Social Sciences

Results 1661 - 1680 of 1829.

Career - Social Sciences - 12.06.2013
How your home life can hurt your career
If policy-makers want to do something about falling birth rates, they might take a look at improving how people are treated at work when they step outside of traditional family roles at home, a U of'T researcher says. New studies show that women without children and mothers with non-traditional caregiving arrangements suffer the most harassment in the workplace, while middle-class men who take on non-traditional caregiving roles are treated worse at work than men who stick closer to traditional gender norms in the family.

Earth Sciences - Social Sciences - 12.06.2013
How Altitude Affects the Way Language is Spoken
June 12, 2013 — Coral Gables — Language is formed by giving meaning to sounds and stringing together these meaningful expressions to communicate feelings and ideas. Until recently most linguists believed that the relationship between the structure of language and the natural world was mainly the influence of the environment on vocabulary.

Social Sciences - Mathematics - 03.06.2013
Meeting online leads to happier, more enduring marriages
More than a third of marriages between 2005 and 2012 began online, according to new research at the University of Chicago, which also found that online couples have happier, longer marriages. Although the study did not determine why relationships that started online were more successful, the reasons may include the strong motivations of online daters, the availability of advance screening and the sheer volume of opportunities online.

Social Sciences - Health - 31.05.2013
Social and psychological experiments ’a waste of money'?
A study suggests that money will continue to be wasted on research into social and psychological interventions unless the methods used by the researchers are fully reported in academic journals. Researchers from Oxford University and UCL (University College London) reviewed over 200 experiments across 40 of the leading journals in social and behavioural sciences (covering clinical psychology, criminology, education, and social work).

Social Sciences - Psychology - 31.05.2013
Facebook profiles raise users’ self-esteem and affect behavior
A Facebook profile is an ideal version of self, full of photos and posts curated for the eyes of family, friends and acquaintances. A new study shows that this version of self can provide beneficial psychological effects and influence behavior. Catalina Toma , a UW-Madison assistant professor of communication arts, used the Implicit Association Test to measure Facebook users' self-esteem after they spent time looking at their profiles, the first time the social psychology research tool has been used to examine the effects of Facebook.

Social Sciences - 31.05.2013
Ethnic diversity is good for your health, reveal researchers
Ethnic diversity is good for your health, reveal researchers
31 May 2013 A study by social scientists at The University of Manchester has revealed that Britain's most ethnically diverse neighbourhoods are also the healthiest. According to the team at the University's Centre on Dynamics of Ethnicity (CoDE), diversity is associated with higher social cohesion and a greater tolerance of each other's differences.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 29.05.2013
Early brain responses to words predict developmental outcomes in children with autism
Early brain responses to words predict developmental outcomes in children with autism
The pattern of brain responses to words in 2-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder predicted the youngsters' linguistic, cognitive and adaptive skills at ages 4 and 6, according to a new study. The findings , published May 29 in PLOS ONE, are among the first to demonstrate that a brain marker can predict future abilities in children with autism.

Social Sciences - Health - 28.05.2013
Link between domestic violence and perinatal mental health disorders
Women who have mental health disorders around the time of birth are more likely to have previously experienced domestic violence, according to a study led by researchers from Kings College London and the University of Bristol and published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.05.2013
Dental therapists clinically competent to provide patient care
ANN ARBOR-A new University of Michigan study finds that mid-level practitioners who are trained to provide fillings do so competently and safely, performing these procedures as well as dentists. U-M researchers reviewed the findings of 23 separate studies conducted in six industrialized countries over the past 60 years that assessed the clinical competence of non-dentists performing a limited set of "irreversible" procedures, such as simple fillings and extractions.

