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Environment - Innovation - 16.07.2024 - Today
New CMU Tool Monitors Wildlife Conservation in Low-Resource Languages
Activists on the front lines of wildlife conservation routinely monitor news articles for information about infrastructure projects that could threaten at-risk animals. But that monitoring required more staff time than organizations on the ground could spare. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University helped ease this burden by working with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) for Nature to develop a tool that monitors and identifies media articles related to environmental conservation.

Innovation - Social Sciences - 15.07.2024
AI Chatbots have shown they have an ’empathy gap’ that children are likely to miss
New study proposes a framework for "Child Safe AI" following recent incidents which revealed that many children see chatbots as quasi-human and trustworthy. When not designed with children's needs in mind, Artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots have an "empathy gap" that puts young users at particular risk of distress or harm, according to a study.

Computer Science - Innovation - 12.07.2024
AI in Lie Detection: Social Harmony at Risk?
Artificial intelligence can detect lies much better than humans. This also has an impact on social interaction, as a recently published study shows. Humans are bad at recognizing lies. As studies consistently demonstrate, their judgments are barely better than chance. This inability could be one of the reasons why most people refrain from accusing others of dishonesty.

Health - Innovation - 11.07.2024
Advanced technology could give us ’personalised’ hip replacements
'Personalised' hip replacement surgery might be just what the doctor ordered for people with hip arthritis - according to new research. Using advanced technology from other industries such as automotive and manufacturing, researchers are driving medical advancement. The result is tailored hip replacements, as each person moves their hips in slightly different ways.

Physics - Innovation - 10.07.2024
X-Ray Diffraction: Introducing a new era in threat detection
X-Ray Diffraction: Introducing a new era in threat detection
In collaboration with Smiths Detection, CEA-Leti developed an innovative detection module for small-angle X-ray diffraction.

Astronomy / Space - Innovation - 09.07.2024
Lunar soils simulated by AI and immersive technologies to improve autonomous driving of planetary rovers
Researchers Marcos Fernández (left) and Jesús Gimeno in front of one of the lunar soil simulations.

Computer Science - Innovation - 09.07.2024
Navigating the labyrinth: How AI tackles complex data sampling
Navigating the labyrinth: How AI tackles complex data sampling
Researchers at EPFL have made a breakthrough in understanding how neural network-based generative models perform against traditional data sampling techniques in complex systems, unveiling both challenges and opportunities for AI's future in data generation. The world of artificial intelligence (AI) has recently seen significant advancements in generative models, a type of machine-learning algorithms that "learn" patterns from set of data in order to generate new, similar sets of data.

Innovation - Computer Science - 05.07.2024
Less highlighting may mean more learning
Less highlighting may mean more learning
If you scroll through the average student's digital textbook or reading, you will probably see multi-coloured streaks scattered everywhere. However, new research reveals that excessive highlighting may do more harm than good. Researchers at Waterloo excel at creating new technologies, investigating human-technology interactions, and exploring how to mitigate harm.

Environment - Innovation - 04.07.2024
Cutting-edge technology detects nanoplastics in water - instantly
A McGill-led research team has developed the first real-time, on-site technology capable of detecting and deciphering nanoplastics from all'other particles in water, a capacity akin to being able to find a needle in a haystack within milliseconds. Microplastic pieces are between 1 micrometre and 5 millimetres, roughly equivalent to a grain of rice.

Psychology - Innovation - 02.07.2024
Is AI conscious? Most people say yes
Two-thirds of people surveyed think that artificial intelligence (AI) tools like ChatGPT have some degree of consciousness and can have subjective experiences such as feelings and memories, according to a new study from the University of Waterloo. Large language models (LLMs) like ChatGPT often display a conversational style when outputting content.

