Social Sciences

Results 1701 - 1720 of 1804.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 21.08.2012
Are East Europeans victims of racism in the UK?
Are East Europeans victims of racism in the UK?
Since 2004, nearly 1.9 million East Europeans have come to the UK1 .   New research, led by academics at the University of Bristol, has examined how current East European migration to the UK has been racialised in immigration policy and tabloid journalism, providing the first insights into how racism is affecting migrants' experiences of work and life in the UK.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 15.08.2012
UK recession may be to blame for 1,000 suicides in the UK
Research at the University of Liverpool has found that more than 1,000 people committed suicide due to the 2008-2010 economic recession in the UK. Suicides began to rise in the UK in 2008 following 20 years of decline – figures rose 8% among men and 9% among women in 2008, compared to 2007. And even though suicides did begin to fall in 2010 figures were still above the 2007 averages.

Social Sciences - Health - 25.07.2012
Concerns over accuracy of tools to predict repeat offending
Standard tools used to predict how likely an offender is to commit further offences are not sufficiently accurate to inform sentencing and release decisions on their own, an Oxford-led study suggests. Risk assessment tools are widely used in psychiatric hospitals and criminal justice systems around the world to help predict violent behaviour.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 12.07.2012
Gender differences during Olympics coverage
Gender differences during Olympics coverage
Similar women's and men's Olympic sports might look alike on television but how those competitions - and their competitors - are portrayed during broadcasts often differs significantly, according to a study by researchers at Penn State and Elizabethtown College. Researchers found women were often discussed positively as role models during the Olympics.

Social Sciences - Law - 05.07.2012
Rape victims struggle for asylum justice
Women whose claims for asylum includes allegations that they have been raped need greater assurance their cases are being taken seriously, a study states. Researchers found that several of the problems that can hamper the fair treatment of women's rape allegations within the criminal justice system may also be present, and sometimes amplified, when made as part of women's asylum claims.

Social Sciences - 05.07.2012
Libyan revolutionary fighters develop a 'national army-in-waiting'
Libyan revolutionary fighters develop a 'national army-in-waiting'
New research examining how armed groups formed in Libya to topple Colonel Muammar Gaddafi says the revolutionary brigades are still a cohesive military force. The study highlights the emergence of the National Shield, which it calls an 'army-in-waiting'. The research suggests there is a power struggle over the rebuilding of the Libyan National Army as revolutionary commanders still distrust much of the leadership of the Libyan National Army and the Ministry of Defence who ran the war against them.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 03.07.2012
Family conflict, patient ailments increase caregiver stress
ANN ARBOR, Mich.-Patients' mental and physical challenges, as well as family conflict, heighten caregivers' stress when they assist their ailing parents, a new University of Michigan study found. In addition, sons experience greater family conflict when taking care of the elder parent than daughters, U-M researchers said.

Social Sciences - Health - 03.07.2012
Exposure to violence has long-term stress effects among adolescents
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Children who are exposed to community violence continue to exhibit a physical stress response up to a year after the exposure, suggesting that exposure to violence may have long-term negative health consequences, according researchers at Penn State and University College London.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 28.06.2012
Parental conflict may manifest itself in preschooler behavior
Parental conflict may manifest itself in preschooler behavior
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Behavioral problems in preschoolers may mirror the intensity and frequency of their parents' marital conflict and signal possible child maltreatment, suggests a new study co-written by Jun Sung Hong, a doctoral candidate in the School of Social Work at the University of Illinois, and researchers at Ewha Womans University and Duksung Women's University, both in Seoul, South Korea.

Mathematics - Social Sciences - 15.06.2012
Fractions are the key to math success, new study shows
ANN ARBOR, Mich.-What part of math success comes from knowing fractions? More than you might think, according to a new study that analyzed long-term data on more than 4,000 children from both the United States and the United Kingdom.

