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Life Sciences - Psychology - 12.06.2024
Just thinking about a location activates mental maps in the brain
MIT neuroscientists have found that the brain uses the same cognitive representations whether navigating through space physically or mentally. As you travel your usual route to work or the grocery store, your brain engages cognitive maps stored in your hippocampus and entorhinal cortex. These maps store information about paths you have taken and locations you have been to before, so you can navigate whenever you go there.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.06.2024
Links between social anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts in adolescents discovered
Links between social anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts in adolescents discovered
Adolescents who experience higher levels of social anxiety symptoms are more likely to report increased suicidal thoughts and other depressive symptoms two years later, finds a new study involving UCL researchers. The findings, published in JCPP Advances, highlights the need for early interventions to address society anxiety in young people.

Psychology - 07.06.2024
Unravelling the gendered undertones of narcissism
Unravelling the gendered undertones of narcissism
Narcissistic tendencies are heavily shaped by our upbringing and are significant contributors to violence and bullying in adult relationships - but the causes and outcomes are different for men and women. New research from the University of Southampton and City, University of London has uncovered significant gender differences in narcissism and its influence on partner violence and bullying behaviour.

Psychology - Economics - 07.06.2024
Making a strategic decision? Let visuals help you
Study: External representations in strategic decision-making: Understanding strategy's reliance on visuals Management consultants and professors seem to be obsessed with visuals. When it comes to strategy, they either pull out their impeccable slides, replete with graphics ranging from a SWOT analysis to Porter's Five Forces to the Strategy Canvas, or they pick up a marker to sketch out their own frameworks on a whiteboard.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 05.06.2024
Training cognitive control in children does not change brain or behaviour
Training exercises designed to improve cognitive control in children do not make a significant difference to their ability to delay gratification or to their academic achievement, nor do they lead to any brain changes, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The findings, published in Nature Neuroscience , appear to debunk the popular idea that brain training could improve cognitive control - the mental processes that allow us to set and pursue shortor long-term goals - and thereby lead to tangible benefits to other real-life outcomes.

Psychology - Health - 05.06.2024
Internet addiction affects the behaviour and development of adolescents
Internet addiction affects the behaviour and development of adolescents
Adolescents with an internet addiction undergo changes in the brain that could lead to additional addictive behaviour and tendencies, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The findings, published in PLOS Mental Health , reviewed 12 articles involving 237 young people aged 10-19 with a formal diagnosis of internet addiction between 2013 and 2023.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 05.06.2024
Sexual minorities experience greater exclusion in everyday situations
Sexual minorities experience greater exclusion in everyday situations
Lesbian, gay and bisexual people experience greater exclusion than heterosexual people. This is the conclusion of a recent study by researchers from the University of Basel and the University of Kaiserslautern-Landau (RPTU). Heterosexual individuals who deviate from traditional gender roles are also affected.

Psychology - 05.06.2024
An effective insomnia treatment for night-shift workers
An effective insomnia treatment for night-shift workers
Intervention leads to partial or total remission of insomnia in over 90% of people A team from Laval University has developed a behavioral intervention that improves sleep and mental health in people whose work involves night shifts. The effectiveness of this intervention has just been demonstrated by this team, led by Professor Annie Vallières, in a study published in the Journal of Sleep Research .

