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Results 1641 - 1660 of 1802.


Social Sciences - Health - 28.05.2013
Link between domestic violence and perinatal mental health disorders
Women who have mental health disorders around the time of birth are more likely to have previously experienced domestic violence, according to a study led by researchers from Kings College London and the University of Bristol and published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.05.2013
Dental therapists clinically competent to provide patient care
ANN ARBOR-A new University of Michigan study finds that mid-level practitioners who are trained to provide fillings do so competently and safely, performing these procedures as well as dentists. U-M researchers reviewed the findings of 23 separate studies conducted in six industrialized countries over the past 60 years that assessed the clinical competence of non-dentists performing a limited set of "irreversible" procedures, such as simple fillings and extractions.

Social Sciences - 22.05.2013
Study seeks a broad perspective on internet pornography
Study seeks a broad perspective on internet pornography
University of Sydney research into the little-studied area of internet pornography aims to provide an up-to-date insight into a part of Australia's contemporary sex life. "Research on the use of internet pornography by Australian adults is very limited despite it becoming an increasingly mainstream form of media in western society," said Emily Harkness, a doctoral candidate in the School of Psychology.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.05.2013
Children of addicted parents more likely to be depressed as adults
Children of parents who were addicted to drugs or alcohol are more likely to be depressed in adulthood, according to a new study by University of Toronto researchers. "These findings underscore the intergenerational consequences of drug and alcohol addiction and reinforce the need to develop interventions that support healthy childhood development," said the study's lead author, Esme Fuller-Thomson , professor and Sandra Rotman Endowed Chair in the University of Toronto's Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work and the Department of Family and Community Medicine.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.05.2013
Toddlers from socially-deprived homes most at risk of scalds, study finds
PA 151/13 Toddlers living in socially-deprived areas are at the greatest risk of suffering a scald in the home, researchers at The University of Nottingham have found. The study, published in the journal Burns, showed that boys aged between one and two years old and those with multiple siblings were statistically more likely to suffer a hot water-related injury, while children born to mothers aged 40 years and over were at less risk than those with teenage mums.

Social Sciences - 06.05.2013
New Stanford research on speed dating examines what makes couples ’click’ in four minutes
Stanford researchers analyze the encounters of men and women during four-minute speed dates to find out what makes couples feel connected. Can you "click" with someone after only four minutes? That's the question at the heart of new research by Stanford scholars Dan McFarland and Dan Jurafsky that looks at how meaningful bonds are formed.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 30.04.2013
Researchers crack MI9 codes to discover PoWs’ wartime requests
Mathematicians, historians and geographers have worked together to crack codes used by MI9 to conceal information going in and out of prisoner of war camps across Europe during the Second World War. They give a fascinating insight into how the Allies were trying to engineer escapes from the camps, but also show the PoWs were passing on vital military intelligence to their commanders back in London.

Social Sciences - 29.04.2013
Women refugees have more difficulty finding work and suffer greater health problems than their male counterparts, new research shows
A major new study carried out by experts from the University of Birmingham and Cardiff University found that women refugees living in the UK experienced worse physical and emotional health than men. The report, funded by The Nuffield Foundation and entitled Social Networks, social capital and refugee integration, noted: "Compelling evidence of a striking gender difference in emotional and physical health." It also found that "despite relatively high levels of pre-migration employment, women fare much worse than men in all types of employment, across all sweeps".

Social Sciences - 27.04.2013
Australian migrant kids "more trusting"
The children of migrants to Australia are more trusting than those whose parents settled in America, University of Melbourne research has found. The study revealed more than 60% of Australian second generation immigrants believe 'most people can be trusted', while only 41% of the US immigrants do. Researchers Dr Domenico Tabasso and Dr Julie Moschion argue there are several reasons for the divide.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 24.04.2013
Psychopaths are not neurally equipped to have concern for others
Prisoners who are psychopaths lack the basic neurophysiological "hardwiring" that enables them to care for others, according to a new study by neuroscientists at the University of Chicago and the University of New Mexico. "A marked lack of empathy is a hallmark characteristic of individuals with psychopathy," said the lead author of the study, Jean Decety, the Irving B. Harris Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at UChicago.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 23.04.2013
Motivations behind Pinterest activity
Motivations behind Pinterest activity
Researchers at the University of Minnesota and Georgia Tech release first study of the popular social networking site MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (04/23/2013) —Researchers from the University of Minnesota and Georgia Tech have released the first-ever study of Pinterest that gives new insight into the activity on the popular social networking site.

