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Earth Sciences - Physics - 02.02.2010
Satellite Observations Help Assess Future Earthquake Risk in Haiti
February 03, 2010 — Viginia Key — Scientists at the University of Miami have analyzed images based on Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) observations taken before and just after Haiti's earthquake, on January 12. The images reveal surprising new details. The images were obtained using data from Japan's ALOS satellite and made available to the scientific community through the efforts of GEO, the Group of Earth Observation, an umbrella group of many countries that promotes the exchange of satellite data to efficiently observe our planet, and the European Space Agency (ESA).

Physics - Chemistry - 26.01.2010
Black hole hunters set new distance record
Black hole hunters set new distance record
Using the European Southern Observatory´s Very Large Telescope (VLT), astronomers from the University of Sheffield have detected a stellar mass black hole much farther away than any other previously known. The newly discovered black hole is in the spiral galaxy NGC 300, about six million light years away from the Sun.

Computer Science - Physics - 25.01.2010
New record in magnetic tape data density
New record in magnetic tape data density
IBM researchers today announced they have demonstrated a world record in areal data density on linear magnetic tape — a significant update to one of the computer industry's most resilient, reliable and affordable data storage technologies.

Physics - Event - 20.01.2010
Five Los Alamos researchers receive Early Career Awards
Grants to support innovation in basic science, energy security, climate change LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, January 21, 2010?Five Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have been awarded five-year research grants under the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act through the U.S. Department of Energy?s prestigious Office of Science Early Career Research Program, Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced recently.

Physics - Health - 19.01.2010
Herschel readies itself for the Orion Nebula
Herschel readies itself for the Orion Nebula , showed that it was performing beyond its design specification. However, by 3 August 2009, something was clearly wrong and the instrument team and ESA had to decide what to do. Herschel is stationed 1.5 million kilometres from Earth, directly away from the Sun, and way out of the reach of astronauts.

Physics - Environment - 07.01.2010
LANL announces Top 10 science stories of 2009
Los Alamos achievements from supercomputing to biofuels Los Alamos, New Mexico, January 8, 2010—Los Alamos National Laboratory has identified the Top 10 Laboratory science stories of 2009 based on global viewership of online media content and major programmatic milestones. "Often our top breakthroughs in terms of scientific impact are also the ones that garner the most attention in the media," said Terry Wallace, Laboratory principal associate director of science, technology, and engineering.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 03.01.2010
Spectacular Mars images reveal evidence of ancient lakes
Spectacular Mars images reveal evidence of ancient lakes
Spectacular satellite images suggest that Mars was warm enough to sustain lakes 3 billion years ago, a period that was previously thought to be too cold and arid to sustain water on the surface, according to research published today in Geology . The research, by a team from Imperial College London and UCL, suggests that during the Hesperian Epoch, approximately 3 billion years ago, Mars had lakes made of melted ice, each around 20km wide, along parts of the equator.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 17.12.2009
Astronomers find world with inhospitable atmosphere
Astronomers find world with inhospitable atmosphere
Astronomers have discovered the second super-Earth exoplanet for which they have determined the mass and radius, giving vital clues about its structure.

Life Sciences - Physics - 17.12.2009
Scientists Use Light to Map Neurons’ Effects on One Another
Cambridge, Mass. December 17, 2009 - Scientists at Harvard University have used light and genetic trickery to trace out neurons' ability to excite or inhibit one another, literally shedding new light on the question of how neurons interact with one another in live animals. The work is described in the current issue of the journal Nature Methods.

Physics - Health - 15.12.2009
Mastery of physical goals lessens disease-related depression
Physically active individuals have an increased sense of accomplishment, or situation-specific self-confidence, which in turn results in reduced depression and reduced fatigue, said Edward McAuley, a professor of kinesiology and community health at Illinois and lead author on the study. Photo by L. Brian Stauffer CHAMPAIGN, lll.

