condition known to be a precursor to esophageal cancer.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.05.2024
Deep stimulation of the human brain: a new non-invasive technique EPFL-UCLouvain
Scientists at EPFL (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne), led by Prof. Friedhelm C. Hummel and post-doctoral fellow Pierre Vassiliadis (EPFL and UCLouvain Institute of Neuroscience), have successfully tested a new technique enabling deep stimulation of the human brain, without surgery or implants, for potential therapeutic purposes.

Environment - Health - 29.05.2024
Health risk from global warming predictor of city climate action during COVID-19
Health risk from global warming predictor of city climate action during COVID-19
City officials were more likely to maintain climate action during the pandemic in places with more climate-related health issues affecting residents. Cities around the world were more likely to maintain climate action and enact 'green recovery' long-term plans after the pandemic if local decision-makers were more alert to the health risks of climate change, a new global study has shown.

Health - Microtechnics - 29.05.2024
How autonomous ultrasound can make everyday medical work easier
How autonomous ultrasound can make everyday medical work easier
Diagnostic support with artificial intelligence and robotics Prof. Nassir Navab from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) uses robotic ultrasound systems that perform routine examinations autonomously and support doctors in the operating theater. His research shows that these systems can make everyday life easier for doctors.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.05.2024
More cases of advanced breast cancer since COVID-19
More cases of advanced breast cancer since COVID-19
An increase in cases of advanced breast cancer has been linked to breast screening service shutdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic,  a new study from The Australian National University (ANU) shows. Researchers from the ANU Clinical School, which is based at Sydney Adventist Hospital ("The San"), studied patients with breast cancer diagnosed between July 2019 and June 2022.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.05.2024
New research from the RVC unlocks the key to hummingbird flight
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC), UCLA and the University of British Columbia has found that hummingbirds create a 3D map of their body, which may enable them to hover and make nuanced adjustments to their flight dynamics based on the smallest of touches and airflow in their environment.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.05.2024
Scientists identify mechanism behind drug resistance in malaria parasite
SMART researchers find a cellular process called transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) modification influences the malaria parasite's ability to develop resistance. Researchers from the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART), in collaboration with MIT, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore (NTU Singapore), have discovered a new link between malaria parasites' ability to develop resistance to the antimalarial artemisinin (ART) through a cellular process called transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) modification.

Health - 29.05.2024
To avoid infection spread, how long a quarantine is sufficient? It depends
To avoid infection spread, how long a quarantine is sufficient? It depends
Yale researchers assessed how long international travelers should be quarantined to prevent COVID-19 infection rise, finding it differed quite a bit by country. In December 2022, China lifted the stringent COVID-19 restrictions it had imposed early in the pandemic, and infections throughout the country rapidly increased.

Environment - Health - 28.05.2024
Food swaps could cut greenhouse gas emissions from groceries by a quarter
Food swaps could cut greenhouse gas emissions from groceries by a quarter
A new study in Australia has shown that shoppers making simple food and drink switches could reduce greenhouse gas emissions from groceries by 26%. Researchers from The George Institute for Global Health and Imperial College London's School of Public Health conducted the most detailed analysis ever on the environmental impacts of a country's food buying behaviour.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.05.2024
How bacteria can influence our behavior
How bacteria can influence our behavior
The gut microbiome influences our decisions in social contexts. This is the conclusion of a study led by Sorbonne Université and INSEAD with the participation of the University of Bonn and the University Hospital Bonn (UKB). The study has been published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Nexus .

Health - Life Sciences - 27.05.2024
Sanfilippo syndrome: Major advancement towards developing a treatment
For the first time, a team co-led by Alexey Pshezhetsky resolved the structure of the enzyme deficient in Sanfilippo disease, a rare pediatric neurodegenerative disorder. For the first time, a team co-led by CHU Sainte-Justine researcher and professor in the Faculty of Medicine at Université de Montréal, Alexey Pshezhetsky has succeeded in resolving the unique structure of the HGSNAT enzyme, a deficiency of which causes Sanfilippo syndrome, a rare pediatric disease affecting the central nervous system.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.05.2024
Multi-purpose mucus
Multi-purpose mucus
What mucins can do in medicine They are in our eyes, on our tongues, and in our stomachs: Protective layers of mucus, a slime consisting primarily of mucins. These are molecules which bind water to form a natural lubricant. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) use them to develop coatings for contact lenses and intubation tubes, healing plasters for use on the tongue and intestines, and much more.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.05.2024
Alzheimer’s disease risk: hyperactivation of memory circuits
By exploring the effects of sport on memory, scientists from the University of Geneva have discovered compensatory mechanisms in the brains of young individuals at genetic risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. The benefits of physical activity on health are widely accepted, and those on cognitive capacity are increasingly well known.

Pharmacology - Health - 27.05.2024
New therapy proven effective against rejection in kidney transplantation
New therapy proven effective against rejection in kidney transplantation
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is one of the most common causes of kidney transplant failure. To date, however, no treatment has proven effective in combating this complication in the long term. As part of an international and multidisciplinary clinical study led by Georg Böhmig and Katharina Mayer, Clinical Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, Department of Medicine III at MedUni Vienna and University Hospital Vienna, a new therapeutic principle in transplant medicine has been found to be both safe and highly effective.

Health - 24.05.2024
Nicotine use rises among young adults in England but cigarette smoking continues to decline
Nicotine use rises among young adults in England but cigarette smoking continues to decline
Overall nicotine use has risen among adults in England since disposable vapes started becoming popular, due to a rapid increase in vaping among young adults coupled with a modest overall decline in smoking, finds a new study by UCL researchers. Importantly, the declines in smoking were most pronounced in age groups with the largest increases in vaping.