Results 81 - 100 of 1690.

Psychology - Health - 16.10.2023
Researchers identify early signs of bipolar disorder
Other mental illness diagnoses, taking psychotropic medication (prescribed to treat those illnesses, and specific health service use patterns are strong indicators of bipolar disorder, show researchers from the University of Manchester and Keele University. The findings - published in the British Journal of General Practice - will enable doctors to carry out quicker referral, assessment, and treatment of the debilitating and risky condition that used to be known as manic depression.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 16.10.2023
The emotional function of dreams is not the same everywhere
The emotional function of dreams is not the same everywhere
By comparing the dreams of Western and non-Western populations, a study by the University of Geneva and the University of Toronto shows that dreams can have a variable emotional function. Why do we dream? A product of our brain's neurophysiology, dreaming is a complex experience that can take on many emotional tones and simulate reality to varying degrees.

Psychology - Health - 16.10.2023
Narcissism and its impact on psychotherapy
Narcissism and its impact on psychotherapy
Narcissistic personality traits are related to poorer response to psychotherapeutic treatment. This is the result of a German multi-site study with more than 2,000 participants receiving inpatient and outpatient psychotherapy. The findings of the research team at Jena University Hospital and University of Münster, now published in the scientific journal The Lancet Psychiatry, can contribute to further individualization of psychotherapy.

Psychology - Health - 11.10.2023
Practicing mindfulness with an app may improve children’s mental health
New research suggests daily mindfulness training at home helped reduce kids' stress levels and negative emotions. Many studies have found that practicing mindfulness - defined as cultivating an open-minded attention to the present moment - has benefits for children. Children who receive mindfulness training at school have demonstrated improvements in attention and behavior, as well as greater mental health.

Environment - Psychology - 09.10.2023
Building shared knowledge on the climate crisis
Building shared knowledge on the climate crisis
Professor Annegret Hannawa from USI Faculty of Communication, Culture and Society will conduct one of the sessions of the upcoming Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavík, Iceland. The conference is the largest annual international meeting on the Arctic, and over 700 speakers and more than 2000 participants from 60 countries are expected.

Psychology - Pedagogy - 09.10.2023
Young children who are close to their parents are more likely to grow up kind, helpful and ’prosocial’
Study using data from 10,000 people in the UK found that those who had a closer bond with their parents at age three tended to display more socially-desirable behaviours like kindness, empathy and generosity, by adolescence. As children, we internalise those aspects of our relationships with our parents that are characterised by emotion, care and warmth Ioannis Katsantonis A loving bond between parents and their children early in life significantly increases the child's tendency to be 'prosocial', and act with kindness and empathy towards others, research indicates.

Psychology - Health - 06.10.2023
Psychotherapy for addictions: motivation is key
Psychotherapeutic approaches show modest to moderate effectiveness in treating substance abuse, according to a review of studies by UdeM professor Alexandre Dumais. Psychotherapeutic approaches are, at best, moderately effective in helping people with substance abuse or addiction problems reduce their dependence.

Psychology - Health - 02.10.2023
Calls for verbal abuse of children by adults to be formally recognised as form of child maltreatment
Calls for verbal abuse of children by adults to be formally recognised as form of child maltreatment
A new systematic review by researchers at UCL and Wingate University has highlighted the importance of identifying childhood verbal abuse by adults as a standalone subtype of child maltreatment, to ensure targeted prevention and address the lasting harm it can inflict. Child maltreatment is currently classified into four subtypes: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect.

Health - Psychology - 29.09.2023
Increased risk of depression and anxiety when in higher education
Increased risk of depression and anxiety when in higher education
Young people who are in higher education in England face a small increased risk of depression and anxiety, compared to their peers who are not attending higher education, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research paper, published in The Lancet Public Health , is the first to find evidence of higher levels of depression and anxiety among higher education students compared with their peers.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 29.09.2023
New insights into how the human brain organises language
A new study has provided the first clear picture of where language processes are located in the brain. The findings may be useful in clinical trials involving language recovery after brain injury. Dr Sabrina Turker, Dr Philipp Kuhnke and Professor Gesa Hartwigsen from the Wilhelm Wundt Institute of Psychology at Leipzig University and the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences conducted the meta-analysis in collaboration with researchers from Forschungszentrum Jülich.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 28.09.2023
Doll play allows children to develop and practice social skills regardless of their neurodevelopmental profile
Neuroscientists from Cardiff University have found that doll play could benefit children with varying social communication styles, including those who display neurodivergent traits commonly associated with autism. Part of a long-term study commissioned by Mattel, researchers monitored the brain activity of 57 children aged 4 to 8 years with varying levels of autistic traits.