Computer Science - Physics - 14.12.2009
More Powerful and Environmentally-Friendly Computers
More Powerful and Environmentally-Friendly Computers
Not so long ago, our computers had a single core which had to be boosted for performance - making each machine into a great central heating system.

Physics - Electroengineering - 08.12.2009
Leading academic granted esteemed fellowship
Leading academic granted esteemed fellowship
A talented academic at the University of Sheffield is set to lead the way in new research after being awarded a prestigious research fellowship title by the Royal Society - the UK's national academy of science. Dr Gino Hrkac, from the Department of Engineering Materials, was selected to be one of only 38 new University Research Fellows (URFs) across the UK for 2009 as a result of his research into the new phenomena of functional nano-magnetism and spintronics.

Physics - 01.12.2009
Scientists Celebrate First Physics Results from the LHC
Birmingham physicists have played a key role in producing the first results from CERN's Large Hadron Collider, a 27km underground tunnel near Geneva, where scientists are colliding together particles to discover what happened a millionth of a second after the Big Bang. These results have come out of the ALICE collaboration's detector which will study the physics from ultra-high energy proton-proton and lead-lead interactions.

Physics - 01.12.2009
LHC sets new world record
LHC sets new world record
CERN's Large Hadron Collider has today become the world's highest energy particle accelerator, having accelerated its twin beams of protons to an energy of 1.18 TeV in the early hours of the morning of 30 November.

Physics - 25.11.2009
Birmingham Physicists’ Hopes for First Particle Collisions
Birmingham physicists are delighted that their experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), that aim to find what happened just after the Big Bang, will soon be underway as scientists have successfully collided together two low-energy beams of protons for the first time. Based at the CERN laboratory, Geneva, the LHC is the world's largest machine and aims to discover many secrets of the nature of matter and the universe.

Physics - Life Sciences - 16.11.2009
Some of us may be born more empathetic, new study suggests
BERKELEY — Could it be that the generous Mother Teresa and the miserly Ebenezer Scrooge from “A Christmas Carol” were influenced by their genes? Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have found compelling evidence that people who are more empathetic possess a particular variation of the oxytocin receptor gene.

Physics - Chemistry - 15.11.2009
New funding will stimulate alternative energy research: Los Alamos to play key role in four geothermal projects funded by ARRA
New funding will stimulate alternative energy research: Los Alamos to play key role in four geothermal projects funded by ARRA
Schoolchildren at the Pueblo of Jemez get hands-on learning at a geothermal well during a recent Earth Day event. The well may be used for power or warmth. Los Alamos National Laboratory is providing technical assistance in the project thanks to funding from the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act.

Physics - Mathematics - 15.11.2009
One of the largest-ever computer models explores "turbulent flames" as they occur in early stages of a supernova
Scientists use the Roadrunner supercomputer to model a fundamental process in physics that could help explain how stars begin to explode into supernovae Los Alamos, New Mexico, November 16, 2009 — Despite decades of research, understanding turbulence, the seemingly random motion of fluid flows, remains one of the major unsolved problems in physics.

Physics - Health - 13.11.2009
NanoSystems Institute at UCLA to host global symposium on nanobiotechnology
Nanotechnology has shown great promise for applications in the areas of energy, information technology and the environment. In the health and medicine fields, however, its promise has progressed beyond possibility to become reality. Nanoscale research has led to techniques and devices with the potential to revolutionize health care, including imaging tools that detect cancers at the atomic level, nanomachines programmed to release drugs within specific cells, and biosensors that monitor changes from deep within body organs.

Physics - Mathematics - 05.11.2009
Rapid supernova could be new class of exploding star
Rapid supernova could be new class of exploding star
BERKELEY — An unusual supernova rediscovered in seven-year-old data may be the first example of a new type of exploding star, possibly from a binary star system where helium flows from one white dwarf onto another and detonates in a thermonuclear explosion. Artist's impression of an AM-CVn star system, where helium flows from one star, a helium white dwarf (upper right), onto another, piling up in an accretion disk around a small, dense primary star.