Psychology - Health - 03.06.2024
Calls for better detection of health conditions for autistic people
Common debilitating health conditions, such as anxiety, depression and neck and back pain, may be under-diagnosed in autistic people, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in The Lancet Regional Health - Europe , analysed whether autistic people experience similar rates of five common mental health conditions (anxiety, depression, self-harm, harmful alcohol use, and substance use), and three common physical health conditions (migraine, neck/back pain, and gynaecological issues), compared to people of the same age and sex who have not been diagnosed as autistic.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 30.05.2024
Study connects genetic risk for autism to changes observed in the brain
Health + Behavior UCLA Health study is part of massive brain and genetic mapping initiative Key takeaways The study by UCLA scientists is the first to identify a potential mechanism that connects changes occurring in the brain in autism spectrum disorder directly to underlying genetic causes. Identifying these types of complex molecular mechanisms could eventually help lead to the development of therapeutics to treat autism.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 30.05.2024
Critical dialogue helps straight men confront sexist, homophobic beliefs
Study: Iconic illustrations initiate critical dialogues among heterosexual men who then develop critical consciousness around homophobia and sexism: A qualitative study Adult heterosexual men with sexist and homophobic views can potentially improve their attitudes toward gay men and women by engaging in critical dialogues that use illustrations as a springboard, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Psychology - 23.05.2024
Count your blessings: It often happens when others help, not self-achieved
Study: The privileges we do and do not see: The relative salience of interpersonal and circumstantial benefits If you focus on overcoming life's barriers rather than the blessings that make life easier, you're not alone. A new University of Michigan study indicated that people aren't always good at noticing the advantages they enjoy compared to the disadvantages they overcame.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 22.05.2024
One in two children with ADHD experience emotional problems
Cambridge scientists have shown that problems regulating emotions - which can manifest as depression, anxiety and explosive outbursts - may be a core symptom of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Psychology - 22.05.2024
An app to fight the social stigma of OCD reduces symptoms and helps prevent the disorder
According to two published papers led by UV's Professor Gemma García-Soriano, the esTOCma app "has proved useful in raising awareness of OCD in society, dispelling false myths about it and encouraging people to seek help as soon as possible." The results of these studies show that after using the app for a few minutes for 4-5 days, the users have a better understanding of the disorder.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 22.05.2024
The double face of fentanyl: the neuronal basis of opioid addiction
The double face of fentanyl: the neuronal basis of opioid addiction
Scientists from the University of Geneva have discovered that fentanyl leads to the activation of two distinct cell populations in the brain, first when the drug is taken and then during withdrawal, suggesting a novel model for opioid addiction. Fentanyl is a particularly powerful synthetic opioid. Diverted from its original medical use, it has become a deadly drug responsible for three-quarters of overdose deaths in the United States.

Psychology - 21.05.2024
Illegitimate interruptions reduce productivity in the workplace
A team of researchers from The University of Queensland has found employees experience more stress at work when interrupted with requests for unnecessary or unreasonable tasks. Associate Professor Stacey Parker from UQ's School of Psychology led the study that investigated how interruptions during work can have an impact on employees' stress and performance.

Psychology - 18.05.2024
Self-determination and social identity: Modeling team motivation
A model that combines self-determination theory and social identity theory can shed light on team motivation and functioning, according to a recent study What are the underlying dynamics of group motivation in a team or organization' How does it take shape' And how does it influence a team's functioning and effectiveness' A recent article in Applied Psychology: An International Review attempts to answer these questions.

Psychology - Sport - 16.05.2024
Movement Coordination Leads to Identification
When members of a group successfully coordinate their movements with one another, this leads to a stronger sense of togetherness. This was shown by a recent study by the Universities of Würzburg and Regensburg. People who feel connected to each other find it easier to coordinate their actions. They therefore perform better in tasks that require good coordination.

Health - Psychology - 16.05.2024
Study identifies 'hot-spots' of high rates of depression linked to deprivation
Study identifies ’hot-spots’ of high rates of depression linked to deprivation
Research led by the University of Southampton shows particular regions of England have suffered over a decade of increasing mental health inequalities, but finds the picture varies greatly across different parts of the country. The study, in collaboration with the University of Liverpool, examines the relationship between socioeconomic conditions within local areas and the mental health of people who live there.

Psychology - 14.05.2024
What motivates preschool children to prepare
What motivates preschool children to prepare
In everyday life, adults think about the future an average of 59 times a day. This helps them to cope with future challenges. What about children? Adults are particularly good at preparing for the future when they imagine what they will feel. Researchers at Ruhr University Bochum have investigated whether this is also the case with pre-school children.
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