Health - Innovation - 01.07.2024
Detachable cardiac pacing lead may improve safety for cardiac patients
The minimally invasive, 3d-printable device offers safer application and removal, along with improved bioelectronic performance. In 2012, Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon, died of post-surgery complications at the age of 82 following what should have been a routine heart surgery. Armstrong had undergone bypass surgery, the most common open-heart operation in the United States, and a surgery where the overall chance of death has dropped to almost zero.

Environment - Innovation - 26.06.2024
Technology presented for measuring carbon in media, advertising and generative AI
Developed by a UC3M spin-off, the company Hiili Measuring energy consumption derived from digital activity from a scientific point of view is the challenge faced by Hiili, S.L. , a compa

Innovation - 25.06.2024
Innovative thermostat increases your comfort in heat and cold
Innovative thermostat increases your comfort in heat and cold
The innovative thermostat BRYS, developed by industrial designer Lenneke Kuijer with her Veni grant, is designed to help residents keep their homes up to nine degrees cooler in the summer heat. BRYS also helps train our bodies to stay comfortable at temperatures between 17 and 28 degrees Celsius. Summers are getting longer and hotter, even in the Netherlands.

Innovation - Computer Science - 25.06.2024
Effectiveness of large language models in political microtargeting assessed in new study
Researchers from the Oxford Internet Institute (OII) have published a new study of the effectiveness of AI tools like ChatGPT in targeting specific demographics with tailored political messaging. Recent advancements in large language models (LLMs) have raised the prospect of scalable, automated, and fine-grained political microtargeting on a scale previously unseen.

Health - Innovation - 18.06.2024
Painless patch for continuous health monitoring
Painless patch for continuous health monitoring
Researchers develop a painless patch for continuous health monitoring. Researchers at two Ontario universities have developed a pain-free, wearable sensor that can continuously monitor levels of blood sugar, lactates and other critical health indicators for weeks at a time, sending results to a smartphone or other device.

Computer Science - Innovation - 17.06.2024
Meet the Trojan-Hunting SEI Researchers Improving Computer Vision
People use computer vision every day -  to unlock a smartphone, receive notifications when a package has arrived on their doorstep, or check the speed limit on the dashboard of their car. But computers do not see the same way humans do - they process information like edges, colors or patterns and interpret what the image is.

Physics - Innovation - 13.06.2024
Miniaturizing a laser on a photonic chip
Miniaturizing a laser on a photonic chip
Scientists at EPFL have successfully miniaturized a powerful erbium-based biber laser on a silicon-nitride photonic chip. Since typical erbium-based fiber lasers are large and difficult to scale down, the breakthrough promises major advances in optical communications and sensing technologies. Lasers have revolutionized the world since the 60's and are now indispensable in modern applications, from cutting-edge surgery and precise manufacturing to data transmission across optical fibers.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 13.06.2024
With programmable pixels, novel sensor improves imaging of neural activity
New camera chip design allows for optimizing each pixel's timing to maximize signal-to-noise ratio when tracking real-time visual indicator of neural voltage. Neurons communicate electrically, so to understand how they produce such brain functions as memory, neuroscientists must track how their voltage changes - sometimes subtly - on the timescale of milliseconds.

Chemistry - Innovation - 05.06.2024
The mystery of cathodic corrosion protection clarified
Cathodic corrosion protection is a widely used technique for protecting steel-based infrastructure from corrosion. researchers have now clarified the detailed mechanisms involved, thereby resolving a controversial issue that had preoccupied the engineering community for decades. Corrosion is a chemical reaction to which even the strongest structures fall victim.

Mathematics - Innovation - 04.06.2024
New open-source platform allows users to evaluate performance of AI-powered chatbots
Researchers have developed a platform for the interactive evaluation of AI-powered chatbots such as ChatGPT. Anyone using an LLM, for any application, should always pay attention to the output and verify it themselves Albert Jiang A team of computer scientists, engineers, mathematicians and cognitive scientists, led by the University of Cambridge, developed an open-source evaluation platform called CheckMate, which allows human users to interact with and evaluate the performance of large language models (LLMs).
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