Social Sciences - Administration - 17.04.2013
Social care research in Wales
The School of Social Sciences has secured significant new funding for research in the field of children's social care. This funding (more than £0.5M) comprises three research grants awarded to academics in the School. The first of these is a large, four nation project funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

Health - Social Sciences - 17.04.2013
Light drinking during pregnancy not linked to developmental problems in childhood
Light drinking during pregnancy not linked to developmental problems in childhood
Light drinking during pregnancy is not linked to adverse behavioural or cognitive outcomes in childhood, suggests a new study published today. Authors of the study, from UCL Epidemiology & Public Health, collated data from the Millennium Cohort Study, a national study of infants born in the UK between 2000-2002, to assess whether light drinking (up to two units of alcohol per week) in pregnancy was linked to unfavourable developmental outcomes in 7-year-old children.

Social Sciences - 16.04.2013
Stronger reaction to masculinity threats tied to testosterone, Stanford sociologist says
Stronger reaction to masculinity threats tied to testosterone, Stanford sociologist says
Professor of sociology Robb Willer says men overcompensate when their masculinity is threatened. Willer's new research suggests that the higher the man's testosterone level, the stronger the reaction. We've all heard it before: if a guy is made to feel less than manly, he'll act even more macho to make up for it.

Social Sciences - 11.04.2013
Social media: the perils and pleasures
Too much social media activity may damage strong relationships, according to a new study by Dr Bernie Hogan of the Oxford Internet Institute. Researchers tested the theory of 'media multiplexity' (the ability to communicate via several channels), which was first developed in 2005. The theory suggests that there is a clear link between the number of media channels used to communicate, the frequency with which they are used and the strength of relationship ties.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 11.04.2013
New institute will advance the interdisciplinary study of networks
New institute will advance the interdisciplinary study of networks
Yale will establish an Institute of Network Science to bring together researchers from many disciplines to advance the study of networks, President-Elect Peter Salovey announced today. "The study of networks is dramatically transforming many academic fields and practices," Salovey said.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 11.04.2013
Magical survey shows voters are less partisan than indicated by polls
Traditional opinion polls may severely underestimate the openness for political change among voters, according to research published on 10 April in the open access journal PLOS ONE. Polarisation and partisanship in politics are a constant topic of discussion, and political candidates often believe they must focus their campaign efforts on a small number of swing voters open to ideological change.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 10.04.2013
Brain scans reveal first objective measure of physical pain
Brain scans reveal first objective measure of physical pain
ANN ARBOR-For the first time, scientists have identified how much pain people feel by looking at images of their brains. The findings, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, may lead to the development of methods doctors can use to objectively quantify patients' pain. Currently, pain intensity is usually based on patient self-reports, using an intensity scale from one to 10.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 08.04.2013
Copying is social phenomenon, not just learning say scientists
PA 106/13 Mimicking the behaviour of mum and dad has long been considered a vital way in which children learn about the world around them. Now psychologists at The University of Nottingham have shown that copying unnecessary behaviour is more likely to be a social phenomenon than part of the practical process of acquiring new skills.

Social Sciences - 27.03.2013
How communities effectively punish antisocial behaviour
New research provides an insight into how groups of people tackle social dilemmas and effectively punish those engaging in anti-social behaviour. Neighbours playing loud music is an example of where a social dilemma can arise about who should tackle the wrong-doer if a whole group of people is affected.