Social Sciences

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Social Sciences - 23.09.2021
COVID-19 taking bigger toll on kids' mental health
COVID-19 taking bigger toll on kids’ mental health
The mental health of Australian children has deteriorated significantly over the last year due to COVID-19, new analysis from The Australian National University (ANU) shows. The findings come from a major national survey that asked parents and carers about their views on a range of outcomes for their children.

Social Sciences - Health - 23.09.2021
Child abuse and neglect linked to early death in adulthood
Children who experience sexual or physical abuse or are neglected are more likely to die prematurely as adults, according to a new study analysing data from the 1950s to the present by researchers at UCL and the University of Cambridge. The study, published in BMJ Open , found that adults who reported experiencing sexual abuse by the age of 16 had a 2.6 times higher risk of dying in middle age - that is, between 45 and 58 - than those who did not report sexual abuse.

Social Sciences - 22.09.2021
Predicting a riot: social inequality leads to vandalism in experiments
Social inequality can incite collective violence in an experimental setting, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The project, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, was conceived following the London riots of 2011, as researchers sought to understand the origins of antisocial group behaviour. The findings are published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society B .

Social Sciences - 21.09.2021
Researchers call for more awareness of malpractice in inter-country adoption
In recent years, more and more inter-country adoptees have been raising questions about their history and the adoption procedure. A damning report in the Netherlands has called for the practice to be discontinued. Commissioned by the Flemish government, VUB scientists and researchers from UGent and UAntwerp conducted research on errors, injustices and malpractices in inter-country adoption and have now presented their final findings in seven reports.

Health - Social Sciences - 20.09.2021
Therapy with babies boosts social development, reducing clinical autism diagnosis by two-thirds
This Australian study trialled a parent-mediated therapy, iBASIS-VIPP, which was developed by the study's UK collaborators, led by Professor Jonathan Green from The University of Manchester. The use of iBASIS-VIPP reduced clinician autism diagnoses at age three by two-thirds. This is the first evidence that a pre-emptive intervention during infancy can lead to a significant reduction in the social communication difficulties characteristic of autism, and reduced likelihood of a clinician autism diagnosis in early childhood.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.09.2021
Autistic individuals are more likely to be LGBTQ+ | University of Cambridge
Autistic individuals are more likely to be LGBTQ+ | University of Cambridge
New research from the suggests that autistic individuals are less likely to identify as heterosexual and more likely to identify with a diverse range of sexual orientations than non-autistic individuals. The findings have important implications for the healthcare and support of autistic individuals. The results are published in the journal Autism Research .

Health - Social Sciences - 15.09.2021
Care experienced children have poorer health outcomes
Care experienced children in Scotland have poorer health and higher average rates of mortality when compared to children in the general population, according to a new study. The study - led by the University of Glasgow and published in BMJ Open - also showed substantial differences in health outcomes and health service use between care experienced children and children in the general population.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 15.09.2021
New Study to Look at South Asian Women’s Experiences of Domestic Abuse and Viable Pathways to Justice
Researchers based at the University of Glasgow have launched a new study which will look at how South Asian women in Scotland get help for domestic abuse, and their experiences of the criminal justice system. The study will fill a vital gap in our understanding of how race, culture, social, education and community factors play into victim/survivors' decision-making on which services to access and when, as well as their perceptions of justice, and the justice system.

Social Sciences - 14.09.2021
Study examines teens' thoughts, plans around suicide
Study examines teens’ thoughts, plans around suicide
A study of close to 7,500 high school students across the country who reported experiencing different suicidal behaviors finds that more than one-third of them have attempted suicide. The research, by the University of Washington and New York University, explored gender, racial and ethnic differences among those who think about and/or attempt suicide, as well as associated behavioral and environmental factors.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.09.2021
Stigma of COVID diagnosis measured in study
Stigma and discrimination linked to a positive COVID-19 diagnosis are the subjects of research being conducted by a multidisciplinary University of Queensland team. Health justice specialist Dr Claire Brolan of UQ's School of Public Health and the Centre for Policy Futures will lead the topical investigation, which has close-to-home relevance for the university community.

