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Life Sciences - Psychology - 10.05.2010
Scientists learn how brains process images of faces
The team ran fMRI scans on subjects with Williams syndrome and found their brains show an enormous amount of activity in the area that processes information about faces. Stare at a stranger's face for too long, and two things will likely happen: You'll feel uncomfortable, and you'll get the sense that the stranger doesn't like it.

Health - Psychology - 08.04.2010
Children of combat-deployed parents show increased worries, even after parent returns
The current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have resulted in extended and repeated combat-related deployments of U.S. military service members. While much has been reported about the problems, both physical and psychological, many bring back with them, new research out of UCLA shows that the family back home can have issues as well.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 09.03.2010
After a Fight with a Partner, Brain Activity Predicts Emotional Resiliency
Cambridge, Mass. March 9, 2010 - Common wisdom tells us that for a successful relationship partners shouldn’t go to bed angry. But new research from a psychologist at Harvard University suggests that brain activity—specifically in the region called the lateral prefrontal cortex—is a far better indicator of how someone will feel in the days following a fight with his or her partner.

Health - Psychology - 02.03.2010
Moderate drinking before trauma leads to more flashbacks
Moderate drinking before trauma leads to more flashbacks
People who have drunk a moderate amount of alcohol before a traumatic event report more flashbacks than those who have had no alcohol, according to new UCL research. The results may give new insight into why some individuals develop post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a traumatic event and others do not.

Health - Psychology - 03.02.2010
High-risk populations may not accept an HIV vaccine, study finds
HIV vaccines are considered the holy grail of AIDS research. The availability of a safe and effective vaccine could prevent millions of new HIV infections. Yet the simple availability of a vaccine is not enough to ensure that it would actually be widely accessible and taken by people at risk for HIV.

Health - Psychology - 31.01.2010
Study investigates how people behave in pandemics
Study investigates how people behave in pandemics
Dr Alison Bish and Professor Susan Michie (UCL Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology) investigated the results of a number of studies into how people behave during pandemics, such as the recent swine flu outbreak, to better understand protective behaviour and to improve interventions and communication in the future.

Psychology - 20.01.2010
Ask the Non-Experts: UM Psychologists Use Non-expert Student Observers in Autism Research
January 21, 2010 — Non-expert is not often a term that one would associate with scientific research, but it could become a new trend in psychology research. Some recent studies have begun to rely on non-expert students to observe and provide data during experiments. In a research project about early autism detection in infants, Dr. Daniel Messinger, an associate professor of psychology in the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Miami (UM), and his research group are doing exactly that.

Health - Psychology - 07.01.2010
Half of depressed Americans go untreated, study finds
A national survey of 15,762 households by researchers from UCLA and Wayne State University found that only 21 percent of Americans suffering from clinical depression receive medical care consistent with American Psychiatric Association guidelines. Half receive no treatment at all. The majority of treated patients, nearly 45 percent, received psychotherapy with no medication.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 08.12.2009
Social scientists build case for 'survival of the kindest'
BERKELEY — Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, are challenging long-held beliefs that human beings are wired to be selfish. In a wide range of studies, social scientists are amassing a growing body of evidence to show we are evolving to become more compassionate and collaborative in our quest to survive and thrive.

Psychology - 04.12.2009
Parental monitoring key to reducing behavior problems in teens with HIV-positive mothers
UCLA researchers and colleagues examined the influence of HIV-positive mothers' parenting skills on their children and found that adolescents in families with higher levels of parental monitoring and frequent, regular routines that brought predictability into their lives had lower rates of aggression, anxiety, depression, binge drinking and other behavioral issues.

Administration - Psychology - 04.12.2009
Most runaway teens return home with help of family ties, study finds
The teen years can be a tumultuous time, as many parents know, a time when adolescents begin to flex their mental muscles, testing boundaries and turning to peers rather than parents for advice. Sometimes emotions and arguments can become so intense that things get out of hand and the child runs away.

Psychology - Health - 24.11.2009
UM Is Offering New Cognitive Behavioral Treatments for Anxiety and Depression at Low or No Cost
November 25, 2009 — Coral Gables — New research suggests that behavioral therapy can provide a safe, effective alternative treatment for anxiety and depression. These programs seem to work as well as-or better than-medication treatments. The University of Miami (UM) is now providing these evidence-based, quality treatments for anxiety and related disorders to the public, at low or no cost.

Psychology - 30.10.2009
For Gay and Straight Men, Facial Attraction Operates Similarly
Cambridge, Mass. October 30, 2009 - A new study from a researcher at Harvard University finds that gay men are most attracted to the most masculine-faced men, while straight men prefer the most feminine-faced women. The research is currently published online in the journal "Archives of Sexual Behavior," and was led by Aaron Glassenberg, while completing his master’s degree in the Department of Psychology at Harvard.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 26.10.2009
The Pain of Torture Can Make the Innocent Seem Guilty
Cambridge, Mass. October 26, 2009 - The rationale behind torture is that pain will make the guilty confess, but a new study by researchers at Harvard University finds that the pain of torture can make even the innocent seem guilty. Participants in the study met a woman suspected of cheating to win money.

Health - Psychology - 21.10.2009
Feelings of stigmatization may discourage HIV patients from proper care, study finds
The feeling of stigmatization that people living with HIV often experience doesn't only exact a psychological toll — new UCLA research suggests it can also lead to quantifiably negative health outcomes.

Psychology - Economics / Business - 27.09.2009
Subliminal messaging more effective when negative?
A team of UCL researchers say that subliminal messaging is most effective when the message being conveyed is negative. Subliminal images ' in other words, images shown so briefly that the viewer does not consciously 'see' them ' have long been the subject of controversy, particularly in the area of advertising.

Economics / Business - Psychology - 27.08.2009
Outcome Matters More Than Intention When Punishing or Rewarding Accidents
Published in PLoS One, the study was led by Fiery Cushman, a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Psychology in Harvard’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences, along with Anna Dreber of the Program for Evolutionary Dynamics at Harvard and the Stockholm School of Economics. “Punishing those who’ve caused accidents seems to be something that people do routinely,” says Cushman.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 13.07.2009
Neuroimaging Suggests that Truthfulness Requires No Act of Will for Honest People
Cambridge, Mass. July 13, 2009 - A new study of the cognitive processes involved with honesty suggests that truthfulness depends more on absence of temptation than active resistance to temptation. Using neuroimaging, psychologists looked at the brain activity of people given the chance to gain money dishonestly by lying and found that honest people showed no additional neural activity when telling the truth, implying that extra cognitive processes were not necessary to choose honesty.

Psychology - 25.06.2009
Jurors fail to understand rape victims
Jurors fail to understand rape victims
PA 176/09 Rape trial juries need better guidance in the courtroom - and a better understanding of rape victims - to help them reach their verdict. Professor Vanessa Munro of The University of Nottingham and Dr Louise Ellison of the University of Leeds found jurors have a poor understanding of the various ways in which women might react when raped, the levels and types of injuries they might sustain and the different behaviours they might display in the witness box.

Psychology - 16.06.2009
Individual Primates Display Variation in General Intelligence
Cambridge, Mass. June 16, 2009 - Scientists at Harvard University have shown, for the first time, that intelligence varies among individual monkeys within a species - in this case, the cotton-top tamarin. Testing for broad cognitive ability, the researchers identified high, middle, and low performing monkeys, determined by a general intelligence score.
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