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Innovation - Event - 29.01.2024
Safer and more energy-efficient vehicle systems
Safer and more energy-efficient vehicle systems
Safer and more energy-efficient vehicle systems: Research cooperation paves the way for future developments in AI-supported system design Scientists from Technischen Universität Ilmenau and Robert Bosch GmbH have been honored at the renowned IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI) for their pioneering contribution to AI-supported system design.

Materials Science - Innovation - 29.01.2024
Sound-powered sensors stand to save millions of batteries
Sound-powered sensors stand to save millions of batteries
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a sensor that utilises energy from sound waves to control electronic devices. This could one day save millions of batteries. Sensors that monitor infrastructure, such as bridges or buildings, or are used in medical devices, such as prostheses for the deaf, require a constant supply of power.

Computer Science - Innovation - 29.01.2024
Smart devices’ ambient light sensors pose imaging privacy risk
The ambient light sensors responsible for smart devices' brightness adjustments can capture images of touch interactions like swiping and tapping for hackers. In George Orwell's novel "1984," Big Brother watches citizens through two-way, TV-like telescreens to surveil citizens without any cameras. In a similar fashion, our current smart devices contain ambient light sensors, which open the door to a different threat: hackers.

Physics - Innovation - 27.01.2024
Liquid crystals to control polarization inside laser-written waveguides
Liquid crystals to control polarization inside laser-written waveguides
Researchers have developed a new way to control and manipulate optical signals by embedding a liquid crystal layer into waveguides created with direct laser writing. The new devices enable electro-optical control of polarization, which could open new possibilities for chip-based devices and complex photonic circuits based on femtosecond-written waveguides.

Materials Science - Innovation - 22.01.2024
Scientists Advance Affordable, Sustainable Solution for Flat-Panel Displays and Wearable Tech
Key Takeaways A new 3D-printable material called "supramolecular ink" replaces costly scarce metals with inexpensive, Earth-abundant materials. The organic material requires far less energy to manufacture than conventional methods. It could also enhance the sustainability of 3D-printable wearable devices, lighting technologies, and luminescent art and sculpture.

Health - Innovation - 16.01.2024
Tiny device in the ear canal can monitor heart health
A driving simulation study has shown we are one step closer to monitoring our heart health in real time via a tiny device worn in the ear. A study co-led by PhD candidate Metin Yarici in Imperial's Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering has shown for the first time how tiny devices in a single ear can gather electrocardiogram (ECG) data in real time.

Innovation - Microtechnics - 16.01.2024
'Smart glove' can boost hand mobility of stroke patients
’Smart glove’ can boost hand mobility of stroke patients
Science, Health & Technology Lou Corpuz-Bosshart New washable wireless smart textile technology developed at UBC in collaboration with Vancouver startup also has potential uses in virtual reality and American Sign Language translation This month, a group of stroke survivors in B.C. will test a new technology designed to aid their recovery, and ultimately restore use of their limbs and hands.

Transport - Innovation - 15.01.2024
Using idle trucks to power the grid with clean energy
Waterloo researchers investigate how fuel cell powered vehicles can reenergize overworked electricity grids University of Waterloo researchers are tapping into idled electric vehicles to act as mobile generators and help power overworked and aging electricity grids. After analyzing energy demand on Alberta's power grid during rush hour, the research proposes an innovative way to replenish electrical grids with power generated from fuel cells in trucks.

Innovation - Earth Sciences - 08.01.2024
Unique permanent coastal observation detects minimal changes
A team of researchers from TU Delft has succeeded in long-term mapping of beach topography to within a few centimetres. The unique dataset provides insights into coastal changes for every hour, for three years. This data is important for dune maintenance and to keep the hinterland well protected. The methodology is also being used to monitor other coastlines and even glaciers.

Chemistry - Innovation - 04.01.2024
Researchers 3D print components for a portable mass spectrometer
Researchers 3D print components for a portable mass spectrometer
Lightweight and inexpensive, miniaturized mass filters are a key step toward portable mass spectrometers that could identify unknown chemicals in remote settings. Mass spectrometers, devices that identify chemical substances, are widely used in applications like crime scene analysis, toxicology testing, and geological surveying.

