Social Sciences

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Social Sciences - 13.07.2010
UK in 2051 to be 'significantly more diverse'
UK in 2051 to be ’significantly more diverse’
In a report published this week, researchers from the University of Leeds predict that ethnic minorities will make up one-fifth of the population by 2051 (compared to 8% in 2001), with the mixed ethnic population expected to treble in size. Their projections also indicate that the UK will become far less segregated as ethnic groups disperse throughout the country.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.07.2010
Call for more help for silent victims
Call for more help for silent victims
PA 177/10 "I have had major bone problems and an operation on my spine, and I am now questioning whether that was to do with the beatings?"…the words of a 63 year old woman who took part in new research just published, into the effects of domestic violence on older women. The year-long study by researchers at The University of Nottingham's Division of Nursing has concluded that more needs to be done to identify, support and protect these victims.

Social Sciences - Health - 07.07.2010
Homicide and suicide rates among mentally ill on the decline
Homicide and suicide rates among mentally ill on the decline
People with mental health problems are committing fewer homicides while the number of suicides by mental health patients has also fallen, latest figures reveal; a previous rise in homicides by mentally ill people may have been the result of drug misuse, says the report. The study, by the National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness at The University of Manchester, also found that in-patient suicides have fallen to their lowest recorded figure and that patient suicides have fallen most sharply in people in their early 20s.

Social Sciences - Law - 07.07.2010
Disclosure checks under scrutiny
Researchers at the University have found that enhanced disclosure checks, which contain details of both spent and unspent convictions, give a false sense of reassurance as the majority of persistent and serious offenders are unknown to either the children's hearing system or the adult criminal justice system.

Health - Social Sciences - 05.07.2010
Are social democracies better for health than right-wing dictatorships : U-M study
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—A University of Michigan study finds that longevity increased faster under right-wing governments in southern Europe than under social democracies in the Nordic countries. The study, published online in the peer-reviewed journal Social Science and Medicine, examines changes in longevity patterns in eight European countries from 1950 to 2000.

Health - Social Sciences - 06.05.2010
Violent teenage girls fail to spot anger or disgust in others' faces
Violent teenage girls fail to spot anger or disgust in others’ faces
Girls appear to be "protected" from showing antisocial behaviour until their teenage years, new research from the University of Cambridge has found. The study sheds new light on antisocial behaviour in girls compared with boys and suggests that rather than violence or antisocial behaviour simply reflecting bad choices, the brains of people with antisocial behaviour may work differently from those who behave normally.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.04.2010
Nearly 4 million Californians report sexual or physical violence from a spouse or companion
Nearly 4 million adults in California reported being a victim of physical or sexual violence at the hands of a spouse, companion or other intimate partner, according to a new policy brief from the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research. Although reported incidences of intimate partner violence, or IPV, are widespread, especially among women and certain ethnic groups, reported IPV was surprisingly high among lesbians, gays and bisexuals in California, who are almost twice as likely to experience violence as heterosexual adults, researchers said.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 08.04.2010
Only known living population of rare dwarf lemur found
Researchers have discovered the world's only known living population of Sibree's Dwarf Lemur, a rare lemur known only in eastern Madagascar. The discovery of approximately a thousand of these lemurs was made by Mitchell Irwin, a Research Associate at McGill University, and colleagues from the German Primate Centre in Göttingen Germany; the University of Antananarivo in Madagascar; and the University of Massachusetts.

Social Sciences - 25.03.2010
Fitzwilliam Museum residency coming to a close
Fitzwilliam Museum residency coming to a close
Time is running out to see the celebrated Beijing painter Chen Hong at work in Cambridge, following his month-long residency at the city's Fitzwilliam Museum. Regarded as a 'cultural treasure' in his homeland, Mr Chen is an expert painter of traditional Chinese motifs, particularly famous for his striking images of fish.

Health - Social Sciences - 18.03.2010
Call for European Cystic Fibrosis healthcare gap to be closed
Call for European Cystic Fibrosis healthcare gap to be closed
A healthcare gap amounting to a ?death sentence? for Cystic Fibrosis (CF) children born in Eastern Europe must be closed say researchers from the EuroCareCF Coordination Action for Cystic Fibrosis. A new study led by the University of Dundee and published today in The Lancet, has found that CF patients in Eastern European countries die far younger than in other, wealthier, EU countries.

