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Health - Psychology - 26.04.2021
People with mental illnesses report worsening symptoms during lockdown
People with pre-existing mental health conditions have reported challenges posed by the COVID-19 lockdowns, such as the loss of normal coping routines, barriers to accessing care, and unequal impacts of the pandemic, in a new study led by UCL researchers. The qualitative, interview-based study, published in Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology , shows that the impacts of lockdown were not distributed equally, and people in ethnic minority groups reported particular challenges.

Pharmacology - Psychology - 23.04.2021
Antidepressant withdrawal or relapse? Doctors can’t really tell
Doctors need more evidence to help patients stop taking antidepressants safely and effectively, a collaborative study with The University of Queensland has found. UQ Emeritus Professor of General Practice Mieke van Driel said long-term antidepressant use was on the rise because people took antidepressants for much longer than recommended by guidelines.

Health - Psychology - 21.04.2021
People with disabilities more likely to be depressed, anxious and lonely during pandemic
Older people in England with physical disabilities were more likely to have worse mental health and to feel lonelier during the Covid-19 pandemic than able bodied people - with more support required to address this during and after the pandemic - according to a new UCL study. Research published today in The  Lancet Public Health found that those with a disability experienced greater increases in depression and anxiety than people without a disability, as well as poorer psychological wellbeing, quality of life and sleep, in addition to lower levels of social contact.

Psychology - 20.04.2021
Our attention is captured by eye-glance
Our attention is captured by eye-glance
Scientists have shown that when we look at each other, our attention is focused on the social interaction, disrupting our perception of time. Eyes play an important role in social communication by expressing the intentions of our interlocutors, and even more so in times of pandemic when half of the face is hidden.

Health - Psychology - 20.04.2021
Epidurals not linked to autism risk
Refuting an earlier study, researchers found that epidural anesthesia, commonly administered for pain relief during labor, does not increase the risk for autism in children. Having an epidural during childbirth is not associated with a greater risk of autism in the child, according to a study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and the University of Manitoba.

Psychology - 13.04.2021
Zoom fatigue worse for women
In the first large-scale study examining the full extent of Zoom fatigue, Stanford researchers find that women report feeling more exhausted than men following video calls - and the "self-view" display may be to blame. With the pandemic forcing many Americans to retreat into their homes, video calls have taken over people's work and personal lives.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 13.04.2021
Joyful Screams Perceived More Strongly than Screams of Fear or Anger
The human scream signals more than fear of imminent danger or entanglement in social conflicts. Screaming can also express joy or excitement. For the first time, researchers at the University of Zurich have demonstrated that non-alarming screams are even perceived and processed by the brain more efficiently than their alarming counterparts.

Psychology - Health - 12.04.2021
Childhood cognitive problems could lead to mental health issues in later life
Childhood cognitive problems could lead to mental health issues in later life
Children experiencing cognitive problems such as low attention, poor memory or lack of inhibition may later suffer mental health issues as teenagers and young adults, a new study reveals. Targeting specific markers in childhood for early treatment may help to minimise the risk of children developing certain psychopathological problems in adolescence and adult life, such as borderline personality disorder, depression and psychosis.

Health - Psychology - 07.04.2021
Link between COVID-19 infection and subsequent mental health and neurological conditions found
One in three COVID-19 survivors received a neurological or psychiatric diagnosis within six months of infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus, an observational study of more than 230,000 patient health records published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal estimates. The study looked at 14 neurological and mental health disorders.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 07.04.2021
Psychologists develop first measure of social media impact on teen sleep
Sleep experts have developed a new tool to help more accurately measure young people's ability to disengage from social media before bed. The University of Glasgow researchers who developed the Index of Nighttime Offline Distress, or iNOD, believe it is the first psychological measurement tool of its kind, which reflects the realities of how young people interact with each other in an online world.

