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Materials Science - Innovation - 04.10.2021
Space habitats for life beyond earth revealed as Manchester takes next graphene-enhanced leap
Advanced manufacturing experts from Manchester have revealed what human life in space could look like - with a graphene-enhanced space habitat developed to meet anticipated demand for human settlements beyond Earth. A community of specialists at The University of Manchester have teamed up with global architect firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) to research the design and manufacturing of space habitats for the space industry.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 04.10.2021
Achieving more sustainability with new narratives
Achieving more sustainability with new narratives
Chemists at the University of Jena developed methods for manufacturing glasses from non-melting compounds Chemists at the University of Jena developed a way of melting normally unmeltable metal-organic framework compounds - so-called MOFs. This allows the melt-based production of glass components for applications in energy and environmental technology.

Environment - Materials Science - 04.10.2021
To meet lithium demand, UChicago scientist looks to the ocean
Asst. Prof. Chong Liu seeks to design electrodes to collect lithium for batteries from seawater It's estimated that by the end of the decade, electric vehicle sales will drive lithium demand to five times its current level. That sudden increase has companies looking for new sources of the valuable metal, but one scientist at the Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering at the University of Chicago believes we have all the lithium we need, and it's waiting just off shore.

Materials Science - Environment - 04.10.2021
Urban mining for metals flashes electronic trash into treasure
Urban mining for metals flashes electronic trash into treasure
, Featured Stories Flash Joule heating by Rice lab recovers precious metals from electronic waste in seconds In what should be a win-win-win for the environment, a process developed at Rice University to extract valuable metals from electronic waste would also use up to 500 times less energy than current lab methods and produce a byproduct clean enough for agricultural land.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 30.09.2021
Army backs bid to 'flash' waste into useful materials
Army backs bid to ’flash’ waste into useful materials
Grant to Rice enables expansion of discovery that produced graphene from food, plastic Where others see a pile of trash, Rice chemist James Tour sees a figurative gold mine. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers agrees, and it will work with Tour and his collaborators through a $5.2 million, four-year grant to reclaim valuable materials from waste through flash Joule heating.

Materials Science - Physics - 29.09.2021
Extending LIGO’s Reach Into the Cosmos
Since LIGO's groundbreaking detection , in 2015, of gravitational waves produced by a pair of colliding black holes, the observatory, together with its European partner facility Virgo, has detected dozens of similar cosmic rumblings that send ripples through space and time. In the future, as more and more upgrades are made to the National Science Foundation-funded LIGO observatories -one in Hanford, Washington, and the other in Livingston, Louisiana-the facilities are expected to detect increasingly large numbers of these extreme cosmic events.

Materials Science - Electroengineering - 28.09.2021
Scientists create material that can both move and block heat
Unusual material could improve the reliability of electronics and other devices Moving heat around where you want it to go-adding it to houses and hairdryers, removing it from car engines and refrigerators-is one of the great challenges of engineering. All activity generates heat, because energy escapes from everything we do.

Materials Science - 28.09.2021
Getting the measure of tricky measurements
Getting the measure of tricky measurements
The new Christian Doppler Laboratory for Measurement Systems for Harsh Operating Conditions at TU Graz is conducting research into suitable measurement techniques that can deliver precise results in tough operating and environmental conditions. Although measurement technology has come a long way, established approaches often come up against their limits in difficult operating and environmental conditions, ultimately delivering inaccurate results or even none at all.

Materials Science - Innovation - 28.09.2021
Unbreakable glass inspired by seashells
Unbreakable glass inspired by seashells
Scientists from McGill University develop stronger and tougher glass, inspired by the inner layer of mollusk shells. Instead of shattering upon impact, the new material has the resiliency of plastic and could be used to improve cell phone screens in the future, among other applications. While techniques like tempering and laminating can help reinforce glass, they are costly and no longer work once the surface is damaged.

Materials Science - Physics - 14.09.2021
Solar cells with 30-year lifetimes for power-generating windows
Solar cells with 30-year lifetimes for power-generating windows
High-efficiency but fragile molecules for converting light to electricity thrive with a little protection. A new transparency-friendly solar cell design could marry high efficiencies with 30-year estimated lifetimes, research led by the University of Michigan has shown. It may pave the way for windows that also provide solar power.

