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Physics - Materials Science - 19.04.2024
Energy scientists unravel the mystery of gold's glow
Energy scientists unravel the mystery of gold's glow
Researchers have developed the first comprehensive model of the quantum-mechanical effects behind photoluminescence in thin gold films; a discovery that could drive the development of solar fuels and batteries. Luminescence, or the emission of photons by a substance exposed to light, has been known to occur in semiconductor materials like silicon for hundreds of years.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 18.04.2024
Mess is best: disordered structure of battery-like devices improves performance
Mess is best: disordered structure of battery-like devices improves performance
The energy density of supercapacitors - battery-like devices that can charge in seconds or a few minutes - can be improved by increasing the 'messiness' of their internal structure. This could be a turning point for a field that's been stuck for a little while. Alex Forse Researchers led by the University of Cambridge used experimental and computer modelling techniques to study the porous carbon electrodes used in supercapacitors.

Microtechnics - Materials Science - 18.04.2024
An ink for 3D-printing flexible devices without mechanical joints
An ink for 3D-printing flexible devices without mechanical joints
Researchers are targeting the next generation of soft actuators and robots with an elastomer-based ink for 3D printing objects with locally changing mechanical properties, eliminating the need for cumbersome mechanical joints. For engineers working on soft robotics or wearable devices, keeping things light is a constant challenge: heavier materials require more energy to move around, and - in the case of wearables or prostheses - cause discomfort.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 16.04.2024
'Nanostitches' enable lighter and tougher composite materials
’Nanostitches’ enable lighter and tougher composite materials
In research that may lead to next-generation airplanes and spacecraft, MIT engineers used carbon nanotubes to prevent cracking in multilayered composites. To save on fuel and reduce aircraft emissions, engineers are looking to build lighter, stronger airplanes out of advanced composites. These engineered materials are made from high-performance fibers that are embedded in polymer sheets.

Materials Science - Health - 16.04.2024
Finally friendly fibers
Finally friendly fibers
Rain jackets, swimming trunks or upholstery fabrics: Textiles with water-repellent properties require chemical impregnation. Although fluorine-containing PFAS chemicals are effective, they are also harmful to human health and accumulate in the environment. researchers are now developing a process with alternative substances that can be used to produce environmentally friendly water-repellent textile fibers.

Materials Science - Physics - 12.04.2024
Quantum electronics: Charge travels like light in bilayer graphene
Quantum electronics: Charge travels like light in bilayer graphene
International research team show potential for nanoscale transistors in all-carbon film An international research team led by the University of Göttingen has demonstrated experimentally that electrons in naturally occurring double-layer graphene move like particles without any mass, in the same way that light travels.

Materials Science - Physics - 11.04.2024
A new way to detect radiation involving cheap ceramics
Work by MIT engineers could lead to plethora of new applications, including better detectors for nuclear materials at ports. The radiation detectors used today for applications like inspecting cargo ships for smuggled nuclear materials are expensive and cannot operate in harsh environments, among other disadvantages.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 09.04.2024
Better battery manufacturing: Robotic lab vets new reaction design strategy
Mixing unconventional ingredients in just the right order can make complex materials with fewer impurities. The robotic lab that tested the idea could be widely adopted. Study: Navigating phase diagram complexity to guide robotic inorganic materials synthesis (DOI: 10.1038/s44160'024 -00502-y) New chemistries for batteries, semiconductors and more could be easier to manufacture, thanks to a new approach to making chemically complex materials that researchers at the University of Michigan and Samsung's Advanced Materials Lab have demonstrated.

Materials Science - Innovation - 08.04.2024
This 3D printer can figure out how to print with an unknown material
This 3D printer can figure out how to print with an unknown material
The advance could help make 3D printing more sustainable, enabling printing with renewable or recyclable materials that are difficult to characterize. While 3D printing has exploded in popularity, many of the plastic materials these printers use to create objects cannot be easily recycled. While new sustainable materials are emerging for use in 3D printing, they remain difficult to adopt because 3D printer settings need to be adjusted for each material, a process generally done by hand.

