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Social Sciences - Health - 30.04.2024
Access to firearms for Californians ages 15-24 associated with increased suicide risk
Study examined ties between firearm proximity and psychological distress, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts Health + Behavior Study examined ties between firearm proximity and psychological distress, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts Key takeaways In 2022, youth who had access to firearms were approximately twice as likely to have attempted suicide during their lifetime.

Social Sciences - Health - 24.04.2024
Concerning trends in adolescent substance use in the UK
Research finds concerning trends in adolescent substance use in the UK Alcohol is the most commonly used substance, while vaping is now more common than cigarette smoking among young people, according to a new WHO/Europe report coordinated by researchers at the University of Glasgow. The latest data from across Europe, Central Asia and Canada, from the new Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, paints a concerning picture of adolescent substance use in the UK and beyond.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 24.04.2024
Efficacy of MIT-led Brave Behind Bars program
Programming course for incarcerated people boosts digital literacy and self-efficacy, highlighting potential for reduced recidivism. Several years ago, a team of scientists from MIT and the University of Massachusetts at Lowell designed and deployed a first-of-its-kind web programming course for incarcerated individuals across multiple correctional facilities.

Environment - Social Sciences - 18.04.2024
New study on Amazonia’s fire crises urges action ahead of the next burning season
In response to the escalating fire crises in the Amazon, a timely study has revealed alarming shortcomings in the emergency fire bans implemented by the Brazilian Government. Initially seen as a promising solution in 2019, these bans have consistently fallen short in subsequent years, revealing a pressing need for strategies that address the underlying causes of each type of fire.

Social Sciences - 17.04.2024
Group antenatal care still too little known, despite proven benefits
The Horizon2020 programme Group Care for the First 1000 Days is coming to an end. Researchers in seven countries, including three from the VUB, have worked with colleagues in the US to investigate the provision of antenatal care in participating countries. The study looked at group sessions rather than traditional monitoring through individual consultations, as is standard in Belgium.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 17.04.2024
Younger Canadians are more prone to self-judgment
Younger Canadians are more prone to self-judgment
A study by Simon Fraser University psychologists that examined different facets of mindfulness in Canadians has found that youth and adolescents are more likely to display traits of self-judgment and have worse mental health, including anxiety, depression and stress. By contrast, older participants were found to be more likely to be mindful and focus their attention on the present moment, observing themselves and others without judgment.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 16.04.2024
There are benefits - and risks - to pornography
There are benefits - and risks - to pornography
A new study reveals that viewing porn can either help or hinder sexual satisfaction, depending on the type of content. Consuming pornography can lead to improved sexual satisfaction - or it can be detrimental to it, as different content types are associated with different outcomes. That's what's revealed in a new study by Université de Montréal psychology professor Beáta Bothe , published in February in the Journal of Sex Research.

Social Sciences - 11.04.2024
Platforms such as Uber thrive on socio-economic inequality
Platforms that offer rides to passengers, such as Uber and DiDi, thrive on socio-economic inequality. By modelling the behaviour of passengers and self-employed drivers, researchers of TU Delft simulated the market for ridesourcing platforms, evaluating a broad spectrum of (in)equality levels in societies.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.04.2024
When and how touch is good for you
When and how touch is good for you
A hug can have a soothing effect. Even if it comes from a robot . Touch can do a lot of good - so far, so good. But to what extent do people benefit from it? How much touch is allowed? Who should touch and where? Does it even have to be another person with whom we come into physical contact? A research team from Bochum, Duisburg-Essen and Amsterdam analyzed over 130 international studies with around 10,000 participants to answer these questions.

Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 08.04.2024
Economic solution to Canada’s opioid crisis
Waterloo student uses mathematical modelling to bring awareness to opioid-related death reduction method Nasal-administered naloxone is more cost-effective and could help reduce the number of opioid-related fatalities compared to the current publicly funded intermuscular version, a new study has found.

