Social Sciences

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Social Sciences - Psychology - 15.06.2021
Teenagers at greatest risk of self-harming could be identified almost a decade earlier
Teenagers at greatest risk of self-harming could be identified almost a decade earlier
Researchers have identified two subgroups of adolescents who self-harm and have shown that it is possible to predict those individuals at greatest risk almost a decade before they begin self-harming. The current approach to supporting mental health in young people is to wait until problems escalate.

Health - Social Sciences - 13.06.2021
Research on albinism in Tanzania
Successful pilot project to tackle discrimination 13 June is International Albinism Awareness Day One in 1,400 people in Tanzania has albinism. These people are often socially excluded, heavily discriminated against and sometimes even have to fear for their lives. Dr Tjitske de Groot of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel set up a pilot project for her doctoral research and investigated what actions and means could be used to reduce the stigma of albinism - as well as other stigma - and actively contributed to this on site.

Social Sciences - 11.06.2021
Australians lack trust in Artificial Intelligence
Australians lack trust in Artificial Intelligence
Trust is an issue when it comes to artificial intelligence (AI) according to a University of Queensland study that found 72 per cent of people don't trust it, with Australians leading the pack. Trust experts from UQ Business School, Professor Nicole Gillespie , Dr Steve Lockey and Dr Caitlin Curtis led the study in partnership with KPMG, surveying more than 6000 people in Australia, the US, Canada, Germany and the UK to unearth attitudes about AI.

Social Sciences - 10.06.2021
Analysis of child deaths in England shows importance of care for premature and young babies
This latest report from Bristol's NCMD programme, which gathers information on all children who die in England below the age of 18 years, analysed the characteristics of the 3,347 child deaths between 1 April 2019 and 31 March 2020 in England, and found that the majority of children who died (63 per cent) in this period were under one year old.

Social Sciences - Health - 10.06.2021
Key factors to tackle teenage bullying and suicidal behaviours
Screening and early interventions to address loneliness, sleep disturbances and alcohol consumption can help to reduce the association between being bullied at school and suicidal behaviours, a new study has found. Researchers from The University of Queensland's Life Course Centre examined the relationship between bullying victimisation and suicidal behaviours in more than 280,000 teenagers aged 13-17 in 90 countries worldwide.

Social Sciences - 09.06.2021
Language Extinction Triggers Loss of Unique Medicinal Knowledge
Language Extinction Triggers Loss of Unique Medicinal Knowledge
Indigenous peoples pass on their knowledge of medicinal plants orally. If their languages go extinct, valuable medical knowledge will be lost. A study by the University of Zurich estimates that 75 percent of the world's medicinal plant applications are only known in one language. Language is one of our species' most important skills, as it has enabled us to occupy nearly every corner of the planet.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 08.06.2021
New research highlights effects of social isolation and loneliness on veterans during pandemic
New research highlights effects of social isolation and loneliness on veterans during pandemic
A collaborative study conducted by psychologists at Bath with SSAFA - the Armed Forces charity - focused on wellbeing among the veteran community. Last updated on Monday 14 June 2021 New research published this week by the Armed Forces charity SSAFA conducted by the University of Bath highlights the positive impact of wellbeing interventions for veterans.

Health - Social Sciences - 07.06.2021
Worrying disparity in excess deaths during pandemic
A study led by researchers at the Universities of Manchester and York published in The Lancet Regional Health - Europe today (07/06/21) has revealed strong disparities in rates of excess deaths in England and Wales during the first 30 weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the research team, deaths compared with those expected from historical trends were unequally distributed, both geographically and socioeconomically.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 04.06.2021
Lack of maths education negatively affects adolescent brain and cognitive development | University of Oxford
A new study suggests that not having any maths education after the age of 16 can be disadvantageous. Adolescents who stopped studying maths exhibited greater disadvantage - compared with peers who continued studying maths - in terms of brain and cognitive development, according to a new study published in the  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .

Social Sciences - 03.06.2021
Bilingualism as a natural therapy for autistic children
Bilingualism as a natural therapy for autistic children
An international team led by UNIGE demonstrates that the characteristics of bilingualism allow autistic children to compensate for certain fundamental deficits. Affecting more than one in a hundred children, autism spectrum disorder is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders. It has a particular impact on social interaction, including difficulties in understanding other people's perspectives, beliefs, desires and emotions, known as 'theory of mind'.