Social Sciences - 17.05.2012
Psychiatric units safer as in-patient suicide falls
Suicides by psychiatric in-patients have fallen to a new low, research published today (Thursday) has found. The study by the University of Manchester's National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness, one of very few to look at trends over time, shows the rate of suicide among psychiatric in-patients fell by between 29% and 31% between 1997 and 2008, with nearly 100 fewer deaths per year.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 16.05.2012
Religion is a potent force for cooperation and conflict, research shows
ANN ARBOR, Mich.-Across history and cultures, religion increases trust within groups but also may increase conflict with other groups, according to an article in Science. "Moralizing gods, emerging over the last few millennia, have enabled large-scale cooperation and sociopolitical conquest even without war," said University of Michigan anthropologist Scott Atran, lead author of the article with Jeremy Ginges of the New School for Social Research.

Social Sciences - 16.05.2012
OMG! Texting ups truthfulness, new iPhone study suggests
ANN ARBOR, Mich.-Text messaging is a surprisingly good way to get candid responses to sensitive questions, according to a new study to be presented this week at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research. "The preliminary results of our study suggest that people are more likely to disclose sensitive information via text messages than in voice s," said Fred Conrad, a cognitive psychologist and director of the Program in Survey Methodology at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.05.2012
Fall in deaths following withdrawal of pain killer
Fall in deaths following withdrawal of pain killer
There has been a major reduction in deaths involving the pain-relief drug co-proxamol since it was withdrawn in the UK in 2005, an Oxford University-led study has found. There have been no apparent increases in poisoning deaths involving other pain killers. The findings of the study by Professor Keith Hawton of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Oxford and colleagues is published in the journal PLoS Medicine .

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 02.05.2012
Biological roots to domestic violence?
Biological roots to domestic violence?
In an experiment carried out with rats, it was observed that aggressive behavior passed from one generation to the other, even without any between the parent and its offspring. Researchers are exploring several approaches to explain the results. Childhood traumas alone do not explain the development of domestic violence - at least in the case of rats.

Social Sciences - Health - 01.05.2012
Suicide risk for older people who self-harm
Older people who self-harm are at much greater risk of suicide than both the general population and younger adults who self-harm, a new study has found. Researchers from The University of Manchester studied 1,177 people over the age of 60 who presented to six general hospitals in Oxford, Manchester and Derby after self-harming.

Health - Social Sciences - 26.04.2012
Studies touting China's treatments for Internet overuse may lack validity
Studies touting China’s treatments for Internet overuse may lack validity
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Excessive Internet usage has been linked to an array of problems, from structural changes in the brain to depression, poor social skills, violent outbursts and sexual promiscuity. In China, concerns about Internet overuse have spawned hundreds of treatment programs that claim to cure addicted young people using a variety of techniques, ranging from therapy and medication to rigorous physical training in military boot camp environments.

Mathematics - Social Sciences - 25.04.2012
Twist to the Story of the Number Line
Yupno of Papua New Guinea provide clues to the concept's origins - and suggest familiar notion of time may not be straightforward, either Confirming a Yupno participant's understanding of numbers. All images courtesy of Embodied Cognition Laboratory, UC San Diego. Tape measures. Rulers. Graphs. The gas gauge in your car, and the icon on your favorite digital device showing battery power.

Social Sciences - 25.04.2012
New report defends independent social work experts in care cases
Research led by Oxford University refutes claims that assessment reports by independent social work experts have caused delays in care proceedings. Claims were made during the Family Justice Review that independent social work expert (ISW) reports delayed cases and added little or no value. This resulted in the Review recommending in their interim report that the use of such reports should be restricted.

Social Sciences - 24.04.2012
Prison no bar to inmates’ generosity
Prisoners tend to be more generous than the general public because they could be looking for ways to atone for their crimes, research has shown. A ground-breaking study by academics at Plymouth University showed inmates are prepared to make greater financial sacrifices than members of the public. The research, published in the scientific journal Social Justice Research , was conducted by Michaela Gummerum and Yaniv Hanoch, both lecturers in the University's School of Psychology.