Social Sciences - 09.09.2021
Apple test tells us if we’re sweet or sour 
Could a few bad apple choices tell us if we're all rotten?   Apparently so.     A new international study that asks participants to choose apples has helped researchers figure out which nations are the kindest.   In the study, more than 60 researchers examined the "social mindfulness" of more than 8,300 participants from 31 industrialised countries and regions.   The ranking order saw Japan, Austria, Mexico at the top and India, Turkey and Indonesia last. Australia came in 14th.

Social Sciences - Health - 07.09.2021
Social isolation can be deadly for older adults
Socially isolated older adults who enter intensive care units (ICUs) are more likely to die and are at increased risk of disability after discharge compared with those who are more connected to family and friends, a new Yale University study shows. The study, published Sept.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 06.09.2021
Using video for the early detection of autism
Using video for the early detection of autism
Using artificial intelligence, a team from the UNIGE has developed a device for the early detection of autism spectrum disorder in children. Individuals affected by autism spectrum disorder often present communication issues and difficulties in social interactions. Although very frequent, this disorder is challenging to diagnose before the age of five.

Health - Social Sciences - 03.09.2021
Young adults at highest risk of weight gain
Young adults aged 18 to 24 are at the highest risk of becoming overweight or developing obesity in the next decade of their life compared to adults in any other age group, and obesity prevention policies should target this group, finds a new study co-led by researchers at UCL. The study, published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology , found that being a young adult is a more important risk factor for weight gain than sex, ethnicity, geographic region, or socioeconomic area characteristics.

Health - Social Sciences - 02.09.2021
First findings from world’s largest study on long Covid in children
Up to one in seven (14%) children and young people who caught SARS-CoV-2 may have symptoms linked to the virus 15 weeks later, suggest preliminary findings from the world's largest study on long Covid in children, led by UCL and Public Health England researchers.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 20.08.2021
A parent’s genes can influence a child’s educational success, inherited or not
A child's educational success depends on the genes that they haven't inherited from their parents, as well as the genes they have, according to a new study led by UCL researchers. Funded by the Nuffield Foundation, the study confirms that genes a person inherits directly are most likely to contribute to their achievements in education.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 20.08.2021
Body cams alone not enough to prevent police violence
Body cams alone not enough to prevent police violence
Experts are calling for broader police reforms after new analysis from The Australian National University (ANU) and the University of Waterloo in Canada raised serious questions about the effectiveness of body-worn cameras (BWCs) at preventing police wrongdoing.  The international team of experts analysed studies that captured the impact of BWCs on police violence around the world.

Social Sciences - 20.08.2021
Do you think you're exclusively straight?
Do you think you’re exclusively straight?
Scientific research has shown that sexuality exists on a spectrum. But how certain are people about where they fit on it? A new University of Sydney study suggests that people's reported sexual orientation can change after reading about the nature of sexual orientation. Published in peer-reviewed journal, Nature's Scientific Reports , the study found that a significant number of heterosexual people report being less exclusive in their sexual orientation as well as more willing to have same-sex experiences after reading one of two 1-page informational articles.

Social Sciences - 19.08.2021
Bullying: Kids not likely to defend random classmates
As elementary students anxiously return to school, they will become reacquainted with teachers, manage their class schedules and try not to forget their locker combination. But in-person interactions in school also mean some kids will be bullied-and whether they are defended or not is based on their social status, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 19.08.2021
Youth mental health during the pandemic better with more sleep, structure and time in nature
A daily routine, adequate sleep and limited screen time were associated with better mental health of young people during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study by researchers at Harvard University and the University of Washington. The study , published Aug. 11 in the journal PLOS ONE, surveyed more than 200 Seattle-area children and teens before the onset of the pandemic, during the initial lockdown phase in spring 2020, and six months later, when schools in the area were still operating remotely.
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