Social Sciences - 16.03.2010
Family courts plan threatens children's wellbeing
Family courts plan threatens children’s wellbeing
Children and young people's concerns about the government's proposal to allow the media to report more widely on family court proceedings are revealed in new research conducted by the University of Oxford. The research, which was commissioned by the Children's Commissioner for England, shows that the overwhelming view of children who took part in the study was that reporters should not be allowed into the family courts.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 16.03.2010
Nearly 2 million Californians lost health insurance during recession
Nearly 2 million Californians lost health insurance during recession
Nearly 2 million Californians lost their health insurance during 2008 and 2009 - years characterized by a deep recession and mass layoffs - bringing the total number of uninsured in the state to more than 8 million, according to new estimates from the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 09.03.2010
Eggshell of extinct giant bird unlocks key to ancient DNA
Eggshell of extinct giant bird unlocks key to ancient DNA
Ancient DNA from the fossil eggshell remains of the extinct elephant bird, has been successfully extracted thanks to help from a University of Sheffield expert - marking a world-first for archaeology and genetics. Professor Mike Parker Pearson, from the University´s Department of Archaeology, discovered the eggshells whilst researching in Madagascar.

Health - Social Sciences - 05.03.2010
Pay It Forward Pays Off
This diagram illustrates how a single act of kindness can spread between individuals and across time. Cooperative behavior spreads three degrees of separation: if Eleni increases her contribution to the public good, it benefits Lucas (one degree of separation), who gives more when paired with Erika (two degrees of separation) in period 2, who gives more when paired with Jay (three degrees of separation) in period 3, who gives more when paired with Brecken in period 4.

Health - Social Sciences - 15.12.2009
Cancer diagnosis increases the risk of suicide and cardiovascular disease
Cancer diagnosis increases the risk of suicide and cardiovascular disease
Men who have recently been diagnosed with prostate cancer are at greater risk of committing suicide and developing and dying from cardiovascular disease, reveals a study from Karolinska Institutet published in the open scientific journal PLoS Medicine. "Cardiovascular disease and suicide can be viewed as a manifestation of exceptional psychological stress," says Katja Fall, one of the researchers behind the study.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 26.10.2009
The Pain of Torture Can Make the Innocent Seem Guilty
Cambridge, Mass. October 26, 2009 - The rationale behind torture is that pain will make the guilty confess, but a new study by researchers at Harvard University finds that the pain of torture can make even the innocent seem guilty. Participants in the study met a woman suspected of cheating to win money.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 21.10.2009
Are US and European Plovers really birds of a feather?
Are US and European Plovers really birds of a feather?
The Kentish-Snowy Plover, a small shorebird found in the US and Europe, is suffering from an identity crisis after scientists at the University of Sheffield and the University of Bath have found genetic evidence that the populations are, in fact, separate species. Historically, biologists classified the Kentish Plover, found in Europe, and its look-a-like, the Snowy Plover, from the US, as being different varieties of the same species due to their similar looks.

Health - Social Sciences - 16.10.2009
Health Care is Only Part of the Puzzle; Social Scientists Analyze Society’s Health and Success
Cambridge, Mass. October 16, 2009 - As health care moves to the forefront of the national discourse, new research in the social sciences argues that the health of the population and the success or failure of many public health initiatives hinges as much on cultural and social factors as it does on doctors, facilities, or drugs.

Social Sciences - Civil Engineering - 30.09.2009
Unique new atlas shows world from fresh perspective
Researchers from the University of Sheffield have created a new online atlas which displays images of the world, but not as we know it. The atlas includes over 200 maps which have been redrawn to show, at a glance, which cities are the largest, how all urban areas compare, and whether many or few people live in the countryside.

Social Sciences - Health - 11.08.2009
Drugs increase risk of violence more than schizophrenia
Schizophrenia and other psychotic illnesses are not responsible for any additional risk of violence above the increased risk associated with substance abuse, according to a novel meta-analysis published in the open access journal PLoS Medicine. The findings may have implications for attempts to reduce violence in society, suggesting that strategies aimed at reducing drug and alcohol abuse would be more successful than focusing on mental illness.
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