Results 61 - 80 of 207.

Law - 29.11.2017
Stereotypes about race and responsibility persist in bankruptcy system
Stereotypes about race and responsibility persist in bankruptcy system
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Prior research has established that society appears to accord less forgiveness to African-Americans when they arrive in bankruptcy court: Proceedings take longer, cost more and typically lead to lower levels of debt relief. And according to new research co-written by an interdisciplinary team of University of Illinois experts in psychology and legal studies, practitioners inside the bankruptcy system have little knowledge of the racial disparities that exist, relying instead on common stereotypes about race, responsibility and debt.

Law - Linguistics / Literature - 19.10.2017
100 years on, poet’s "bloodless death" mystery solved
The famed "bloodless death" of a landmark British poet in the Great War has been investigated by experts from the Humanities and Sciences a century after his death, in a new project undertaken at Cardiff University. Biographical and critical works about Edward Thomas (1878 - 1917) often refer to his "bloodless death", a story that emerged following his death aged just 39 at the Battle of Arras on Easter Monday in 1917.

Law - 10.10.2017
Care after miscarriage needs 'standardised approach', report reveals
Care after miscarriage needs ’standardised approach’, report reveals
The standard of care for mothers experiencing the end of a pregnancy varies widely, with more to be done to replicate good practice found in some NHS Trusts and hospitals, according to a new study led by researchers at the Universities of Bristol and Birmingham. The findings are the result of the first stage of Death Before Birth , a two-year study looking at the experience of women who have gone through the potentially traumatic experience of pregnancy loss either through miscarriage or termination for fetal anomaly, or experience of stillbirth.

Law - 30.08.2017
Researchers publish 'English Votes for English Laws' monitor
Researchers publish ’English Votes for English Laws’ monitor
Political scientists from Queen Mary University of London and the University of Cambridge have published a new resource for monitoring 'English Votes for English Laws' (EVEL) in parliament. EVEL was implemented in 2015 to address an anomaly - known as the 'West Lothian Question' - by which Scottish MPs can vote on issues affecting only England - or England and Wales - while English MPs have no such power over Scotland.

Law - 17.07.2017
Hundred-year-old law on fluid flow overturned by Imperial research
Hundred-year-old law on fluid flow overturned by Imperial research
Engineers from Imperial College London have dispelled a 100-year-old scientific law used to describe how fluid flows through rocks. The three 3D models below show fluid flowing through rocks at different microscopic scales. The discovery by researchers from Imperial could lead to a range of improvements including advances in Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS).

Career - Law - 13.07.2017
Anchoring Labour Rights More Effectively In EU Trade Agreements
Anchoring Labour Rights More Effectively In EU Trade Agreements
Professor Adrian Smith and Dr Liam Campling write for Social Europe about strengthening labour rights in UK and EU trade agreements. Free trade agreements (FTAs) are growing in number and the inclusion in them of labour provisions seeking to improve working conditions are also increasing. A recent study by the ILO found that over 80 per cent of preferential trade agreements that have come into force since 2013 have included such provisions.

Social Sciences - Law - 06.06.2017
Culture affects how people deceive others say researchers
Culture affects how people deceive others say researchers
Psychologists have discovered that people's language changes when they lie depending on their cultural background. Psychologists have discovered that people's language changes when they lie depending on their cultural background. Professor Paul Taylor from Lancaster University said: "Science has long known that people's use of language changes when they lie.

Physics - Law - 01.06.2017
Breaking Newton's Law
Breaking Newton’s Law
Research news In the quantum world, our intuition for moving objects is strongly challenged and may sometimes even completely fail. An international team of physicists of the Universities of Innsbruck, Paris-Sud and Harvard as well as the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has found a quantum particle which shows an intriguing oscillatory back-and-forth motion in a one-dimensional atomic gas instead of moving uniformly.

Life Sciences - Law - 15.05.2017
Gene matches could aid science, but raise privacy concerns
A new way of connecting distinct sets of DNA markers from the same person could help police trying to catch criminals or scientists looking to collaborate, but it may raise privacy concerns as well. A new study showing how to link distinct sets of genetic data could aid police and scientists but may raise legal questions about the use of forensic DNA.