Campus - Psychology - 02.04.2021
Hand signals improve video meeting success
Hand signals improve video meeting success
Using a simple set of hand signals can improve the experience of online meetings, make groups feel closer to each other and that they are learning and communicating better, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research team trained students to use a set of signals in seminars, such as waving to take a turn to speak, and raising a hand to show empathy, and found evidence that they improved the experience of video meetings during lockdown.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 31.03.2021
More support needed for two children in every class with hidden language disorder
Research from Bath psychologists suggests schools could introduce quieter alternatives to playtime to help children with Developmental Language Disorder. Last updated on Wednesday 31 March 2021 Children with a common but regularly undiagnosed disorder affecting their language and communication are likely to be finding the transition back to school post-lockdown harder than most, according to a team of psychologists.

Psychology - Campus - 30.03.2021
Cardiorespiratory fitness improves grades at school
Cardiorespiratory fitness improves grades at school
By confirming the link between children's cardiorespiratory fitness and their school results, researchers at the UNIGE underline the importance of physical education classes at school. Recent studies indicate a link between children's cardiorespiratory fitness and their school performance: the more athletic they are, the better their marks in the main subjects - French and mathematics.

Psychology - 29.03.2021
Apes constantly reinvent the wheel
Great apes do not pass on their behavior to the next generation. Unlike humans, they do not copy the specific knowledge of those around them, instead learning it anew in each generation. This is shown in a study by Dr. Alba Motes-Rodrigo and Dr. Claudio Tennie of the "Tools and Culture in Early Hominins" research group at the University of Tübingen.

Psychology - 25.03.2021
Sleep study discovery could hold key to tackling PTSD and other anxiety disorders
Triggering? 'bad' 'memories' 'to? 'reactivate' 'in? 'REM' 'sleep' '-? 'the' 'period' 'when' 'people' 'dream' 'most' 'vividly' '-' 'reduces' 'the? 'emotion' 'associated' 'with' 'these' 'memories' 'on? 'waking,' 'a? 'new' 'study' 'has? 'suggested.' - It? 'is' 'the' 'first' 'research' 'to' 'suggest' 'this' 'technique' 'could' 'have' 'potential' 'for' 'use' 'as' 'a' 'tool' 'for? 'the' 'treatment' 'of? -'anxiety' 'disorders,' 'potentially' 'including' ''post-traumatic' 'stress' 'disorder' -(PTSD).

Life Sciences - Psychology - 25.03.2021
Study links genes with function across the human brain
Comparing two neural maps reveals the roles of genes in cognition, perception and feeling Many psychiatric disorders have genetic causes, but the exact mechanism of how genes influence higher brain function remains a mystery. A new study provides a map linking the genetic signature of functions across the human brain, a tool that may provide new targets for future treatments.

Health - Psychology - 19.03.2021
Disability highest for schizophrenia and personality disorders
Schizophrenia and personality disorders are the most disabling mental health conditions to live with, according to scientists from The University of Queensland. A Danish-Australian research team studied a cohort of 6.9 million Danish residents in the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register to understand the burden of disability associated with 18 mental and substance use disorders.

Psychology - Health - 19.03.2021
Psychologists report an error in the NICE guidelines for autism - Lancet Psychiatry Study
A new Lancet Psychiatry article highlights concerns over a commonly-used autism screening tool, 'AQ-10'. Last updated on Friday 19 March 2021 Reporting in the Lancet Psychiatry today, psychologists at the University of Bath highlight that a widely used technique for autism screening is being misused, which may have prevented many people from receiving an autism diagnosis over the past decade.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 18.03.2021
How gamblers plan their actions to maximize rewards
A study in biological psychology has shown that habitual gamblers use strategies during reinforcement learning that differ from those of the control group. This difference could be caused by changes in the dopamine system that influence strategic planning. In their pursuit of maximum reward, people suffering from gambling disorder rely less on exploring new but potentially better strategies, and more on proven courses of action that have already led to success in the past.

Health - Psychology - 18.03.2021
Pre-med Student Melds Matrix and Medicine 
Nineteen-year-old Gordon Ye is a second-year pre-med student at the University of California San Diego, with studies focused on computer science and biomedical computation; however, that last part wasn't something he figured he would pursue as a career. "I was mostly interested in computer science and technology when I was younger.