Physics - Materials Science - 02.09.2021
Photovoltaic perovskites can detect neutrons
Photovoltaic perovskites can detect neutrons
A simple and cheap device for detecting neutrons has been developed by a team of researchers and their collaborators. The device, based on a special class of crystalline compounds called perovskites, could be used to quickly detect neutrons coming from radioactive materials, e.g. a nuclear reactor that has been damaged or that is being transported nefariously, the researchers say.

Physics - Materials Science - 02.09.2021
Discovery paves way for improved quantum devices
Discovery paves way for improved quantum devices
Physicists and engineers have found a way to identify and address imperfections in materials for one of the most promising technologies in commercial quantum computing. The University of Queensland team was able to develop treatments and optimise fabrication protocols in common techniques for building superconducting circuits on silicon chips.

Physics - Materials Science - 30.08.2021
Bilayer borophene is a first
Rice theories, Northwestern experiments combine to produce exotic material If one layer of borophene is good, will two be better? Scientists at Rice University and Northwestern University hope so, because they've now made the elusive material. Borophene is a one-atom-thick material made of boron atoms, which mostly fall together in neat triangles when grown in a furnace on a proper substrate.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 27.08.2021
Comet Supercomputer Used to Illustrate Methane Storage Applications
New findings could lead to carbon-neutral chemical fuels for vehicles Porous carbon is a well-established class of materials with significant potential in wide-ranging applications - from water purification and gas separation to energy storage devices and thermal insulation. A class of first-year graduate students is also full of potential - especially if those among them have already been part of an international research team whose work could impact technology needed for reduced-carbon or carbon-free chemical fuels for vehicles.

Physics - Materials Science - 26.08.2021
LED Material Shines Under Strain
LED Material Shines Under Strain
Berkeley Lab researchers devise a simple tactic to increase the efficiency of LED devices Smartphones, laptops, and lighting applications rely on light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to shine bright. But the brighter these LED technologies shine, the more inefficient they become, releasing more energy as heat instead of light.

Environment - Materials Science - 24.08.2021
Climate benefits vs. burdens: Which products are best suited for emerging carbon capture technologies?
Pulling heat-trapping carbon dioxide out of the air and turning it into useful products, a concept called carbon capture and utilization, has the potential to offer both environmental and economic benefits. By some optimistic estimates, CCU could generate annual revenues of more than $800 billion by 2030 while reducing climate-altering carbon dioxide emissions by up to 15%.

Materials Science - 23.08.2021
Phosphorescent material inspired by 'glow in the dark' wood
Phosphorescent material inspired by ’glow in the dark’ wood
Researchers have developed a new phosphorescent material from lignin, a major component of wood. Last updated on Wednesday 25 August 2021 Scientists have harnessed the natural ability of wood to faintly glow to develop a new sustainable phosphorescent material that could potentially be used in a wide number of applications, from medical imaging and optical sensing to 'glow in the dark' dyes and paints.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 20.08.2021
Changes in colour indicate deformations
Changes in colour indicate deformations
Researchers have developed a new type of laminate that changes colour as soon as the material is deformed. This way, the materials researchers can kill two birds with one stone: a lightweight composite material that inspects itself. Lightweight construction has found its way into many areas, especially automotive manufacturing, shipbuilding and aircraft construction.

Materials Science - Microtechnics - 20.08.2021
Tantalizing Tantalum Actuators and Sensors
Carnegie Mellon University Accelerometers in mobile phones, microprocessors in laptops, and gyroscopes that balance drones each rely on microelectromechanical systems, or MEMS for short. Within these small systems are even smaller devices, called actuators and sensors, that perform various physical functions.

Materials Science - Health - 19.08.2021
Band-aid for internal wounds
Band-aid for internal wounds
Closing wounds in the digestive tract is a challenge. researchers have now developed a polymer patch for the intestine that can be used to stably bond and seal internal injuries. A burst appendix or a life-threatening intestinal volvulus are emergencies that need to be treated by surgeons immediately.
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