Health - Psychology - 26.09.2023
Depression, anxiety may be among early signs of MS
Depression, anxiety may be among early signs of MS
Science, Health & Technology Brett Goldhawk New research from the University of British Columbia is painting a clearer picture of the early signs of multiple sclerosis (MS), showing that people are nearly twice as likely to experience mental illness in the years leading up to the onset of the diseases.

Psychology - Health - 26.09.2023
How to manage exam season: take breaks and breathe
Associate Professor Paul Ginns' research shows that rest and relaxation maximises academic performance, even during exams. He explains why in The Conversation. Around Australia, Year 12 students are heading into the final stretch of study before exams start in early term 4. This is typically seen as a very intense period of preparation.

Psychology - 21.09.2023
How having a purpose in life can bolster men’s mental health
Despite growing awareness about the high rates of suicide among men, research is still needed to examine men's mental health challenges. Existential psychology, with its focus on questions of meaning and value, may bring new insights that can aid in this examination. To better understand men's psychological well-being, a recent study by researchers at McGill University and the University of British Columbia investigated the prospective connection between the presence of meaning in life and psychological distress among men.

Health - Psychology - 20.09.2023
Young people’s mental health deteriorated at greater rate during the pandemic
Young people's mental health deteriorated during COVID-19, with higher levels of depression and social, emotional and behavioural difficulties than before the pandemic hit, a comprehensive new study has shown. Researchers led by Professor Willem Kuyken at Oxford University's Department of Psychiatry compared the mental health difficulties and well-being of thousands of UK secondary school pupils who experienced three lockdowns, with a group of students who participated in the same study before the coronavirus pandemic emerged in 2020.

Psychology - Health - 20.09.2023
Language acquisition may work differently in people with autism
Some children with autism may develop language skills independently of the joint attention skills usually associated with language learning. You're looking at a truck. You're with a young child and he follows your gaze. He's interested in the object you're looking at without you pointing at it. This is called joint attention and it is one of the primary ways children learn to connect words with objects and acquire language.

Sport - Psychology - 20.09.2023
When is the right time to start playing again after a concussion?
Physical, behavioural, psychological and social - the factors that make athletes ready (or not) to get back in the game are more complex than you might think. Nearly 20 per cent of people who play contact sports like hockey or rugby will suffer a concussion in the course of a season. Concussions account for up to 44 per cent of all injuries in these sports.

Psychology - 14.09.2023
First reliable test for dementia in people with hearing loss
Researchers have developed the first reliable test for dementia in people with hearing loss, following an international study led by The University of Manchester scientists. One in 11 people over the age of 65 have dementia in the UK, and more than 75% of people over 75 have hearing problems. This means hearing loss commonly occurs alongside dementia.

Psychology - 08.09.2023
Primary school performance predictable from early childhood
Primary school performance predictable from early childhood
Tests carried out on children aged 3 to 5 predict many of the differences in later school performance. Some 84,000 children are entering Grade 1 this week in Quebec, and the same question is on all their parents' minds: will my child do well in school? There may be a way to get a good idea of the answer to this question long before students receive their first report card, suggests a study conducted by an inter-university research team.

Sport - Psychology - 06.09.2023
Does this number make me look fat?
Does this number make me look fat?
UCLA psychologists confirm that lower jersey numbers make football players look thinner Health + Behavior UCLA psychologists confirm that lower jersey numbers make football players look thinner September 6, 2023 Key takeaways Football players sometimes choose jerseys with lower numbers thinking that they'll look slimmer and faster.