Social Sciences

Results 61 - 80 of 1800.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.07.2021
Covid-19: Risks of severe illness in children shown to be very low
The risk of severe illness and death from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, is extremely low in children and teenagers, according to the most comprehensive analyses of public health data, co-led by researchers at UCL. However, Covid-19 increases the likelihood of serious illness in the most vulnerable young people, those with pre-existing medical conditions and severe disabilities, although these risks remain low overall.

Health - Social Sciences - 07.07.2021
Study calls for changes to treatment for Indigenous mental health
Study calls for changes to treatment for Indigenous mental health
A University of Queensland study is calling for changes to the way depression is treated in Indigenous communities in Australia. UQ Rural Clinical School researcher Dr Bushra Nasir said the research has found that current treatments for Indigenous Australians are not working. "Mainstream treatment models fail to incorporate the Indigenous understanding of mental health," Dr Nasir said.

Social Sciences - Health - 30.06.2021
Modernization makes older adults feel rushed, too
New international study on time perception among older adults Rapid societal changes can leave us feeling more rushed and pressured for time - and older adults are no exception, new research finds, led by Weill Cornell Medicine with participation of researchers of Humboldt University.

Social Sciences - Career - 30.06.2021
First national study into migrant and refugee women reveals diversity of experiences
One in three refugee and migrant women living in Australia have experienced some form of domestic and family violence, with nearly a quarter reporting this increased in severity during COVID-19 lockdowns last year, a first-of-its-kind study has revealed. Led by researchers from Monash University's Migration and Inclusion Centre (MMIC) and Harmony Alliance , the Migrant and Refugee Women in Australia: The Safety and Security Study report, released today, reveals the experiences and needs of women across Australia's diverse migrant and refugee communities.

Social Sciences - 29.06.2021
Physically punishing children is not effective and increases behavioural problems
Physical punishment of children is not effective in improving children's behaviour and instead increases behavioural difficulties, according to a landmark review led by UCL and an international team of experts who have analysed 20 years' research on the topic. The narrative review, published today in The Lancet , looked at 69 studies worldwide that followed children over time and analysed data on physical punishment and a range of different outcomes.

Social Sciences - 29.06.2021
Employment alone isn’t enough to solve homelessness
New findings could offer better data for policymakers seeking to fix social safety net More than half of people residing in homeless shelters in the United States had formal earnings in the same year they were homeless, according to a new study that deepens understanding of housing insecurity in the U.S. Among unhoused individuals who were not in shelters, about 40% had earnings from formal employment.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 28.06.2021
New 2.8m research project to explore mental health outcomes for young people in care
A new research project is to investigate factors linked to the mental health and wellbeing of care-experienced young people. The four-year programme is led by an interdisciplinary team from the universities of Bath and Oxford, in collaboration with colleagues at Cardiff University and the University of Bristol.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.06.2021
Hotels offering rooms to homeless in pandemic reap reputational reward
Hotels offering rooms to homeless in pandemic reap reputational reward
Pandemic-hit hotels that offered their rooms to homeless people see more business benefit than choosing to support healthcare workers Last updated on Monday 28 June 2021 Hotels that opened their doors to homeless people in their community during lockdown generated greater positive word-of-mouth marketing than those that offered free accommodation to frontline healthcare workers, finds new University research.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.06.2021
Up to one in six people with Covid-19 report long Covid symptoms
One in six (17%) middle-aged people who report being infected by SARS-CoV-2 also report long Covid symptoms, while this falls to one in 13 (7.8%) among younger adults who reported having Covid-19, according to a new study led by UCL and King's College London researchers.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 21.06.2021
Recycling brain regions | Stanford News
Recycling brain regions | Stanford News
During development, the brain can repurpose parts when learning to recognize faces and to read. Scientists studied the brain activity of school-aged children during development and found that regions that activated upon seeing limbs (hands, legs, etc.) subsequently activated upon seeing faces or words when the children grew older.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 21.06.2021
Summer catch-up programmes need to focus on teens’ wellbeing, not just academic progress
Education leaders need to refocus efforts to address issues around loneliness and social isolation felt by many young people during the pandemic. Last updated on Monday 21 June 2021 Summer holiday catch-up programmes to address gaps in knowledge after school closures need to support children who are still struggling due to social isolation.

