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Computer Science - Innovation - 23.04.2024
This tiny chip can safeguard user data while enabling efficient computing on a smartphone
Researchers have developed a security solution for power-hungry AI models that offers protection against two common attacks. Health-monitoring apps can help people manage chronic diseases or stay on track with fitness goals, using nothing more than a smartphone. However, these apps can be slow and energy-inefficient because the vast machine-learning models that power them must be shuttled between a smartphone and a central memory server.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 22.04.2024
Spatial-temporal detection of apoptotic cell death in live-cell imaging
Spatial-temporal detection of apoptotic cell death in live-cell imaging
Apoptotic cell death is a crucial mechanism that contributes to tissue homeostasis and prevents the onset of several diseases. However, this phenomenon is challenging to identify within microscopy movies that can encompass thousands of cells. Led by Santiago Gonzalez, the recent study carried at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB) in Bellinzona, affiliated with USI, introduces ADeS, an innovative approach based on artificial intelligence for the automatic detection of apoptotic cells in microscopy movies.

Innovation - Research Management - 15.04.2024
Research has lost none of its innovative drive
Research has lost none of its innovative drive
A high-profile study made headlines in 2023 stating that the scientific and innovation system is producing less and less completely new knowledge. Researchers at the University of Basel are now refuting this claim, at least for patents: It is based on a measurement error. The discovery of mRNA in the 1960s was groundbreaking.

Environment - Innovation - 15.04.2024
Global North energy outsourcing demands more attention
Global North energy outsourcing demands more attention
Outsourcing energy-intensive industrial processes to Global South is creating problems for our planet Manufacturing nations in the Global North are stockpiling energy and emission problems by outsourcing energy-intensive industrial processes to countries in the Global South, a new study reveals. Global North countries use their advantages in capital and technology to grab a large amount of energy through outsourcing - creating a 'false decoupling' of energy consumption from economic growth.

Innovation - Physics - 11.04.2024
Advance in light-based computing shows capabilities for future smart cameras
Advance in light-based computing shows capabilities for future smart cameras
Science + Technology UCLA-developed experimental device demonstrates ability to reduce glare in images Key takeaways Optical computing research aims to produce energy-efficient technologies that use particles of light, called photons, in ways conceptually similar to how electronic computers use electrons.

Innovation - 11.04.2024
Pessimistic view of the future influences the transition to parenthood
New sociological research from Tilburg University shows that a pessimistic view of the future in which the next generation will grow up influences young people's decision to enter parenthood. "For people with a pessimistic view of the future, it does not stop at just talking.

Environment - Innovation - 11.04.2024
Hybrid Intelligence Can Reconcile Biodiversity & Agriculture
Pioneering approach to conflicting goals Hybrid Intelligence Can Reconcile Biodiversity & Agriculture Preserving biodiversity without reducing agricultural productivity: So far, these two goals could not be reconciled because the socio-ecological system of agriculture is highly complex, and the interactions between humans and the environment are difficult to capture using conventional methods.

Materials Science - Innovation - 08.04.2024
This 3D printer can figure out how to print with an unknown material
This 3D printer can figure out how to print with an unknown material
The advance could help make 3D printing more sustainable, enabling printing with renewable or recyclable materials that are difficult to characterize. While 3D printing has exploded in popularity, many of the plastic materials these printers use to create objects cannot be easily recycled. While new sustainable materials are emerging for use in 3D printing, they remain difficult to adopt because 3D printer settings need to be adjusted for each material, a process generally done by hand.

Materials Science - Innovation - 04.04.2024
Airy cellulose from a 3D printer
Airy cellulose from a 3D printer
Ultra-light, thermally insulating and biodegradable: Cellulose-based aerogels are versatile. researchers have succeeded in 3D printing the natural material into complex shapes that could one day serve as precision insulation in microelectronics or as personalized medical implants. At first glance, biodegradable materials, inks for 3D printing and aerogels don't seem to have much in common.

