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Innovation - 15.11.2023
Questionable helpers: people are skeptical about AI, but appreciate its advice
Questionable helpers: people are skeptical about AI, but appreciate its advice
Positive experiences mitigate aversion to artificial intelligence as advice Generative artificial intelligence (AI) generates data that is similar to the human way of thinking. If a generative artificial intelligence such as ChatGPT functions as "practice advice" for overcoming personal or social challenges, it is considered by people to be less competent than human experts.

Innovation - Health - 15.11.2023
Plasma Technology in the Bathroom
Plasma Technology in the Bathroom
Skin blemishes are a problem many people are familiar with. Cold plasma can be a remedy, as shown by studies at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany. A Worldfactory start-up is already getting off the ground, too. Cold plasma has an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect. This is shown by studies conducted by the Chair of Applied Electrodynamics and Plasma Technology at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany.

Health - Innovation - 15.11.2023
TURBO grants for four medical-technical research projects
What do you get if you combine top-medical research with an impact on health and healthcare and cutting-edge technological research that empowers society through sustainable solutions? In a long-standing collaboration, Radboud university medical center (Radboudumc) and the University of Twente (UT) combine their expertise to cater for unmet medical needs and technological advances.

Microtechnics - Innovation - 15.11.2023
This 3D printer can watch itself fabricate objects
This 3D printer can watch itself fabricate objects
Computer vision enables contact-free 3D printing, letting engineers print with high-performance materials they couldn't use before. With 3D inkjet printing systems, engineers can fabricate hybrid structures that have soft and rigid components, like robotic grippers that are strong enough to grasp heavy objects but soft enough to interact safely with humans.

Computer Science - Innovation - 14.11.2023
Opinion: Can you spot the AI impostors? We found AI faces can look more real than actual humans
Opinion: Can you spot the AI impostors? We found AI faces can look more real than actual humans
Alongside colleagues from four other universities, Dr Eva Krumhuber (UCL Psychology & Language Sciences) writes in The Conversation that images of white faces generated by the StyleGAN2 algorithm look more "human" than actual people's faces. Does ChatGPT ever give you the eerie sense you're interacting with another human being?  Artificial intelligence (AI) has reached an astounding level of realism, to the point that some tools can even fool people into thinking they are interacting with another human.

Innovation - 14.11.2023
AI faces look more real than actual human faces
White faces generated by artificial intelligence (AI) now appear more real than human faces, according to new research co-authored by a UCL academic. In the study, led by the Australian National researchers and published in Psychological Science , more people thought AI-generated faces were human than the faces of real people.

Transport - Innovation - 09.11.2023
Twente Airport as a test location for quiet aviation innovation
Quiet aviation innovation is essential to reduce aircraft noise pollution in the surrounding areas. In the pursuit of quieter aircraft, field sound measurement plays a crucial role. Researchers from the University of Twente are, therefore, developing a sound testing setup and have successfully tested it at Twente Airport.

Computer Science - Innovation - 08.11.2023
Machine learning gives users ’superhuman’ ability to open and control tools in virtual reality
HotGestures give users 'superhuman' ability to open and control tools in virtual reality Researchers have developed a virtual reality application where a range of 3D modelling tools can be opened and controlled using just the movement of a user's hand. We need new ways of interacting with technology, and we think this is a step in that direction Per Ola Kristensson The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, used machine learning to develop 'HotGestures' - analogous to the hot keys used in many desktop applications.

Innovation - 08.11.2023
Pioneering under polar ice near Antarctica - essential research for future Earth
Pioneering under polar ice near Antarctica - essential research for future Earth
How will the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) behave as our Earth continues to warm? That is what a large international team of scientists, including Utrecht-based earth scientist Francesca Sangiorgi , will investigate in the SWAIS2C project. This fall, the first cores will be drilled in the country under the WAIS.

Innovation - 07.11.2023
New hearing technology objectively measures how well a person understands speech
New software, developed at KU Leuven, can use brain waves to determine whether a person understands speech well. The researchers were able to successfully apply the technology for the first time to young, hearing-impaired children. In Flanders, one in a thousand infants come into the world with a severe hearing loss.