Social Sciences - 17.06.2021
Orphaned chimpanzees do not suffer from chronic stress
Orphaned chimpanzees do not suffer from chronic stress
The loss of a loved one can be a defining moment, even in the animal world. In chimpanzees, for example, individuals whose mothers die when they are young are smaller than their counterparts, reproduce less and are also more likely to die at a young age. But why? To find out, an international research team 1 led by a CNRS researcher 2 studied the shortand long-term effects of maternal loss on the stress levels of orphaned chimpanzees over a 19-year period.

Social Sciences - Health - 16.06.2021
Pandemic-era crowdfunding more common, successful in affluent communities
Pandemic-era crowdfunding more common, successful in affluent communities
During the first several months of the pandemic - when communities locked down, jobs were lost, PPE was scarce and store shelves were cleared - thousands of people turned to online crowdfunding to meet their needs. But a new University of Washington analysis of requests and donations to the popular crowdfunding site GoFundMe, along with Census data, shows stark inequities in where the money went and how much was donated.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 15.06.2021
Teenagers at greatest risk of self-harming could be identified almost a decade earlier
Teenagers at greatest risk of self-harming could be identified almost a decade earlier
Researchers have identified two subgroups of adolescents who self-harm and have shown that it is possible to predict those individuals at greatest risk almost a decade before they begin self-harming. The current approach to supporting mental health in young people is to wait until problems escalate.

Health - Social Sciences - 13.06.2021
Research on albinism in Tanzania
Successful pilot project to tackle discrimination 13 June is International Albinism Awareness Day One in 1,400 people in Tanzania has albinism. These people are often socially excluded, heavily discriminated against and sometimes even have to fear for their lives. Dr Tjitske de Groot of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel set up a pilot project for her doctoral research and investigated what actions and means could be used to reduce the stigma of albinism - as well as other stigma - and actively contributed to this on site.

Social Sciences - 11.06.2021
Australians lack trust in Artificial Intelligence
Australians lack trust in Artificial Intelligence
Trust is an issue when it comes to artificial intelligence (AI) according to a University of Queensland study that found 72 per cent of people don't trust it, with Australians leading the pack. Trust experts from UQ Business School, Professor Nicole Gillespie , Dr Steve Lockey and Dr Caitlin Curtis led the study in partnership with KPMG, surveying more than 6000 people in Australia, the US, Canada, Germany and the UK to unearth attitudes about AI.

Social Sciences - 10.06.2021
Analysis of child deaths in England shows importance of care for premature and young babies
This latest report from Bristol's NCMD programme, which gathers information on all children who die in England below the age of 18 years, analysed the characteristics of the 3,347 child deaths between 1 April 2019 and 31 March 2020 in England, and found that the majority of children who died (63 per cent) in this period were under one year old.

Social Sciences - Health - 10.06.2021
Key factors to tackle teenage bullying and suicidal behaviours
Screening and early interventions to address loneliness, sleep disturbances and alcohol consumption can help to reduce the association between being bullied at school and suicidal behaviours, a new study has found. Researchers from The University of Queensland's Life Course Centre examined the relationship between bullying victimisation and suicidal behaviours in more than 280,000 teenagers aged 13-17 in 90 countries worldwide.

Social Sciences - 09.06.2021
Language Extinction Triggers Loss of Unique Medicinal Knowledge
Language Extinction Triggers Loss of Unique Medicinal Knowledge
Indigenous peoples pass on their knowledge of medicinal plants orally. If their languages go extinct, valuable medical knowledge will be lost. A study by the University of Zurich estimates that 75 percent of the world's medicinal plant applications are only known in one language. Language is one of our species' most important skills, as it has enabled us to occupy nearly every corner of the planet.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 08.06.2021
New research highlights effects of social isolation and loneliness on veterans during pandemic
New research highlights effects of social isolation and loneliness on veterans during pandemic
A collaborative study conducted by psychologists at Bath with SSAFA - the Armed Forces charity - focused on wellbeing among the veteran community. Last updated on Monday 14 June 2021 New research published this week by the Armed Forces charity SSAFA conducted by the University of Bath highlights the positive impact of wellbeing interventions for veterans.