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Life Sciences - Psychology - 17.03.2021
Analysis: Teenage mental health - how growing brains could explain emerging disorders
Mental health problems often emerge during adolescence, but it is still not fully understood why teenagers are so vulnerable to psychiatric illnesses, says Dr Tobias Hauser (UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology). Adolescence is the time when most mental health problems arise. Diagnoses of psychiatric illnesses increase across the board, with teenagers suffering not only from mood disorders such as depression, but also from the most pervasive psychiatric illnesses, such as schizophrenia or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Health - Psychology - 15.03.2021
Fear of COVID-19 : Psychological, not environmental factors are important
Fear of COVID-19 : Psychological, not environmental factors are important
During pandemics, protective behaviors need to be motivated by effective communication. A critical factor in understanding a population's response to such a threat is the fear it elicits, since fear both contributes to motivating protective responses, but can also lead to panic-driven behaviors. Furthermore, lockdown measures affect well-being, making it important to identify protective factors that help to maintain high perceived levels of health during restrictions.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 12.03.2021
Evidence shows mental illness isn’t a reason to doubt women survivors
Research reveals many women demonstrate resilience after violence and abuse. Others report mental distress made worse by disappointing system responses, victim-blaming, and other negative social impacts, writes Dr Emma Tseris. This article discusses sexual assault, gendered violence and mental distress.

Health - Psychology - 11.03.2021
High rates of mental health disorder among all health and social care groups
High rates of mental health disorder among all health and social care groups
Almost 60% of frontline health and social care workers (HSCWs) experienced a mental health disorder during the first COVID-19 lockdown, with many suffering "very high rates of distress", suggests a new study led by researchers at UCL and the University of Haifa, Israel.

Psychology - Health - 10.03.2021
Quitting smoking is linked to improved mental health
People who stop smoking may experience improvements in their mental health such as reductions in anxiety and depression symptoms, finds research carried out in collaboration with the University of Birmingham. Led by the University of Bath, in collaboration with the Universities of Birmingham, Oxford and New York, the Cochrane Review found that those who quit smoking are not likely to experience a worsening in their mood long-term, whether they have a mental health condition or not.

Psychology - Health - 10.03.2021
Cochrane Review finds stopping smoking linked to improved mental health
Stopping smoking leads to healthier, wealthier and happier lives say researchers from University of Bath's Addiction & Mental Health Group. Last updated on Wednesday 10 March 2021 New evidence published today in the Cochrane Library suggests that smokers who quit can feel the positive benefits within weeks.

Health - Psychology - 10.03.2021
Helpful behavior during pandemic tied to recognizing common humanity
Helpful behavior during pandemic tied to recognizing common humanity
During the COVID-19 pandemic, people who recognize the connections they share with others are more likely to wear a mask, follow health guidelines and help people, even at a potential cost to themselves, a new University of Washington study shows. Indeed, an identification with all humanity, as opposed to identification with a geographic area like a country or town, predicts whether someone will engage in "prosocial" behaviors particular to the pandemic, such as donating their own masks to a hospital or coming to the aid of a sick person.

Health - Psychology - 09.03.2021
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome at significantly increased risk of COVID-19
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are at a significantly increased risk of contracting COVID-19 than women without the condition, new research led by the University of Birmingham has revealed. Researchers are now calling for healthcare policy to specifically encourage women with PCOS to adhere to COVID-19 infection control measures while the global pandemic continues.

Computer Science - Psychology - 04.03.2021
Speed of expression offers vital visual cues
The speed at which we produce facial expressions plays an important role in our ability to recognise emotions in others, according to new research at the University of Birmingham. A team in the University's School of Psychology carried out research which showed that people tend to produce happy and angry expressions more rapidly, while sad expressions are produced more slowly.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 03.03.2021
'Brain state' behind social interaction uncovered
’Brain state’ behind social interaction uncovered
The brain's emotion-processing center — the amygdala — is one of several brain regions involved in social behavior. But the exact role that this almond-shaped structure plays in the so-called 'social brain' remains mysterious. Now, the Lüthi group has found that the activity of different populations of neurons in the amygdala reflects whether mice interact with their peers, or whether they focus on self-centered behaviors such as grooming.

