Social Sciences

Results 61 - 80 of 2303.

Social Sciences - 12.07.2023
Accurate self-assessment: what matters for children
Accurate self-assessment: what matters for children
Those who assess themselves and their abilities realistically get further in life than others. A study by the University of Würzburg now shows how children can learn precise self-assessment. Apprenticeship or study at university? Should I do languages or science? What suits me best? How accurately young people answer these questions depends largely on one factor: their social environment.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 10.07.2023
Same-sex behaviour is widespread and heritable in macaque monkeys
Same-sex behaviour is widespread and heritable in macaque monkeys
Observations of a wild colony of macaques over three years show same-sex sexual behaviour among males is widespread and may be beneficial. The results, published today in Nature Ecology and Evolution , suggest same-sex sexual behaviour (SSB) has evolved and may be a common feature of primate reproduction.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.07.2023
In-person mindfulness courses help improve mental health for at least six months
Adults who voluntarily take part in mindfulness courses are less likely to experience symptoms of anxiety and depression for at least six months after completing the programmes, compared to adults who do not take part, a new analysis pooling data from 13 studies has confirmed. This study is the highest quality confirmation so far that the in-person mindfulness courses typically offered in the community do actually work for the average person.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 10.07.2023
More menu choices: Migrant orangutans learn a lot about food by watching the locals
More menu choices: Migrant orangutans learn a lot about food by watching the locals
Researchers from Leipzig University and MPI studied the behaviour of male animals in Sumatra and Borneo Migrant male orangutans on Borneo and Sumatra learn about unfamiliar foods in their new home range by -peering- at experienced locals: intensely observing them at close range. This is what an international research team led by Leipzig University and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig found out in a long-term study with 152 male animals observed over a period of 30 years.

Health - Social Sciences - 06.07.2023
Awards SGW Open Competition XS for VU researchers
61 promising research projects, eight of which are at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, will start with Open Competition SGW XS funding from NWO. The researchers set to work with a promising idea or an innovative and risky initiative. For VU Amsterdam, these are the following promising researchers in alphabetical order: Social and organizational psychologist Hillie Aaldering with Are men allowed to be more selfish than women?

Social Sciences - 06.07.2023
Parents’ shared warmth benefits preschoolers living in poverty
Study: Shared parental responsiveness among fathers and mothers with low income and early child outcomes Fathers and mothers in low-income homes can ensure that their preschoolers thrive with social behaviors and language skills by engaging in shared expressions of parental love or warmth, according to a newly published study.

Social Sciences - 05.07.2023
Male humor is different
Male humor is different
How do men react to jokes that make fun of them? Scientists at the Universities of Würzburg and Kaiserslautern-Landau investigated this. The result surprised them, too . If a blonde comes to a gas station..". There are many jokes of this kind - a Google search for "blonde jokes" produces around 230,000 hits.

Social Sciences - Health - 05.07.2023
Teens more likely to carry guns if exposed to violence, U-M study shows
Study: The association between witnessing firearm violence and firearm carriage: Results from a national study of teens Teenagers who witness different types of violence are more likely to carry a firearm, according to a new study led by the University of Michigan. The study, conducted by researchers at U-M's Institute for Firearm Injury Prevention in collaboration with the Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens Consortium , shows that exposure to violence-regardless of whether that violence involves a gun-has a significant association with firearm carriage among youth ages 14-18.

Health - Social Sciences - 03.07.2023
Impact of Covid-19 on young people’s health in the WHO European region
According to a series of reports published by WHO and the partner study Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC), adolescents who are most likely to have suffered from negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are female, older, from less affluent families, faced prolonged school closures or lacked social support.

Social Sciences - Sport - 03.07.2023
Report: Cricket inequalities in England and Wales are untenable
Writing in The Conversation, Dr Michael Collins (UCL History) shares the report he co-led which recommended ways to address the ongoing and historic racism, elitism and sexism prevalent in English and Welsh cricket. After more than two years of research, interviews and evidence gathering, a landmark report by the Independent Commission for Equity in Cricket (ICEC) was published on June 27 2023.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 29.06.2023
Adverse childhood experiences are ’strong predictor’ for adolescent cannabis use
A new study from psychiatric epidemiologist Dr Lindsey Hines calls for greater support to help young people avoid problematic drug use. Young people who are exposed to adverse childhood experiences between the ages of 0 - 12 years, including parental drug misuse, are at highest risk for developing problematic adolescent cannabis use as teenagers, according to a new study.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 27.06.2023
Reading for pleasure early in childhood linked to better cognitive performance and mental wellbeing in adolescence
Reading for pleasure early in childhood linked to better cognitive performance and mental wellbeing in adolescence
Children who begin reading for pleasure early in life tend to perform better at cognitive tests and have better mental health when they enter adolescence, a study of more than 10,000 young adolescents in the US has found.

Social Sciences - 22.06.2023
Ice Bucket Challenge increased charitable giving and volunteering
Around one million people donated money with hundreds of thousands volunteering for charitable causes as a result of the Ice Bucket Challenge, research has found. Academics from Cardiff University used data from Understanding Society , a large household survey representative of the United Kingdom (UK) population, to assess the impact the social media craze had on viewers.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.06.2023
Insights into young people’s mental health since pandemic
Scottish study reveals insights into young people's mental health since pandemic A national report, carried out every four years in collaboration with the World Health Organisation (WHO), presenting data on adolescent health and wellbeing has provided a special focus insight into young people's mental health in Scotland.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.06.2023
Researchers chart large rise in eating disorders and self-harm amongst teenage girls
Researchers chart large rise in eating disorders and self-harm amongst teenage girls
General practices have recorded a large rise in eating disorder diagnoses and self-harm episodes amongst teenage girls in the UK in the years since the COVID-19 pandemic, a research team has found. The study conducted jointly by The University of Manchester, Keele University, University of Exeter, and mental health research charity The McPin Foundation is published in the Lancet Child and Adolescent Health today (20/06/23).

Social Sciences - 20.06.2023
Those who have nothing do not believe in their talents
Socioeconomic background affects people's self-perceptions and associated chances of success People from lower socioeconomic backgrounds consider themselves to be less talented - even when they show the same performance as people from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. This misperception subsequently contributes to their further disadvantage.

Social Sciences - 16.06.2023
AI could replace humans in social science research
Researchers from Universities of Waterloo, Toronto, Yale, UPenn discuss AI and its application to their work In an article published yesterday in the prestigious journal Science , leading researchers from the University of Waterloo, University of Toronto, Yale University and the University of Pennsylvania look at how AI (large language models or LLMs in particular) could change the nature of their work.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 06.06.2023
Tracing Chile's Indigenous Roots Through Genetics and Linguistics
Tracing Chile’s Indigenous Roots Through Genetics and Linguistics
How do today's indigenous communities of South America trace back to the history of human migration and contact in the continent? An international team has worked to reconstruct the legacy of Chile's largest indigenous community, the Mapuche, in a quest to strengthen their representation in the history of the continent.

Social Sciences - 06.06.2023
An immersive tactile book for blind children
An immersive tactile book for blind children
A team from the University of Geneva has worked in an innovative concept for a book for visually impaired children. Children with visual impairment do not perceive the world in the same way as sighted people. As a result, they need specific educational tools, including children's books, that enhance their skills and senses.

Social Sciences - 05.06.2023
Water Back: A defining movement
Foregrounding Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Water research Faculty of Environment and the Water Institute The Land Back movement has called for global solidarity to address the oppression and dispossession of Indigenous Peoples' lands and territories. The alienation of Indigenous Peoples from Water has largely been absent from this call to action.