Environment - Social Sciences - 08.04.2024
Restoring biodiversity in Canada
Restoring biodiversity in Canada
Environment As the world commemorates Earth Day 2024, a Waterloo researcher shares how we can unlock more Canadian restoration solutions with community and academic collaboration With the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration well underway, one message is taking center stage - we need to restore biodiversity on our planet.

Social Sciences - Health - 04.04.2024
Connection the key to retaining rural GPs
Connection the key to retaining rural GPs
A supportive workplace, work-life balance and a connection to rural communities are all key to retaining doctors in rural and remote areas of Australia, according to a new study from The Australian National University (ANU). The study involved two groups of general practitioners - those who'd completed their training in Australia and those who'd trained internationally - now working in regional NSW.

Social Sciences - Pedagogy - 03.04.2024
Puppets could offer valuable support for autistic teenagers
Puppets could offer valuable support for autistic teenagers
Puppets could potentially provide autistic teens with a tool to communicate, express their identity and interact socially in ways that are uniquely their own, according to a new study by Dr Olivia Karaolis, lecturer in special and inclusive education. Ms Katherine Hannaford, a teacher librarian at Macquarie Fields High School in Sydney has been teaching students with autism for 20 years and is an expert in puppet making and play-based learning.

Social Sciences - Health - 03.04.2024
Netflix misses the mark by trivializing teenagers' pain
Netflix misses the mark by trivializing teenagers’ pain
UCalgary-led research discovers movies and TV series aimed at adolescents reinforce gender and racialized pain stereotypes. Researchers at the University of Calgary and the University of Bath, U.K., are calling on Netflix to do a better job of representing the kind of pain typically experienced by 12- to 18-year-olds.

Social Sciences - Campus - 02.04.2024
Characterizing social networks
A new method to measure homophily in large group interactions offers insights into how groups might interact in the future. People tend to connect with others who are like them. Alumni from the same alma mater are more likely to collaborate over a research project together, or individuals with the same political beliefs are more likely to join the same political parties, attend rallies, and engage in online discussions.

Social Sciences - 01.04.2024
For Professional Women, Having High-Status Connections Can Backfire
New research conducted in China and the United States suggests that having high-status connections can backfire for women. The study, by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Michigan, appears in  Organization Science. "Our findings reveal a social-network dilemma for women that is contrary to a widely accepted belief that women should build their network with high-status individuals," said coauthor Catherine Shea , assistant professor of organizational behavior and theory at CMU's Tepper School of Business.

Social Sciences - 28.03.2024
Netflix trivialising teenagers' pain - new study
Netflix trivialising teenagers’ pain - new study
New analysis of adolescent TV and film on Netflix suggests that too often it shows misleading depictions of pain. Published on Thursday 28 March 2024 Last updated on Thursday 4 April 2024 New analysis of adolescent TV and film on Netflix suggests that too often it shows misleading depictions of pain, portraying pain as something arising only through a violent act or injury.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 21.03.2024
UC3M gets Fundación BBVA research project to analyse the relationship between friendship and culture
The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is coordinating one of the five BBVA Foundation's Fundamentals Programme's innovative research projects to explore core issues in basic science. Specifically, the UC3M project, in which research staff from the Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB) and the University of Florida (UF) in the USA are also participating, will analyse the mutual dependence between social relations and cultural characteristics.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2024
More than 70 per cent of B.C. inmates with substance use disorders are reincarcerated: SFU study
More than 70 per cent of B.C. inmates with substance use disorders are reincarcerated: SFU study
Former prisoners with substance use and co-occurring disorders are at an alarmingly high risk of reincarceration, according to a new Simon Fraser University-led study. The study found that 72 per cent of people with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders, and 70 per cent of people with substance use disorders alone, returned to prison within three years of release.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 21.03.2024
Neighbourhood connection improves mental health
University of Queensland research has found building a sense of community is key to improving people's mental health, particularly in low socio-economic suburbs. Professor Alex Haslam from UQ's School of Psychology is part of a research team that modelled the effect of social and psychological factors, and identified a strong but complex link between where people live and their mental health.