Environment - Psychology - 02.03.2021
Follow the emotions to fight climate change
Follow the emotions to fight climate change
A researcher from the University of Geneva has compiled the scientific literature of the last five years linking emotion and climate change, highlighting the main levers that will make it possible to strengthen behaviour in favour of sustainable development. Emotions are often the victim of their bad reputation, as they are considered "irrational", but they play a major role in helping us assess the world and guide our behaviour.

Psychology - 24.02.2021
Leave campaign created 'new religion' to support EU withdrawal - study
Leave campaign created ’new religion’ to support EU withdrawal - study
Campaigners used quasi-religious and mythological themes to create a 'Brexit religion' with the National Health Service (NHS) at its heart - persuading people to support Britain's withdrawal from the European Union, according to a new study. The Leave campaign's promise to 'take back control' used the NHS as the country's Holy Grail that could be rescued from malign European forces that threatened Britain's unique historical place in the world.

Psychology - 23.02.2021
Recognition, belief and an emotional response to disinformation are key factors in it being shared on social media, report finds
Fake news stories are more likely to be believed and consequently shared on social media if readers think they have seen them before, research suggests. Academics at Cardiff University's Crime and Security Research Institute say their report offers insights into the reasons why seemingly outlandish claims on social media can gain traction.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 22.02.2021
Sleep is vital to associating emotion with memory, according to U-M study
Sleep is vital to associating emotion with memory, according to U-M study
When you slip into sleep, it's easy to imagine that your brain shuts down, but University of Michigan research suggests that groups of neurons activated during prior learning keep humming, tattooing memories into your brain. U-M researchers have been studying how memories associated with a specific sensory event are formed and stored in mice.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 19.02.2021
Boys who play video games have lower depression risk
Boys who play video games have lower depression risk
Boys who regularly play video games at age 11 are less likely to develop depressive symptoms three years later, finds a new study led by a UCL researcher. The study, published in Psychological Medicine , also found that girls who spend more time on social media appear to develop more depressive symptoms.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 18.02.2021
Internet trends suggest COVID-19 spurred a return to earlier values and activities
American values, attitudes and activities have changed dramatically during COVID-19, according to a new study of online behavior. Researchers from UCLA and Harvard University analyzed how two types of internet activity changed in the U.S. for 10 weeks before and 10 weeks after March 13, 2020 — the date then-President Donald Trump declared COVID-19 a national emergency.

Psychology - Health - 17.02.2021
Mental health disorders and alcohol misuse more common in LGB people
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB*) people are significantly more likely to have mental health conditions and report alcohol and drug misuse than heterosexual people - finds a new study led by UCL researchers in collaboration with the University of East Anglia and City, University. The findings, published today in  Psychological Medicine , come despite apparently more tolerant societal attitudes towards same-sex relationships.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 12.02.2021
Women better at reading minds than men - new study
Bath psychologists have developed the first ever 'mind-reading questionnaire' to assess how well people understand what others are really thinking. Last updated on Friday 12 February 2021 A new approach to 'mind-reading' has been developed by researchers at the University of Bath, Cardiff, and London to improve how well we understand what others are thinking.

Psychology - Health - 12.02.2021
COVID-related Depression Linked to Reduced Physical Activity
A multi-institutional team of researchers followed university students to identify factors linked to depression and anxiety The United States spends more than $200 billion every year to treat and manage mental health. The onset of the coronavirus pandemic not only has deepened the chasm for those experiencing symptoms of depression or anxiety; the chasm has also widened, affecting more people.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 09.02.2021
14 could be peak age for believing in conspiracy theories
Belief in conspiracy theories is heightened as adolescents reach 14 years of age, reveals new research involving the University of Glasgow A study conducted by a team of psychologists from across the UK, including UofG's Dr Yvonne Skipper, has uncovered that belief in conspiracy theories flourishes in teenage years.