Innovation - Social Sciences - 07.11.2023
Student-made water quality monitor can help isolated communities track safe water sources
Student-made water quality monitor can help isolated communities track safe water sources
Team Bath Biodevices without Borders' portable OASIS device combines miniature testing equipment with GPS to create safe water map. Published on Tuesday 7 November 2023 Last updated on Thursday 9 November 2023 A portable water quality monitor created by a team of University of Bath students could help to rapidly detect and map safe water sources for communities around the world.

Environment - Innovation - 06.11.2023
Energy transition: a super-model to guide policy makers
Energy transition: a super-model to guide policy makers
A team from the University of Geneva has modelled projections for the spread of green energy at local level. Switzerland will have to step up its efforts to achieve zero net carbon emissions by 2050. How can we ensure that an energy policy will achieve its objectives? To find out, scientists and public authorities can rely on computer models of varying degrees of accuracy.

Health - Innovation - 03.11.2023
Viral Impostors: Breakthrough for Virus Research
Viral Impostors: Breakthrough for Virus Research
The penetration of viruses into cells can now be tracked with unprecedented accuracy thanks to Würzburg researchers and their innovative design for pseudoviruses. Pseudoviruses resemble impostors: although harmless, they are designed in such a way that they can hardly be distinguished from their dangerous relatives.

Materials Science - Innovation - 02.11.2023
New ultra strong material for microchip sensors
New ultra strong material for microchip sensors
A material that doesn't just rival the strength of diamonds and graphene, but boasts a yield strength 10 times greater than Kevlar, renowned for its use in bulletproof vests. Researchers at Delft University of Technology, led by assistant professor Richard Norte, have unveiled a remarkable new material with potential to impact the world of material science: amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC).

Innovation - Computer Science - 02.11.2023
Can AI help boost accessibility? These researchers tested it for themselves
Generative artificial intelligence tools like ChatGPT, an AI-powered language tool, and Midjourney, an AI-powered image generator, can potentially assist people with various disabilities. These tools could summarize content, compose messages or describe images. Yet the degree of this potential is an open question, since, in addition to regularly spouting inaccuracies and failing at basic reasoning , these tools can perpetuate ableist biases.

Health - Innovation - 31.10.2023
Start-up dedicated to developing new antibiotics
Start-up dedicated to developing new antibiotics
Smartbax nominated for Falling Walls award It all began with basic research: While conducting laboratory experiments, a team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) came across an active agent against multidrug-resistant bacteria with a fundamental difference to antibiotics developed to date. The researchers have since established a start-up to develop a new drug based on this agent.

Environment - Innovation - 30.10.2023
Offset markets: new approach could help save tropical forests by restoring faith in carbon credits
Offset markets: new approach could help save tropical forests by restoring faith in carbon credits
A new way to price carbon credits could encourage desperately needed investment in forest preservation and boost vital progress towards net-zero. Our new approach has the potential to address market concerns around nature-based solutions to carbon offsetting. Srinivasan Keshav A new approach to valuing the carbon storage potential of natural habitats aims to help restore faith in offset schemes, by enabling investors to directly compare carbon credit pricing across a wide range of projects.

Physics - Innovation - 30.10.2023
Monitoring nuclear weapons stockpiles with radio waves
Monitoring nuclear weapons stockpiles with radio waves
Monitoring whether states are complying with disarmament treaties is not an easy task. An international team has been exploring remote monitoring with the help of two antennas and a couple of mirrors. An international research team has proposed a new method for monitoring nuclear disarmament treaties.

Innovation - 30.10.2023
New Research Group: Construction of Tissue in Laboratory
The focus lies on complex sound fields and their interaction with particles and cells An interdisciplinary research group combining mechanical engineering and biotechnology has taken up its work at the Institute for Molecular Systems Engineering and Advanced Materials (IMSEAM) of Heidelberg University.

Materials Science - Innovation - 30.10.2023
Using lasers to 'heat and beat' 3D-printed steel could help reduce costs
Using lasers to ’heat and beat’ 3D-printed steel could help reduce costs
Researchers have developed a new method for 3D printing metal that could help reduce costs and make more efficient use of resources. This method could help reduce the costs of metal 3D printing, which could in turn improve the sustainability of the metal manufacturing industry Matteo Seita The method, developed by a research team led by the University of Cambridge, allows structural modifications to be 'programmed' into metal alloys during 3D printing, fine-tuning their properties without the 'heating and beating' process that's been in use for thousands of years.