Health - Innovation - 04.04.2024
Minifoies
Minifoies" to save children suffering from liver failure
A team of researchers has developed "mini-pathways" to save children suffering from acute liver failure by avoiding liver transplantation. Massimiliano Paganelli , pediatric hepatologist and Director of the Tissue Engineering and Hepatic Cell Therapy Laboratory at CHU Sainte-Justine, is well acquainted with the reality of young people and adults suffering from liver failure, as he regularly sees them in clinic.

Innovation - Career - 01.04.2024
Does technology help or hurt employment?
Combing through 35,000 job categories in U.S. census data, economists found a new way to quantify technology's effects on job loss and creation. This is part 2 of a two-part feature examining new job creation in the U.S. since 1940, based on new research from Ford Professor of Economics David Autor.

Innovation - History / Archeology - 01.04.2024
Most work is new work, long-term study of U.S. census data shows
The majority of U.S. jobs are in occupations that have emerged since 1940, MIT research finds - telling us much about the ways jobs are created and lost. This is part 1 of a two-part feature examining new job creation in the U.S. since 1940, based on new research from Ford Professor of Economics David Autor.

Innovation - Physics - 27.03.2024
New process for the production of semiconductors
New process for the production of semiconductors
The Paul Scherrer Institute PSI and the Finnish company PiBond to collaborate in the commercialization of advanced EUVásemiconductor lithography products.

Environment - Innovation - 25.03.2024
Nudging toward sustainability: Researching the power of an individual's behavior
Nudging toward sustainability: Researching the power of an individual’s behavior
Environment Please turn off the lights when exiting the room, society thanks you Living in society means we are under the influence of others. This power can impact our behaviors and actions, which can result in both positive and negative results. For Mohamed Yousuf, the power of influence formed an integral part of his graduate studies research.

Computer Science - Innovation - 25.03.2024
Large language models use a surprisingly simple mechanism to retrieve some stored knowledge
Researchers demonstrate a technique that can be used to probe a model to see what it knows about new subjects. Large language models, such as those that power popular artificial intelligence chatbots like ChatGPT, are incredibly complex. Even though these models are being used as tools in many areas, such as customer support, code generation, and language translation, scientists still don't fully grasp how they work.

Innovation - Materials Science - 21.03.2024
World’s first high-resolution brain developed by 3D printer
In a joint project between MedUni Vienna and TU Wien, the world's first 3D-printed "brain phantom" has been developed, which is modelled on the structure of brain fibres and can be imaged using a special variant of magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). As a scientific team led by MedUni Vienna and TU Wien has now shown in a study, these brain models can be used to advance research into neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and multiple sclerosis.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 18.03.2024
Two artificial intelligences talk to each other
Two artificial intelligences talk to each other
A team from the University of Geneva has developed an AI capable of learning a task solely on the basis of verbal instructions. And to do the same with a 'sister' AI. Performing a new task based solely on verbal or written instructions, and then describing it to others so that they can reproduce it, is a cornerstone of human communication that still resists artificial intelligence (AI).

Health - Innovation - 18.03.2024
Engineers' new approach brings images into focus
Engineers’ new approach brings images into focus
Pixel perfect: Engineers' new approach brings images into focus From creating robotic navigation systems to deblurring vacation selfies, Johns Hopkins' new 'Progressively Deblurring Radiance Field' technology has a wide range of potential applications Johns Hopkins researchers have developed an efficient new method to turn blurry images into clear, sharp ones.

Health - Innovation - 11.03.2024
Digitalised sexual health services wouldn’t be trusted by young people
Digital services, such as anonymous apps and texting services, could change how we engage with sexual health services but young people wouldn't trust them, finds new research by Cardiff University. Research has found that whilst digital sexual health services hold a lot of potential for helping young people feel more comfortable talking about sexual health, there are major issues with what young people expect and want from these services, and they currently wouldn't trust them.

Environment - Innovation - 11.03.2024
Snow study takes flight
Snow study takes flight
Global Futures Research into remote snowpacks unveils insights into climate change, water resource management and the future of our planet A research team led by Dr. Richard Kelly, a professor in Geography and Environmental Management at Waterloo, uses a novel radar-based technology to provide more insight into snowpacks and their implications for climate change, water resource management and hazard prediction.
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