Social Sciences - 22.05.2013
Study seeks a broad perspective on internet pornography
Study seeks a broad perspective on internet pornography
University of Sydney research into the little-studied area of internet pornography aims to provide an up-to-date insight into a part of Australia's contemporary sex life. "Research on the use of internet pornography by Australian adults is very limited despite it becoming an increasingly mainstream form of media in western society," said Emily Harkness, a doctoral candidate in the School of Psychology.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.05.2013
Children of addicted parents more likely to be depressed as adults
Children of parents who were addicted to drugs or alcohol are more likely to be depressed in adulthood, according to a new study by University of Toronto researchers. "These findings underscore the intergenerational consequences of drug and alcohol addiction and reinforce the need to develop interventions that support healthy childhood development," said the study's lead author, Esme Fuller-Thomson , professor and Sandra Rotman Endowed Chair in the University of Toronto's Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work and the Department of Family and Community Medicine.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.05.2013
Toddlers from socially-deprived homes most at risk of scalds, study finds
PA 151/13 Toddlers living in socially-deprived areas are at the greatest risk of suffering a scald in the home, researchers at The University of Nottingham have found. The study, published in the journal Burns, showed that boys aged between one and two years old and those with multiple siblings were statistically more likely to suffer a hot water-related injury, while children born to mothers aged 40 years and over were at less risk than those with teenage mums.

Social Sciences - 06.05.2013
New Stanford research on speed dating examines what makes couples ’click’ in four minutes
Stanford researchers analyze the encounters of men and women during four-minute speed dates to find out what makes couples feel connected. Can you "click" with someone after only four minutes? That's the question at the heart of new research by Stanford scholars Dan McFarland and Dan Jurafsky that looks at how meaningful bonds are formed.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 30.04.2013
Researchers crack MI9 codes to discover PoWs’ wartime requests
Mathematicians, historians and geographers have worked together to crack codes used by MI9 to conceal information going in and out of prisoner of war camps across Europe during the Second World War. They give a fascinating insight into how the Allies were trying to engineer escapes from the camps, but also show the PoWs were passing on vital military intelligence to their commanders back in London.

Social Sciences - 29.04.2013
Women refugees have more difficulty finding work and suffer greater health problems than their male counterparts, new research shows
A major new study carried out by experts from the University of Birmingham and Cardiff University found that women refugees living in the UK experienced worse physical and emotional health than men. The report, funded by The Nuffield Foundation and entitled Social Networks, social capital and refugee integration, noted: "Compelling evidence of a striking gender difference in emotional and physical health." It also found that "despite relatively high levels of pre-migration employment, women fare much worse than men in all types of employment, across all sweeps".

Social Sciences - 27.04.2013
Australian migrant kids "more trusting"
The children of migrants to Australia are more trusting than those whose parents settled in America, University of Melbourne research has found. The study revealed more than 60% of Australian second generation immigrants believe 'most people can be trusted', while only 41% of the US immigrants do. Researchers Dr Domenico Tabasso and Dr Julie Moschion argue there are several reasons for the divide.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 24.04.2013
Psychopaths are not neurally equipped to have concern for others
Prisoners who are psychopaths lack the basic neurophysiological "hardwiring" that enables them to care for others, according to a new study by neuroscientists at the University of Chicago and the University of New Mexico. "A marked lack of empathy is a hallmark characteristic of individuals with psychopathy," said the lead author of the study, Jean Decety, the Irving B. Harris Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at UChicago.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 23.04.2013
Motivations behind Pinterest activity
Motivations behind Pinterest activity
Researchers at the University of Minnesota and Georgia Tech release first study of the popular social networking site MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (04/23/2013) —Researchers from the University of Minnesota and Georgia Tech have released the first-ever study of Pinterest that gives new insight into the activity on the popular social networking site.

Social Sciences - Administration - 17.04.2013
Social care research in Wales
The School of Social Sciences has secured significant new funding for research in the field of children's social care. This funding (more than £0.5M) comprises three research grants awarded to academics in the School. The first of these is a large, four nation project funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

Health - Social Sciences - 17.04.2013
Light drinking during pregnancy not linked to developmental problems in childhood
Light drinking during pregnancy not linked to developmental problems in childhood
Light drinking during pregnancy is not linked to adverse behavioural or cognitive outcomes in childhood, suggests a new study published today. Authors of the study, from UCL Epidemiology & Public Health, collated data from the Millennium Cohort Study, a national study of infants born in the UK between 2000-2002, to assess whether light drinking (up to two units of alcohol per week) in pregnancy was linked to unfavourable developmental outcomes in 7-year-old children.