Law - History / Archeology - 27.04.2017
Flawed forensic science may be hampering identification of human remains
A lot of the older studies only looked at females, but there's men with these scars, so there has to be something else going on. Research from The Australian National University (ANU) has cast doubt on a method used in forensic science to determine whether skeletal remains are of a person who has given birth.

Law - 05.04.2017
New Research Could Help Humans See What Nature Hides
In order for people to pick out an object against a background, the object must differ from the background by a 'just noticeable difference,' researchers said. AUSTIN, Texas - Things are not always as they appear. New visual perception research at The University of Texas at Austin, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, explains the natural limits of what humans can see and how to find what nature hides.

Health - Law - 04.04.2017
Delaying marriage in developing countries benefits children
Delaying marriage in developing countries benefits children
Delaying marriage in developing countries benefits children Delaying the marriage age of young women in parts of the developing world has significant positive effects for their children, a new study shows. The research, conducted by academics at the University of Sussex, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Washington at Seattle and the World Bank, looked at data from tens of thousands of households across India.

Law - 23.03.2017
Family court transparency
New research from Cardiff University's School of Law and Politics suggests that guidance given to judges to routinely publish their judgments is not being consistently followed, leaving the public with a patchy understanding of the family justice system in England and Wales. Issued in 2014, the guidance was intended to address perceptions, especially in the media, of 'secrecy' and 'justice behind closed doors' when important decisions are made about children in family courts.

Law - Health - 08.03.2017
Legalize recreational pot? More say ’yes’ for economic benefits
Four states legalized recreational marijuana in November, nearly doubling the number of states where recreational pot is legal. As more states consider joining them, a range of arguments for and against legalization is swirling around the national conversation. But which of these arguments resonate most strongly with Americans' It's the a rguments that support legalization, according to a new study co-authored by Jeff Niederdeppe , associate professor of communication in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.

Life Sciences - Law - 06.03.2017
Scientists can measure criminal intent - at least in the moment
Scientists can measure criminal intent - at least in the moment
Intent to commit a crime is a crucial factor in determining prison sentences, yet some theorists have worried that different grades of criminal intent are fictions and so should not be given weight in courtrooms. A new neuroimaging study suggests it is possible to measure the subtle variations in intent that matter to law - at least while a crime is being committed.

Civil Engineering - Law - 06.03.2017
Sharing the fares
Sharing the fares
A newly published study co-authored by MIT researchers suggests that urban ride-sharing is feasible in a wide variety of cities around the globe - and indeed that the potential 'shareability' of autos in those places is more similar, from place to place, than previously expected. The work builds on a 2014 study showing that ride-sharing - in the form of, say, taxi trips shared with other passengers traveling along similar routes - could be highly effective in New York City.

Law - 15.02.2017
Wetting Effect on Torricelli's Law
Wetting Effect on Torricelli’s Law
Jets at the exit of the tank for similar conditions except wetting; hole radius = 1.75 mm; initial height = 10 cm. From hydrophilic to hydrophobic plate: (a) Glass, (b) Plexiglas, (c) Hydrophobic-glass. Left side: Zoom in of the jets at the hole exit to display the meniscus profiles for the different wetting conditions (i.e.

Law - 06.01.2017
Brixton Road becomes first place in London to breach Nitrogen dioxide limits
Data from King's College London's Environmental Research Group has shown Brixton Road has become the first place in London to breach objectives for nitrogen dioxide for 2017. UK objectives and EU limits stipulate a maximum nitrogen dioxide concentration that must not to be exceeded for more than 18 hours over the whole year.

Politics - Law - 14.12.2016
Thomas Muir - new evidence unearthed
New Court of Session papers, missing for more than 200 years, have been unearthed by the Faculty of Advocates and Professor Gerard Carruthers, University of Glasgow. The newly found papers shine light on Thomas Muir and how he courted controversy in his early years, which may have contributed to his treatment by the justice system in later life.

Law - Health - 02.12.2016
What are the health effects of legalizing marijuana?
Robert MacCoun , a professor of law and a senior fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, relays the potential risks and benefits of legalizing marijuana. His research focuses on drug policy, and he has written extensively about the effects of marijuana from a legal and health perspective.