Materials Science - Innovation - 04.04.2024
Airy cellulose from a 3D printer
Airy cellulose from a 3D printer
Ultra-light, thermally insulating and biodegradable: Cellulose-based aerogels are versatile. researchers have succeeded in 3D printing the natural material into complex shapes that could one day serve as precision insulation in microelectronics or as personalized medical implants. At first glance, biodegradable materials, inks for 3D printing and aerogels don't seem to have much in common.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 04.04.2024
Researchers 3D print key components for a point-of-care mass spectrometer
Researchers 3D print key components for a point-of-care mass spectrometer
The low-cost hardware outperforms state-of-the-art versions and could someday enable an affordable, in-home device for health monitoring. Mass spectrometry, a technique that can precisely identify the chemical components of a sample, could be used to monitor the health of people who suffer from chronic illnesses.

Materials Science - Physics - 29.03.2024
A first-ever complete map for elastic strain engineering
New research by a team of MIT engineers offers a guide for fine-tuning specific material properties. Without a map, it can be just about impossible to know not just where you are, but where you're going, and that's especially true when it comes to materials properties. For decades, scientists have understood that while bulk materials behave in certain ways, those rules can break down for materials at the microand nano-scales, and often in surprising ways.

Health - Materials Science - 28.03.2024
New method developed to isolate HIV particles
New method developed to isolate HIV particles
Researchers at Leipzig University and Ulm University have developed a new method to isolate HIV from samples more easily, potentially making it easier to detect infection with the virus. They focus on peptide nanofibrils (PNFs) on magnetic microparticles, a promising tool and hybrid material for targeted binding and separation of viral particles.

Materials Science - Physics - 28.03.2024
Results for: Schulich researchers develop new ways to make stronger metals
Materials engineers have spent decades trying to make stronger metals by making their constituent crystals - their grains - smaller. And we mean small: to the nanoscale. That's because the smaller the grain, generally the stronger, tougher and lightweight the metal can be, while less energy is consumed and emitted when it's used in structural applications.

Materials Science - 28.03.2024
3D images reveal link between crack complexity and material toughness
3D images reveal link between crack complexity and material toughness
By capturing a rare glimpse into three-dimensional crack formation in brittle solids, researchers have found that complex cracks require more energy to advance than simple ones; a discovery that could improve materials testing and development. The last time you dropped a favorite mug or sat on your glasses, you may have been too preoccupied to take much notice of the intricate pattern of cracks that appeared in the broken object.

Physics - Materials Science - 26.03.2024
Parity anomaly detected in topological insulator
Experimental and theoretical physicists at the Würzburg Institute for Topological Insulators have identified an unusual quantum Hall effect in a mercury telluride device as the signature of the parity anomaly . Topological insulators are materials that can conduct electricity, but only on their surface or edges.

Physics - Materials Science - 21.03.2024
New Method for Analysing Nanoporous Materials
New Method for Analysing Nanoporous Materials
Using only a single electron microscope image, researchers at TU Graz can determine the type and exact position of so-called guest atoms in high-tech materials. They also come closer to solving the mystery of the blue colour of aquamarine. In addition to their main components, the properties of crystalline and nanoporous materials often depend crucially on guest atoms or ions that are embedded in the tiny pores of their lattice structure.

Innovation - Materials Science - 21.03.2024
World’s first high-resolution brain developed by 3D printer
In a joint project between MedUni Vienna and TU Wien, the world's first 3D-printed "brain phantom" has been developed, which is modelled on the structure of brain fibres and can be imaged using a special variant of magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). As a scientific team led by MedUni Vienna and TU Wien has now shown in a study, these brain models can be used to advance research into neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and multiple sclerosis.

Physics - Materials Science - 21.03.2024
Future nuclear power reactors could rely on molten salts - but what about corrosion?
MIT researchers show that using the right metals could alleviate the corrosion problem in these promising new reactor designs. Most discussions of how to avert climate change focus on solar and wind generation as key to the transition to a future carbon-free power system. But Michael Short, the Class of '42 Associate Professor of Nuclear Science and Engineering at MIT and associate director of the MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC), is impatient with such talk.

Materials Science - 18.03.2024
Bridge in a box: Unlocking origami’s power to produce load-bearing structures
Study: Large-Scale Modular and Uniformly Thick Origami-Inspired Adaptable and Load-Carrying Structures (DOI: 10.1038/s41467'024 -46667-0) For the first time, load-bearing structures like bridges and shelters can be made with origami modules-versatile components that can fold compactly and adapt into different shapes-University of Michigan engineers have demonstrated.
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