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Innovation - Social Sciences - 07.03.2024
Doing more, but learning less: The risks of AI in research
In a new paper, Yale anthropologist Lisa Messeri warns of the risks involved in envisioned AI applications for scientific research. Artificial intelligence (AI) is widely heralded for its potential to enhance productivity in scientific research. But with that promise come risks that could narrow scientists' ability to better understand the world, according to a new paper co-authored by a Yale anthropologist.

Innovation - Social Sciences - 07.03.2024
Doing more but learning less: addressing the risks of AI in research
In a new paper, Yale anthropologist Lisa Messeri warns of the risks involved in envisioned AI applications for scientific research. Artificial intelligence (AI) is widely heralded for its potential to enhance productivity in scientific research. But with that promise come risks that could narrow scientists' ability to better understand the world, according to a new paper co-authored by a Yale anthropologist.

Health - Innovation - 05.03.2024
New research aims to ensure future AI healthcare systems are free of gender bias
Researchers are setting out to help ensure that the artificial intelligence behind the healthcare monitoring systems of the future is capable of providing the best possible care for both men and women. Recent advances in radar sensing technology could underpin a new generation of vital sign monitoring, experts say.

Environment - Innovation - 04.03.2024
Cost of direct air carbon capture to remain higher than hoped
Cost of direct air carbon capture to remain higher than hoped
The cost of removing large quantities of CO2 from the air will fall in the medium term, but not as much as previously hoped. This is the conclusion reached by researchers on the basis of new calculations. Efforts to reduce carbon emissions should therefore continue at pace, says the research team. Switzerland plans to reduce its net carbon emissions to zero by no later than 2050.

Materials Science - Innovation - 01.03.2024
Turning waste into gold
Turning waste into gold
Researchers have recovered the precious metal from electronic waste. Their highly sustainable new method is based on a protein fibril sponge, which the scientists derive from whey, a food industry byproduct. Transforming base materials into gold was one of the elusive goals of the alchemists of yore.

Health - Innovation - 29.02.2024
Poor spatial navigation could predict Alzheimer’s disease years before the onset of symptoms
People at risk of Alzheimer's disease have impaired spatial navigation prior to problems with other cognitive functions, including memory, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research, published in Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association , used virtual reality to test the spatial navigation of 100 asymptomatic midlife adults, aged 43-66, from the PREVENT-Dementia prospective cohort study.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 28.02.2024
A model for the evolution of intelligence
McGill study finds ability to solve food puzzles is the only predictor of innovation, brain size in wild birds When certain species of wild birds and primates discover new ways of finding food in the wild, it can serve to measure their flexibility and intelligence.

Health - Innovation - 27.02.2024
Finding and blocking infection routes in hospitals
During the COVID-19 pandemic, hospitals often became hubs of infection. Researchers from ETH Zurich, EPFL and the ISI Foundation are developing a wearable tracking system for healthcare facilities that can identify the risks of infections. Initial tests in Switzerland and Africa show its potential. Hospital-acquired infections are an immense problem.

Health - Innovation - 27.02.2024
Improving a non-invasive way to monitor contractions during labor
Improving a non-invasive way to monitor contractions during labor
Kirsten Thijssen defended her PhD thesis at the Department of Electrical Engineering on February 22nd. Her research was completed at Máxima Medical Center and Eindhoven University of Technology. Uterine contractions are a key part of childbirth, but they can temporarily reduce oxygen supply to the fetus.

Innovation - Microtechnics - 26.02.2024
Opinion: the future of science is automation
Professor Ross King from Cambridge's Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, who originated the idea of a 'Robot Scientist', discusses why he believes that AI-powered scientists could surpass the best human scientists by the middle of the century, but only if AI for science is developed responsibly and ethically.

