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Materials Science - 16.06.2021
Honeycomb plastics offer a PEEK into future of smart prosthetic design
A new form of lightweight, impact-resistant plastic-based 'honeycomb' structures which can sense when they have been damaged could find use in new forms of 'smart' prosthetics and medical implants, its inventors suggest. In a new paper published today in the journal Materials & Design , a University of Glasgow-led team of engineers describe how they have used 3D printing techniques to add new properties to a plastic known as polyether ether ketone, or PEEK.

Physics - Materials Science - 14.06.2021
Oxygen loss saps a lithium-ion battery’s voltage
Measuring the process in unprecedented detail gives them clues to how to minimize the problem and protect battery performance. When lithium ions flow in and out of a battery electrode during charging and discharging, a tiny bit of oxygen seeps out and the battery's voltage - a measure of how much energy it delivers - fades an equally tiny bit.

Physics - Materials Science - 09.06.2021
Mixing solutions in the world’s smallest test tubes
Researchers based at The University of Manchester have demonstrated a new method for imaging live chemical reactions with atomic resolution using nanoscale test tubes created using two-dimensional (2D) materials. The ability to observe solution-based chemical reactions with sub-nanometre resolution in real time has been highly sought after since the invention of the electron microscope 90 years ago.

Physics - Materials Science - 04.06.2021
Nanoengineering integrates crystals that don't usually get along
Nanoengineering integrates crystals that don’t usually get along
A team of computational and experimental engineers demonstrate a blueprint for building materials with new properties from nanocrystals A blueprint for designing new materials using difficult combinations of nanocrystals has been developed by a team of researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Michigan.

Materials Science - Health - 03.06.2021
Filter membrane renders viruses harmless
Researchers at ETH Zurich are developing a new filter membrane that is highly efficient at filtering and inactivating a wide variety of air-borne and water-borne viruses. Made from ecologically sound materials, the membrane has an appropriately good environmental footprint. Viruses can spread not only via droplets or aerosols like the new coronavirus, but in water, too.

Physics - Materials Science - 01.06.2021
Why deep freezing iron-based materials makes them both magnetic and superconducting
Why deep freezing iron-based materials makes them both magnetic and superconducting
Physicists at Bath have uncovered a new mechanism for enabling magnetism and superconductivity to co-exist in the same material. Last updated on Thursday 3 June 2021 Physicists at the University of Bath, in collaboration with researchers from the USA, have uncovered a new mechanism for enabling magnetism and superconductivity to co-exist in the same material.

Innovation - Materials Science - 28.05.2021

Physics - Materials Science - 28.05.2021
Breakthrough in 3D magnetic nanostructures could transform modern-day computing
Breakthrough in 3D magnetic nanostructures could transform modern-day computing
Scientists have taken a step towards the creation of powerful devices that harness magnetic charge by creating the first ever three-dimensional replica of a material known as a 'spin-ice'. Spin ice materials are extremely unusual as they possess so-called defects which behave as the single pole of a magnet.

Physics - Materials Science - 27.05.2021
It takes some heat to form ice
It takes some heat to form ice
Researchers from TU Graz in Austria and the Universities of Cambridge and Surrey succeeded to track down the first step in ice formation at a surface, revealing that additional energy is needed for water before ice can start to form. Picture material for download at the end of the message Water freezes and turns to ice when brought in contact with a cold surface - a well-known fact.

Physics - Materials Science - 26.05.2021
Zero-carbon energy from sea water a step closer
Researchers at McGill University have demonstrated a technique that could enable the production of robust, high-performance membranes to harness an abundant source of renewable energy. Blue energy, also known as osmotic energy, capitalizes on the energy naturally released when two solutions of different salinities mix - conditions that occur in countless locations around the world where fresh and salt water meet.

Physics - Materials Science - 26.05.2021
Study of promising photovoltaic material leads to discovery of a new state of matter
Researchers at McGill University have gained new insight into the workings of perovskites, a semiconductor material that shows great promise for making high-efficiency, low-cost solar cells and a range of other optical and electronic devices. Perovskites have drawn attention over the past decade because of their ability to act as semiconductors even when there are defects in the material's crystal structure.

Physics - Materials Science - 19.05.2021
Making the invisible visible
Making the invisible visible
International research team develops new method for studying atomic structures in material surfaces Researchers from Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the University of California Berkeley and the Institut Polytechnique de Paris use intense laser light in the extreme ultraviolet spectrum to generate a non-linear optical process on a laboratory scale - a process which until now has only been possible in a large-scale research facility.

Materials Science - Physics - 19.05.2021
New Material Could Harvest Water All Day Long
New Material Could Harvest Water All Day Long
Micro-engineered, bioinspired design allows the material to collect moisture from cool fog as well as generating and collecting steam under sun Tiny structures inspired by the shape of cactus spines allow a newly created material to gather drinkable water from the air both day and night, combining two water-harvesting technologies into one.

Physics - Materials Science - 12.05.2021
Harnessing the hum of fluorescent lights for more efficient computing
The property that makes fluorescent lights buzz could power a new generation of more efficient computing devices that store data with magnetic fields, rather than electricity. A team led by University of Michigan researchers has developed a material that's at least twice as "magnetostrictive” and far less costly than other materials in its class.

Physics - Materials Science - 10.05.2021
Parallel universes cross in Flatland
Parallel universes cross in Flatland
Physicists at the University of Bath observe modified energy landscapes at the intersection of 2D materials. Last updated on Tuesday 11 May 2021 In 1884, Edwin Abbott wrote the novel Flatland: A Romance in Many Dimensions as a satire of Victorian hierarchy. He imagined a world that existed only in two dimensions, where the beings are 2D geometric figures.

Environment - Materials Science - 06.05.2021
Fungi could be building material of the future
Fungi could be building material of the future
Thursday, May 6, 2021 — For decades, we have been extracting materials from natural sources such as fossil fuels without considering the environmental impact.

Physics - Materials Science - 05.05.2021
A material-keyboard made of graphene
A material-keyboard made of graphene
Researchers at ETH Zurich have succeeded in turning specially prepared graphene flakes either into insulators or into superconductors by applying an electric voltage. This technique even works locally, meaning that in the same graphene flake regions with completely different physical properties can be realized side by side.

Materials Science - 05.05.2021
Africa's oldest human burial site uncovered
Africa’s oldest human burial site uncovered
The discovery of the earliest human burial site yet found in Africa, by an international team including several CNRS researchers 1 , has just been announced in the journal Nature . At Panga ya Saidi, in Kenya, north of Mombasa, the body of a three-year-old, dubbed Mtoto (Swahili for 'child') by the researchers, was deposited and buried in an excavated pit approximately 78,000 years ago.

Physics - Materials Science - 27.04.2021
Ion Beams Mean a Quantum Leap for Color-Center Qubits
Ion Beams Mean a Quantum Leap for Color-Center Qubits
A new way to form self-aligned 'color centers' promises scalability to over 10,000 qubits for applications in quantum sensing and quantum computing. -By Joe Chew Achieving the immense promise of quantum computing requires new developments at every level, including the computing hardware itself. A Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab)-led international team of researchers has discovered a way to use ion beams to create long strings of "color center" qubits in diamond.

Physics - Materials Science - 26.04.2021
Advances for the application of nanofluids to energy storage systems
Advances for the application of nanofluids to energy storage systems
Energy storage systems are key technologies for achieving the transition to renewable energies, which can become more viable if the energy efficiency of the former improves. At present, more than 70% of concentrated solar power systems have integrated thermal energy storage (TES). Such power plants reached an installed capacity of 4.5 GW at the end of 2019.
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