Social Sciences

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Health - Social Sciences - 03.08.2011
New antidepressants increase risks for elderly
New antidepressants increase risks for elderly
PA 237/11 Older people taking new generation antidepressants are at more risk of dying or suffering from a range of serious health conditions including stroke, falls, fractures and epilepsy, a study involving researchers at The University of Nottingham has found.

Social Sciences - Health - 19.07.2011
Suicide and homicide rates in mental health patients revealed
Suicide and homicide rates in mental health patients revealed
Suicide rates among people with mental illness in England and Wales have fallen over the last decade, latest figures show. The 2011 Annual Report published today (Tuesday, 19 July) by The University of Manchester's National Confidential Inquiry (NCI) into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness reveals: Patient suicides have fallen from a peak of 1,315 in 2004 to 1,196 in 2008.

Social Sciences - Law - 07.07.2011
Why Sexual Assault Kits Are Not Being Tested for Use as Possible Evidence
AUSTIN, Texas — University of Texas at Austin School of Social Work researchers have been chosen by the U.S. Department of Justice to participate in a study to determine why rape kits are not being tested and used as possible evidence in sexual assault cases. Untested sexual assault evidence kits are being discovered in police evidence rooms all across the country having broad ramifications for the police and crime laboratories, for the courts and for the victims, say the researchers.

Social Sciences - Administration - 24.06.2011
Women’s voice blocked by asylum seeking process study reveals
Women refugees are not being processed fairly according to a University of Melbourne led study. The study suggests Australia can do better in how it processes women refugees applying for asylum. Researchers say gender-based persecution issues such as rape, trafficking, female genital mutilation, denial of education, domestic abuse and imprisonment need to be taken into account in the processing of women refugees.

Health - Social Sciences - 01.06.2011
People who have had head injuries report more violent behavior
Listen to podcast ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Young people who have sustained a head injury during their lifetime are more likely to engage in violent behavior, according to an eight-year study from the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Further, the research found that young people who suffered a recent head injury (within a year of being questioned for the study) were even more likely to report violent behavior.

Social Sciences - 11.05.2011
Girls less likely to be violent when seeking others’ approval
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Many teen girls who push, slap or punch their dates know the situation could become more violent, but they think most consequences are unlikely, a new study shows. Researchers at the University of Michigan and Wayne State University used the theory of planned behavior, which predicts a person's intentions and actions.

Social Sciences - 20.04.2011
Migration research out of step
Professor Stephen Castles , Research Chair in Sociology at the University of Sydney, has revealed that research on migration and diversity has experienced a significant drop, despite the expanding and diversifying migration to Australia since the 1990s. Professor Castles presented the information in a talk delivered at Rethinking Australian research on migration and diversity , a workshop funded by the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia co-convened by Professor Graeme Hugo (Adelaide University) and Associate Professor Ellie Vasta (Macquarie University).

Social Sciences - 05.04.2011
Top 10 evidence gaps in information about UK immigration
Top 10 evidence gaps in information about UK immigration
A new report by Oxford University researchers reveals ten key problems with the UK's evidence base on migrants and migration. The report is by the Migration Observatory, a project of the University's Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS). The Migration Observatory was launched by Immigration Minister Damian Green, MP and Baroness Oona King of Bow last week.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 27.03.2011
Study illuminates the ’pain’ of social rejection
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Physical pain and intense feelings of social rejection "hurt" in the same way, a new study shows. The study demonstrates that the same regions of the brain that become active in response to painful sensory experiences are activated during intense experiences of social rejection.

Social Sciences - 03.03.2011
Comprehensive schools do not reduce social mobility
Comprehensive schools do not reduce social mobility
Policy 03 Mar 11 Children are no worse off in socio-economic terms if they go to a comprehensive rather than to schools in the selective system, according to new research. The study found that when the total cohort of children was taken into account those who went to comprehensive schools were not disadvantaged in terms of social mobility compared the cohort who attended grammar schools and secondary moderns.