Computer Science - Innovation - 26.02.2024
High-precision router
High-precision router
UPM and UC3M scientists develop a high-precision router Your next router will know where you're sitting. A team of researchers from two Madrid universities - Polytechnic (UPM) and Carlos III (UC3M) - has developed a prototype router with high positioning accuracy that allows them to know the exact location of a mobile phone.

Psychology - Innovation - 26.02.2024
Good vibrations could hold answer to calming social anxiety
People who live with social anxiety could be given a helping hand to deal with their stress by the power of good vibrations, new research suggests. Computing scientists and psychologists from the University of Glasgow have worked with socially anxious people to prototype a series of handheld 'comfort objects' in a research study.

Computer Science - Innovation - 22.02.2024
AI-driven method helps improve quality assurance for wind turbines
An international collaboration between EPFL and the University of Glasgow has led to an advanced machine-learning algorithm to effectively detect concealed manufacturing defects in wind turbine composite blades - before turbines are put into service. Faulty wind turbine blades can incur huge costs for the companies that operate them, especially if the defects go unnoticed until it's too late.

Chemistry - Innovation - 15.02.2024
Building green tech one metallic layer at a time
Building green tech one metallic layer at a time
Researchers partner with industry to advance innovation in decarbonization By Faculty of Engineering Faculty of Engineering In the quest to reach zero emissions by 2050, Waterloo engineering researcher Dr. Xianguo Li and Dr. Samaneh Shahgaldi from Université du Québec ŕ Trois-Rivičres (UQTR) are working with industry partners to develop more efficient, durable, cost-effective fuel cells.

Health - Innovation - 15.02.2024
Digitalisation in the healthcare system
Research team at the University of Göttingen aims to overcome digital barriers in the healthcare sector Digitalisation offers enormous opportunities within the healthcare sector: The evaluation of radiological image files using artificial intelligence can reduce the workload of radiologists, while the electronic maternity pass can improve the care of mothers-to-be.

Innovation - Campus - 15.02.2024
No more soporific lectures
In a unique experiment, researchers at the University of Twente conducted brain measurements on 20 students at the same time. During a one-hour lecture that alternated between passive and interactive, the researchers wanted to learn more about changes in students' concentration during lectures. This could lead to wearable technology that tells the lecturer that students' attention is waning.

Computer Science - Innovation - 13.02.2024
Artificial Intelligence as a Tool in Science
Artificial Intelligence as a Tool in Science
ISTA researchers welcome AI use in science, but remain cautious From identifying complex morphologies in the brain to analyzing the properties of storm clouds, artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms are aiding several research projects employing deep learning and machine learning at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA).

Materials Science - Innovation - 12.02.2024
Artificial cartilage with the help of 3D printing
Artificial cartilage with the help of 3D printing
A new approach to producing artificial tissue has been developed at TU Wien: Cells are grown in microstructures created in a 3D printer. Is it possible to grow tissue in the laboratory, for example to replace injured cartilage? At TU Wien (Vienna), an important step has now been taken towards creating replacement tissue in the lab - using a technique that differs significantly from other methods used around the world.

Materials Science - Innovation - 09.02.2024
Innovative coating prevents limescale formation
Innovative coating prevents limescale formation
Wherever hot water flows, limescale is never far away. In households, this is a nuisance; in thermal power stations, it's an expensive problem. Now researchers at ETH Zurich have found an answer. Hot water tanks, washing machines, kettles: limescale forms in every domestic appliance that comes into contact with (hot) water - especially in areas where the water is hard, meaning high in calcium.

Physics - Innovation - 08.02.2024
How electron spectroscopy measures exciton 'holes'
How electron spectroscopy measures exciton ’holes’
Researchers gain insights into charge transfer at atomically thin interfaces between semiconductors. Semiconductors are ubiquitous in modern technology, working to either enable or prevent the flow of electricity. In order to understand the potential of two-dimensional semiconductors for future computer and photovoltaic technologies, researchers from the Universities of Göttingen, Marburg and Cambridge investigated the bond that builds between the electrons and holes contained in these materials.