Social Sciences - 02.06.2021
Children’s beat gestures predict the subsequent development of their oral skills
So reveals a study published on 21 May in Child Development , conducted by Ingrid Vilà-Giménez and Pilar Prieto (ICREA), members of the Prosodic Studies research group, together with researchers from the universities of Chicago and of Iowa.

Social Sciences - 31.05.2021
A new model enables the recreation of the family tree of complex networks
A new model enables the recreation of the family tree of complex networks
In a new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), a research team of the Institute of Complex Systems of the UB ( UBICS ) analysed the time evolution of real complex networks and developed a model in which the emergence of new nodes can be related to pre-existing nodes, similarly to the evolution of species in biology.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.05.2021
Tooth loss may affect ability to carry out everyday tasks
Older adults with more natural teeth are better able to perform everyday tasks such as cooking a meal, making a telephone call or going shopping, according to researchers from UCL and the Tokyo Medical and Dental University. The study published in the Journal of American Geriatrics Society , analysed data from 5,631 adults from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) aged between 50 and 70.

Health - Social Sciences - 27.05.2021
Smoking during pregnancy associated with child’s risk of having congenital heart disease
The study was led by University of Bristol, in an international collaboration with researchers from seven institutions. It brings together data on more than 230,000 families from 7 European birth cohorts from the UK, Ireland, the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway and Italy, including the world-renowned Children of the 90s study at the University of Bristol.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 27.05.2021
Jebel Sahaba: A succession of violence rather than a prehistoric war
Jebel Sahaba: A succession of violence rather than a prehistoric war
Since the 1960s, the Jebel Sahaba cemetery (Nile Valley, present-day Sudan) has become the emblem of organised warfare during prehistory. Re-analysis of the data, however, argues for a succession of smaller conflicts. Competition for resources is probably one of the causes of the conflicts witnessed in this cemetery.

Social Sciences - 25.05.2021
Are children’s books becoming more diverse? New research reveals persistent bias
Using AI tools, researchers find that 'mainstream' books still lack non-white, non-male characters For much of American history, the books that children read have largely centered on white, male characters-but is that starting to change? Not very much, and not very quickly, suggests new research from the University of Chicago.

Social Sciences - 25.05.2021
Low-income families missing out on $1000 in dental benefits
Almost 70 per cent of low-income households aren't claiming up to $1000 in child dental benefits they are eligible for, according to University of Queensland and Telethon Kids Institute research. Professor Luke Connelly from UQ's Centre for Business and Economics of Health said the study found mothers appeared to play an important role in the decision on whether to take up dental benefits for children.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 24.05.2021
Can TV shows help teens navigate bullying, depression and other mental health issues?
Popular television shows and movies can bolster teenagers' mental health and help them cope with bullying, sexual assault, suicidal thoughts, substance abuse and depression when these issues are depicted with empathy and appropriate resources are provided, a report published today by UCLA's Center for Scholars and Storytellers shows.

Health - Social Sciences - 20.05.2021
COVID-19 hospitalizations among children likely overcounted, researchers find
Children being treated in hospitals are tested for SARS-CoV-2, but many who test positive never develop COVID-19 symptoms, leading to overestimates of disease severity, a study found. Counting SARS-CoV-2 infections in hospitalized children overestimates the impact of COVID-19 in pediatric populations because such counts include many asymptomatic patients, according to a new study by researchers at the  Stanford University School of Medicine.  The findings were published online May 19 in  Hospital Pediatrics .

Social Sciences - Campus - 20.05.2021
Physical activity may help to close the wealth gap in school attainment by improving self-control
Physical activity may help to close the wealth gap in school attainment by improving self-control
Guaranteeing every child the opportunity to participate in certain types of physical activity could support their academic attainment and help to close the achievement gap between wealthy and less-advantaged pupils, new research indicates. In the context of COVID in particular, there may be a real temptation to encourage schools to maximise classroom time to stop children falling behind.
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