Social Sciences - Media - 01.03.2011
Our Facebook walls boost self-esteem, study finds
"Mirror, mirror on the wall/Who in the land is fairest of all?" But unlike Snow White's Queen, many people don't feel better after gazing at their wall mirror. Facebook walls, on the other hand, can have a positive influence on the self-esteem of college students, report social media researchers at Cornell.

Social Sciences - 16.02.2011
Combination of services helps mothers with chronic substance abuse issues
Combination of services helps mothers with chronic substance abuse issues
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. A new study by researchers at the University of Illinois indicates that mothers with chronic substance abuse problems are more likely to make progress in recovering from addiction - and to reunite with their children in state custody - if they receive residential treatment plus community-based transitional services.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 10.02.2011
Caltech-Led Team Pinpoints Aggression Neurons in the Brain
PASADENA, Calif.—Where does violence live in the brain? And where, precisely, does it lay down its biological roots? With the help of a new genetic tool that uses light to turn nerve cells on and off, a team led by researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) has tracked down the specific location of the neurons that elicit attack behaviors in mice, and defined the relationship of those cells to the brain circuits that play a key role in mating behaviors.

Social Sciences - 07.02.2011
Spring break: Study suggests how to reduce risky behavior
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—College students who arrange with friends to "get their backs" are less likely to engage in risky spring break behavior, according to a new study. The University of Michigan study, published this month in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence, says about 60 percent of more than 650 college freshmen surveyed reported having an understanding with their friends about using alcohol during spring break.

Economics / Business - Social Sciences - 04.02.2011
Threat to employers and workforce productivity
A survey by King's College London and law firm Speechly Bircham reveals that employers are facing a sustained increase in workplace unrest as austerity measures, longer working hours, stress and a genuine skills gap take their toll on the UK workforce. The State of HR Survey report highlights the full extent of the problems faced by employers, as they struggle to find ways to address gender pay inequality and are unprepared for upcoming changes to the default retirement age.

Social Sciences - 23.01.2011
Fighting words: Violent political rhetoric fuels violent attitudes
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Political leaders regularly promise to "fight" for noble causes and "combat" pressing problems. They declare "war" on social problems, such as poverty, disease, drugs and terrorism. This violent political rhetoric—whether politicians intend to or not—can enflame violent attitudes in many Americans, especially those predisposed to behave aggressively in daily life, according to new University of Michigan research involving three studies.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 10.01.2011
Stress, substance abuse associated with some fathers spanking their children
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Biological fathers are more likely to spank their children when they are unable to cope with stress from parenting or they use abuse alcohol and drugs, a new study indicates. The study also finds that fathers used corporal punishment—which involves physical force to a child to correct a behavior—more often on boys than girls.

Health - Social Sciences - 30.12.2010
Untreated ADHD common amongst male convicts
Men serving long prison sentences surprisingly often have a history of unrecognised and untreated ADHD, despite having had considerable problems since childhood. This according to a recent study published by a team of researchers from Karolinska Institutet in the scientific journal BMC Psychiatry. Working with the Swedish Prison and Probation service, the researchers conducted a comprehensive survey of the inmates of Norrtälje prison in order to ascertain the extent of ADHD and prepare the ground for trials of effective therapies.

Social Sciences - Health - 12.11.2010
Severe acne increase the risk of suicide attempt
Individuals who suffer from severe acne are at an increased risk of attempting suicide, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. The study also finds that an additional risk may be present during and up to one year after treatment with isotretinoin, a commonly prescribed drug for severe acne.

Social Sciences - 26.10.2010
Friends with cognitive benefits: Mental function improves after certain kinds of socializing
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Talking with other people in a friendly way can make it easier to solve common problems, a new University of Michigan study shows. But conversations that are competitive in tone, rather than cooperative, have no cognitive benefits. "This study shows that simply talking to other people, the way you do when you're making friends, can provide mental benefits," said psychologist Oscar Ybarra, a researcher at the U-M Institute for Social Research (ISR).
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