Computer Science - Innovation - 03.01.2024
AI agents help explain other AI systems
MIT researchers introduce a method that uses artificial intelligence to automate the explanation of complex neural networks. Explaining the behavior of trained neural networks remains a compelling puzzle, especially as these models grow in size and sophistication. Like other scientific challenges throughout history, reverse-engineering how artificial intelligence systems work requires a substantial amount of experimentation: making hypotheses, intervening on behavior, and even dissecting large networks to examine individual neurons.

Physics - Innovation - 18.12.2023
A micro-ring resonator with big potential
A micro-ring resonator with big potential
Researchers have developed a hybrid device that significantly improves existing, ubiquitous laser technology. The team at EPFL's Photonic Systems Laboratory (PHOSL) has developed a chip-scale laser source that enhances the performance of semiconductor lasers while enabling the generation of shorter wavelengths.

Materials Science - Innovation - 18.12.2023
Top Science Stories of 2023
Top Science Stories of 2023
From clean energy technologies to an antenna on the moon, 2023 was a great year for science at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ÜBerkeley Lab). We made great leaps in fundamental research that will shape future discoveries for decades to come and developed new solutions and processes poised to make near-term impacts.

Astronomy / Space - Innovation - 15.12.2023
A tale of two papers
We put ChatGPT 4 to the test, asking it to read two scholarly studies produced at the university and summarize them in a pair of newsy articles for UdeM Nouvelles. The results were.. mixed. Credit: Miriam Beauchamp (Marc Antoine Charlebois) and Laurence Perreault-Levasseur (Mila Quebec) How good is ChatGPT at reading and synthesizing science, specifically the highly detailed science published as peer-reviewed studies in scholarly journals? To find out, we put the chatbot to the test, twice.

Innovation - Computer Science - 14.12.2023
New speech analysis data aims to help silence speak volumes
Sophisticated new analysis of the physical processes which create the sounds of speech could help empower people with speech impairments and create new applications for voice recognition technologies, researchers say. Sophisticated new analysis of the physical processes which create the sounds of speech could help empower people with speech impairments and create new applications for voice recognition technologies, researchers say.

Innovation - Computer Science - 13.12.2023
Understanding attention in large language models
How do chatbots based on the transformer architecture decide what to pay attention to in a conversation? They've made their own machine learning algorithms to tell them Chatbot users often recommend treating a series of prompts like a conversation, but how does the chatbot know what you're referring back to? A new study reveals the mechanism used by transformer models-like those driving modern chatbots-to decide what to pay attention to.

Innovation - 12.12.2023
Artificial intelligence for safer bike helmets and better shoe soles
Artificial intelligence for safer bike helmets and better shoe soles
Researchers have trained an artificial intelligence to design the structure of so-called metamaterials with desired mechanical properties for a wide range of applications. Bike helmets that absorb the energy of an impact, running shoes that give you an extra boost with every step, or implants that behave just like natural bone.

Materials Science - Innovation - 12.12.2023
Optimisation of hard-soft material interfaces: A 3D printed imitation of bone-tendon connections
Most people can relate to having a laptop charger break right where the flexible cable meets the solid adapter. This is just one example of how difficult it is to effectively interface hard and soft materials. Using a unique 3D printing process, TU Delft researchers produced hybrid multi-material interfaces that reached a remarkable closeness to nature's design of bone-tendon connections.

Chemistry - Innovation - 08.12.2023
Catalysis Laboratory CaRLa: Successful Cooperation Extended
Heidelberg University and BASF continue research cooperation - One main area of research is the chemical recycling plastic waste BASF and Heidelberg University will do research together for another five years in the Catalysis Research Laboratory (CaRLa) founded in 2006. The two partners have signed an agreement to this effect, extending their successful research cooperation until 2028.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 07.12.2023
Q&A: Reducing the use of animal tissues for testing the safety of cosmetics
Q&A: Reducing the use of animal tissues for testing the safety of cosmetics
Imperial College London researchers speak to us about their work exploring animal-free methods for the future of testing cosmetics safety. Testing cosmetics on live animals was outlawed by the EU in 2013, but animal tissues continue to be used to test for dermal absorption, a measure of how much a chemical permeates the skin to reach the bloodstream.